Cai dat Windows Server 2003 va tao server du phong

Tags: Click Next, Windows Server, Domain Controller, Active Directory Installation Wizard, Click Finish, New Zone Wizard, chi tiet cach, xuat du lieu, dang hoat dong, nhu the nao, cai dat, may con, Text box, sau do, vi du, Page


Xin NSS giup toi ve: - Tai lieu quan tri mang Server 2003 nhu chi tiet cach cai dat, tao them 1 Server dong hanh de phong ho truong hop Server chinh bi truc trac, tao domain, gia nhap may con vao domain, remote destop conection {tu may con truy xuat du lieu vao may server}, cai dat thong so ADSL router vao may server, tat 1 may con dang hoat dong ngay tuc thoi.

- Neu gia tang them so luong may con vao domain thi gan them Switch nhu the nao de dam bao truyen du lieu va truy cap internet duoc tot nhat

- So luong may bao nhieu thi nen dung duong  truyen ADSL voi toc do nhu the nao (vi du khoang 50 may, 70 may, hon 100 may).

Rat mong NSS giup toi, toi xin cam on.

- Voi cau hoi cua ban chung toi se tra loi lan luot nhu sau:

1. Chi tiet cach cai dat domain va cai dat thong so ADSL router vao may server:

Truoc tien ban phai Cai dat Windows Server 2003

Tien hanh cac buoc sau tren Computer se dong vai tro Domain Controller

1. Dua dia CD cai dat vao CD-ROM, khoi dong lai Computer. Cho phep boot tu dia CD

2. Chuong trinh Windows setup bat dau load nhung Files phuc vu cho viec cai dat. Nhan Enter khi ma hinh Welcome to Setup xuat hien

3. Doc nhung dieu khoan ve License tren Windows Licensing Agreement , sau do nhan F8 de dong y voi cac dieu khoan quy dinh cua MS

4. Tren Windows Server 2003, xuat hien man hinh tao cac phan vung Partition tren dia cung, truoc het tao Partition dung cho viec cai dat He Dieu hanh. Nhan ENTER.

5. Tren Windows Server 2003, chon Format the partition using the NTFS file system Nhan ENTER.

6. Chuong trinh Windows Setup tien hanh dinh dang (format) dia cung, se cho it phut cho tien trinh nay hoan tat

7. Computer se tu Restart khi tien trinh copy File vao dia cung hoan tat

8. Computer se restart lai va boot giao dien do hoa. Click Next tren trang Regional and Language Options

9. Tren trang Personalize Your Software, dien Ten va To chuc cua Ban

Vi du : Name: Server 2003

Organization: Bao Tuoi Tre

10. Tren trang Product Key dien vao 25 chu so cua Product Key ma ban co va click Next.

11. Tren trang Licensing Modes chon dung option duoc ap dung cho version Windows Server 2003  ma ban cai dat. Neu cai dat Licence o che do per server licensing, hay dua vao so connections ma ban da co License. Click Next.

12. Tren trang Computer Name va Administrator Password dien ten cua Computer vi du Server2003, ten nay duoc dien vao Computer Name text box. Dien tiep vao muc Administrator password va xac nhan lai password tai muc Confirm password (ghi nho lai password administrator can than, neu khong thi ban cung khong the log-on vao Server cho cac hoat dong tiep theo). Click Next.

13. Tren trang Date and Time Settings xac lap chinh xac Ngay, gio va mui gio Viet Nam (neu cac ban o Viet Nam), luu y time zone la GMT + 7

Click Next.

14. Tren trang Networking Settings, chon Custom settings option.

15. Tren trang Network Components, chon Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) entry trong

Components va click Properties.

16. Trong Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box, xac lap cac thong so sau:

IP address: 10.0.0.2.

Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0.

Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 (chu y Default Gateway 10.0.0.1 nay cung la IP address cua Card Ethernet cua Router ADSL).

Preferred DNS server: 10.0.0.2 va Additional DNS server la dia chi ma ISP da cung cap cho ADSL Router, vi du : 203.162.4.1

17. Click OK trong Advanced TCP/IP Settings dialog box.

18. Click OK trong Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box.

19. Click Next tren trang Networking Components.

20. Chap nhan lua chon mac dinh moi truong Network la Workgroup (chung ta se tao moi truong Domain sau, thang cap (promote) may nay tro thanh mot Domain controller va cung la thanh vien cua Domain. Click Next.

