Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam

Tags: Ha Noi, Ha Tay, Phat Thich, Chua Thien Tru, Huong Son, Chua Xa Loi, Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam, danh lam thang canh, Thua Thien - Hue, kien truc su, Chua Bao Quoc, Le Hy Tong, xay dung lai, ngoi chua, trung tu, nam


Khong the tinh dem duoc co bao nhieu ngoi chua lon nho tren khap nuoc Viet. Boi the chung toi chi co the gioi thieu mot so it ngoi chua noi tieng - do la nhung noi da duoc coi la danh lam thang canh, la di tich van hoa... de doc gia tien hinh dung khi tham gia "Xin loc tu nhung ngoi chua Viet" cung TS toi nay.

Chua Dau (Ha Bac)

Day la ngoi chua dau tien cua Viet Nam duoc khoi dung vao dau the ky thu III. Tu nhung the ky dau Cong nguyen, vung Dau da la mot trung tam Phat giao noi tieng trong va ngoai nuoc. Chua con co ten la Thien Dinh, Duyen Ung, Phap Van.

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Mat tien chua Dau (Ha Bac)

Vao doi Tuy, the ky VI, VII, chua la chon tu tri va la dao trang thuyet phap, noi truyen ba Phat giao quan trong cua cac danh tang Ty-ni-da-luu-chi, Phap Hien, Quan Duyen... Vao thoi nay, Luu Phuong theo lenh Tuy Van De dung thap de bao tang xa-loi. Thap Hoa Phong o san chua, truoc co 9 tang, sau do mat. Nam 1738, thap duoc xay lai 3 tang.

Vao cac nam 1073, 1169, 1434, 1448, cac vua Ly Nhan Tong, Ly Anh Tong, Le Thai Tong va Le Nhan Tong da to chuc cau dao tai chua, hoac den chua ruoc tuong ve chua Bao Thien o Ha Noi de cau dao.

Ong Mac Dinh Chi la nguoi dung ra hung cong xay dung lai chua voi quy mo to lon vao the ky XIV. Chua da duoc trung tu nhieu lan.

Chua Con Son (Hai Hung)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Quang canh Chua Con Son

Toa lac o xa Chi Ngai, huyen Chi Linh, trong khu vuc Con Son noi tieng voi nhung nui non, chua thap, rung thong, khe suoi... va nhung di tich gan lien cuoc doi nhieu danh nhan trong lich su. Con Son con la mot trung tam Phat giao lon o nuoc ta.

Chua Con Son, ten chu la Tu Phuc Tu dung o chan nui phia Nam, Chua co tu thoi Tran. Vua Tran Thai Tong (1225 - 1258) da tung den den tham chua. Chua duoc trung tu mo rong tu doi Le, tuong truyen co toi 83 gian nguy nga do so. Ngay nay chi con la ngoi chua nho, con goi la chua Hun.

Chua co nhieu pho tuong co. Phia sau chua la khu thap mo, noi bat la: ''Dang Minh Bao Thap'' cao tren 5m dat xa-loi va tuong cua Huyen Quang ton gia (1254 - 1334).

Phia truoc chua co dung 4 nha bia. Mot tam bia co 3 chu lon ''Thanh Hu Dong'' but tich cua Tran Nghe Tong (1322 - 1395) duoc khac tren phien da lon dat tren thung lung rua. Nha bia cu ben trai co tam bia ghi bai minh co tua de la: ''Con Son Tu Phuc Thien Tu Bi'' hinh tru 6 mat, noc bia tac kieu long dinh, dung nam Hoang Dinh thu 8 (1608) doi vua Le Kim Tong, noi dung ghi lai viec trung tu chua.

Chua Keo (Thai Binh)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Toan canh chua Keo (Thai Binh)

Toa lac o thon Dung Nhue, xa Duy Nhat, huyen Vu Thu, Thai Binh: Chua co ten chu la: Tran Quang Tu, dung tren mot khu dat rong 20 hecta vao nam 1608.

