Tat bot dich vu khong dung trong Windows de tang hieu suat

Tags: Disk Management, Startup Type, Su dung hop ly, mot cach hieu qua, cac dich vu, vo hieu hoa, khong can thiet, viec su dung, co the, khong dung, he thong, neu nhu, may tinh, ung dung, WINDOWS


Cac dich vu cua Windows (Services) la mot trong nhung thanh phan cot loi cua moi ung dung tren Windows. Voi viec su dung hop ly (dong - ngat hoac tam dung) se giup ban khai thac Windows mot cach hieu qua nhat. Ngoai ra su hieu biet cac dich vu nay se giup ban toi uu hoa Windows, tang cuong bao mat va giam thieu virus khi ma cac dich vu khong can thiet duoc loai bo.

Tat bot dich vu khong dung trong Windows de tang hieu suat

Nhung nguy co tiem an kha nang tan cong cua may tinh thuong nam trong su thieu hieu biet 1 phan nao do cua Windows ma ban da vo thuc de cho he thong tu chay. Hon nua he thong co the se nang nhoc hon khi ma phai "gong minh" khoi dong cac dich vu nay. De truy cap vao cac dich vu (Services) tu Start ban chon --> Control Panel --> Administrative Tools --> Services --> Kich phai chuot vao tung dich vu va chon Properties ban chon General --> Startup Type se co 03 lua chon Automatic (Se tu khoi dong theo mac dinh Windows), Manual dung trong truong hop ban tu cau hinh chay hoac khong chay ma khong phu thuoc vao cau hinh mac dinh Windows, Disabled de dong dich vu khi ma ban khong can thiet dich vu nay. Cung trong General tab con co cac lua chon Start - Stop - Pause - Resume giup ban quyet dinh khoi dong hay dung nhung ban phai chu y rang khi ban khong lua chon Startup Type o tren thi cac chuc nang nay chi co tac dung trong phien lam viec hien tai cua Windows ma sau do khi ban khoi dong lai may he thong lai tra ve trang thai ban dau vi vay khi quyet dinh ngung hoac khoi dong dich vu ban phai chon lua Startup Type.


Canh bao:Khi ban dong ngat dich vu nao do tuc la ban da vo hieu hoa chuc nang bat ky trong Windows ma co the ban se dung sau nay vi vay chung toi de nghi ban doc ky cac tinh nang truoc khi ngat bo (Disabled). Mot so tinh nang khi ma ban ngat bo co the lam cho may tinh bao loi do he thong dang su dung no cho cac ung dung duoc ban cai dat

Alerter: Dich vu nay giup thong bao cho cac may tinh va nguoi dung duoc chon nhung su canh bao mang tinh chat hanh chinh. Ban de no neu ban cam thay no can thiet voi ban. Neu khong thi hay tat no di.

Application Layer Gateway : Can thiet neu ban muon dung Firewall trong Windows ( Internet Connection Firewall ) hoac Chia se thong tin mang cua Windows ( Windows Internet Connection Sharing ). Se rat vo dung neu nhu ban khong dung 2 ung dung tren.

Application Management : Ban khong dung chung 1 mang voi ai do ? Ban khong khong co y dinh dieu khien 1 trinh nao do thong qua mang ? Neu khong hay vo tu ma Disable no.

Automatic Updates : Ban muon may tu dong cap nhat Windows. 1 so truong hop quay so ket noi de cap nhat ma chu nhan khong biet. Tra tien cuoc hang trieu dong... Neu cap nhat ma khong may hieu qua thi khong can cap nhat, ngoai tru cac lo hong bao mat lon thi tu vao website microsoft cap nhat thoi.

Background Intelligent Transfer : Ho tro Windows Update, neu ban tat Automatic Update o tren thi vo hieu hoa dich vu nay nham giam suc nang he thong phan nao.


Clipbook : Cho phep ban xem nhung gi luu tru trong Clipboard, sap xep chung co trat tu de co the thi hanh tac vu nhung gi trong Clipbard. Ban co the khong can lam quan trong moi viec den nhu vay. Tat no di se giup cac lenh Copy-Paste-Cut nhanh hon. Ban co the xem no hoat dong nhu the nao qua cach danh clipbrd.exe vao lenh Run trong Start Menu.

