Bai giai thi tot nghiep THPT Mon Lich su

Tags: Nguyen Ai Quoc, Viet Nam, Mon Lich, LICH SU THE GIOI, LICH SU VIET NAM, De I, phong trao giai phong dan toc, Chien tranh the gioi Thu Hai, su kien lich su, Hiep dinh so bo, Cach Mang Thang Tam, thi tot nghiep, tuong ung voi, dang cong san, cuoc bieu tinh, dau tien, phap


De I:
A. LICH SU VIET NAM (7,0 diem)
Cau 1(4,0 diem). Tom tat nhung hoat dong cua Nguyen Ai Quoc tu nam 1920 den dau nam 1930. Cong lao to lon dau tien cua Nguyen Ai Quoc doi voi cach mang Viet Nam la gi ?

Cau 2 (2,0 diem). Trinh bay chu truong, bien phap cua Dang, Chinh phu va Chu tich Ho Chi Minh nham doi pho voi quan doi Tuong Gioi Thach va tay sai tu sau khi Cach mang thang Tam thanh cong den truoc ngay 6-3-1946.

Cau 3 (1,0 diem). Xac dinh moc thoi gian (ngay, thang, nam) tuong ung voi nhung su kien lich su duoc trinh bay trong bang sau:

Thoi gian  Su kien

.

Cuoc khang chien toan quoc bung no

.

Ket thuc chien dich Viet Bac 

.

Mo dau chien dich Bien gioi

.

Ket thuc chien dich lich su Dien Bien Phu 

B. LICH SU THE GIOI (3,0 diem)

Su kien nao danh dau buoc phat trien moi cua phong trao giai phong dan toc khu vuc Mi la tinh sau Chien tranh the gioi thu hai ? Ke tu do, phong trao da dien ra nhu the nao ?

De II

A. LICH SU VIET NAM (7,0 diem)

Cau 1 (4,0 diem). Trinh bay nguyen nhan bung no va dien bien chinh cua phong trao cach mang Viet Nam trong nam 1930 duoi su lanh dao cua Dang.

Cau 2 (2,0 diem). Tom tat hoan canh lich su va noi dung cua ban Hiep dinh so bo duoc ky ket giua dai dien Chinh phu Viet Nam dan chu cong hoa va dai dien Chinh phu Phap (ngay 6-3-1946).

Cau 3 (1,0 diem). Xac dinh moc thoi gian (ngay, thang, nam) tuong ung voi nhung su kien lich su trong cuoc chien dau chong “Chien tranh dac biet” cua Mi theo bang sau:

Thoi gian Su kien

.

Chien thang Ap Bac (Mi Tho)

.

Cuoc bieu tinh cua hai van tang ni, Phat tu o Hue 

.

Cuoc bieu tinh cua 70 van quan chung Sai Gon

.

Chien thang Binh Gia (Ba Ria)

B. LICH SU THE GIOI (3,0 diem)

Su kien nao danh dau buoc phat trien moi cua phong trao giai phong dan toc khu vuc Mi la tinh sau Chien tranh the gioi thu hai ? Ke tu do, phong trao da dien ra nhu the nao?

BAI GIAI

De I:

A. LICH SU VIET NAM:

Cau 1: Tom tat nhung hoat dong cua Nguyen Ai Quoc tu 1920 den dau nam 1930. Cong lao to lon dau tien cua Nguyen Ai quoc doi voi cach mang Viet Nam:

Tom tat nhung hoat dong cua Nguyen Ai Quoc tu 1920 den 1930: can neu duoc cac y chinh sau day:

- So luoc tieu su cua Nguyen Ai Quoc.

- Hanh trinh tim duong cuu nuoc cua Nguyen Ai Quoc tu 1911 den 1919.

- Hoat dong cua Nguyen Ai Quoc tu 1920 den 1930:

- 1919: goi yeu sach den Hoi nghi Vecsai.

- 7-1920: doc Luan cuong cua Lenin ve DT va Thuoc dia -> tin theo Lenin, dung ve QT3.

- 12-1920: DH Tua, tan thanh QT3, tham gia sang lap DCS Phap -> thanh nguoi CSVN dau tien, buoc ngoat trong hoat dong.

- 1921: lap Hoi Lien hiep cac DT thuoc dia -> tuyen truyen, tap hop luc luong.

- 1922: Ra bao Nguoi cung kho: vach tran CNDQ, thuc tinh tu Gphong. Viet bai cho bao Nhan Dao, DS cong nhan, sach Ban an che do TD P -> bi mat chuyen ve VN.

- 1923: sang LX, du Hoi nghi QT nong dan, lam viec o QTCS, viet bai cho bao Su That, tap chi Thu tin QT.

- 6-1924: du va doc tham luan tai DH QTCS lan 5

- 11-1924: ve Quang Chau -> 6/1925: lap Hoi VNCMTN.