21. Tien trinh cai dat duoc tiep tuc va khi Finish, Computer se tu khoi dong lai

22. Log-on lan dau tien vao Windows Server 2003 dung password ma chung ta da tao cho tai khoan Administrator trong qua trinh Setup.

23. Xuat hien dau tien tren man hinh la trang Manage Your Server, ban nen check vao "Don’t display this page at logon checkbox" va dong cua so Window lai.

Buoc ke tiep la qua trinh cai dat va cau hinh DNS truoc khi chay tien ich dcpromo

Buoc ke tiep la cai dat Domain Naming System (DNS) server tren chinh server nay. Dieu nay la can thiet vi Active Directory Service hoat dong tren Domain Controller, kiem soat toan Domain yeu cau phai co DNS server service phuc vu cho nhu cau truy van ten nhu hostname, dang ki cac record (A, PTR, SRV records v.v..). Chung ta se cai DNS server va sau do se nang vai tro Computer nay len thanh mot Domain Controller, va DNS server nay se phuc vu truy van cho toan Domain.

Tien hanh cac buoc sau de cai dat DNS server

1. Click Start, Control Panel. Click Add or Remove Programs.

2. Trong Add or Remove Programs, click Add/Remove Windows Components

3. Trong Windows Components, xem qua danh sach Components va click Networking Services entry. Click Details.

4. Check vao Domain Name System (DNS) checkbox va click OK.

5. Click Next trong Windows Components.

6. Click Finish tren Completing the Windows Components Wizard.

7. Dong Add or Remove Programs

DNS server da duoc cai dat, Admin can dua vao DNS Server cac thong so cu the phuc vu cho hoat dong truy van ten, cu the la se tao ra hai vung Forward va Reverse lookup zones.

Tien hanh cac buoc sau de cau hinh DNS server:

1. Click Start va sau do click Administrative Tools. Click DNS.

2. Trong bang lam viec cua DNS (DNS console), mo rong server name (Server2003 ), sau do click tren Reverse Lookup Zones. Right click tren Reverse Lookup Zones va click New Zone.

3. Click Next tren Welcome to the New Zone Wizard.

4. Tren Zone Type , chon Primary zone option va click Next.

5. Tren Reverse Lookup Zone Name page, chon Network ID option va Enter 10.0.0 vao text box. Click Next.

6. Chap nhan chon lua mac dinh tren Zone File page, va click Next.

7. Tren Dynamic Update page, chon Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates option. Click Next.

8. Click Finish tren Completing the New Zone Wizard page.

Ke tiep chung ta tao Forward lookup zone cho Domain ma Computer nay se la Domain Controller. Tien hanh cac buoc sau:

1. Right click Forward Lookup Zone va click New Zone.

2. Click Next tren Welcome to the New Zone Wizard page.

3. Tren Zone Type page, chon Primary zone option va click Next.

4. Tren Zone Name page, dien ten cua forward lookup zone trong Zone name text box. Trong vi du nay ten cua zone la tuoitre.com.vn, trung voi ten cua Domain se tao sau nay. Dua tuoitre.com.vn vao text box. Click Next.

5. Chap nhan cac xac lap mac dinh tren Zone File page va click Next.

6. Tren Dynamic Update page, chon Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates. Click Next.

7. Click Finish tren Completing the New Zone Wizard page.

8. Mo rong Forward Lookup Zones va click vao MSFirewall.org zone. Right click tren tuoitre.com.vn va Click New Host (A).

9. Trong New Host dialog box, dien vao chinh xac Server2003 trong Name (uses parent domain name if blank) text box. Trong IP address text box, dien vao 10.0.0.2. Check vao "Create associated pointer (PTR) record checkbox".

Click Add Host. Click OK trong DNS dialog box thong bao rang (A) Record da duoc tao xong. Click Done trong New Host text box.

10. Right click tren tuoitre.com.vn forward lookup zone va click Properties. Click Name Servers tab. Click exchange2003be entry va click Edit.

