Cach cai dat va su dung Windows XP phan 1

Tags: Windows XP, CD Windows XP, Windows 9x, Windows NT, dia mem khoi dong, he dieu hanh, cai dat, su dung, co the, thu muc, tuong thich, dia cung, ban, file, Setup


Khi thu nghiem hay tap lam quen voi Windows XP, he dieu hanh tuong lai se thay the cho Windows 9x va Windows NT/2000, ban can biet kinh nghiem de cai dat va su dung thuan tien hon.

1. Cai dat:

Windows XP co hai phien ban khac nhau cho may ca nhan va mang nho la Home Edition va Professional. Ca hai ban co cach cai dat giong nhau. Cach cai dat nay dua tren ban Professional.

* Yeu cau cau hinh toi thieu:

CPU Pentium 233 MHz, tot nhat la Pentium II; Bo nho RAM 64 MB, tot nhat la 128 MB; Dung luong dia cung 1,5 GB, toi thieu khi nang cap tu Windows ME la 900 MB. Co the cai moi (clean install) khi cai tu dau nhac Dos hay nang cap tu Win9x/ME/NT/2000 khi cai trong Windows da co. Hoac cai song song Windows XP chung voi he dieu hanh khac va khi khoi dong co the chon lua giua cac he dieu hanh.

* Kiem tra su tuong thich phan cung va phan mem:

Ban nen tien hanh viec kiem tra may ban co tuong thich voi Windows XP hay khong bang cach chay Setup tren CD Windows XP, roi chon muc Check system compatibility. Trinh Setup se kiem tra va liet ke cac thiet bi phan cung va phan mem dang co khong tuong thich voi Windows XP. Ban nen thao go cac thanh phan nay roi moi tien hanh cai dat, de tranh truong hop Windows XP cai dat xong nhung khong chay duoc, phai cai lai rat mat thoi gian (Thoi gian cai tren may Pentium III 500 MHz khoang 45 phut). Ban co the chep toan bo noi dung CD XP vao dia cung roi cai dat tu dia cung.

* Cai dat moi:

Co nhieu cach khac nhau:

- Khoi dong bang CD Windows XP de chay tu dong chuong trinh Setup Wizard.

- Khoi dong bang dia mem hay dia cung Dos, chuyen vao thu muc I386 tren CD Windows XP roi chay file "Winnt.exe".

- Cai Windows XP trong Win cu, nhung chon muc New Installation.

Chu y: Neu ban cai de vao thu muc Windows da co, trinh Setup se xoa toan bo Windows cu truoc khi cai.

Ban co the cai song song nhieu ban Windows XP khac nhau tren cung mot Partition dia cung, duong nhien ten thu muc phai khac nhau. Neu muon chay song song Windows XP va Windows 9x, ban nen dung FAT16 hay FAT32 cho dia cung, dung chuyen qua NTFS (khong tuong thich voi Win 9x).

* Nang cap:

Khoi dong may vao Windows, chay file Setup trong thu muc goc hay file WinNT32.exe trong thu muc I386 cua CD Windows XP va chon muc Upgrade. Khi nang cap, trinh Setup luon luon tien hanh viec kiem tra he thong cua ban co tuong thich voi Windows XP hay khong.

* Dieu khien viec cai dat (Unattended Setup Mode):

Bang cach su dung cac file text duoc viet theo cac quy dinh chat che cua Windows XP, ban co the dieu khien viec cai dat theo nhu cau rieng nhu: Tu dong dien CDkey; Xac lap thong tin ve nguoi su dung, may tinh, mang, man hinh; Lua chon va tinh chinh cac thanh phan cai dat... Cac file dieu khien nay giup ban co the cai dat tu dong Windows XP vao hang loat may ma khong can phai co nguoi theo doi de dap ung cac yeu cau cua chuong trinh Setup.

Neu ban thich tim hieu ve noi dung cac file dieu khien cai dat va cach tao nhung file nay, hay giai nen file "Deploy.cab" trong thu muc Support/Tools trong CD Windows XP va xem ky cac file huong dan co duoi "chm".

2. Khoi dong:

- Bam F8 de lam xuat hien menu lua chon neu muon khoi dong o che do Safe Mode.

- Neu khong muon go password moi khi chay Windows XP, ban dung tao password cho Admin khi cai dat. Sau nay ban co the xac lap password khi can.

- Neu ban cai Windows XP tren o cung va sau do muon bo sung them phan khoi dong cua DOS vao o cung thi hay lam nhu sau:

a/ Them dong C:="DOS" vao file Boot.ini. Vi du:

[boot loader]

timeout=2

default=multi (0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)WINDOWS

[operating systems]

multi (0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP"/fastdetect

C:="DOS"

b/ Chep cac file he thong cua DOS vao thu muc goc o cung khoi dong: Io.sys, Msdos.sys, Command.com, Config.sys, Autoexec.bat...

* Tao dia mem khoi dong DOS:

De tao dia mem khoi dong Dos, ban mo My Computer, bam phim phai chuot vao bieu tuong o dia mem roi chon lenh Format. Trong hop thoai Format, danh dau chon muc Create an MSDOS startup disk.

Chu y: Dia mem khoi dong nay giong dia mem khoi dong cua Windows ME.

* Cap nhat driver:

Neu co phan cung nao ma Windows XP khong nhan biet, ban can tim driver moi nhat viet cho Windows 2000, vao Control Panel/System/Hardware/Device Manager, bam phim phai chuot vao thiet bi dang bao loi roi chon lenh Update driver. Trong truong hop ban can phuc hoi lai driver da cai truoc do, ban bam phim phai chuot vao thiet bi, chon Properties/Driver roi bam nut Roll Back Driver.

(Theo Nguoi Lao Dong)

Viet Bao
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Tìm hiểu: Windows XP, CD Windows XP, Windows 9x, Windows NT, dia mem khoi dong, he dieu hanh, cai dat, su dung, co the, thu muc, tuong thich, dia cung, ban, file, Setup

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