Tao may ao voi Microsoft Virtual PC 2007

Tags: Microsoft Virtual PC, Windows XP, phuong tien de thu nghiem, quan tri he thong, phat trien phan mem, he dieu hanh, vien kiem tra, su rui ro, may ao, hop thoai, hanh khach, cho may, cai dat, khoi dong, ban


Tao may ao voi Microsoft Virtual PC 2007
Giao dien may ao
Tu lau, phan mem tao may ao da la "vat bat ly than" trong hanh trang cua dan quan tri he thong cung nhu nhung chuyen vien kiem tra va phat trien phan mem. Con voi "voc si" may tinh, may ao duoc xem la phuong tien de thu nghiem nhung phan mem la, nhung he dieu hanh "doc" co the tiem an su rui ro cho he thong, truoc khi quyet dinh co cai chung vao may tinh cua minh hay khong.

Hai phan mem tao may ao manh va thong dung nhat hien nay la VMware Workstation cua hang Vmware va Microsoft Virtual PC duoc thiet ke boi ga khong lo Microsoft. Bai viet nay, chung ta hay cung khai thac phien ban Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 (MVP7). Phien ban chinh thuc cua MVP7 co dung luong 30 MB, cung cap mien phi tai 1 trong 2 dia chi sau:

http://tinyurl.com/yrt843

http://download.microsoft.com/download/8/5/6/856bfc39-fa48-4315-a2b3-e6697a54ca88/32%20BIT/setup.exe

Tai xong, chay truc tiep file setup.exe de cai dat.

So voi VMware Workstation 6 thi MVP7 co dung luong gon nhe hon rat nhieu, ngon it tai nguyen he thong hon va dac biet la cach su dung tuong doi de dang hon.

Tao may ao (virtual machine)

Ban kich hoat MVP7 thong qua shortcut Microsoft Virtual PC co trong menu Start > Programs. Trong hop thoai dau tien xuat hien, bam Next de bat dau cac buoc tao ra mot may ao moi.

O hop thoai Options, tai muc Select an option, ban giu nguyen dau kiem o tuy chon Create a virtual machine roi bam Next.

Trong hop thoai Virtual Machine Name and Location, ban nhap vao ten bat ky cho may ao trong hop Name and location (chang han MU), chon thu muc luu file MU.vmc chua nhung thong tin va thong so hoat dong cua may ao (mac dinh la My DocumentsMy Virtual Machines) roi bam Next.

O hop thoai Operating system, tai muc Operating system, ban bam vao nut xo xuong va lua chon mot he dieu hanh (da ho tro Windows Vista) muon cai dat cho may ao nay, roi bam tiep nut Next. Bai nay, nguoi viet chon he dieu hanh khach la Windows XP. Va xin luu y, tuy thuoc vao he dieu hanh ban chon, chuong trinh se tu dong hieu chinh dung luong thich hop cua bo nho RAM phan phoi cho may ao nay.

Trong hop thoai Memory, ban co the giu dau kiem mac dinh tai muc Using the recommended RAM dong nghia voi viec giu nguyen dung luong RAM ma chuong trinh phan phoi cho may ao (voi Windows XP la 128 MB); con neu muon nang toc do xu ly cho may ao nay thi ban danh dau o muc Adjusting the RAM, roi keo con truot ve phia phai de tuy chinh dung luong lon hon cho RAM. Xong, ban bam Next.

O hop thoai Virtual Hard Disk Options, ban danh dau o muc A new virtual hard disk roi bam Next.

Trong hop thoai Virtual Hard Disk Location ke tiep, ban nhap vao mot gia tri xac dinh trong hop Virtual hard disk size (mac dinh la 65.536 MB, maximum la 130.557 MB) tuong ung voi dung luong tam thoi cua dia cung ao hay kich thuoc cua file MU Hard Disk.vhd luu trong thu muc My DocumentsMy Virtual Machines, bam Next roi bam tiep nut Finish la hoan tat cong doan tao may ao. Kich thuoc cua file MU Hard Disk.vhd se phinh to dan khi ban cai dat he dieu hanh khach cung nhu nhung phan mem lien quan cho may ao nay.

