Giat minh chuyen xu ly rac thai y te

Tags: he thong xu ly, benh vien da khoa, xu ly chat thai, So Y te, chat thai long, Tinh Yen Bai, cua benh vien, rac thai, co so, hoat dong, doi voi, su co, moi truong, hien


Viec he thong xu ly rac thai y te Benh vien Da khoa tinh Yen Bai hang ngay dang phai “gong minh” xu ly khoi luong lon rac thai la dieu dang phai suy nghi va lo ngai hien nay.
Giat minh chuyen xu ly rac thai y te

Xu ly rac thai y te tu lau von la mot trong nhung de tai rat nong, tham chi la mot trong nhung van de song con trong cong tac bao ve moi truong.

Dau do quanh ta van con nhung cau chuyen ve mot nguoi nao do dam phai bom kim tiem da qua su dung de roi ve nha lo phat om. Roi chuyen nguoi nay, nguoi kia tu nhien thay xuat hien truoc cua nha minh lu lu mot dong duoc bao goi rat can than trong toan la xilanh, kim tiem, bong bang, vo lo thuoc... de roi danh coi nhu rac cua nha minh, chieu quang len xe rac la xong... Nhung cau chuyen do khien chung toi khong khoi suy nghi, de roi tien hanh tim hieu ve thuc trang xu ly rac thai y te tinh nha.

27 co so y te chung 1 lo dot cu

Con so tren khien nguoi ta phai giat minh lo ngai cho cong tac xu ly rac thai y te tinh nha. Voi nguoi ngoai cuoc, it nguoi biet den chuyen nay. Con doi voi nhung nguoi trong cuoc, viec co den 27 co so y te (ca nha nuoc lan tu nhan chi tinh rieng tren dia ban thanh pho Yen Bai) dang ky xu ly rac thai tai duy nhat mot dia diem la lo dot cua Benh vien Da khoa tinh van la cau chuyen “hang ngay duoc nghe”, day cung la mot trong nhung kho khan chua the giai quyet cua nganh y te Yen Bai...

Tuy nhien, khong phai toan bo 27 co so y te tren deu thuc hien van chuyen rac thai cua minh ve dot tai day (hien chi co khoang 7-8 co so, hau het la benh vien Nha nuoc, so con lai, vi li do nao do chi dang ky cho co roi de day, rac thai hang ngay thi di dau khong ro?)

Tien sy Dao Thi Ngoc Lan - Giam doc So Y te tinh Yen Bai cho biet: “Rac thai y te duoc chia lam hai loai chinh, do la chat thai ran va chat thai long. Chat thai ran bao gom nhung dung cu y te, kim tiem, ong thuoc, bong, bang dinh, gac... da qua su dung. Chat thai long bao gom cac loai nuoc thai tu cac buong ve sinh benh nhan, buong mo, ve sinh nha de, ve sinh tieu phau... Nhin chung, chung deu la nhung loai chat thai truc tiep tu nguoi benh den kham chua benh, dieu tri tai cac benh vien, co so y te.

Doi voi moi loai chat thai phai co mot quy trinh xu ly khac nhau, tach roi de dam bao toi da hieu qua, triet de trong viec loai bo vi trung, cac chat nhiem khuan doc hai doi voi moi truong song va con nguoi”...

Vay nhung, den thoi diem hien tai, tren toan dia ban tinh, ngoai tru Benh vien Da khoa tinh la co he thong lo dot chat thai ran va tram xu ly chat thai long chuyen dung, con lai toan bo cac benh vien tuyen tinh khac nhu: Benh vien Lao va  Benh phoi, Benh vien Y hoc co truyen, Benh vien Tam than, Benh vien Noi tiet..., cac phong kham (Viet Nga, Trang An...) cung 100% benh vien tuyen huyen, thi, thanh pho, co so y te tu nhan... deu khong co quy trinh xu ly rac thai y te dam bao theo yeu cau theo quy dinh cua Bo Tai nguyen va Moi truong.