- 7-1925: lap Hoi lien hiep cac DT bi ap buc o A Dong.

Cong lao to lon dau tien cua Nguyen Aai Quoc voi CM Viet Nam:

+ Tim duong cuu nuoc dung dan: ket hop doc lap dan toc voi chu nghia xa hoi, tinh than yeu nuoc voi tinh than quoc te vo san.

+ Nho tim duoc con duong cuu nuoc dung nen moi dan toi viec thanh lap Dang Cong san Viet Nam nam 1930, lam Cach mang thang Tam thanh cong, tien hanh thang loi khang chien chong Phap va chong My.

Cau 2: Trinh bay chu truong, bien phap cua Dang, Chinh phu va Chu tich Ho Chi Minh nham doi pho voi quan doi Tuong Gioi Thach va tay sai tu khi Cach mang thang Tam thanh cong den truoc ngay 6-3-1946:

- Trinh bay so qua ve tinh hinh ve doi ngoai cua nuoc ta nam dau tien sau Cach mang thang Tam: Tuong, Anh muon diet CM: MBac: 20 van Tuong, MNam: hon 1 van Anh -> dung tung P tro lai XL.

- Chu truong, bien phap cua Dang, Chinh phu va Ho Chu Tich:

+ Voi tay sai cua Tuong: Vach tran am muu chia re, pha hoai; trung tri theo phap luat, giai tan “ Dai Viet QGXH Dang” va “ Dai Viet QDD”, cho an tri nhung nguoi nguy hiem, lap toa an QSu.

+ Voi Tuong: ta tranh xung dot, DT C/Tri khon kheo, nhuong cho Tuong 1 so quyen loi Kte, cho Tuong 70 ghe Q/hoi, 4 ghe bo truong, nhuong cho Tuong 1 so quyen loi Kte, cung cap mot phan luong thuc, thuc pham, nhan tieu tien “quan kim” va “ quoc te”.

Chung to chu truong sang suot, tai tinh cua Dang ta: phan hoa ke thu, tranh thu thoi gian hoa hoan, chuan bi luc luong doi pho lau dai.

Cau 3: Xac dinh moc thoi gian (ngay, thang nam) tuong ung voi su kien lich su duoc trinh bay trong bang:

Thoi gian Su kien
19-12-1946 Cuoc khang chien toan quoc bung no
19-12-1947 Ket thuc chien dich Viet Bac 
16-9-1950 Mo dau chien dich Bien gioi
7-5-1954 Ket thuc chien dich lich su Dien Bien Phu 

B. LICH SU THE GIOI:

Su kien nao danh dau buoc phat trien moi cua phong trao giai phong dan toc khu vuc Mi la tinh sau Chien tranh the gioi thu hai. Phong trao da dien ra:

- Su kien danh dau buoc phat trien moi cua phong trao giai phong dan toc o chau My latin: 1959, cach mang Cuba thang loi, co tac dung co vu phong trao dau tranh va mo ra thoi ky bao tap cach mang khap My latin, chu yeu bang dau tranh vu trang…

- So luoc chau my latin:

+ 1945-1959: Bung no khap My latinh, hinh thuc phong phu: Bai cong cua cong nhan (Chile), noi day cua nong dan (Mehico…) , khoi nghia vu trang (Panama…), DT nghi vien (Venezuela…).

+ 1959 -> cuoi 80:  1959, CM Cuba thang -> co vu PTDT, mo thoi ky bao tap CM.  Ket qua: cac chinh phu DTDC lap, cung co DL.

+ Cuoi 80 -> nay: My phan kich chong lai:  can thiep vu trang, dan ap CM (Panama).  Dung KT, CT, gay suc ep, lat do. Tim moi cach lat do CNXH o Cuba.

- Noi so ve tinh hinh hien nay cua chau My latin.

De II:

A. LICH SU VIET NAM:

Cau 1: Trinh bay nguyen nhan bung no va dien bien chinh cua phong trao cach mang Viet Nam trong nam 1930 duoi su lanh dao cua Dang:

- Nguyen nhan bung no: trinh bay tinh hinh Viet Nam trong khung hoang kinh te the gioi 1929-1933:

+ Kinh te: suy sup, do tac dong khung hoang kinh te the gioi.

+ Xa hoi: cac tang lop nhan dan dieu dung, ke ca tu san dan toc.

+ Chinh tri: sau khoi nghia Yen Bai, Phap tang cuong dan ap, khung bo… nang cao tinh than cach mang cua nhan dan ta. Dang Cong san Viet Nam vua ra doi, kip thoi lanh dao cach mang. 

