Cac linh vuc cong viec trong nganh IT

Tags: nguoi su dung cuoi cung, phan tich he thong, ho tro ky thuat, cong nghe thong tin, cac cong ty, lap trinh vien, cong ty lon, linh vuc cong, ky nang, nhan vien, cong viec, phan mem, lam viec, kha nang, viet


Cac linh vuc cong viec trong nganh IT

Co rat nhieu loai hinh cong viec trong nganh cong nghe thong tin: tu lap trinh vien, nhan vien kinh doanh den thiet ke web... tuy thuoc vao cac diem manh va su yeu thich ma ban co the tim duoc cho minh vai tro phu hop.

Sau day la mot vai lua chon tieu bieu:

- Nhan vien phan tich du lieu

- Quan tri he thong

- Lap trinh vien

- Ky su phan mem

- Nhan vien phan tich he thong

- Chuyen vien ho tro ky thuat/ nguoi su dung cuoi cung

- Thiet ke web/ dich vu Internet

1. Nhan vien phan tich du lieu

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho cac cong ty phan mem, cong ty tu van, cong ty ung dung cong nghe thong tin thuoc cac nganh nghe khac nhau

- Thao luan ve cac nhu cau ung dung cong nghe thong tin trong doanh nghiep voi cac nhan vien noi bo hay cac khach hang.

- Thu thap va sap xep cac du lieu thich hop khi xay dung co so du lieu va tien hanh cac nghien cuu lien quan.

- Su dung cac he thong co so du lieu/cong nghe thong tin de tao ra cac bao cao va ho tro trong cong viec phan tich, marketing, chuan bi va tao cac chuong trinh gioi thieu san pham.

- Giam sat va duy tri chat luong he thong co so du lieu cung nhu tinh bao mat khi cap nhat va su dung

Ky nang chinh can co:

- Kha nang phan tich va tu duy lo gic

- Ky nang su dung ngon ngu viet va noi

- Tinh than lam viec dong doi va sang kien

- Hoan thanh cac muc tieu cong viec dung han

- Kha nang tinh toan

- Y thuc kinh doanh

- Cac kien thuc ve he thong co so du lieu.

Huan luyen:

- Cac cong ty lon deu to chuc cac khoa huan luyen cho tat ca cac vi tri tu ho tro ky thuat, tiep thi, den quan tri co so du lieu hay phat trien phan mem.

- Chuong trinh huan luyen nay la rat can thiet doi voi viec luu tru he thong co so du lieu va su dung cac ky nang lap trinh nhu ORACLE and SQL. Sau khi cac nhan vien da co kinh nghiem lam viec tap the trong cac du an, ho se co co hoi thanh nhung nguoi lanh dao du an.

2. Nhan vien kinh doanh

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho cac nha san xuat, cong ty dich vu phan mem

- Co trach doi voi mot san pham hay khach hang cu the

- Gioi thieu san pham den khach hang

- Tiep tuc lien he voi khach hang va tra loi cac thac mac

- Lien he voi cac phong ban ve chi tiet cua don hang khi ky hop dong

- Lien he voi bo phan marketing de tim kiem khach hang moi va bao cao cac phan hoi cua khach hang nham nang cao san pham

- Thong tin cho cac khach hang hien thoi ve san pham moi

Ky nang chinh can co:

- Ky nang giao tiep va trinh bay thanh thao

- Kha nang thuyet phuc va nhay ben

- Y thuc va dong co kinh doanh

- Linh hoat, nang dong va gioi tinh toan

Huan luyen:

Khi moi bat dau, cac nhan vien kinh doanh se duoc tham gia cac khoa huan luyen ngan gioi thieu ve san pham, ky nang ban hang va giao tiep. Mot vai nhan vien se duoc huan luyen chuyen sau ve ky thuat neu doi tuong cua san pham la cac chuyen gia cong nghe thong tin.

3. Quan tri he thong

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho cac cong ty quan ly thiet bi, chiu trach nhiem van hanh cac thiet bi cong nghe thong tin cho khach hang

- Duy tri su on dinh cua he thong

- Tuyen dung, huan luyen va quan ly doi ngu lam viec, tu nhan vien nhap du lieu den nhan vien van hanh, lap trinh vien…

- Bao tri va cap nhat he thong khi can thiet

- Thuong luong voi khach hang

- Xem xet so luong nguoi su dung he thong, lieu co can cai tien de dap ung nhu cau khong

Ky nang chinh:

- Ky nang quan ly tong hop

- Ky nang sang tao dua tren cac y tuong kinh doanh

- Kha nang chon luc, thuc day va danh gia nhan vien lam viec

- Ky nang quan ly tai chinh va thoi gian

Huan luyen:

Cac nha quan tri he thong thuong bat dau voi cong viec cua mot lap trinh vien, sau do la, thiet ke, phan tich he thong, quan tri mang va quan ly cap bo phan.Ho co the tro thanh nhung nha quan ly hay giam doc cong nghe thong tin.

4. Lap trinh vien he thong

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho bo phan tin hoc cua cac cong ty lon, cong ty tu van phan mem, cac nha san xuat dien tu va phan mem

- Viet cac phan mem vi du nhu he dieu hanh hay cac ngon ngu cap thap tao tien de cho may tinh trien khai cac ung dung o ngon ngu cao hon hay chuyen thong tin den cac thiet bi khac.

- Tuy chinh he thong de thuc hien cac chuc nang khac nhau

- Tim va phat hien cac loi trong phan mem

- Chay thu cac chuong trinh de kiem tra kha nang thich ung khi dua vao thuc te

- Chuan bi cac tai lieu mo ta phuong thuc hoat dong cua phan mem.

