Tom tat tieu su Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Tags: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, phat trien he thong, voi tu cach la, Tong thong Argentina, nha giao duc, tom tat, tieu su, quoc gia, nha nuoc, chinh, nam, lap


Tom tat tieu su Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento la mot chinh khach, nha giao duc, nha van va la Tong thong Argentina (1868–1874). Voi tu cach la Tong thong, ong da thiet lap nen tang cho nha nuoc Argentina bang viec phat trien he thong giao duc quoc gia, thuc day thuong mai va nong nghiep, khuyen khich giao thong va truyen thong.

Chu yeu la tu hoc, Sarmiento bat dau su nghiep voi tu cach mot thay giao dia phuong, va roi tham du co quan lap phap tinh. Vi tham gia hoat dong chinh tri, ong da bi chinh quyen doc tai cua Juan Manuel de Rosas day sang Chi Le nam 1840. Tai day, Sarmiento tiep tuc hoat dong chinh tri va tro thanh mot phong vien noi tieng. Nam 1842, ong duoc bo nhiem lam Hieu truong truong dai hoc dau tien o Nam My va bat dau tin rang he thong giao duc co vai tro quyet dinh den su phat trien cua quoc gia.

Nam 1845, chinh phu Chi Le da cu Sarmiento ra nuoc ngoai hoc cac phuong phap giao duc hien dai o chau Au va My. Ba nam sau, khi tro ve, ong tin rang My la hinh mau cho cac quoc gia chau My Latinh noi theo trong con duong phat trien. Vi the, Sarmiento tro ve Argentina gop phan lat do che do doc tai cua Rosas nam 1852, va tiep tuc viet sach bao ve giao duc va tham gia cac hoat dong chinh tri.

Sarmiento duoc bau lam Tong thong Argentina nam 1868. Ngay lap tuc ong ap dung cac nguyen tac dan chu va tu do cong dan de xay dung mot nha nuoc Argentina moi. Ong cham dut cuoc chien tranh voi Paraguay va tap trung vao cac cong viec trong nuoc, phat trien he thong truong hoc, cac thu vien va bao tang…

Tac pham noi tieng nhat cua ong la Cuoc song o nuoc Cong hoa Argentine thoi doc tai: nen van minh va su ngu dot (Civilizacion y barbarie: vida de Juan Facundo Quiroga, y aspecto fisico, costumbres, y habitos de la Republica Argentina, 1845).

Tom tat tieu su Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
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Tìm hiểu: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, phat trien he thong, voi tu cach la, Tong thong Argentina, nha giao duc, tom tat, tieu su, quoc gia, nha nuoc, chinh, nam, lap

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