- Dien bien chinh cua PTCM Viet Nam trong nam1930 duoi su lanh dao cua Dang:

Sau khoi nghiaYen Bai (9/2/1930), phong trao dau tranh cua quan chung do Dang Cong san lanh dao bung len khap nuoc, noi bat la cong nhan va nong dan: bai cong cua 3.000 CN Phu Rieng (2/1930), thang 4 co abai cong cua 4.000 CN o: Nam Dinh, Hai Phong, Ben Thuy, Nha Be, Dau Tieng, Ba Son…

Cung thoi gian nay, PTDT cua nong dan o nhieu dia phuong: Thai Binh, Nam Ha, Nghe An, Ha Tinh.

Diem moi: co nhieu truyen don, co do bua liem cua Dang o Ha Noi va nhieu noi.

PT manh tu dau 5/1930: 1/5/1930 ( Quoc te lao dong): lan dau tien, cong nhan, nong dan va quan chung lao dong, duoi su lanh dao cua Dang to ro suc manh  voi VS quoc te.

Sau 1-5-1930: lan song tiep tuc cao: Phap boi roi, tim cach doi pho.

Cau 2: Tom tat hoan canh lich su va noi dung ban Hiep dinh so bo duoc ky ket giua dai dien Chinh phu Viet Nam dan chu cong hoa va dai dien Chinh phu Phap (ngay 6-3-1946):

- Hoan canh lich su:

+ Sau khi chiem cac do thi o Nam bo va cuc nam Trung Bo, Phap chuan bi ra Bac. Nhung voi luc luong hien co, trong khi chua binh dinh xong Nam Bo, neu dua quan ra Bac, chung khong the dat muc dich va se vap phai luc luong khang chien lon manh gap boi. Hon nua su co mat cua Tuong o Mien Bac cung la tro ngai cho Phap. Buoc Phap phai dung thu doan chinh tri: dieu dinh voi Tuong de thay the Tuong chhiem dong Mien Bac.

+ Trong khi do, Tuong va My thay can phai tap trung luc luong doi pho voi cach mang Trung Quoc do Dang Cong san lanh dao. Vi the, Tuong va Phap thoa hiep voi nhau, ki ket ban hiep uoc Hoa - Phap de trao doi quyen loi.

+ Hiep uoc Hoa - Phap buoc ta phai chon mot trong hai con duong: hoac la chong Phap ngay khi chung ra Bac; hoac chu dong dam phan voi Phap, tam hoa voi chung de gat nhanh chong Tuong ve nuoc va tranh thu thoi gian chuan bi luc luong. Ta chon giai phap thu hai.

- Noi dung ban Hiep dinh so bo ngay 6-3-1946:

+ Chinh phu Phap cong nhan nuoc Viet Nam DCCH la mot quoc gia tu do, co chinh phu, nghi vien, quan doi va tai chinh rieng, nam trong khoi Lien hiep Phap.

+ Chinh phu Viet NAM thoa thuan cho 15.000 quan Phap vao mien Bac thay Tuong, rut dan trong 5 nam.

+ Hai ben ngung ban o Nam bo, tao khong khi thuan loi de dam phan chinh thuc tai Pari.

Cau 3: Xac dinh moc thoi gian (ngay, thang nam) tuong ung voi nhung su kien lich su trong cuoc chien dau chong “Chien tranh dac biet” cua My duoc trinh bay trong bang:

Thoi gian  Su kien
2-1-1963 Chien thang Ap Bac (Mi Tho)
8-5-1963

Cuoc bieu tinh cua hai van tang ni, Phat tu o Hue 

16-6-1963 Cuoc bieu tinh cua 70 van quan chung Sai Gon
2-12-1964 Chien thang Binh Gia (Ba Ria)

B. LICH SU THE GIOI:

Su kien nao danh dau buoc phat trien moi cua phong trao giai phong dan toc khu vuc Mi la tinh sau Chien tranh the gioi thu hai. Phong trao da dien ra nhu the nao?

(Tra loi nhu dap an phan lich su the gioi de 1).

DO THI THANH THUY
(To truong to lich su, Truong THPT Nguyen Thuong Hien, TP.HCM)

Viet Bao
Chủ đề liên quan
Tìm hiểu: Nguyen Ai Quoc, Viet Nam, Mon Lich, LICH SU THE GIOI, LICH SU VIET NAM, De I, phong trao giai phong dan toc, Chien tranh the gioi Thu Hai, su kien lich su, Hiep dinh so bo, Cach Mang Thang Tam, thi tot nghiep, tuong ung voi, dang cong san, cuoc bieu tinh, dau tien, phap

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Bài giải thi tốt nghiệp THPT: Môn Lịch sử

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Bài giải thi tốt nghiệp THPT: Môn Lịch sử bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Bai giai thi tot nghiep THPT Mon Lich su

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Bai giai thi tot nghiep THPT Mon Lich su co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Bai giai thi tot nghiep THPT Mon Lich su de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de De thi va dap an THPT trong chuyen muc Tuyen sinh.

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