Chi phi phan mem giai phap tiet kiem dau tu cho CNTT

Tags: Viet Nam, Star Office, Open Office, Microsoft Office, Windows Server, Google Docs, to chuc thuong mai the gioi, bo ung dung van phong, co the su dung, ban quyen phan mem, phan mem mien phi, he thong mang, trong truong hop, nguoi su dung, mang noi bo, phien ban, CNTT


Chi phi phan mem giai phap tiet kiem dau tu cho CNTT

Trong chi phi dau tu cho cong nghe thong tin (CNTT) cua cac doanh nghiep Viet Nam hien nay, co le chi phi phan cung dang chiem ty trong lon. Tuy nhien, dieu do chi dung trong truong hop chung ta su dung nhung phan mem khong co ban quyen. Viet Nam da gia nhap To chuc Thuong mai The gioi (WTO) va van de ton trong ban quyen phan mem ngay cang duoc dat cao hon. The nen, trong mot tuong lai rat gan, chi phi danh cho phan mem se tang len dang ke.

Giai phap tiet kiem nhat trong truong hop nay la lam quen va su dung cac phan mem nguon mo cang som cang tot. Do la chia khoa cua viec tiet giam toi da chi phi cho CNTT. Bai viet nay chu yeu di vao gioi thieu nhung phan mem nao ma cac doanh nghiep Viet Nam co the can nhac ap dung ngay.

Phan mem danh cho may tinh ca nhan

Ve he dieu hanh
, chung ta da nghe noi rat nhieu ve Linux nhu mot he dieu hanh nguon mo canh tranh voi he dieu hanh Windows. Tuy nhien, co rat nhieu phien ban Linux khac nhau. Qua thuc te su dung thu nhieu phien ban khac nhau, chung toi co the de nghi cac nha doanh nghiep Viet Nam nen su dung phien ban Linux co ten la Ubuntu Desktop (
http://www.ubuntu.com/ ).

Hien nay, Ubuntu da ra den phien ban 7.0.4. Phien ban nay co giao dien kha than thien voi nguoi su dung tu Windows chuyen sang cung nhu co tat ca cac tinh nang tuong duong nhu khi su dung Windows (nghe nhac, xem phim, Wi-Fi, e-mail, Internet…). Neu muon, co the chon cai ban Ubuntu co tieng Viet de tien su dung. Ben canh Ubuntu, cung co mot phien ban Linux khac do nguoi Viet Nam phat trien la Hacao Linux voi uu diem la giao dien tieng Viet, nhanh va gon nhe.

Ve bo ung dung van phong, neu chon Linux lam he dieu hanh thi ca Ubuntu cung nhu Hacao deu co tich hop san bo ung dung van phong Open Office de su dung. Tuy nhien, trong nhieu truong hop doanh nghiep muon duy tri he dieu hanh Windows (vi dang con phai chay mot so chuong trinh khac nhu phan mem ke toan, hoac Windows cua doanh nghiep da co ban quyen), van co the khong can phai mua Microsoft Office ma su dung phan mem nhu Open Office ( http://www.openoffice.org ) hoac Star Office ( http://www.sun.com/software/star/staroffice/ ). Cac phan mem nay cho phep soan van ban, bang tinh, trinh chieu... hoan toan tuong thich voi cac phan mem cua Microsoft Office nhu Word, Excel, Power Point. Nhu vay, van hoan toan co the bao dam nhu cau trao doi van ban giua doanh nghiep su dung cac phan mem mien phi va doanh nghiep su dung Microsoft Office.

De su dung Open Office tren Windows, co the vao trang web http://www.openoffice.org/ de tai ban cai dat ve. Rieng ban Star Office thi hien nay o trang web chinh thuc ho van ban voi gia 69 do-la My nhung chung ta cung co the su dung mien phi bang cach tai Star Office trong goiGoogle Pack cung cap boi Google ( http://pack.google.com ).

