Cach cai dat Windows XP phan 3

Tags: Windows XP, Clean Install, he dieu hanh, dia cai dat, phan con lai, nang cap, khoi dong, o dia, phien ban, co the, hoan toan, Setup, nhan, kieu, ban


Cach cai dat Windows XP phan 3Co 3 kieu chinh de cai dat Windows XP: nang cap (Upgrade), cai moi (Clean Install) va cai chung voi mot he dieu hanh khac (Dual boot). Moi cach deu co cac bien the tuy theo tung cau hinh cu the. Duoi day la nhung net chung nhat cua moi kieu.

Upgrade

Day la kieu don gian nhat, phu hop voi nhung nguoi khong biet nhieu ve may tinh. Nang cap se cho phep ban su dung lai tat ca nhung thong tin cung nhu phan mem ban dang dung o phien ban Windows cu (voi dieu kien cac pham mem nay phai tuong thich voi Windows XP).

Tuy nhien, cai dat theo kieu nang cap se khien Windows XP sau nay chay cham va co the kem on dinh. Ngoai ra, mot so pham mem (du tuong thich) van can phai duoc cai dat lai sau khi qua trinh nang cap da hoan thanh. Tot nhat, neu co cac dia cai dat thi nen loai bo (uninstall) cac phan mem di truoc va cai dat lai, sau khi da nang cap. Nang cap mot he thong voi qua nhieu phan mem cai dat trong do se co the gay nhieu loi sau nay.

Ca phien ban Upgrade va Full cua Windows XP deu cho phep cai dat nang cap.

Cach lam:

Khoi dong vao Windows hien thoi roi cho dia cai dat cua Windows XP vao o CD-ROM, chuong trinh Setup se tu chay (neu khong ban co the dung Windows Explorer tim den o CD chua dia cai dat roi nhan dup chuot len file co ten “Setup”). Viec cai dat se bat dau va tien hanh theo 5 buoc sau:

1. Collecting information (thu thap thong tin): Day la buoc ma trinh Setup se tim hieu ve cach ma ban muon cai dat Windows XP.

- Tai bang lua chon mau xanh vua hien ra, ban chon “Install Windows XP”.

- Chon gia tri cua “Installation type” la “Upgrade (recommended)” roi nhan “Next”.

- Chon “I accept this aggrement” -> nhan chuot vao “Next”.

- Go vao “Production key” -> nhan chuot vao “Next”.

2. Dynamic Update (cap nhat “nong”):

- Neu ban co ket noi vao Internet thi chon “Yes, download updated setup files...” (neu khong thi chon “No, skip this...”) roi nhan chuot vao “Next”. Neu “Yes...” chuong trinh Setup se tai ve cac update cua trinh Setup truoc khi tiep tuc. Viec nay se mat khoang 5-15 phut tuy theo toc do ket noi. Neu “No...” buoc se nay duoc bo qua. (Du “Yes” hay “No”, phan con lai cua Setup cung se khong co dieu gi khac nhau va co the nhan thay trong trinh tu va hoat dong).

3. Preparing installation (chuan bi cai dat):

- Setup se kiem tra cau hinh hien thoi va dua ra mot danh sach nhung phan cung va mem khong tuong thich. (Danh sach nay se khong hien ra neu may tinh hoan toan tuong thich voi Widnows XP). Loai bo (Uninstall) cac phan mem va chuan bi san driver cho cac phan cung co ten trong danh sach nay.

- Tiep theo, trinh Setup se copy cac file can thiet tu CD vao hai thu muc tam thoi tren o cung C:. Cac thu muc nay co ten bat dau bang dau $ va chung se bi xoa bo sau khi qua trinh cai dat ket thuc. Ban co the huy bo viec copy nay (cung la huy bo viec cai dat) bang cach nhan phim Esc.

- Sau khi viec copy duoc hoan thanh, Windows se tu dong khoi dong lai.

4. Installing Windows (Cai dat Windows):

- Day la phan ma Windows se duoc cai dat tu nhung thong tin da duoc copy vao cac thu muc tam thoi noi tren. Tuy nhien, voi kieu Update thi buoc nay va buoc tiep theo se hoan toan duoc tu dong hoa va khong can su tham gia cua ban.

5. Finalizing Installation (Hoan thanh viec cai dat):

- Day la buoc ma qua trinh cai dat duoc hoan thanh. Buoc nay cung hoan toan duoc tu dong hoa. Windows XP se dung lai nhung thong tin ve he thong cua phien ban Windows cu.

Chu y: Nen sao luu (Backup) du lieu truoc khi nang cap he dieu hanh. Sau khi nang cap len Windows XP, ban se khong the “xuong cap” de quay tro lai phien ban Windows truoc do.

Dual Boot

Kieu nay thuong duoc hieu la cai dat them Windows XP de chay song song voi he dieu hanh hien thoi, cho phep nguoi dung lua chon giua hai he dieu hanh moi lan khoi dong may.

De lam duoc cach nay, may cua ban can co it nhat la hai o dia. Bai viet se noi ve truong hop hai o dia nay la C: va D: voi he dieu hanh cu duoc cai tren C:. (Dual boot pho bien va hop ly nhat la giua hai he dieu hanh Windows 98 SE va Windows XP).

Ca hai phien ban Full va Upgrade cua Windows XP deu cho phep cai dat dual boot.

Cach cai dat nay cung bao gom 5 buoc tuong tu kieu Upgrade, nhung co mot so khac biet.

