Tong quan thi truong CNTT Viet Nam 2005

Tags: Viet Nam, CNTT Viet Nam, Trung Quoc, Le Truong Tung, toc do tang truong, cung ky nam ngoai, cac san pham, su phat trien, nha dau tu, muc tang truong, thi truong, may tinh, thuong hieu, nhap khau, gia tri, dieu


Tong quan thi truong CNTT Viet Nam 2005

Thi truong CNTT nam 2004 dat gia tri 685 trieu USD, tang truong 33% so voi cung ky nam ngoai. Neu so voi toc do tang truong 5%/nam cua the gioi, day thuc su la muc tang truong an tuong. Dieu dang mung la trong vong 9 nam tro lai day, thi truong CNTT Viet Nam luon tang truong o muc 2 con so.

Thi truong qua nhung con so thong ke

Ket qua dang khich le cua thi truong CNTT Viet Nam nam truoc la ly do tai sao cac nha dau tu nuoc ngoai luon nhin thay o thi truong Viet Nam mot moi truong ly tuong khong chi de tieu thu san pham ma con la noi dat nha may truc tiep lam ra san pham. Sony va Canon la hai cong ty da thuc hien rat tot dieu nay.

Ong Nobuki Asahina, cong ty Sony Viet Nam rat tu tin ve kha nang thanh cong cua minh tren thi truong Viet Nam: “Chung toi tan dung co hoi thi truong phat trien cua Viet Nam de dau tu san xuat cac thiet bi ky thuat so va cac san pham CNTT nhu may quay, may chup anh ky thuat so".

Con ong Melvyn Ho, dai dien hang Canon Singapore thi cho biet Canon dang tap trung cho dung san pham camera so. Ong Ho cho rang day la mot thi truong dang len tren the gioi, voi toc do len toi vai tram phan tram. Viet Nam cung la thi truong phat trien. Vi vay, Canon se tap trung manh me cho thi truong nay.

9 nam qua, neu chi so sanh tung nam mot, thi truong CNTT nuoc ta luon phat trien o muc 2 chu so. Tuy nhien, neu xet trong ca mot giai doan tu nam 1996 den 2001, co the thay rang toc do tang truong thi truong len xuong theo hinh sin. Do la dieu de hieu khi thi truong the gioi lam vao khung hoang. Tu nam 2001 den nay, toc do tang truong thi truong moi thuc su theo chieu di len.

Ben canh do, trong nam 2004, so voi thi truong phan cung, thi truong phan mem kha khiem ton voi tong gia tri 170 trieu USD, dat muc tang truong 33,3% so voi nam truoc. Trai nguoc voi phan cung, phan mem nhap khau rat nho nhoi, chi khoang 15 trieu USD. Trong khi do, gia cong xuat khau phan mem dat 45 trieu USD, lan thu hai lien tiep tang truong voi toc do 50%. Viec duy tri toc do tang truong cua ca nganh cong nghiep CNTT o nuoc ta neu duy tri o muc tren 30% nhu nam qua se co the giup Viet Nam thu hep duoc su thua thiet ve gia tri tuyet doi cua nganh cong nghiep.

TS. Le Truong Tung, Chu tich Hoi tin hoc TPHCM cho rang: “Neu so sanh voi toc do phat trien trung binh cua the gioi va khu vuc chau A thi chung ta dang cao hon gap 3 den 4 lan. Voi toc do nhu the, chung ta hoan toan co the tin tuong vi the Viet Nam trong thoi gian ngan se duoc cai thien”. Tuy nhien, ong cung noi: “Dieu chung toi lo lang la tinh on dinh cua su phat trien song song voi phat trien nhanh. Boi thuc te, chung ta quyet tam nhung chung ta dang dua tren mot muc do phat trien tuong doi thap. Vi the cua chung ta chi thuc su cao hon khi giu duoc toc do phat trien nay. Muon the, phai lam the nao tao duoc nen tang vung chac trong 10 nam”.

Ong David Ong, Giam doc HP khu vuc Dong Nam A noi: “Cai toi nhan thay o thi truong CNTT Viet Nam la su phat trien ben vung. Giong nhu bat ky loai hinh kinh doanh nao, su phat trien ben vung la rat quan trong. Du do la cong nghe, phan cung, phan mem, chung toi deu nhan thay su phat trien 2 con so/nam. Dieu do toi thay rat quan trong cho bat ky 1 chien luoc kinh doanh nao o Viet Nam”.

Ve tinh hinh xuat nhap khau, so lieu cua Hai quan cho thay, kim ngach nhap khau thiet bi tin hoc cua Viet Nam da dat muc cao nhat tu truoc toi nay, dat 912 trieu USD, tang truong 203%. Nhat Ban da vuot qua Singapore de tro thanh nguon nhap khau CNTT lon nhat vao Viet Nam voi gan 364 trieu USD.

TS. Le Truong Tung cho biet them: “Trong nam 2004-2005 vua qua, vi tri 5 nha nhap khau van la nhung quoc gia von o vi tri nhu vay trong suot nhung nam qua trong do co Singapore, Nhat Ban, Hong Kong, My va Trung Quoc. Mot diem dac biet la 5 nuoc nhap khau lon nhat o Viet Nam deu co can can thuong mai tang truong rat lon voi muc do khoang 40%/nam. Dieu nay chung to thi truong CNTT Viet Nam cung nhu viec phat trien CNTT Viet Nam rat tien trien trong nam vua qua”.

