Can phan biet khieu nai va to cao

Tags: Luat KNTC, Khieu Nai Va To Cao, vi pham phap luat, quyen loi hop phap, co tham quyen, theo quy dinh, nguoi to cao, gay thiet hai, co quan, hanh vi, to chuc, cong dan, loi ich, ca nhan, phan


Ong Nguyen Duy Tien (37/371 pho Kim Ma, Ha Noi) hoi:

Trong thoi gian vua qua, chung toi da phat hien co bieu hien vi pham phap luat, vi pham tu cach dang vien cua mot so can bo trong co quan cong quyen. Cu tri o dia phuong da viet don thu gui toi Uy ban kiem tra Ðang uy phuong va Ban thanh tra nhan dan phuong nhung bi cac co quan nay xem nhe voi ly do tieu de cua don thu la “Thu phan anh” ma khong viet la “Thu khieu nai, to cao”. Khi nghe tin nay, chung toi co y dinh thay doi tieu de theo ten la “Thu khieu nai, to cao”. Vay quy dinh phap luat ve “Thu khieu nai, to cao” nhu the nao?


Tra loi:Theo quy dinh tai Ðieu 74 Hien phap nam 1992 thi cong dan co quyen khieu nai, quyen to cao voi co quan Nha nuoc co tham quyen theo quy dinh cua phap luat.
Ðieu 2 Luat khieu nai to cao (KNTC) nam 1998 (da duoc sua doi bo sung nam 2004) quy dinh ve khieu nai, to cao nhu sau:

1. Khieu nai la viec cong dan, co quan, to chuc hoac can bo, cong chuc theo thu tuc do Luat nay quy dinh de nghi co quan, to chuc, ca nhan co tham quyen xem xet lai quyet dinh hanh chinh, hanh vi hanh chinh hoac quyet dinh ky luat can bo, cong chuc khi co can cu cho rang quyet dinh hoac hanh vi do la trai phap luat, xam pham quyen va loi ich hop phap cua minh.

2. To cao la viec cong dan theo Luat nay quy dinh, bao cho co quan, to chuc, ca nhan co tham quyen biet ve hanh vi vi pham phap luat cua bat cu co quan, to chuc, ca nhan nao gay thiet hai hoac de doa gay thiet hai loi ich cua Nha nuoc, quyen va loi ich hop phap cua cong dan”.

Nhu vay quyen khieu nai chi phat sinh khi quyen loi hop phap cua cong dan bi xam hai truc tiep boi cac hanh vi hanh chinh hoac quyet dinh hanh chinh. Con quyen to cao la quyen cua cong dan phan anh cho co quan co tham quyen ve bat ky hanh vi vi pham phap luat nao xam hai den loi ich cua Nha nuoc, to chuc va cua cong dan.

Can cu du kien ong neu thi doi voi nhung hien tuong xay ra o dia phuong, cong dan co the su dung quyen to cao theo quy dinh cua Luat KNTC phan anh den co quan to chuc hoac ca nhan co tham quyen xem xet de co bien phap xu ly doi voi nguoi co hanh vi bi to cao. Theo quy dinh tai diem a khoan 1 dieu 57 Luat KNTC, nguoi to cao co quyen: “Gui don hoac truc tiep to cao voi co quan, to chuc, ca nhan co tham quyen”.

Nguoi to cao co the viet don co noi dung to cao voi tieu de “Ðon to cao” hoac “Thu phan anh” tham chi khong can phai co tieu de vi theo quy dinh tai khoan 2 dieu 2 Luat KNTC thi nguoi to cao phai co trach nhiem lam ro hanh vi vi pham phap luat cua bat cu doi tuong nao ngoai ra con phai chi ra duoc hau qua gay thiet hai hoac de doa gay thiet hai cho loi ich Nha nuoc, loi ich tap the va loi ich cua cong dan. Ðieu 5 Luat KNTC quy dinh trach nhiem cua co quan, to chuc, ca nhan la “trong pham vi chuc nang, nhiem vu, quyen han cua minh co trach nhiem tiep nguoi to cao, giai quyet to cao, xu ly nghiem minh nguoi vi pham, ap dung bien phap ngan chan va chiu trach nhiem ve quyet dinh cua minh”.

Theo KT&DT

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Luat KNTC, Khieu Nai Va To Cao, vi pham phap luat, quyen loi hop phap, co tham quyen, theo quy dinh, nguoi to cao, gay thiet hai, co quan, hanh vi, to chuc, cong dan, loi ich, ca nhan, phan
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