Cach lam:

Khoi dong may vao phien ban Windows hien thoi, cho dia cai dat cua Windows XP vao roi lam theo cac buoc: (phan in nghieng la phan khac voi kieu Upgrade):

1. Collecting information:

- Tai bang lua chon mau xanh vua hien ra, ban chon “Install Windows XP”.

- Chon gia tri cua “Installation type” la “Clean Install (Advanced)” roi nhan “Next".

- Chon “I accept this aggrment” -> nhan chuot vao “Next”.

- Go vao “Production key” -> nhan chuot vao “Next”

- Nhan chuot vao phan ben canh “Select primary language and region you want to use” de chon cac chuan vung (do luong, thoi gian, khoi luong v.v...) va ngon ngu chinh ma ban muon dung voi Windows (day la ngon ngu ma ban muon su dung, khong phai la ngon ngu cho giao dien cua Windows XP).

- Neu muon Windows XP ho tro cac kieu chu cua Dong Nam A(Trung Quoc, Thai Lan v.v...) thi bo dau chon vao dang truoc “Install Support for East Asian Languages”. Tiep theo nhan chuot vao “Next”.

- Neu dinh dang cua o dia hien thoi la FAT, Setup se goi y chuyen sang NTFS, muc nay phai duoc chon la khong (“No, skip this step”).

2. Dynamic Update: Buoc nay hoan toan giong voi kieu Upgrade.

3. Preparing installation: O buoc nay, Setup se khong kiem tra su tuong thich cua may. Phan con lai cung giong voi kieu Upgrade.

4. Installing Windows: (buoc nay rat khac voi kieu Upgrade va ban can phai tham gia de go thong tin vao theo yeu cau cua may).

- Lan khoi dong lai dau tien se co hai su lua chon, hoac la vao Windows XP Setup, hoac la vao phien ban cu cua Windows. Nhan Enter de chon hoac cho, sau 5 giay, may se tu dong boot vao Windows XP Setup.

- Mot man hinh mau xanh hien ra voi 3 su lua chon:

+ Nhan Enter de tiep tuc voi viec cai dat.

+ Nhan R de boot vao Recorver Console.

+ Nhan F3 de huy bo viec cai dat -> Enter.

- Luc nay Setup se kiem tra dia cung va chon phan vung de cai dat Windows len. Thuong Setup se tu dong chon o dia D:. Tuy nhien, ban co the nhan Esc de tu chon hoac phan vung dia cung moi. Chu y phai chon cai Windows XP len o dia khac voi C:.

- Sau khi chon o dia xong, viec cai dat se duoc tien hanh. Neu may co Modem va Card mang (va cac thiet bi nay duoc Windows XP ho tro truc tiep), Setup se hoi ve cac thong so cua Modem va Mang. Go vao nhung thong so nay hoac chap nhan cac lua chon mac dinh.

5. Finalizing Installation:

- Day la mot so thu tuc ban dau cho viec su dung Windows XP lan dau tien, gom: tao account moi, ket noi Internet, “Product Activation” va dang ky voi Microsoft. Product Activation khong ton tai trong cac ban Windows XP danh cho cac cong ty lon (con goi la “volume license” hay ban “corporate”), tuy nhien lai la bat buoc voi cac tat ca cac ban khac cua Windows XP. Ban co the Activate qua Internet hoac goi dien cho dai ly cua Microsoft.

Luu y:

- Moi phien ban Windows XP chi duoc phep cai len mot may (tru ban “volume licence”). Sai khi cai dat roi, neu phan cung cua may bi thay doi qua nhieu, he dieu hanh se doi Activate lai.

- Du cai Windows XP o o dia nao. Thong tin ve khoi dong cua he dieu hanh deu nam tren o dia C:. Neu o nay bi hong hoac bi format, Windows XP se khong khoi dong duoc.

Clean Install

Day la kieu cai dat cho mot may tinh moi hoac khi noi dung cua o dia can duoc “doi moi hoan toan”. Clean Install se cho phep he dieu hanh chay nhanh va on dinh hon so voi cai dat kieu Upgrade. Ngoai ra, cau hinh cua he thong cung chuan hon, tien cho viec sua chua su co (neu co) sau nay.

De cai dat moi theo cach duoi day, ban can co phien ban Full cua he dieu hanh.

Cach lam hoan toan tuong tu nhu kieu dual-boot, chi khac o mot so diem sau:

- Khoi dong may (boot) bang dia CD-ROM cai dat cua he dieu hanh: nhan mot phim bat ky khi co thong bao “Press any key to boot from CD...”. (Doi khi can phai vao BIOS Setup de thay doi thu tu boot va chon boot tu CD-ROM truoc khi boot tu o cung).

- Chuong trinh Setup cua Windows XP se tu chay va yeu cau nhan phim F8 de chap nhan EUA (End User Agreement - Thoa thuan cua nguoi dung).

- Phan con lai hoan toan tuong tu nhu muc 4 va 5 cua kieu Dual Boot, chi khac la Setup se yeu cau go vao Production Key sau lan khoi dong thu hai.

Dong Ngo

Theo dong su kien:
Cach cai dat Windows XP (phan 2) (13/06/2002)
Cach cai dat Windows XP (phan 1) (10/06/2002)
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Tìm hiểu: Windows XP, Clean Install, he dieu hanh, dia cai dat, phan con lai, nang cap, khoi dong, o dia, phien ban, co the, hoan toan, Setup, nhan, kieu, ban

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