Ngay sau do, ban thay trong giao dien hop thoai Virtual PC console se xuat hien mot may ao co ten MU o trang thai chua duoc kich hoat (Not Running). Muon xem qua mot vai thiet lap phan cung lien quan den may ao nay, ban bam vao nut Setting nam ben phai de mo cua so Setting for MU. Xong, bam OK.

Nut New... co chuc nang tao them mot may ao khac, con nut Remove dung de loai bo nhung may ao ma ban da tao.

Cai dat he dieu hanh (Guest OS) cho may ao

Bay gio, ban bo dia CD cai dat Windows XP vao o va bam vao nut Start de khoi dong may ao.

Trong giao dien may ao xuat hien, truoc tien bam vao menu CD va chon dong lenh Use Physical Drive G: de kich hoat viec khoi dong may ao tu dia CD nay.

Tiep do man hinh Windows Setup se hien ra va cac thao tac cai dat Windows XP tren may ao, ban cung thuc hien y chang nhu tren may that hay con goi la may chu (host machine). Va luc qua trinh cai dat hoan tat, ban hay lay dia CD ra khoi o.

He dieu hanh khach ma ban vua cai xong cho may ao co giao dien y het he dieu hanh chu (Host OS) cua may that, nhung dieu thu vi la ban khong phai mat cong cai dat driver cua sound card, card man hinh hay card mang cho he dieu hanh khach nua, vi chung se tu dong nhan dien thong qua he dieu hanh chu. Tuy nhien khi muon thu nghiem phan mem tren he dieu hanh khach, thi ban phai cai dat thong qua dia CD hoac tai ve tu Internet (roi luu lai trong o dia C cua he dieu hanh khach) bang trinh duyet web Internet Explorer co san.

Mot vai nut lenh quan trong trong menu cua may ao

1) Action

- Full Screen Mode: chuyen giao dien he dieu hanh khach ve che do xem toan man hinh. Khi muon tro lai trang thai truoc do, ban su dung to hop phim Right Alt + Enter (nut Alt nam phia phai cua ban phim).

- Ctrl + Alt + Del: neu dang o trong moi truong Windows, ban dung to hop phim nay de mo Task Manager; con neu o ngoai thi dung kich hoat viec khoi dong lai may ao.

- Pause: tam dung hoat dong cua may ao.

- Reset: khoi dong lai he dieu hanh khach.

- Close: khi ban bam vao nut nay, hop thoai hien ra se cung cap 3 tuy chon: Save State (luu lai trang thai lam viec hien thoi cua he dieu hanh khach cho lan su dung ke tiep, tuong tu chuc nang Hibernate tren may chu), Shutdown for Windows va Turn off (deu co chuc nang dong cua so lam viec cua may ao).

- Install or Update Virtual Machine Additions: cai dat/cap nhat mot so thanh phan bo sung cho may ao.

2) CD

- Use Phisycal Drive G: khoi dong may ao tu dia CD, hoac cap quyen su dung dia CD ma ban vua bo vao o dia tren he dieu hanh khach.

- Capture Iso Image: khoi dong may ao tu mot file ISO luu san trong dia cung cua may chu, ap dung trong truong hop ban muon thu nghiem do tin cay mot he dieu hanh hay dia Boot nao do truoc khi quyet dinh ghi file ISO vao dia CD.

3) Floppy

- Control Phisycal Drive A: khoi dong may ao tu dia mem, hoac cap quyen su dung dia mem tren he dieu hanh khach.

- Capture Floppy Image: khoi dong may ao tu mot file anh cua dia mem.

Luu y:

- Trong thoi gian lam viec voi he dieu hanh khach, khi muon tam thoi thoat ra ngoai de su dung nhung chuong trinh khac trong he dieu hanh chu, ban chi viec nhan vao phim Alt nam phia phai cua ban phim.

- De dam bao may ao hoat dong mot cach tron tru nhat, may chu cua ban can co bo nho RAM la 512 MB va CPU tu 1.5 GHz tro len.

Pham Hong Quan

Viet Bao
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Tìm hiểu: Microsoft Virtual PC, Windows XP, phuong tien de thu nghiem, quan tri he thong, phat trien phan mem, he dieu hanh, vien kiem tra, su rui ro, may ao, hop thoai, hanh khach, cho may, cai dat, khoi dong, ban

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