11. Trong Server fully qualified domain name (FQDN) text box, dien vao ten day du cua Domain controller computer la Server2003. tuoitre.com.vn. Click Resolve. Se nhan thay, IP address cua Server xuat hien trong IP address list. Click OK.

12. Click Apply va sau do click OK tren tuoitre.com.vn Properties dialog box.

13. Right click tren DNS server name Server2003, chon All Tasks. Click Restart.

14. Close DNS console.

Gio day Computer nay da san sang de nang vai tro len Thanh mot Domain controller trong Domain tuoitre.com.vn

Tien hanh cac buoc sau de tao Domain va nang server nay thanh Domain Controller dau tien cua Domain

Cai dat First Domain Controller

1. Click Start va click Run .

2. Trong Run dialog box, danh lenh dcpromo trong Open text box va click OK.

3. Click Next tren Welcome to the Active Directory Installation Wizard page.

4. Click Next tren Operating System Compatibility page.

5. Tren Domain Controller Type page, chon Domain controller for a new domain option va click Next.

6. Tren Create New Domain page, chon Domain in a new forest option va click Next.

7. Tren New Domain Name page, dien ten day du cua Domain (Full DNS name) tuoitre.com.vn text box va click Next.

8. Tren NetBIOS Domain Name page (NetBIOS name cua Domain nham support cho cac Windows OS- nhu cac dong Windows NT va WINDOWS 9x doi cu, khi cac Client nay muon giao dich voi Domain), chap nhan NetBIOS name mac dinh Trong vi du nay la tuoitre. Click Next.

9. Chap nhan cac xac lap mac dinh tren Database and Log Folders page va click Next.

10. Tren Shared System Volume page, chap nhan vi tri luu tru mac dinh va click Next.

11. Tren DNS Registration Diagnostics page, chon I will correct the problem later by configuring DNS manually (Advanced). Click Next.

12. Tren Permissions page, chon Permissions compatible only with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 operating system option. Click Next.

13. Tren Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password page (che do phuc hoi cho Domain Controller khi DC nay gap phai su co, Khi DC offline, vao che do troubleshoot nay bang cach Restart Computer, chon F8), dien vao Restore Mode Password va sau do Confirm password. (Cac Admin khong nen nham lan Password o che do nay voi Domain Administrator Password, dieu khien hoat dong cua DCs hoac Domain). Click Next.

14. Tren Summary page, click Next.

15. Bay gio la luc Computer can Restart de cac thong so vua cai dat Active

16. Click Finish tren Completing the Active Directory Installation Wizard page, hoan thanh viec cai dat.

17. Click Restart Now tren Active Directory Installation Wizard page.

18. Log-on vao Domain Controller dung tai khoan Administrator.

Tao them 1 Server dong hanh de phong ho truong hop Server chinh bi truc trac:

1. Cau hinh dia chi Server nhu sau : IP address: 10.0.0.3. Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0. Default gateway: 10.0.0.1 (chu y Default Gateway 10.0.0.1 nay cung la IP address cua Card Ethernet cua Router ADSL).

Preferred DNS server: 10.0.0.2 va Additional DNS server la dia chi ma ISP da cung cap cho ADSL Router, vi du : 203.162.4.1

Sau do Right click My Computer, click Properties.

2. Trong System Properties dialog box, click Network Identification tab. Click Properties .

3. Trong Changes dialog box, click More.

4. Trong Primary DNS suffix of this computer text box, dien vao domain name la ten cua domain (tuoitre.com.vn) chua Computer nay. Neu Computer khong la thanh vien cua Domain thi text box se de trong.

Chu y: Change primary DNS suffix when domain embership changes duoc enabled theo mac dinh. Trong vi du hien tai Computer khong phai la thanh vien cua Domain. Cancel tat ca dialog boxes vua xuat hien va khong cau hinh primary domain name tai thoi diem nay.

5. Restart lai Server

6. Thuc hien tuong tu nhu buoc 2, trong Changes, chon Domain Text box va nhap vao : tuoitre.com.vn. Nhap user va password tuong ung cua user administrator.