Chua nguyen dung ben bo song Nhi Ha nen bi nuoc xoi lo dan. Quan cong Nguyen Quyen da dang dat cung vuon de dung lai chua. Ngoi chua hien nay duoc trung kien vao nam 1930. Chua con luu giu duoc nhieu di vat, do tho quy gia: Dai hong chung duc tu doi Le, doi lo su Bat Trang, ban huong an...

Gac chuong cua chua la mot ky cong ve mat nghe thuat kien truc. Gac gom 3 tang, cao 11,50m, moi tang treo mot qua dai hong chung. Gac chuong trong nhu doa sen moi no vuon len ben nhung than cau cao vut.

Hang nam, chua mo hoi vao ngay ram thang 9 am lich.

Chua Tran Quoc (Ha Noi)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chua Tran Quoc (Ha Noi)

Toa lac o duong Thanh Nien, quan Ba Dinh.

Day la mot trong nhung ngoi chua co nhat nuoc ta, tuong truyen co tu thoi Ly Nam De (544 - 548), luc ay co ten la Khai Quoc Tu; den doi Le Thanh Tong (1440 - 1442), doi la chua An Quoc. Den doi Le Kinh Tong (1600 - 1618), chua duoc doi vao hon dao Ca Vang o giua Ho Tay, tuc dia diem hien nay. Doi Le Hy Tong (1680 - 1705), doi ten la chua Tran Quoc.

Chua con giu duoc 14 tam bia, dang ke la tam bia cua Trang nguyen Nguyen Xuan Chinh dung nam 1639 va tam bia cua Tien si Pham Quy Thich dung nam 1815.

Chua co nhieu tuong dep, dang chu y la pho tuong duc Phat Thich-ca nhap Niet ban bang go thep vang.

Chua da duoc trung tu nhieu lan.

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Bia chua

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Khu bao thap

Chua Lang (Ha Noi)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chua Lang (Ha Noi)

Toa lac o lang Yen Lang (ten nom la Lang), thuoc phuong Lang Thuong, quan Dong Da, cach trung tam thanh pho Ha Noi khoang 6km ve phia Tay, chua co ten chu la Chieu Thien Tu, duoc dung tu doi Ly Anh Tong (1138 - 1175), da duoc trung tu nhieu lan. Kien truc hien nay la do lan trung tu vao giua the ky XIX.

Trong chua, ngoai cac pho tuong phat, co dat tho tuong vua Ly Than Tong va tuong Thien su Tu Dao Hanh.

Chua la mot danh lam thang canh cua thu do.

Chua Quan Su (Ha Noi)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chua Quan Su (Ha Noi)

Toa lac o so 73 pho Quan Su, quan Hoan Kiem, Xua thuoc dia phan thon An Tep, huyen Tho Xuong, Thang Long.

Sach: ''Dai Nam Nhat Thong Chi'' co ghi ve chua: ''Ve doi nha Le (1428 - 1788), cac nuoc Chiem Thanh, Van Tuong. Ai Lao thuong cat su gia sang cong nuoc ta. Nha vua dung mot ngoi chua cho su gia vao o (vi nhung nuoc ke tren rat sung dao Phat) va dat ten chua la Quan Su de phan biet voi cac chua khac...''.

Chua da trai qua bao thay doi. Toi nam 1934, Tong hoi phat giao Bac Ky ra doi, dat tru so o chua. Chua da duoc xay dung lai theo ban thiet ke cua 2 kien truc su Nguyen Ngoc Ngoan va Nguyen Xuan Tung do to Vinh Nghiem duyet vao nam 1941.

Dien phat chua duoc bai tri trang nghiem. Cac pho tuong deu kha lon va thep vang long lay.

La co Phat giao the gioi lan dau tien duoc treo tai Viet Nam o chua Quan Su nhan ngay le Phat dan nam 1951, Phat lich 2495.