Vi khong co he thong xu ly rac thai y te dung quy chuan nen neu khong dang ky van chuyen chat thai ran den lo dot cua Benh vien Da khoa tinh de tieu huy thi chi con cach khac la “day sang” cho Cong ty TNHH mot thanh vien Cong trinh va Moi truong do thi Yen Bai tien hanh chon lap tap trung voi cac loai rac thai sinh hoat khac. Hoac doi voi nhung benh vien, co so y te cac huyen, thi, viec “truyen thong” dang lam la chon lap... Day la chat thai ran, the con chat thai long?

Theo quan sat cua chung toi o mot so benh vien cung nhu co so y te, viec xu ly chat thai long deu duoc lam rat so sai. Co co so can than hon mot chut thi xay dung he thong be lang, con lai hau het chat thai long deu duoc “tro ve tu nhien” thong qua he thong cong ranh, muong mang roi do ra song, suoi...

Quay lai voi cau chuyen he thong xu ly rac thai y te, mot ly do chung de giai thich viec tai sao khong co he thong xu ly rac thai dung chuan, do la do kinh phi - van de muon thuo da tro thanh “truyen thong” cua cac dia phuong, co so ngheo. Chinh vi vay, rac thai y te van cu di theo “con duong cu” ma lau nay chung thuong di, con duong cong queo nhieu gap khuc, biet bao nguoi nhin thay nhung deu “luc bat tong tam” trong viec “nan” lai.

Thuc trang cua he thong xu ly rac thai - S.O.S

Giat minh chuyen xu ly rac thai y te
Lo dot chat thai ran da xuong cap nghiem trong voi nhung vet nut, vo lon cua phan gach chiu nhiet ben trong.
Giat minh chuyen xu ly rac thai y te

Rac thai y te ran duoc gom gon truoc khi vao lo dot.

La “cuu tinh” cua 27 co so y te voi chuc nang chinh la thu gom, xu ly rac thai y te nen he thong lo dot va tram xu ly chat long cua Benh vien Da khoa tinh Yen Bai luon phai hoat dong lien tuc voi cong suat toi da trong suot hon 8 nam qua. Tuy vay, voi 42-43 me dot (khoi luong khoang 2,2 tan rac)/thang doi voi chat thai ran, xu ly lien tuc 24/24 gio voi khoi luong 5m3/gio (3.600m3/thang) doi voi chat thai long, viec dam bao xu ly het rac thai y te cua he thong lo dot va tram xu ly chat long cua Benh vien Da khoa tinh hien van duoc thuc hien co ban, khong co gi la qua tai va van dang trong thoi diem “kiem soat duoc”.

The nhung cau chuyen lai di sang mot chieu huong bat loi khac khi viec “kiem soat duoc” voi viec “khong biet bao gio se khong kiem soat duoc” lai dang noi len voi rat nhieu ly do, ma ly do lon nhat la su xuong cap tram trong sau mot thoi gian qua dai phai hoat dong het cong suat cua he thong nay.

Trai qua mot vai dot sua chua, khac phuc su co tam thoi vao nam 2009, den nay, he thong xu ly rac thai nay da gap su co va hong hoc nghiem trong. Doi voi tram xu ly chat thai long, be thu gom nuoc thai chinh (thu gom toan bo nuoc thai sinh hoat va nuoc rua dung cu tai phong mo, phong de, nha ve sinh cua tat ca cac phong benh trong cac khoa, Benh vien Lao va Benh phoi...) luong rac va luong bun qua dieu kien cho phep da gay anh huong den hoat dong cua 3 may bom chim, 1 may suc khi lam viec o do xau 4,5m duoi day be, dan toi cac may bom nay khong the hoat dong cung mot luc, 4 khoang cua Modull hien nay chi co 2 khoang hoat dong, con 2 khoang da bi gay diem tiep giap thanh co dinh dia sinh hoc vao truc chinh cua Modull lam dia sinh hoc chi dap ung duoc 50% kha nang xu ly, 2 bom dinh luong axit va javel da ngung hoat dong hoan toan do lam viec lien tuc trong moi truong an mon...