COM+ : Ca hai Event System va System Application Services giup quan ly va nam quyen Microsoft"s Compoment Object Model. Neu nhu ban can tim hieu ve van de nay, chi Microsoft moi co cau tra loi tot nhat tuy la bang tieng anh www.microsoft.com/com/tech/complus.asp. Noi chung, co the mot phan mem nao do se can den dich vu nay de chay, tot nhat ban thiet lap no o che do Manual

Computer Browser : Khong he lien quan gi den trinh duyet web than yeu cua ban. Y nghia dich vu nay la theo doi nhung he thong khac ket noi vao may ban qua 1 mang chia se. ...Quyet dinh tuy ban


Cryptographic services: Dich vu chung nhan - danh gia trong WinXP. Cho du ban cam thay khong can thiet voi no, nhung khuyen ban nen de no chay vi vai tinh nang khac cua no kha huu ich nhu kiem tra chung nhan trinh dieu khien cac thiet bi cua winxp.


DHCP Client: Khi ban len mang hoac khong, dich vu nay se lay 1 dia chi IP cho ban. Ban co the thu tat no. Nhung neu ban bat dau gap nhung van de loi, hieu hoa no lai. (Y kien ca nhan: Nen tat no di neu ban khong dung mang hoac ban dung mang nhung lai dat IP tinh.)


Distributed Link Tracking Client : Quan ly cac Shortcut den tap tin tren Server nao do . Neu ban da vo hieu hoa 2 dich vu tren thi cung nen bo luon cai nay.


DNS Client: Dich vu nay giai dap va thiet lap mot bo dem ve ten mien de ho tro cho may tinh ban dang su dung. Neu ban khong su dung Internet thi nen tat dich vu nay di.


Error Reporting : Tu dong thong bao loi co the la 1 tinh nang kha tot nhung doi khi lai qua lam phien va vo dung.

Event Log : Bo. Nhiem vu cua no chi la ghi lai nhung bao cao doi khi kho hieu. (Y kien ca nhan: Khong nen tat dich vu nay vi neu tat khong nhung khong lam cho may khoi dong nhanh hon ma con lam cho may khoi dong cuc cham.)

Fast User Switching Compatibility : Neu ban khong dung may chung voi nhieu nguoi thi vo hieu hoa cai nay tang nang luc cho may rat nhieu.

Help and Support : Su tro giup la 1 dieu quy bau nhat la khi ta gap kho khan. Nhung neu ban khong ranh Tieng anh va khong biet no noi cai gi.... vay thi nen tat no di thi hon.


HTTP SSL:
Ket noi tu client den server duoc thuc hien bang giao thuc HTTPS (HTTP + SSL). Chi su dung dich vu nay khi ban chay Web Server.


Human Interface Device Access Service: Mo rong va dieu khien nhung phim nong tren cac thiet bi nhap. Vi du nhung nut bam tren ban phim Play-Next-Internet-Search. Neu ban khong thuong dung no, tat dich vu nay di va tan huong 0.85% he thong nhanh hon.


IIS Admin: Cho phep ban quan ly dich vu Web va FTP thong qua dich vu Internet Information Services (IIS). Neu ban khong dung den nhung dich vu tren thi hay tat no.


IMAPI CD-Burning COM Service :
That su ra dung Nero ghi dia truc quan hon dich vu co san trong WinXP nay.


Indexing services: Tu dong tra soat thong tin tren o cung nham giup cac ung dung nhu Search cua windows, Office XP chay nhanh hon. Tuy nhien no chiem nhieu tai nguyen va that su khong xung dang voi tinh nang no hoat dong.


IPSEC services: Neu nhu may tinh cua ban thuoc vao loai vien thong va ket noi voi may khac boi VPN thi Internet Protocol Security ( IPSEC ) co the can thiet. Tuy nhien toi khong dam mo tuong may minh du doi den vay. Tam thoi tat no di.

Logical Disk Manager : Neu nhu ban muon quan ly dia cung cua minh ( bam phai tren bieu tuong My Computer, chon Manage roi den Disk Management ), thi dich vu nay khong the bi vo hieu hoa. Vi trinh Disk Management phu thuoc dich vu nay de chay. Tuy nhien, co le ban khong sai den thuong xuyen Disk Management , thiet lap no sang Manual se la tot nhat.

Messenger: Vao nam truoc , nhung ke Spammer da nhan ra 1 cach co the gui hang trieu Spam den nguoi dung WinXP thong qua Messenger nay. Loai bo dich vu nay la lua chon sang suot

MS Software Shadow Copy Provider/Volume Shadow Copy: Ho tro Microsoft Backup hay cac trinh sao luu anh dia khac. Mot lan nua, ban co the thu qua viec tat no, neu co sai sot nao trong viec sao luu thi khoi dong lai no se giai quyet van de.