Chua nay la tru so cua Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam, Truong cao cap Phat hoc Viet Nam (co so 1).

Chua Lien Phai (Ha Noi)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Dien Phat

Toa lac o pho Bach Mai, quan Hai Ba Trung. Theo tai lieu cua So Van hoa Thong tin Ha Noi, chua thuoc phai Lam Te do vi Lam Giac Thuong Si sang lap tu nam Binh Ngo, nam Bao Thai thu 7, duoi trieu vua Le Du Tong (1726).

Lam Giac Thuong Si ten la Trinh Thap, con trai cua Tan Quang Vuong, la chau noi cua chua Trinh Can, cuoi con gai thu tu vua Le Hy Tong. Ong da sai dao o go cao sau nha de xay be can thi thay trong long dat co cai ngo sen. Pho ma cho minh co duyen voi dao Phat nen di tu, tro thanh vi to dau tien cua chua, luc do goi la chua Lien Tong. Den thoi Tu Duc, chua doi ten thanh Lien Phai de tranh pham huy.

Thap Dieu Quang o ben sau cong chua, hinh luc lang cao 10 tang, xay vao khoang the ky XIX, trong do dat hai cot to Dieu Quang cung 5 vi su khac.

Chua Dau (Ha Tay)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Toan canh chua Dau (Ha Tay)

Toa lac o thong Gia Phuc, xa Nguyen Trai, huyen Thuong Tin.

Chua co ten chu la Thanh Dao Tu, tho nu than Phap Vu nen con goi la chua Phap Vu, tuong truyen co tu dau cong nguyen cung thoi voi chua Dau (Ha Bac). Nhung theo van bia o chua thi duoc dung tu thoi Ly. Cac trieu dai ke tiep deu co trung tu, nhat la lan trung tu vao nam Duong Hoa thu 1 (1635) doi Le Than Tong do ba Ngo Thi Ngoc Quyen dung ra lam hoi chu hung cong.

Chua dung theo kieu: ''Noi Cong ngoai quoc''. Tam quan chua dong thoi la gac chuong, ben trong treo qua dai hong chung duc nam Canh Thinh thu 9 (1801) doi Tay Son. Chua con luu lai nhieu di vat va do tho co gia tri nhu doi rong da (dang dap doi Tran), gach (doi Mac), sach dong (doi Le), khanh chuong...

Tuong truyen 2 vi Thien su Vu Khac Minh va Vu Khac Truong la nguoi thon Gia Phuc, song vao dau va giua the ky XVII, da ke tiep nhau tru tri Chua Dau. Truoc luc vien tich, ca 2 vi deu cho biet nhuc than se khong bi hu thoi. Qua dung nhu the, nhung lau ve sau, nguoi ta gia them vao nhuc than mot so ky thuat de han che suc pha huy cua thoi gian.

Tuong thien su Vu Khac Minh ngoi theo tu the nhap Thien, minh gap han, dau hoi cui ve phia truoc. Sau nam 1931, o dau co mot vet nut 2mm da thay ben trong cung la xuong so, tiep den khoang khong, roi lop boi day tu 2 den 4mm. Chat boi la dat go moi min tron son song va mun cua gia nho. Sau do la mot lop son mau canh gian, ngoai cung la mot luot quang dau.

Toan bo pho tuong hien nay chi con nang 7kg, cao 57 cm.

Tuong Thien su Vu Khac Truong. Theo loi truyen thi Thien Su da khac tam bia nam Duong Hoa thu 5, la nguoi thua ke thien su Vu Khac Minh. Tuong duoc quet son trang, moi to son, mat va long may duoc to ve.

Day la phuong phap giu xac doc dao o Viet Nam, dang con la dieu bi an voi cac nha khoa hoc.

