Do Windows trong tic tac Phan 2

Tags: Windows XP, “Do” Windows, System Tools, All Programs, Voi Vista, Quick Launch, thuc hien cac buoc, du lieu ca nhan, de kiem tra, khoi dong lai, vo hieu hoa, to hop phim, tien ich, sao luu, tinh nang, ban


Sua chua va nang cap Windows XP hay Vista khong mat nhieu thoi gian nhu ban nghi. Hon 30 thu thuat duoc de cap ben duoi se giup ban nhanh chong tang toc cho he dieu hanh, vo hieu hoa cac ung dung tu khoi chay, chan doan nhanh su co mang, bit kin cac lo hong trinh duyet, sao luu tuc thoi he thong cung nhieu tinh nang huu ich khac.

Tu dong kiem tra o cung

Van de: Co nhieu tien ich kiem tra, khac phuc hong hoc cua o cung de bao ve du lieu ca nhan. Dang tiec la chung it duoc nguoi dung su dung do chiem kha nhieu thoi gian.

Kiem tra dia cung mot cach de dang mot khi ban len ke hoach tu dong quet qua tinh nang Task Scheduler trong Windows XP va Vista

Khac phuc nhanh: Su dung tinh nang lap lich Scheduled Tasks (Start.All Programs.Accessories.System Tools) cua Windows XP giup tu dong hoa cong viec nham chan nay. Trong Scheduled Tasks, chon Add Scheduled Tasks de bat dau (dung quen nhan Next). Trong bang liet ke cac ung dung, chon Command Prompt va Next. Neu khong tim thay Command Prompt, nhan Browse, tim den tap tin cmd.exe trong thu muc WindowsSystem32, nhan OK. Ke tiep, lap thoi gian tien ich kiem tra o cung hoat dong (Monthly la lua chon tot trong truong hop nay), nhan Next. Trong cua so ke, thiet lap thoi gian tien ich hoat dong (ngay, gio hoac ngay thu may cua thang), nhan Next. Nhap tai khoan nguoi dung va mat khau dang nhap o buoc tiep theo (luu y: xac nhan mat khau o muc Confirm password), nhan Next. Danh dau tuy chon Open advanced properties for this task when I click finish truoc khi nhan Finish. Trong cua so Command Prompt moi xuat hien, hieu chinh muc Run (the Task) thanh c:windowssystem32cmd.exe /c echo y|chkdsk c: /f /x (voi c la ten phan vung Windows). Nhan OK, nhap mat khau lan nua xac nhan thay doi va cuoi cung chon OK de ket thuc.

Neu su dung Windows Vista, chon Start.All Programs.Accessories.System Tools.Tasks Scheduled. O muc Actions ben khung phai, chon Create Task va tim den ung dung ban can (tham khao thong tin o muc Discription). Danh dau muc “Run with highest privileges” va nhung tuy chon khac, chon New trong the Triggers va thiet lap cac muc thich hop nhu Monthly, All months; First trong muc On... truoc khi nhan OK. Trong the Actions, chon New, go lenh cmd.exe o muc Program/script va /c echo y|chkdsk c: /f /x cho muc Add Agruments (tuy chon). Chon OK de hoan tat.

Quan ly tap tin tu cu nhan phai chuot

Van de: Delete, cut, copy la nhung lenh quen thuoc voi nguoi dung trong trinh don ngu canh khi nhan phim phai chuot. Tuy nhien viec sao chep (hoac cat dan) tap tin, thu muc phai qua kha nhieu thao tac dai dong. Lam the nao de thuc hien viec nay nhanh hon?

Bo sung lenh sao chep va di chuyen vao trinh don ngu canh bang cach thay doi Registry

Khac phuc nhanh: Chinh sua Registry de co them dong lenh “copy to folder” va “move to folder” trong trinh don ngu canh khi nhan phai chuot se don gian hoa viec sao chep tap tin, thu muc. Truoc tien, ban can sao luu registry (tham khao cach sao luu Registry trong bai viet “Cham soc va bao duong Windows Registry, ID: A0502_90 tai hoac tao mot diem khoi phuc neu dung tien ich System Restore). Mo tien ich Notepad, nhap vao noi dung sau:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTAllFilesystemObjectsshellex

ContextMenuHandlers{C2FBB630-2971-11D1-A18C-00C04FD75D13}]
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTAllFilesystemObjectsshellex
ContextMenuHandlers{C2FBB631-2971-11D1-A18C-00C04FD75D13}]
Dong Notepad va luu thanh tap tin CopyTo.reg (luu y phan mo rong tap tin, khong phai CopyTo.reg.txt). Nhan phai chuot tren tap tin nay, chon merge, ban se co them dong lenh copy to folder va move to folder trong trinh don ngu canh khi nhan phai chuot.

