Lap ke hoach va lich trinh cong viec

Tags: Lich trinh cong viec, xay dung ke hoach, quan ly du an, lap ke hoach, nhu the nao, nha quan ly, lam the nao, muc tieu, nhiem vu, co the, thoi gian, voi cac, cau hoi, den, dieu


Lap ke hoach va lich trinh cong viec

(Dan tri) - Hang nam, cu vao dip thang 9, khong chi cac nha quan tri ma ca cac nha quan ly du an chuyen nghiep deu ban ron voi cac cau hoi: Nam sau se lam gi? Lam the nao? Can them bao nhieu nguoi? Them bao nhieu tien de phat trien?

Ho se rat vat va cung cac cong su xay dung ke hoach kinh doanh hay ke hoach hanh dong cho nam tiep theo.

“Dau dau” ke hoach hang nam

Ke hoach, dieu thach thuc lon voi hau het cac nha quan ly, dac biet la voi cac doanh nghiep VN. Lam the nao de co the tang truong nhu ky vong? Dac biet la voi cac nhom du an, viec xac dinh ro rang muc dich yeu cau va ke hoach hanh dong de dua team dat den muc tieu se do truong nhom cung nhu cac thanh vien trong nhom bao gom nhieu chuc nang de dam bao tinh lien thong, lien bo phan thao luan, tranh luan.

Du lieu can thiet de xay dung ke hoach

Tu muc tieu da thong nhat can cu tren ket qua nam qua va lich su 2 den 5 nam lien ke, su tang truong cua thi truong, muc do canh tranh, thi phan cua minh va dung luong co the tang (giam) cua thi truong do su phat trien hay dinh tre do thay doi doi song kinh te xa hoi,… nhom lap ke hoach kinh doanh co the ap dung cac phuong phap da duoc kiem nghiem qua thoi gian de lap ke hoach lam viec va cung trien khai ke hoach do.

Tren thuc te, du co Project leader nhung nhom nen co tac nghiep lien thong bao gom cac bo phan chuc nang lien quan tu Marketing, sale, san xuat, HR,... de co su dong gop phan bien tich cuc cho nhung phuong phap duoc kiem nghiem qua thoi gian co cai nhin toan dien va cam ket cao nhat cua cac bo phan, tu do dam bao tinh kha thi cua du an.

Ke hoach khong the do mot nguoi thiet lap

Co mot suy nghi sai lam dan den viec vo hieu hoa hoat dong cua tap the cong ty la Ke hoach chi do mot ca nhan hay mot phong ban thuc hien. Thuc te viec Quan ly va xay dung ke hoach la hoat dong can theo mot quy trinh tu tong hop va phan tich thong tin dau vao, den bo tri dan trai cong viec tren nguon luc (tai luc, nhan luc, vat luc) hien huu va giam sat voi no luc tap trung do bi rang buoc boi thoi gian. Tu do co mot ke hoach hanh dong tra loi duoc cac cau hoi 5W (what, why, who, when, where) va 2H (how they do that, how we do that va how much is it) mot cach xuat sac nhat ma cac thanh vien chuc nang lien quan cung lam viec va cam ket thuc hien.

Cac cong viec nay can lien tuc dinh huong theo muc tieu tu giai doan khoi dau den luc ket thuc, viec quan ly du an va xay dung ke hoach bao gom phan bo con nguoi va nguon luc, dieu phoi cac hoat dong, su dung nguon luc va kiem soat hieu suat hoat dong.

Viec lap ke hoach can bat dau tu muc tieu do do lam ro muc tieu la dieu quan trong nhat.

Lam ro muc tieu

“Hay phat trien doanh so nam sau tang truong 30%, duy tri ty le loi nhuan, voi muc do tang truong cua thi truong duoc du bao la tang 25%. Xac lap ro cac yeu cau cung cap thong tin, nhan luc, dong chay tien mat va cac trang thiet bi can thiet mot cach hop ly de dam bao viec dat chi tieu doanh so mot cach chinh xac, dat hieu qua ve mat chi phi va dap ung yeu cau cua khach hang”. Do la muc tieu ma hau het cac nha quan ly Marketing, sale,... thuong nghe.

Vay muc tieu nay phai duoc hieu nhu the nao? Nhu the nao la “hop ly”? Nhu the nao la “chinh xac”? Lam the nao de thuc hien duoc dieu do trong thoi gian han dinh? Chi phi de thuc hien va so nhan luc yeu cau o muc do nao moi duoc xem la hieu qua?... Hay tom lai, day la qua trinh dat cau hoi va phan bien lien tuc. Tat ca nhung cau hoi 5W, 2H duoi nhieu hinh thuc, cap do,... nay deu can phai duoc lam ro, tot nhat la cau tra loi duoc dua ra thao luan va thong nhat.

Qua thuc te hon 5 nam tu van voi nhieu doanh nghiep VN nhu T., G., B, V, H... cho thay su nham lan tai hai khong chi cua nhan vien ma cua ca cac nha quan tri giua chien luoc va uoc mo, giua khat vong va “ao vong”. Dieu nay xay ra do tu duy don chieu va chu quan.