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Nhuc than vi thien su
Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Nhuc than vi thien su

Chua Tram Gian (Ha Tay)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Gac chuong chua Tram Gian (Ha Tay)

Toa lac o thon Tien Lu, xa Tien Phuong, huyen Hoai Duc, tren mot qua doi cao khoang 50m, xung quanh co nhieu cay co thu. Chua co ten chu la Quang Nghiem Tu, duoc lap tu thoi Ly Cao Tong, nien hieu Trinh Phu thu 10 (1185).

Den doi Tran co Hoa thuong Binh An, que o Boi Khe, tu o day duoc nguoi doi goi la duc Thanh Boi.

Chua goi la Tram Gian vi co 100 gian theo cach tinh 4 cot la 1 gian.

O san chua co gac chuong 2 tang 8 mai duoc dung vao nam Quy Dau, nien hieu Chinh Hoa, doi Le Hy Tong (1693), la mot cong trinh co gia tri nghe thuat cao.

Chua con giu duoc nhieu di vat, do te khi va tuong quy.

Day la ngoi chua dep ve mat kien truc va khung canh thien nhien, nen ca dao da co cau:

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chua Tram Gian (Ha Tay)

Dinh So, quan Gia, chua Thay

Dep thi co dep, chua tay Tram Gian

Chua Mia (Ha Tay)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chua Mia (Ha Tay)

Toa lac o lang Mia, xa Duong Lam, huyen Ba Vi.

Chua co ten chu la Sung Nghiem Tu, duoc dai trung tu vao nam Duc Long thu 4 (1632) do ba Nguyen Thi Dong (con co ten la Nguyen Thi Ngoc Dieu) , vo chua Trinh dung ra hung cong.

Chua co 37 pho tuong lon nho, mot nua tac bang go, mot nua tac bang gom, mot nua bang dat luyen, son son thep vang. Tieu bieu la Bat bo Kim Cang bang dat luyen o toa thuong dien, la nhung dien hinh nghe thuat mieu ta dung mao nhung con nguoi giau tinh than thuong vo. Pho tuong tuyet tac o chua la ''Quan Am Tong Tu'' voi duong net cham khac mem mai, sinh dong. Tuong Thuyet Son chua Mia cung la pho tuong co gia tri nghe thuat cao.

Chua con luu giu rat nhieu co vat, nhu dai hong chung duc nam 1743, khanh dong duc nam 1846, bia Ba Chua Mia dung nam 1632...

Chua Thien Tru - Huong Son (Ha Tay)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Suoi Yen - Chua Thien Tru - Huong Son (Ha Tay)

Toan canh chua Huong la mot khi vuc rong lon, co du khe suoi, nui rung, hang dong, thuoc xa Huong Son, huyen My Duc, cach Ha Noi khoang 60km.

Chua Thien Tru nam o Ben Tro, duoc dung vao doi Le Hy Tong, nien hieu Chanh Hoa nam thu 7 (1686). Chua bi do nam 19947, nay moi duoc xay lai va dang tiep tuc cong cuoc trung tu.

O chua co tam bia co dung vao nam 1686, noi viec nha su Vien Quang co cong sua sang dong bau Huong Tich va xay dung ngoi chua Ngoai. Co 2 ngon thap dang chu y la thap Thien Thuy - mot khoi da nuoc mua bao mon va thap Vien Cong xay bang gach co.

Chua Huong la mot danh lam thang canh tieu bieu cua Viet Nam. Dong Huong Tich duoc goi la ''Nam Thien De Nhat Dong''.

Chua Thien Mu (Thua Thien - Hue)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Mat tien chua Thien Mu (Thua thien - Hue)

Toa lac tren doi Ha Khe, ta ngan song Huong, cach thanh pho Hue 5km, ve phia Tay, do chua Nguyen Hoang tai thiet nam Tan Suu (1601). Nam At Ty (1665), chua Nguyen Phuc Tan cho trung tu chua. Sau do, chua Nguyen Phuc Chu cho duc chuong va dung bia. Nam Giap Ngo (1714), chua Nguyen Phuc Chu lai tiep tuc cho sua sang chua. Den nam 1815 va nam 1831, vua Gia Long va vua Minh Mang cho trung tu chua sau thoi gian bi hu hong. Nam 1844, vua Thieu Tri cho dung thap Phuoc Duyen. Nam 1907, vua Thanh Thai cho trung tu chua sau con bao Giap Thin (1904). Den nam 1943, chua lai bi hu hong, Hoa thuong tru tri Thich Don Hau da chi dao cong cuoc dai trung tu keo dai hon 30 nam. Hien nay chua van tiep tuc duoc chinh trang.