7. Restart lai server va chon logon vao domain

Buoc ke tiep tien hanh install Additional domain Controller

1. Click Start va click Run .

2. Trong Run dialog box, danh lenh dcpromo trong Open text box va click OK.

3. Click Next tren Welcome to the Active Directory Installation Wizard page.

4. Click Next tren Operating System Compatibility page.

5. Tren Domain Controller Type page, chon Additional Domain controller for an existing domain option va click Next.

6. Nhap user administrator va password sau do trong text box domain nhap tuoitre.com.vn

8. Tren NetBIOS Domain Name page (NetBIOS name cua Domain nham support cho cac Windows OS- nhu cac dong Windows NT va WINDOWS 9x doi cu, khi cac Client nay muon giao dich voi Domain), chap nhan NetBIOS name mac dinh Trong vi du nay la tuoitre. Click Next.

9. Chap nhan cac xac lap mac dinh tren Database and Log Folders page va click Next.

10. Tren Shared System Volume page, chap nhan vi tri luu tru mac dinh va click Next.

11. Tren DNS Registration Diagnostics page, chon I will correct the problem later by configuring DNS manually (Advanced). Click Next.

12. Tren Permissions page, chon Permissions compatible only with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 operating system option. Click Next.

13. Tren Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password page (che do phuc hoi cho Domain Controller khi DC nay gap phai su co, Khi DC offline, vao che do troubleshoot nay bang cach Restart Computer, chon F8), dien vao Restore Mode Password va sau do Confirm password. (Cac Admin khong nen nham lan Password o che do nay voi Domain Administrator Password, dieu khien hoat dong cua DCs hoac Domain). Click Next.

14. Tren Summary page, click Next.

15. Bay gio la luc Computer can Restart de cac thong so vua cai dat Active

16. Click Finish tren Completing the Active Directory Installation Wizard page, hoan thanh viec cai dat.

17. Click Restart Now tren Active Directory Installation Wizard page.

18. Log-on vao Domain Controller dung tai khoan Administrator.

Gia nhap may con vao domain

1.Mo Active Directory User and Computer sau do tao cac domain user tuong ung

2. Logon vao may con, va thuc thi tuong tu nhu qua trinh Tao them 1 Server dong hanh de phong ho truong hop Server chinh bi truc trac.

3. Logon vao domain voi domain user da duoc tao ra

Remote destop conection va shutdown may con tu xa:

De remote may con va may chu chung ta lam nhu sau:

1. Trong computer - properties - remote - chon enable remote desktop on this computer

2. Sau do chung ta co the logon vao cac may tinh da cho phep remote su dung cong cu Remote Desktop Connnection. Nhap dia chi IP cua may chu va may con va su dung user administrator de remote. Sau khi remote thanh cong chung ta co the shutdown may tinh tu xa 1 cach de dang, thong qua tab shutdown trong start menu.

2.Neu gia tang them so luong may con vao domain thi gan them Switch nhu the nao de dam bao truyen du lieu va truy cap internet duoc tot nhat?

• Khi ban them may con vao domain thi ban can them cac switch tuong ung, vi moi may can mot port tren swith. Vi du ban co 40 may thi ban phai co 2 switch 24 port de dap ung cho 40 may tinh ket noi vao.

3. So luong may va duong  truyen ADSL voi toc do thich hop

Neu nhu co nhieu may trong domain thi ban chi can them switch, con duong truyen ADSL thi phu thuoc vao tung nha cung cap dich vu, ban co the chon ADSL cua FPT, Viettel, VDC... Ngoai ra neu so luong may tinh nhieu ban nen chon goi ADSL co toc do cao nhat. de co the cho phep cac user trong mang duyet web, download va upload mot cach de dang. 

TAM TRUNG (MCSE, MCDBA, Giang vien SaigonCTT)

Viet Bao
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Tìm hiểu: Click Next, Windows Server, Domain Controller, Active Directory Installation Wizard, Click Finish, New Zone Wizard, chi tiet cach, xuat du lieu, dang hoat dong, nhu the nao, cai dat, may con, Text box, sau do, vi du, Page

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Cài đặt Windows Server 2003 và tạo server dự phòng

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Cài đặt Windows Server 2003 và tạo server dự phòng bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Cai dat Windows Server 2003 va tao server du phong

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Cai dat Windows Server 2003 va tao server du phong co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Cai dat Windows Server 2003 va tao server du phong de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Hoi dap trong chuyen muc Cong nghe.

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