Net Logon: Ho tro viec chung thuc de dang nhap vao mot may tinh thuoc mien.


NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing : Khong muon chia se voi ai bat cu cai gi tren may ban thong qua NetMeeting ? Khong = Disable


Network Connections: Quan ly nhung doi tuong trong ket noi mang va ket noi mang quay so, trong do ban co the thay duoc ca mang cuc bo va nhung ket noi tu xa.


Network DDE:
Cung cap viec truyen tai va an toan mang cho su trao doi du lieu dong (Dynamic Data Exchange(DDE)). Cho nhung chuong trinh chay tren cung mot may tinh hoac tren nhung may tinh khac nhau.

Network Location Awareness (NLA): Tap hop va luu tru thong tin ve cau hinh va vi tri mang. Dua ra thong bao khi nhung thong tin nay thay doi.


Network Provisioning Service:
Quan ly cau hinh cua file XML tren mot mien co so cho mang duoc cung cap tu dong. (XML duoc thiet ke de thuc hien luu tru du lieu va phat hanh tren cac Web site khong chi de dang quan ly hon, ma con co the trinh bay dep mat hon. XML cho phep nhung nguoi phat trien Web dinh nghia noi dung cua cac tai lieu bang cach tao duoi mo rong theo y nguoi su dung)


Plug and Play : Ban can dich vu nay de nhan biet cac thiet bi moi gan vao Pc, ben trong hay ben ngoai, PCI hay USB, Fire wire deu se can den no, hay chi don gian la WinXP can giao tiep tim kiem lai phan cung nao do trong 1 so ly do.


Print Spooler: Neu ban khong dung may in thi hay tat no di thi hon.


Remote Desktop Help Session Manager : Dung de ai do dieu khien may ban neu ban khong muon bi vay


Remote Procedure Call : Trong winXP, cac ung dung duoc phan chia trong cong thuc Ca the tien trinh. Khong 1 trinh nao anh huong den trinh nao. Khi 1 phan mem bi dung, treo hay khong tra loi, no se khong anh huong den toan bo may nhu Win98. De quan ly het tat ca nhung phan mem nay 1 cach thuan tien, RPC la dich vu can thiet sap xep phan vung bo nho phat cho tung ung dung. Neu tat no se gay ra loi he thong rat nghiem trong. Vi vay ban dung lam dieu do.


Remote Registry Service : Ban co thich cho nguoi dung khac tren 1 mang may tinh thay doi cac thiet lap trong Registry, trai tim cua he dieu hanh tren may ban ? Ban se khong tim ra duoc nguyen nhien ngay nao do WinXP bi..vo tim dau. Dich vu nay la 1 dang cua su bat bao mat cho may.


Security Accounts Manager: Dich vu Luu tru nhung thong tin bao mat cho tai khoan cua nguoi dung tai cho.


Security Center: Theo doi va quan ly nhung thiet lap va nhung cau hinh an toan cua he thong


Server: Ho tro file, may in va ten dung de chia se thong tin qua mang cho may tinh ban dang su dung. Neu ban khong dung chung mang voi ai do thi nen tat no di.


Smart Card va Smart Card Helper : Neu ban khong dung cac the nho thi ban biet phai lam gi voi dich vu nay.


SSDP Discovery : mot thanh phan cua Universinal Plug and Play sap noi den. Cho du ban tat hay mo no, ban cung se lam cung chung 1 viec cho SSDP Discovery.

System Restore : Mung het lon khi co the bay ve qua khu truoc khi ban cai dat 1 driver loi hay phan mem lam hai he thong la vi du thuc tien cho ban goi y nen tat ung dung nay hay khong. Tuy nhien vo hieu hoa no se tiet kiem cho ban rat nhieu dung luong dia. Luu y la neu ban da chon tat no thi tat ca nhung thiet lap sao luu se bi xoa het.


Task scheduler : Doi khi khong may huu dung doi voi ban, Co the ban se khong can phai lap lich don dia trong dem, nhung Task Scheduler co the can thiet voi va nguoi khac. Tat no hay khong tuy vao yeu cau cua ban co can hoac khong.


TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper : La 1 doi hoi binh thuong neu he thong mang noi bo cua ban dung NetBIOS boi TCP/IP. Tat no neu ban cam thay khong can thiet. Tuy nhien khoi dong lai neu nhu mang noi bo cua ban ( tham chi mang Internet ) co truc trac lien quan den viec tat dich vu nay.


Telephony : Ban vo cung can - noi cach khac khong the thieu no neu ban muon vao Internet thong qua phuong thuc quay so = Modem. Nhung neu la ket noi ADSL, ban thu thiet lap no qua Manual de xem neu co loi nao xay ra vi co the no van doi hoi dich vu nay. Neu khong ban da giup may co the tai nguyen he thong kha la khong it...


Telnet : Cho phep nguoi dung may khac dang nhap vao may ban va chay cac chuong trinh. Neu nhu ban co bao gio nghe den viec tan cong qua IP thi Telnet la 1 trong nhung ke 2 mat tiep tay cho giac quay pha thanh cua ban. Tat no di, tru khi ban can no cho 1 ly do nao do


Uninterruptible Power Supply : An toan de vo hieu hoa. Tru khi ban co cuc UPS cho may tinh minh.

Universinal Plug and Play : Tu hoi ban co muon may minh kiem tra va tim hieu cac thiet bi co tren may nguoi khac trong 1 mang may tinh noi bo ? Co the no can thiet neu nhu ban xai Internet Connection Sharing va cho phep nguoi ngoai hieu chinh ket noi cho may ban. Du sao di nua, neu nhu that su khong biet gi, ban co the tat no cung duoc.

Webclient : Theo su mo ta, dich vu nay cho phep ban duyet qua "Network Places" , thuc chat do la mang Internet. No cho phep cac chuong trinh Windows tao, xam nhap va thiet lap tap tin tren nen Internet. Theo nhu 1 so thu nghiem, neu nhu ban khong co ket noi Internet, dich vu co the lam cham lai may va cach ban duyet web. Vo hieu hoa de nhan ra va xem xet nhung sai sot co the gay phien cho ban, neu khong thi ban da tiep tuc giam ganh nang cho he thong.

Windows Audio: Ban muon nghe tieng - am thanh tho the cua Pc phat ra tu 2 gian loa 480 Watts cua ban thi nen de cho dich vu nay khoi dong binh thuong. Doi voi no, ban chi nen vo hieu hoa khi may khong co sound card hoac chip sound tren bo mach.


Windows Image Acquisition : Neu nhu don gian la ban khong co Webcam hay may Scan hinh thi tat dich vu nay di. Tuy nhien cho du ban co, tat ung dung nay chac cung khong anh huong, vi vay hay tat no di cung duoc. ( Hay thay no thanh Manual de thu nghiem truoc khi ban that su tat no .


Windows Installer : Tro giup cho cac trinh cai dat .MSI co the phan phoi du lieu trong no cho may ban. Nhung that chat khong phai luc nao ban cung cai-cai-cai phan mem vao may minh lien tuc. Thay cach khoi dong cua no vao Manual se giam toi thieu dung luong Ram bi chiem.


Windows Management Instrumentation : Dich vu nay cho phep su giao tiep cac phan mem co the xam nhap va dung nhung tinh nang trong Windows co the dien ra tron ven. Ban than windows cung dung den Windows Management Instrumentation, nhu nhung trinh khac lam, tot nhat ban de no hoat dong.


Windows Time : Dong y la thoi gian la vang la bac la hang loat thu mot di khong quay lai. Nhung neu nhu ban khong muon Windows phai chu trong den dieu do cho ban, neu nhu ban khong cp1 1 may tinh luon ket noi mang thi khong dong bo hoa gio giac khong co nghia la ban co toi.


Wireless Zero Configuration : Ban dung mang khong day? Neu khong, nen vo hieu tinh nang nay.


WMI Performance Adapter : Windows Management Instumentation ( WMI ) la 1 ung dung rat co ich nhung no co the lam cham may.Neu nhu ban khong phai la 1 nha thiet ke chuong trinh thi khong can quan tam den viec nay. Ngoai ra bay gio ban co the tat no di.

(Theo Quantrimang.com)

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Tìm hiểu: Disk Management, Startup Type, Su dung hop ly, mot cach hieu qua, cac dich vu, vo hieu hoa, khong can thiet, viec su dung, co the, khong dung, he thong, neu nhu, may tinh, ung dung, WINDOWS

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