Kiem tra an toan he thong

Van de: Lam the nao de kiem tra he thong an toan den muc nao ma khong can dung den nhung tien ich dat tien.

Phat hien diem long leo ve bao mat cua he thong voi tien ich mien phi Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

Khac phuc nhanh: Tai ve tien ich mien phi Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) cua Microsoft. Khoi chay tien ich sau khi cai dat, MBSA se thuc hien mot cuoc kiem tra nho va liet ke nhung rui ro, lo hong bao mat cua cac phan mem Microsoft nhu MS Office, Exchange...

Cap nhat ban sua loi

Van de: He thong se an toan hon khi HDH va cac ung dung thuong xuyen duoc cap nhat ban sua loi, khac phuc lo hong bao mat. Tuy nhien, khong phai tat ca ung dung deu co tinh nang cap nhat tu dong.

Kiem tra tinh bao mat cua ung dung bang tien ich Secunia Software Inspector

Khac phuc nhanh: Su dung tien ich mien phi Secunia Software Inspector de kiem tra tinh an toan cua cac ung dung. Ban khong can cai dat bat cu thu gi vao may tinh, chi can nhan nut Start va xem cac huong dan hien thi tren man hinh. Ket qua kiem tra se liet ke nhung ung dung can cap nhat. Nhan chuot vao dau “+” truoc moi ung dung de co them thong tin chi tiet va ca duong dan cho phep tai ve phien ban moi nhat. Ghi chu: “can tac vo ay nay”, nen sao luu he thong truoc khi go bo (hoac xoa) nhung ung dung dang su dung neu viec cap nhat phien ban moi khong thanh cong.

Luot Web cham chap

Van de: Trinh duyet web hoat dong cham chap, doi khi “chet dung” ma khong ro nguyen nhan.

Theo doi nhung plug-in kho chiu trong IE7 bang lenh "Enable or Disable Add-ons"

Khac phuc nhanh: Truoc tien, ban thu kiem tra xem virus co phai la nguyen nhan khong (kinh nghiem thuc te cho thay virus thuong la thu pham trong truong hop nay). Su dung mot phan mem chong virus hoac tien ich mien phi nao do de xac dinh nguyen nhan, chang han Malicious Software Removal Tool cua Microsoft, ban chi viec tai ve, chay va thuc hien theo huong dan tren man hinh.

Ke tiep, thu cai dat phien ban moi hon (hoac ban sua loi) cua trinh duyet. Chang han voi Internet Explorer, chon Tools.Windows Update hoac Help.Check for Updates neu su dung Mozilla Firefox.

Ngoai ra, ban cung can kiem tra cac add-on (tien ich bo sung). De kiem tra, thu tat tat ca chung. Neu loi duoc khac phuc, lan luot kich hoat tung tien ich va kiem tra cho den khi phat hien duoc thu pham. De tat cac tinh nang bo sung cua Firefox, chon Tools.Add-ons va Disable cho tat ca cac muc. Dong cua so va khoi dong lai Firefox, neu van de duoc giai quyet, lan luot kich hoat lai tung muc cua Add-ons de kiem tra (khoi dong lai trinh duyet sau moi muc).

Voi I.E 7, chon Start.All Programs.Accessories. System Tools.Internet Explorer (No Add-ons). Neu van de duoc giai quyet, khoi dong lai IE o che do binh thuong (co the nhan vao bieu tuong IE tren desktop), chon Tools.Manage Add-ons.Enable or Disable Add-ons. Thuc hien cac buoc tuong tu nhu tren: lan luot tat tung muc, khoi dong lai trinh duyet va kiem tra. Lap lai cac thao tac nay cho tung tien ich cho den khi xac dinh duoc thu pham.