Vi du de co chien luoc thi ta can hieu thau dao 5 yeu to cau thanh: Muc tieu mong muon; Moi truong canh tranh; Hien trang doanh nghiep; Doi tuong nham den tu so cap den thu cap va thoi gian co the hoan tat muc tieu; the nhung hau het cac doanh nghiep moi chi lang mang khai niem muc tieu la y muon chu quan cua sep va con o trong dau sep chu chua duoc truyen thong den cac bo phan.

Cung nhu vay ke hoach hanh dong cua doanh nghiep lai thuong do mot ca nhan hay mot nhom don chuc thiet ke trong dieu kien thieu du lieu va su tranh luan phan bien tich cuc cua cac bo phan lien quan,... the nen cac ke hoach thuong thieu thuc tien va ket qua la chang ai muon theo, chang ai muon lam.

Cau hoi goi y

Khi cac muc tieu da ro rang va duoc moi thanh vien chap nhan, hay xac dinh nhung nhiem vu can hoan tat de dap ung tat ca cac muc tieu do. Cac thanh vien trong nhom can tra loi nhung cau hoi sau:

+ Muc tieu la gi? Tai sao phai hoan tat muc tieu nay?

+ Tat ca nhung nhiem vu phai thuc hien de dat duoc cac muc tieu nay la gi?

+ Doi tuong nham den cuoi cung la ai, ai la nhung doi tuong trung gian trong qua trinh di den doi tuong cuoi cung?

+ Dau la trinh tu toi uu de thuc hien cac nhiem vu nay? Nhiem vu nao co the thuc hien mot cach doc lap, con nhiem vu nao phai duoc giai quyet noi tiep nhau?

+ Tung nhiem vu phai duoc hoan tat voi ke hoach thoi gian nhu the nao?

+ Moi truong canh tranh la gi? Co nhung hoat dong canh tranh nhu the nao, o muc do nao co the xay ra? Muc do tang truong cua thi truong la bao nhieu cho tat ca, thi phan hien tai cua ta la bao nhieu, xu huong gia tang thi phan thoi gian qua nhu the nao?

+ Hien trang (cac yeu to chu quan ve nhan luc, tai luc, vat luc,...)

+ Cac tieu chi danh gia, phuong thuc danh gia va cac cot moc danh gia ket qua va muc tieu.

Bang cach lien tuc dat cau hoi va tim cau tra loi la giai phap cho cau hoi qua tranh luan phan bien tich cuc giua cac bo phan va thanh vien lien quan, su dan than, nhan lanh trach nhiem va tinh cam ket cua cac thanh vien dai dien,... ta co phuong phap xac dinh nhiem vu trong tam va voi su dieu phoi cua Project leader, cac nhiem vu chinh va phu lien quan cung viec bo tri thoi gian, nguon luc,... cho cac nhiem vu do mot cach phu hop se duoc hinh thanh.

Bi quyet lap lich trinh du an

1. Xay dung mot danh sach bao gom cac nhiem vu cu the

2. Neu ro ket qua can dat duoc cho tung hoat dong, vi du: san pham mau de tham do thi truong

3. Dung nhung ket qua do lam co so lap lich trinh du an voi cac diem moc va ngay den han thuc te

4. Nhan biet nhung khau dinh tre co the lam dao lon lich trinh

5. Xac dinh cac bien phap loai tru nhung nguyen nhan gay dinh tre. Cac rui ro co the gap phai tren qua trinh di den muc tieu

6. Thiet lap he thong kiem soat va truyen thong de cap nhat va dieu chinh lich trinh

7. Dam bao nhung thanh phan lien quan se tham gia va nam bat duoc thong tin ve tien do du an, cung nhu bat ky sua doi nao ve lich trinh

8. Cac giai phap du phong va phuong thuc chuan bi ap dung khi can thiet.

9. Mot dieu quan trong la moi ca nhan tham gia vao nhom lap ke hoach can co tu duy tich cuc nham giai quyet van de va ngay chinh cac ca nhan do cung can la nhung nguoi quan ly tot cong viec cua minh va co the dai dien cho bo phan chuc nang cua minh trong viec ban thao ke hoach voi cac bo phan khac.

Ly Truong Chien

Chuyen san Tri Tri

Viet Bao
Thích và chia sẻ bài viết này trên facebook Theo dõi vietbao.vn trên facebook

Tìm hiểu: Lich trinh cong viec, xay dung ke hoach, quan ly du an, lap ke hoach, nhu the nao, nha quan ly, lam the nao, muc tieu, nhiem vu, co the, thoi gian, voi cac, cau hoi, den, dieu

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Lập kế hoạch và lịch trình công việc

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Lập kế hoạch và lịch trình công việc bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Lap ke hoach va lich trinh cong viec

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Lap ke hoach va lich trinh cong viec co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Lap ke hoach va lich trinh cong viec de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin tuc viec lam trong chuyen muc Viec lam.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tin tuc viec lam
Kenh Tin RSS Kenh Tin RSS | Du Bao Thoi Tiet | Lich Xem TV | Lien He - Contact | Quang Cao | Viec Lam | Dieu Kien Su Dung | Bao Ve Tinh Rieng Tu | Sitemap

Copyright©2008 VietBao.vn, Thu Vien Thong Tin Tong Hop Viet Nam va The Gioi, phien ban thu nghiem phan mem Viet Bao Viet Nam, beta 1.0