Chua Thien Mu la ''Quoc Tu De Nhat'' nen nhieu su duoc phong tuoc hieu. Chua la ngoi danh lam co tu bac nhat cua dat Than Kinh.

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Thap Hoa Thuong Thich Don Hau

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Thap Hoa Thuong Thich Don Hau

Chua Bao Quoc (Thua Thien - Hue)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Cua Tam quan - Chua Bao Quoc (Thua thien - Hue)

Nam 1824, vua Minh Mang lay lai ten chua Bao Quoc. Nam 1858, vua Tu Duc cho trung tu. Nam 1957, chua duoc tai thiet, song van giu nguyen kien truc co kinh. Cong tam quan chua duoc xay nam 1808 va sua lai nam 1873. Nam 1940, truong Cao dang Phat hoc duoc mo tai chua Bao Quoc, va chua tro thanh mot trung tam dao tao Tang Ni cho den ngay nay.

Chua Linh Quang (Lam Dong)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Mat tien chua Linh Quang (Lam Dong)

Toa lac tai so 133 duong Hai Ba Trung, thuoc khu pho 4, thanh pho Da Lat.

Chua do Hoa thuong Thich Nhan Thu tao lap vao nam 1931, sau do duoc cac Hoa thuong tru tri ke tiep trung tu, nhat la dot trung tu nam 1958 va nam 1972 duoi thoi Hoa thuong Minh Canh tru tri.

Chua co loi kien truc co, mai chong cong, tren mai hinh long, lan, quy, phung duoc gan bang nhung manh sanh du mau sac. Chinh dien tho duc phat Thich - ca, 2 ben la Bo-tat Quan The Am va Ho Phap.

Chua duoc xem la ngoi To dinh dau tien cua thanh pho Da Lat.

Chua Giac Lam (TP.HCM)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Mat tien chua Giac Lam (TP.HCM)

Toa lac o so 118 duong Lac Long Quan, quan Tan Binh.

Chua o tren go Cam Son, do Ly Thuy Long nguoi xa Minh Huong quyen tien xay dung vao mua xuan Giap Ty (1744) doi chua The Tong (Nguyen Phuc Khoat). Nam Giap Ty (1804), Hoa thuong Vien Quang da cho xay dung lai ngoi chua. Den nam Ky Dau (1909), Hoa thuong Hong Hung va Hoa thuong Nhu Phong da cho trung tu lai nhu kien truc hien nay.

Chua duoc xay theo hinh chu ''Tam'', gon chanh dien, giang duong va nha giam trai. Hai ben chanh dien la 2 bo Thap Bat La-Han (bo lon va bo nho). Chua co ca thay 133 pho tuong bang danh moc (chu yeu la go mit nai) duoc son son thep vang. Tat ca nhung pho tuong, cac bo bao lam, ban ghe, bai vi, cac thap mo co... deu duoc cham khac cuc ky tinh xao.

Chua la ngoi dinh danh tieng bac nhat o thanh pho.

Chua Xa Loi (TP.HCM)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Thap Chuong - Chua Xa Loi (TP.HCM)

Toa lac tai so 69, duong Ba Huyen Thanh Quan, quan 3.

Chua duoc khoi cong xay dung vao ngay 5 thang 8 nam 1956 duoi su quan doc cong truong cua 2 ky su Du Ngoc Anh va Ha To Thuan thi cong theo hoa do cua 2 kien truc su Tran Van Duong va Do Ba Vinh. Chua duoc khanh thanh vao cac ngay 2, 3, 4 thang 5 nam 1958.