Truy xuat nhanh Quick launch

Van de: Toi muon khoi chay cac ung dung tren thanh cong cu QuickLaunch ma khong can su dung den chuot.

Khac phuc nhanh: Trong XP, ban co the gan to hop phim tat de khoi chay mot ung dung nao do tren man hinh nen Windows hoac tu trinh don Start. Giai phap thu 2 la lua chon hop ly nhat. Nhan phai chuot len nut Start va chon Open hoac Explorer.

Nhan dup chuot vao thu muc Programs. De moi thu duoc sap xep, nhan phai chuot len thanh cua so do va chon New.Folder. Dat ten cho thu muc do, dai loai nhu Keyboard shortcuts, nhan. Tiep den, nhan dup chuot len thu muc do, nhan phai chuot va keo tha cac muc tu thanh Quick Launch vao thu muc nay cung luc, va chon Copy Here. Nhan dup chuot vao moi shortcut vua tao va chon Properties. Voi the Shortcut, nhan vao hop thoai “Shortcut key” va nhan cac phim ma ban se muon su dung de khoi chay ung dung; to hop phim nay phai bat dau bang -, -, -, --, hoac mot phim tinh nang (den tren hau het moi ban phim). Nhan OK.

Thay doi phim tat cho cac bieu tuong Quick Launch trong Vista

Trong Vista, he thong tu dong gan phim cho moi muc (bieu tuong) tren thanh Quick Launch dua tren thu tu cua chung tren thanh cong cu. De khoi chay muc dau tien, ban nhan -1, tuong tu voi muc thu 2 la -2.

Chong phan manh o cung

Van de: Cung nhu bat ky tien ich don dep may tinh nao, viec chon lua thoi gian de chay tien ich chong phan manh o cung thuong rat kho khan.

Khac phuc nhanh: Hay de Windows thuc hien viec nay giup ban. Neu su dung Windows XP, tham khao cac buoc thuc hien trong phan “Tu dong kiem tra o cung” ben tren de lap lich sao luu tu dong. Tuy nhien, ban hay thay doi chut xiu dong lenh trong Advanced Properties thanh cmd.exe /c defrag c: -f -v > “c:doc eport.txt”. Voi Vista, thay doi trong tuy chon Add arguments thanh /c defrag -c -f -v -w > “c:doc eport.txt”.

Sao luu voi bot

Van de: Luon sao luu se bao ve du lieu ca nhan an toan hon, nhung nhieu nguoi dung thuong “lam bieng” thuc hien viec nay.

Khac phuc nhanh: Mot so tien ich co san trong Windows XP hoac Vista cho phep nguoi dung lap lich sao luu tu dong. Tuy nhien, nhung cong cu nay mac dinh chi co san trong cac phien ban XP Pro, Vista Business, Enterprise va Ultimate hoac phai cai them neu su dung XP Home (trong CD cai dat, tim den thu muc ntbackup trong valueaddmsft. Nhan phai chuot tren tap tin Ntbackup, chon Install). Neu su dung Vista Home Premium, ban buoc long phai tim tien ich thay the khac.

Voi Win XP, chon Start/All Programs/ Acessories/ System Tools/ Backup/ chon Tools.Switch to Wizard Mode neu tien ich khoi dong o che do Advanced. Thuc hien cac buoc ke tiep theo huong dan, chon nhung thu can sao luu va noi luu chung. O man hinh “Completing the Backup or Restore Wizard”, chon Advanced va cach thuc sao luu (chang han nhu Incremental), nhan Next. Co the thiet lap them 1 so tuy chon khac va nhan Next de chuyen sang buoc ke tiep. Chon Later khi xuat hien cua so “When to Back up”, dat ten va nhan chon Set Schedule. Ban co the chon mot so tuy chon trong the Schedule and Settings trong hop thoai Schedule Job truoc khi nhan OK lan nua. Nhap ten va mat khau nguoi dung, nhan OK, chon Next. Xac nhan lai ten va mat khau nguoi dung truoc khi nhan Finish de ket thuc.

Neu su dung Vista, chon Start.All Programs.Accessories.System Tools.Backup Status and Configuration. Nhan Set up automatic file backup va thuc hien cac buoc theo huong dan nhu loai tap tin, thu muc can sao luu, noi luu tru va thoi gian sao luu... Neu muon thay doi cac tuy chon sau khi da thiet lap, ban khoi chay lai tien ich, chon Change backup settings de thay doi hoac Turn off neu muon tat chung.

