Van hoa dan gian thuoc ve cong dong

Tags: TS Nguyen Chi Ben, Vien Van, van hoa dan gian, Nghe Thuat Dan Gian, Van Nghe Dan Gian, phi ban quyen, quyen tac gia, hoi van nghe, cong dong, thong tin, van ban, thuoc ve, sang tao, bao ho, viec


PGS. TS Nguyen Chi Ben - Vien truong Vien Van hoa Thong tin:

Van hoa dan gian thuoc ve cong dong
Viec ap dung thu phi ban quyen van hoc nghe thuat dan gian se han che viec sang tao ra nhung tac pham van hoc dan gian cua cong dong
Phan ung truoc thong tin de nghi thu phi ban quyen van hoc nghe thuat dan gian cua Hoi Van nghe Dan gian VN, Vien truong Vien Van hoa Thong tin, PGS. TS Nguyen Chi Ben da lien tuc khang dinh tinh bat kha thi cua viec nay.

* Ong da duoc hoi y kien ve viec bao ho ban quyen van hoc nghe thuat dan gian o nuoc ta chua, thua ong?

- Toi da doc thong tin nay tren bao va truoc do, toi duoc thong bao trong cuoc hop giao ban cua Bo Van hoa - Thong tin. Cuc Ban quyen tac gia van hoc nghe thuat cung mo lop tap huan ve viec nay nhung toi khong co dieu kien tham gia.

* Quan diem cua ong ve viec nay nhu the nao?

- Bao ho quyen tac gia trong van hoc va van hoa dan gian la mot linh vuc ma chung ta phai het suc than trong va de dat.

Boi van hoc - van hoa dan gian khac voi van hoc thanh van. Van hoc thanh van duoc xac lap quyen tac gia ngay tu dau, con khi noi loi van hoc - van hoa dan gian tuc la ta chap nhan dac trung cua no, do la khong co tac gia, hoac chua co tac gia. Khoi thuy cua van hoc - van hoa dan gian co the la mot tac gia, nhung sau do, cong dong da bien no thanh so huu cua cong dong.

Vi vay, dat van de ban quyen tac pham van hoc - van hoa dan gian la khong don gian. Theo toi, khong nen dat ra van de nay. Toi duoc biet, trong lop tap huan ma Cuc Ban quyen mo do, ngay chuyen gia ban quyen cua Thuy Si, TS. Emanuel cung noi rang voi ho, ban quyen van hoc - nghe thuat dan gian cung la dieu phai nghien cuu.

* Bao ho ban quyen cho van hoc nghe thuat dan gian la phai tra phi ban quyen cho chu so huu, nhung dac trung cua nhung tac pham van hoa dan gian la khong co tac gia. Va de thuc hien cho duoc viec bao ho cho van hoc nghe thuat dan gian, mot so nguoi da dua ra y kien... cho ca lang dang luu truyen tac pham van hoa dan gian ay lam chu so huu va ai su dung thi phai xin phep va tra tac quyen cho lang do. Theo ong, y kien nay co "mo ho" qua khong?

- Van hoc - van hoa nghe thuat dan gian gan bo voi cong dong lang xa. Dat van de gan voi cong dong lang thi nghe co ve hop ly, nhung thuc ra lai khong hop ly.

Toi lay thi du nhu Quan ho Bac Ninh. Chu the sang tao luu giu Quan ho Bac Ninh la cong dong hien nay co 49 lang, nhung toi xin noi rang trong Quan ho co rat nhieu yeu to dan ca o cac vung khac, tham chi no con co ca yeu to cua nghe thuat bieu dien cua cheo, tuong, va gan day, cac nha khoa hoc con phat hien ra rang no co yeu to cua nhac Cham.

Mot thi du khac, co nhung cau ca dao nhu: Cay dong giua buoi ban trua/ Mo hoi thanh thot nhu mua ruong cay. Cau nay neu truy tan goc thi la... mot bai tho Duong. Neu tinh chuyen tra tien ban quyen van hoc dan gian thi phai tra cho ong Ly Than nguoi Trung Quoc. Bay gio doi tra ban quyen thi phai tim ong ay ma tra a? Toi dung ve phia nhung nguoi khong ung ho viec ay, vi no khong dung voi dac trung cua van hoa dan gian.

* Lieu viec ap dung ban quyen nay co han che viec sang tao ra nhung tac pham van hoc dan gian cua cong dong khong, thua ong?

- Toi cho rang rat anh huong. Neu tinh den viec bao ho van hoc nghe thuat dan gian, anh se phai xac dinh dau la tac pham nguyen goc, dau la di ban va anh se phai co dinh hoa cac van ban, dua ve mot van ban goc, coi do la van ban tot nhat. Khi lam viec nay, anh da vi pham nguyen tac rat co ban cua van hoa dan gian - su sang tao.

Toi xin ke mot thi du khi toi di dien da o Nam Bo, mot hom, toi ghi duoc mot cau chuyen co tich rat tuyet voi cua mot ong gia. Ong da ke cau chuyen cho toi mot cach tron tru, troi chay. Toi vui lam cu tuong minh da kiem duoc mot van ban la!

Nhung den khi toi ve, toi mo Truyen doi xua cua Truong Vinh Ky ra, thay ong ay ke y xi trong ay. Viec van ban hoa cac tac pham han che cac sang tao. Dac thu cua van hoc - van hoa dan gian la cong dong tham gia lien tuc va khong ngung vao qua trinh sang tao ay.

* Xin cam on ong!

Theo Gia dinh va Xa hoi

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Tìm hiểu: TS Nguyen Chi Ben, Vien Van, van hoa dan gian, Nghe Thuat Dan Gian, Van Nghe Dan Gian, phi ban quyen, quyen tac gia, hoi van nghe, cong dong, thong tin, van ban, thuoc ve, sang tao, bao ho, viec

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Văn hóa dân gian thuộc về cộng đồng

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Văn hóa dân gian thuộc về cộng đồng bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Van hoa dan gian thuoc ve cong dong

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Van hoa dan gian thuoc ve cong dong co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Van hoa dan gian thuoc ve cong dong de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin van hoa trong chuyen muc Van hoa.

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