Con doi voi lo dot chat thai ran y te, hien tai van hoat dong, dap ung co ban viec xu ly rac thai ran duoc mang den nhung lo dot thuong xuyen gap nhung su co trong qua trinh van hanh nhu: 2 may bom cao ap cua 2 dau dot chinh khong hoat dong duoc nhu truoc dan den viec bo tri nhien lieu cho lo dot gap kho khan, nguy co mat an toan trong qua trinh van hanh rat lon, phan gach chiu lua ben trong buong dot da xuong cap nghiem trong lam cho nhiet do ben trong buong dot khong dam bao...

Ben canh do, cac dieu kien khac phuc vu cho he thong xu ly rac thai y te nay cung dang gap phai nhung bat cap, gay anh huong khong nho den qua trinh van hanh he thong: may no phat dien du phong duoc dua vao su dung 8 nam nay da lam viec tren 750gio (theo quy dinh cua thiet bi hoat dong duoc < 300gio thi phai thay the cac phu kien bat buoc nhu: loc gio, loc nhien lieu, loc nhot, nuoc lam mat, ac quy...) nhung voi so gio hoat dong tren, ngoai viec thay dau boi tron dinh ky, may phat dien van chua duoc bao duong va thay the nhung phu kien bat buoc.

Theo tieu chuan ve van hanh, dieu nay co the dan toi su co ve ky thuat cua may no phat dien trong qua trinh van hanh cung cap nguon dien du phong trong thoi gian mat nguon dien chinh, bo phan cau dao dong cat chuyen nguon tu dong (tu ATS) lam viec dong, cat vuot qua so lan tac dong cua minh trong qua trinh mat dien va cung nhu trong thoi gian chat luong nguon dien khong dam bao da dan toi nhung su co lien tuc trong thang 8 va thang 9 nam 2011, su co nay tuy da duoc khac phuc nhieu lan nhung hieu qua chua cao, nhieu lan xay ra su co trong qua trinh dong cat...

Viec he thong xu ly rac thai y te Benh vien Da khoa tinh hang ngay phai “gong minh” xu ly khoi luong lon rac thai la dieu dang phai suy nghi va lo ngai. Boi neu vao mot ngay nao do, toan bo he thong nay gap su co va ngung hoat dong thi khong biet, luong lon chat thai y te se giai quyet ra sao? “Chung toi can duoc dau tu mot he thong xu ly rac thai y te moi” - ong Vang A Sang - Giam doc Benh vien Da khoa tinh Yen Bai tam su.

Loi thoat nao?

Cau chuyen tren khien chung ta phai suy nghi. Voi ca he thong cac co so  y te dang phuc vu cho nhu cau, loi ich, suc khoe cua ca cong dong thi van de xu ly rac thai y te se phai tinh toan sao cho hop ly? Bai toan khong kho vi loi giai da ro, chi kho o cho chung ta trinh bay loi giai theo cach nao ma thoi.

Viec dau tien va can phai lam ngay la tien hanh kiem tra, yeu cau toan bo cac co so y te thuc hien dung, du cac cam ket ve viec xu ly rac thai, dam bao ve sinh moi truong, tranh tinh trang tho o hoac lam “doi pho”.

Doi voi he thong xu ly rac thai tai Benh vien Da khoa tinh, can thay the cac phu kien da hong hoac chua duoc thay the theo dung quy dinh ve thoi gian lam viec cua thiet bi, moi can bo ky thuat cao vao khao sat, danh gia nhung hong hoc cua khu su ly chat thai gap phai de co phuong an khac phuc...

Con ve lau dai, co le viec dau tu thay moi toan bo he thong xu ly rac thai y te cua Benh vien Da khoa tinh la viec can duoc cac cap quan tam, tao dieu kien. Boi phuc vu nhu cau cua toi 27 co so y te, voi quang thoi gian hon 8 nam hoat dong het cong suat trong moi truong nhieu axit vua qua su bao mon may moc la rat lon, kho co the tiep tuc su dung mot cach an toan, hieu qua duoc nua.

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Tìm hiểu: he thong xu ly, benh vien da khoa, xu ly chat thai, So Y te, chat thai long, Tinh Yen Bai, cua benh vien, rac thai, co so, hoat dong, doi voi, su co, moi truong, hien

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Giật mình chuyện xử lý rác thải y tế

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Giật mình chuyện xử lý rác thải y tế bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

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