Tim hieu lich su The van hoi Olympic

Tags: Olympic Games, Hy Lap, Bac Kinh, The van hoi Olympic, toan the gioi, lich su, to chuc, phuc hoi, the thao, dien ra, tim hieu, nam, nguoi, Coubertin, dai


The van hoi Olympic sap dien ra tai Bac Kinh. Truoc khi cung toan the gioi tan huong nhung khoanh khac tuyet voi, ca nu cuoi va nhung giot nuoc ma the thao mang lai, chung ta cung nhau nguoc dong lich su, tim ve coi nguon cua Olympic…

Nguoi dan Bac Kinh va linh vat cua Olympic 2008. Anh: AP

Nguoi dan Bac Kinh va linh vat cua Olympic 2008. Anh: AP

Theo truyen thuyet, Le hoi The thao Olympic (Olympic Games) duoc thanh lap o Hy Lap co dai boi than Heracles, con trai cua than Dot. Olympic Games dau tien ma con ghi chep duoc den ngay nay duoc to chuc vao nam 776 truoc Cong nguyen, mac du nguoi ta van tin rang Olympic Games da co tu truoc do rat lau. Trong lan Olympic nay, chi co mot mon chay. Coroebus da gianh chien thang va tro thanh nha vo dich dau tien trong lich su Olympic.

Den nam 393 sau Cong nguyen, Hoang de La Ma Theodosius I la mot nguoi Co Doc giao da huy bo Olympic Games boi nhung anh huong tu tuong ta giao cua ho.

Gan 1.500 nam sau, mot nguoi Phap ten la Pierre de Coubertin bat dau ke hoach phuc hoi Olympic Games. Coubertin la mot nguoi quy toc Phap, sinh ngay 1/1/1863. Coubertin nhan thay rang, the duc the thao lam cho con nguoi tro nen nhanh nhen va khoe manh hon.

Olympic Games co dai duoc phat trien va to chuc theo ky bon nam mot lan trong gan 1.200 nam. Noi dien ra la quan Olympia thuoc Elis, Hy Lap. Cac mon thi dau la: Quyen anh, Nem dia, Dua ngua, Phi lao, Nhay xa, Nhay cao, Nhay sao, Cuoc thi nam mon phoi hop (pentathlon), Dien kinh, Dau vat.

Co gang cua Coubertin muon mang lai niem yeu thich the duc the thao cho nguoi Phap da khong gap duoc su huong ung nhiet tinh. Vay nhung Coubertin van tiep tuc hoai bao. Nam 1890, ong to chuc va thanh lap Hoi Lien hiep The thao Phap (The Union des Societes Francaises de Sports Athletiques: USFSA).

Hai nam sau, Coubertin lan dau tien dua ra y tuong phuc hoi Olympic Games cua ong. Tai mot cuoc hop cua USFSA ngay 25/11/892, Coubertin phat bieu: “… Hay dua nhung tay cheo (van dong vien boi thuyen), nhung dau thu chay dua, van dong vien vuot rao cua chung ta sang nhung xu so khac (…) va ngay do no duoc gioi thieu cho toan chau Au, vi hoa binh va mot lien minh moi ben vung. Dieu do truyen cam hung cho toi de nang tam no (Olympic Games) len mot mot cung bac moi. Toi muon nhung su dong tinh huong ung cua cac ban da danh cho toi tu truoc toi nay se ngay cang nhieu hon nua, de chung ta cung nhau thuc hien nang cap Olympic phu hop voi cuoc song hien dai, phuc hoi Olympic la cong viec huy hoang cua chung ta…”.

Mac du Coubertin khong phai la nguoi duy nhat de nghi phuc hoi Olympic Games, nhung ong la nguoi di dau trong viec tap hop va lanh dao moi nguoi de thuc hien cong viec nay. Hai nam sau, Coubertin to chuc hoi nghi gom 75 dai bieu den tu 9 quoc gia. Tai hoi nghi, ong hung hon dien thuyet ke hoach phuc hoi Olympic cua minh. Cac dai bieu da bo phieu tan thanh cho ke hoach phuc hoi Olympic. Hoi nghi cung quyet dinh thanh lap mot to chuc phu trach viec to chuc Olympic mang ten Uy ban Dieu hanh Olympic Quoc te (International Olympic Committee: IOC) va Demetrious Vikelas dai bieu cua Hy Lap duoc bau lam chu tich dau tien. Aten, thu do Hy Lap duoc chon lam noi to chuc The van hoi Olympic hien dai dau tien, dien ra vao dau thang 4/1896.

Ke tu khi duoc phuc hoi va nang cap, den nay, The van hoi Olympic da trai qua 26 ky dai hoi. Olympic ngay nay duoc to chuc 4 nam mot lan. Tru nhung nam xay ra chien tranh the gioi, the van hoi khong duoc to chuc.

Aten thu do Hy Lap la que huong cua Olympic co dai nen vinh du la noi dien ra nhieu ky The van hoi Olympic nhat.

  • Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc (DHBK HN)

Viet Bao
Tìm hiểu: Olympic Games, Hy Lap, Bac Kinh, The van hoi Olympic, toan the gioi, lich su, to chuc, phuc hoi, the thao, dien ra, tim hieu, nam, nguoi, Coubertin, dai

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