Chanh dien o lau 1, dai 31m, rong 15m, ton tri duc Phat Thich-ca. Tuong nay do Truong My nghe Bien Hoa thuc hien nam 1958 bang bot da mau hong.

O tren tuong chanh dien co nhung buc tranh minh hoa doi song duc Phat Thich-ca do hoa si Nguyen Van Long thuc hien vao cac nam 1959 - 1960.

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Chanh dien - Chua Xa Loi (TP.HCM)

Thap chuong co 7 tang, duoc khoi cong xay dung ngay 15/12/1980 va khanh thanh ngay 23/12/1961.

Dai hong chung duoc dem len thap ngay 17/10/1961 duoi su chung minh cua co Hoa thuong Thich Tinh Khiet.

Truoc day, chua la noi dat tru so Hoi Phat hoc Viet Nam. Chua duoc chon lam noi to chuc Dao hoi thanh lap Giao hoi phat giao Viet Nam hop tu ngay 30/12/1963 den ngay 01/01/1964. Chua nguyen dat tru so cua Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam (Van phong II).

Ngay 31/8/1991, chua la noi to chuc le tiep nhan va phat hanh 2 tap dau tien Dai Trang Kinh Viet Nam.

Chua Vinh Nghiem (TP.HCM)

Nhung ngoi chua noi tieng cua Viet Nam
Quang canh chua Vinh Nghiem (TP.HCM)

Tao lac o so 339 duong Nam Ky Khoi Nghia, quan 3.

Chua duoc xay dung tu nam 1964 va hoan thanh nam 1971, do kien truc su Nguyen Ba Lang ve kieu voi su cong tac cua kien truc su Le Tan Chuyen va Co Van Hau.

Chua co san thuong sau khoang 10m, ben trai co thap Quan Am voi 7 tang mai, ben phai co thap chuong xay cao tren san thuong. Qua dai hong chung do Giao hoi Phat giao Nhat Ban hien cung. Bai dien la mot toa nguy nga, be rong 22m, dai 35m, cao 15m. Nhung cong trinh cham khac go o day co bao lam tu linh, bao lam cuu long, cac tuong La-han... Dac biet la cac phu dieu tren cac huong an cham cac ngoi chua danh tieng trong nuoc va cac nuoc Chau A. Cac nghe nhan Nguyen Van Phuc, Nguyen Van Du, Ba Nham va tap the tho cham nhung nam 1960 da dat nhung thanh tuu dang ke ve mat dieu khac go o day.

Ban tho Phat duoc thiet lap rat trang nghiem. Chinh giua tho duc Phat Thich-ca, 2 ben la Bo-tat Pho Hien va Bo-tat Van-thu.

Hien nay, chua dat Truong co ban Phat hoc TP.HCM.

  • TS
    (Tai lieu tham khao: Viet Nam danh lam co tu)
Viet Bao
Thích và chia sẻ bài viết này trên facebook Theo dõi vietbao.vn trên facebook

Tìm hiểu: Ha Noi, Ha Tay, Phat Thich, Chua Thien Tru, Huong Son, Chua Xa Loi, Giao hoi Phat giao Viet Nam, danh lam thang canh, Thua Thien - Hue, kien truc su, Chua Bao Quoc, Le Hy Tong, xay dung lai, ngoi chua, trung tu, nam
Tin van hoa
Kenh Tin RSS Kenh Tin RSS | Du Bao Thoi Tiet | Lich Xem TV | Lien He - Contact | Quang Cao | Viec Lam | Dieu Kien Su Dung | Bao Ve Tinh Rieng Tu | Sitemap

Copyright©2008 VietBao.vn, Thu Vien Thong Tin Tong Hop Viet Nam va The Gioi, phien ban thu nghiem phan mem Viet Bao Viet Nam, beta 1.0