Ky nang chinh:

- Kha nang phan tich va suy luan logic

- Chu y den tung chi tiet

- Hoan thanh cong viec dung han

- Thanh thao cac ky nang giao tiep noi va viet

- Ky nang tinh toan

- Kien thuc ve mot he thong may tinh cu the.

Huan luyen:

Cac cong ty lon thuong to chuc khoa huan luyen 6 tuan cho cac nhan vien trong nam dau tien trong ty cac cong ty nho khuyen khich tinh than tu hoc.

5. Ky su phan mem

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec chu yeu cho cac cong ty dien tu va vien thong; nhiem vu cung tuong tu nhu lap trinh vien, tuy nhien tap trung hon vao cac ung dung ky thuat va thiet ke

- Su dung ngon ngu may tinh de viet cac chuong trinh phuc vu cho cong viec

- Su dung cac cong cu hay he thong tien thiet ke de viet ra cac phan mem

- Tich hop cac chuong trinh duoc tao, tim va phat hien loi

- Chay thu chuong trinh

- Hoan thanh cac tai lieu mo ta hoat dong cua phan mem

Ky nang chinh:

- Kha nang phan tich va suy nghi logic

- Ky nang lam viec tap the

- Thanh thao cac ky nang giao tiep noi va viet

- Chu y den tung chi tiet

- Kha nang hoan thanh cong viec dung han.

Huan luyen:

Cong viec nay doi hoi bang cap chuyen mon ve cong nghe thong tin hay lanh vuc lien quan. Cac cong ty lon thuong to chuc khoa huan luyen 6 tuan cho cac nhan vien trong nam dau tien trong ty cac cong ty nho khuyen khich tinh than tu hoc.

6. Nhan vien phan tich he thong

Nhiem vu:

- Gap go truong du an va khach hang de thao luan ve du an

- Thao luan du an chi tiet voi nhan vien cua khach hang va thiet lap tinh kha thi cua du an

- Chuan bi cac luu do he thong, quyet dinh phan co the duoc tin hoc hoa trong he thong

- Danh gia cac phan cung duoc yeu cau khi trien khai he thong (toc do, chi phi, dung luong bo nho…)

- Lien lac voi cac lap trinh vien, phan cong cong viec va giam sat qua trinh san xuat phan mem

- Xem xet de thay doi neu he thong khi chay thu khong dap ung duoc yeu cau

- Co the phan tich he thong kinh doanh va can nhac cac bien phap rut giam chi phi

Ky nang chinh:

- Kha nang phan tich va giai quyet van de

- Ky nang giao tiep thanh thao (dac biet voi khach hang)

- Thanh thao cac ky nang giao tiep noi va viet

- Y thuc kinh doanh va quan ly thoi gian

Huan luyen:

Mot so cong ty tuyen dung cac sinh vien da duoc huan luyen ve phan tich he thong trong qua trinh hoc dai hoc. Hau het cac nhan vien deu bat dau o vi tri lap trinh vien ->lap trinh vien phan tich -> nhan vien phan tich he thong.

7. Chuyen vien ho tro ky thuat / Nguoi su dung cuoi cung

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho cac nha cung cap phan mem va phan cung tai van phong cua nguoi su dung cuoi cung

- Cung cap cac ho tro ky thuat cho khach hang/nguoi su dung hien thoi

- Ghi nhan cac cuoc goi va cac van de truc trac xay ra

- Lien he voi cac bo phan can thiet de giai quyet van de

- Tong ket cac san pham va thu tuc

- Lap ke hoach cai tien

- Cap nhat qua trinh phat trien san pham moi va khuyen khich khach hang nang cap san pham

Ky nang chinh:

- Kha nang lang nghe

- Kha nang phan tich va giai quyet van de

- Kha nang ngoai giao

- Ky nang noi va viet thanh tao

- Linh hoat

Huan luyen:

Cac nhan vien moi se duoc huan luyen ve dac tinh ky thuat cua san pham va cach thuc phuc vu khach hang. Doi voi cac cong ty lon, khoa hoc duoc lam phong phu hon bang cach giang day ve phuong thuc phat trien va cung ung san pham.

8. Thiet ke web/dich vu Internet

Nhiem vu:

- Lam viec cho cac nha san xuat phan mem, cong ty tu van thiet ke web hay cac cong ty lon

- Tong ket cac lua chon va yeu cau cua khach hang ve website

- Thiet ke va tao cac trang web, lien ket

- Thu nghiem thiet ke

- Cai dat truc tuyen phien ban cuoi cung va ho tro ky thuat cho khach hang

- Cap nhat cac tien bo moi nhat trong lanh vuc thiet ke web

- De ra cac ke hoach cai tien

Ky nang chinh:

- Ky nang phan tich va giai quyet van de

- Kien thuc ve cac he thong va ngon ngu lap trinh lien quan, kha nang hoc hoi

- Ky nang noi va viet

- Ky nang tuong tuong va trinh bay

- Ky nang quan ly thoi gian

- Ky nang lam viec tap the

Huan luyen:

Cac cong ty lon thuong to chuc khoa huan luyen ky thuat cho nhan vien, trang bi cac ky nang nen tang. Cac cong ty nho, nguoc lai doi hoi nhan vien tu hoc hoi cac kien thuc ve mot so ngon ngu lap trinh nhu Java, Visual Basis thong qua qua trinh lam viec.

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