Co hoi va thach thuc

Duoc biet, Trung Quoc chi dung thu 7 trong 10 quoc gia xuat khau lon nhat sang Viet Nam voi gan 43 trieu USD. Nhung co dieu la la hau het cac may tinh lap rap trong nuoc deu su dung hang hoa co xuat xu tai day. Dieu nay co the duoc giai thich o 2 khia canh, thu nhat gia tri linh kien may tinh tu Trung Quoc nhu ban phim, chuot, vo may, o mem… khong lon. Thu hai, da co mot luong khong nho linh kien may tinh nhap lau vao nuoc ta.

Va khong chi co vay, ong Nhu Thanh Phong, Giam doc Kinh doanh cong ty Viet Quang noi them: “Cac hang may tinh noi tieng nhu IBM, Compaq, HP deu co cac nha may o Trung Quoc. Cac hang mainboard lon nhu Gygabyte, Bios Star… cung co cac nha may o Trung Quoc. Neu hang nhap tu thi truong khac ve co the la do gia thanh nhan cong, do thue suat hay do nhu the nao do se rat kho canh tranh o thi truong Viet Nam”.

Sau gan 10 nam, mot dieu de nhan thay la so luong cac nha dau tu truc tiep vao cac linh vuc lien quan den CNTT chua nhieu, nhat la cac nha dau tu co ten tuoi. Song diem noi bat la cac cong ty da dau tu lien tuc va mo rong dau tu o nuoc ta. Tieu bieu nhu Fujitsu voi cac san pham bang mach in; Canon voi cac chung loai may in phun; Sony, Samsung voi cac san pham dien tu dan dung, ky thuat so. Dang luu y, cac san pham cua Fujitsu va Canon 100% xuat khau, dong gop toi 92 % tong gia tri xuat khau 660 trieu USD cua ca nuoc.

Theo TS. Le Truong Tung, ngay so luong nhap khau thiet bi de san xuat va tai xuat hien nay da chiem toi gan mot nua luong nhap khau lien quan den CNTT hang nam o Viet Nam. Co the khang dinh trong do cong rat lon la cua cac nha dau tu nuoc ngoai. Qua do, khong don thuan la thu hut dau tu ma van de la con tao cong viec cho nhung nguoi Viet Nam lam viec o Viet Nam. Tao dieu kien de chuyen giao cong nghe.

Thi truong phan cung trong nuoc, gia tri khong dang ke voi 100 trieu USD. Cac cong ty may tinh thuong hieu Viet Nam tang truong tot, nhung gia tri chua cao. Chi co 2 thuong hieu la CMS va FPT Elead vuot nguong 5 trieu USD/nam. Rieng FPT Elead lan dau tien trong nam 2005 vuot nguong 10 trieu USD doanh so. Va trong khi cac thuong hieu may tinh trong nuoc chua thuc su lon manh thi ho lai gap phai nhieu su canh tranh ngay mot khoc liet hon ngay tren san nha.

Suc ep ngay cang tang tu viec thuc thi bao ho so huu tri tue dan den viec gia thanh lap rap may tinh thuong hieu se bi day len khi phai cai phan mem co ban quyen. Nhat la khi cac san pham phan mem co ban nhu he dieu hanh, phan mem van phong viet bang ma nguon mo chua phai la mot su thay the hoan hao. Khoang cach ve gia giua may tinh ngoai nhap nhu HP, Acer … va may tinh lap rap noi dia da duoc thu hep thoi gian qua tiep tuc se thu hep trong thoi gian toi day.

Thoi gian gan day, suc ep cung ngay mot lon hon tu cac thuong hieu may tinh co ten tuoi cua Trung Quoc nhu TCL va gan day la Lenovo, hang san xuat may tinh so 1 Trung Quoc da thau tom thuong hieu PC cua IBM. Vay, lieu roi day, may tinh thuong hieu Viet Nam co bi may tinh Trung Quoc danh bai khi ma chung ta chua the san xuat mot thu gi tren may tinh ngoai viec nhap khau chu yeu tu Trung Quoc?

"Day chinh la van de ma nganh CNTT Viet Nam noi chung va cac co quan quan ly can phai nghi toi. Neu cac thuong hieu may tinh cua Viet Nam khong manh thi den mot luc nao do, chung ta se ngoi nhin cac cong ty Trung Quoc lam mua lam gio tren thi truong cua chung ta", Nguyen Minh Huyen, Truong phong Kinh doanh cong ty may tinh CMS cho hay.

Ro rang, day la mot thach thuc kha lon doi voi cac nha san xuat may tinh thuong hieu Viet Nam. Nhung dong thoi cung la mot co hoi de tren co so do, ban than nha san xuat phai lam the nao de cai thien duoc chat luong, gia thanh de giu duoc vi the va thi truong. Chinh dieu nay se quyet dinh vi the cua cac doanh nghiep san xuat may tinh thuong hieu Viet Nam trong thoi gian toi.

Theo Thanh Luu

VTV

Viet Bao
Tìm hiểu: Viet Nam, CNTT Viet Nam, Trung Quoc, Le Truong Tung, toc do tang truong, cung ky nam ngoai, cac san pham, su phat trien, nha dau tu, muc tang truong, thi truong, may tinh, thuong hieu, nhap khau, gia tri, dieu

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Tổng quan thị trường CNTT Việt Nam 2005

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Lien he ve tin Tong quan thi truong CNTT Viet Nam 2005

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