Tat tinh nang Autoplay

Van de: Tinh nang Autoplay khong chi lam viec voi o CD-ROM ma ca voi nhung thiet bi luu tru khi ket noi voi may tinh (qua ngo USB, Firewire,...). Mot so malware loi dung tinh nang nay de lay nhiem vao may tinh.

Tat tinh nang Autoplay de tranh su lay nhiem cua malware

Khac phuc nhanh: Co nhieu cach khac nhau de tat tinh nang Autoplay, tuy thuoc vao phien ban Windows dang su dung. Tuy nhien, viec chinh sua trong Group Policy se co tac dung cho tat ca tai khoan nguoi dung.

Trong XP, nhan to hop phim -R de mo cua so Run, go vao lenh gpedit.msc, va nhan Enter. Trong khung trai Group Policy, tim den nhanh Local Computer PolicyComputer ConfigurationAdministrative TemplatesSystem. O khung phai, nhan dup chuot vao muc Turn off Autoplay. Trong “Turn off Autoplay Properties”, nhan chon Enable va All drivers trong danh sach liet ke, nhan OK.

Voi Vista, cung go vao lenh gpedit.msc va nhan. Chon Continue khi canh bao User Account Control (UAC) xuat hien. Trong cay thu muc o khung ben trai, tim den muc Local Computer PolicyComputer ConfigurationAdministrative TemplatesWindows ComponentsAutoPlay Policies, nhan dup vao muc Turn off Autoplay, chon Enable va OK. Tiep theo, nhan dup vao muc Default behavior for AutoRun, chon Enable va Do not execute any autorun commands. Nhan OK de ket thuc viec thiet lap.

Tat nhanh may tinh

Van de: Toi khong muon phai thuc hien mot loat dong tac “dai le the” truoc khi tat may tinh.

Tat nhanh may tinh bang cach thay doi thiet lap trong muc Power Options

Khac phuc nhanh: Ban can thay doi chut xiu de co the tat may nhanh voi nut Power tren thung may. Trong XP, mo Control Panel, trong muc Performance and Maintenance (Category View), chon Power Options. Nhan chon the Advanced, o muc When I press the power button on my computer, chon Shutdown va nhan OK.

Voi Vista, chon Start, go vao power options, an . O khung ben trai, chon muc Choose what the power button does va Shutdown o muc When I press the power button. Nhan Save Changes de ket thuc viec thiet lap.

Loai bo sao luu du thua

Van de: Vista dang sao luu du lieu cua toi nhung lai khong cho phep khoi phuc.

Toi uu Vista Home va Premium bang cach tat tinh nang System Protection

Khac phuc nhanh: Cac phien ban Business, Enterprise va Ultimate cua Windows Vista deu di kem tinh nang Shadow Copies (hay con goi la Previous Version) cho phep ban khoi phuc lai phien ban truoc do cua mot tap tin. Vista Home Basic va Home Premium thieu tinh nang nay nhung van thuc hien luu du lieu, do do gay hao ton khong gian dia cung va chu trinh bo xu ly. De cham dut tinh trang hoang phi nay, hay dat tat ca tai lieu va nhung tap tin khac len mot phan vung hay mot o dia ma khong phai la o dia chua Windows.

Sau do nhan Start, go vao lenh SystemPropertiesProtection va nhan. Trong danh sach cac o dia, bo chon doi voi o dia chua cac du lieu ca nhan. Nhan Turn System Protection Off khi duoc nhac nho, va nhan OK de dong cua so System Properties.

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Tìm hiểu: Windows XP, “Do” Windows, System Tools, All Programs, Voi Vista, Quick Launch, thuc hien cac buoc, du lieu ca nhan, de kiem tra, khoi dong lai, vo hieu hoa, to hop phim, tien ich, sao luu, tinh nang, ban

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: “Độ” Windows trong tíc tắc (Phần 2)

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet “Độ” Windows trong tíc tắc (Phần 2) bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Do Windows trong tic tac Phan 2

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Do Windows trong tic tac Phan 2 co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Do Windows trong tic tac Phan 2 de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Kinh nghiem trong chuyen muc Cong nghe.

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