Ngoai ra, cung co the chon mot giai phap moi va linh hoat hon la su dung thang cac ung dung van phong chay truc tiep tren web. De su dung, chi can co Internet de dang ky tai khoan tren trang web cung cap dich vu nay. Co nhieu trang web cung cap cac ung dung van phong truc tuyen nhu Google Docs ( http://docs.google.com ), ThinkFree ( http://www.thinfree.com/ ), Zoho ( http://www.zoho.com/ ). Cac ung dung truc tuyen nay co uu diem lon la co the giup chung ta lam viec o bat cu noi nao co Internet. Cac tai lieu soan xong se luu thang tren trang web va co the mo ra khi can.

Phan mem danh cho may chu

Hien da co kha nhieu doanh nghiep Viet Nam su dung may chu cho nhieu muc dich khac nhau. Neu su dung Windows Server cho cong viec nay, doanh nghiep se phai ton mot khoan chi phi rat lon de mua ban quyen phan mem. Voi viec chuyen sang su dung cac phan mem hoan toan mien phi duoi day, doanh nghiep co the tiet kiem rat nhieu. Khong nhu phan mem danh cho may ca nhan co the tu cai, cac phan mem danh cho may chu ca tren Windows cung nhu Linux deu can phai co nguoi co kinh nghiem cai dat. Neu doanh nghiep chua co nhan vien CNTT chuyen trach, co the thue cac cong ty chuyen nghiep thuc hien. Chi phi cho viec cai dat nay cung khong cao.

Duoi day la mot so phan mem de co the cai dat tren mot may chu chia se file trong mang noi bo cua doanh nghiep.

- He dieu hanh : Co nhieu phien ban Linux khac nhau de lua chon. Mot trong nhung phien ban duoc nhieu nguoi su dung nhat la CentOS ( http://www.centos.org/ ).

- Phan mem OpenLDAP ( http://www.openldap.org /) dung de ho tro viec quan ly, phan quyen va tra cuu thanh vien trong he thong.

- Phan mem Samba ( http://www.samba.org/ ) de ho tro viec chia se file tuong thich voi he thong mang Windows. Phan mem nay rat co ich cho he thong mang co cac may tram su dung nhieu he dieu hanh khac nhau.

Ngoai ra, tuy theo nhu cau su dung ma doanh nghiep co the cai dat them OpenVPN ( http://www.openvpn.org/ ) de tao thanh he thong mang rieng ao cua minh. Voi he thong nay, nhung nguoi khong co mat o van phong cung van co the truy cap vao mang noi bo mot cach de dang va bao mat. Neu doanh nghiep can su dung Webserver de luu tru trang web cua cong ty thi co the su dung Apache ( http://www.apache.org/ ), trang web cua cong ty co the xay dung bang ngon ngu PHP ( http://www.php.net/ ) va su dung co so du lieu MySQL (
http://www.mysql.com/ ).

Cac phan mem mien phi neu tren deu la nhung phan mem da hoat dong tot va hoan toan co the thay the duoc cac nhu cau pho thong cua doanh nghiep. Viec chuyen sang su dung mot he thong moi co the hoi kho khan nhung cung la mot viec rat dang lam neu doanh nghiep thuc su quan tam den van de ban quyen phan mem.

(Theo TBKTSG)

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Tìm hiểu: Viet Nam, Star Office, Open Office, Microsoft Office, Windows Server, Google Docs, to chuc thuong mai the gioi, bo ung dung van phong, co the su dung, ban quyen phan mem, phan mem mien phi, he thong mang, trong truong hop, nguoi su dung, mang noi bo, phien ban, CNTT

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Chi phí phần mềm: giải pháp tiết kiệm đầu tư cho CNTT

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Chi phí phần mềm: giải pháp tiết kiệm đầu tư cho CNTT bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Chi phi phan mem giai phap tiet kiem dau tu cho CNTT

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