So luoc ve dat nuoc Canada

Tags: Viet Nam, CHXHCN Viet Nam, Hoa Ky, Bac My, Chinh Phu Canada, ban ghi nho, kinh te, ngon ngu, tho dan, tieng Phap, dat nuoc, so luoc, nguoi, den, nam


Gioi thieu chung:

So luoc ve dat nuoc Canada

Canada co dien tich lon thu hai tren the gioi (sau Lien bang Nga), nam o luc dia Bac My, phia Nam giap Hoa Ky, phia Bac giap Alaska (Hoa Ky) va Bac Cuc, phia Dong giap Dai tay Duong, phia Tay giap Thai Binh Duong. Canada co khi hau on doi, chia thanh hai mua chinh: mua dong keo dai, tuyet bang phu kin; mua he mat, am.

Nguon goc ten goi Canada

Chu Canada co nguon goc tu chu kanata trong ngon ngu cua tho dan Huron-Iroquois, co nghia la "ngoi lang", am chi den Stadacona, mot dia diem hien tai nam trong pham vi thanh pho Quebec. Ngay xua, nuoc nay thuong duoc goi la Dominion of Canada (nuoc tu tri Canada), nhung hien nay tren tat ca cac van kien chinh thuc chi co ten Canada la duoc dung ma thoi.

Chinh tri

Canada gianh doc lap ngay 1/7/1867 tu de quoc Anh va ngay 1 thang 7 hang nam la ngay Quoc khanh. Canada theo che do quan chu lap hien: Nguoi dung dau Nha nuoc la Nu hoang Anh duoc dai dien boi mot vi Toan quyen nguoi Canada (do Thu tuong Canada de nghi va duoc Nu hoang chap thuan); Thu tuong va noi cac do dang nam da so hoac lien minh da so ghe tai Ha vien cu ra. Quoc hoi gom Thuong vien va Ha vien. Thuong nghi si do Toan quyen cu theo khuyen nghi cua Thu tuong, lam viec den 75 tuoi. Ha nghi si duoc dan bau truc tiep, nhiem ky 5 nam.

Dan so va thanh phan dan toc

Dan so Canada nam 2005 duoc uoc luong vao khoang 32 trieu nguoi. Du la mot nuoc co dien tich lon thu hai the gioi – khoang 10 trieu km² – nhung mat do dan so cua Canada lai cuc thap – khoang 4 nguoi/km⊃2. Canada lon hon Hoa Ky nhung dan s̔ 9; chi bang 1/9 cua Hoa Ky.

Nhung cu dan dau tien cua Canada la cac dan toc ban xu ma nguoi ta tin rang da den tu A Chau cach day hang chuc ngan nam truoc bang mot con duong noi lien Siberia va Alaska. Vao khoang dau the ky 10, nguoi Viking co lap mot cho cu tru tai bo bien phia dong cua Canada, di tich nay van con tai Newfoundland. Den khoang giua the ky 16, nhung nha tham hiem nguoi Phap va nguoi Anh bat dau kham pha cac vung dat Bac My, va cac di dan Phap va Anh bat dau khai khan, cu tru o Canada vao dau the ky 17.

Mai cho den De Nhi The Chien, hau het dan nhap cu deu den tu Anh, Scotland, Ireland va Dong Au. Tu nam 1945, dien mao van hoa sac toc cua Canada phat trien phong phu hon do so luong di dan tu Nam Au, Nam My, nhung hon dao Caribbean, A Chau va nhat la tu cac nuoc trong vung Chau A-Thai Binh Duong cang ngay cang tang. Ngay nay dan Canada hau nhu den tu khap noi tren the gioi.

Theo ket qua dieu tra dan so gan day nhat, hon 50% dan so co nguon goc khong phai la Anh hay Phap. Trong so do, so nguoi khong phai la dan da trang chiem 13%; cac tho dan, chiem 3%; goc Scotland chiem 14%; goc Ireland chiem 13%; goc Duc chiem 9,25% va goc Y 4,3%. Con so nay se con tang them nua theo qua trinh "hoan cau hoa" hien nay.

Ngon ngu

Hai ngon ngu chinh thuc cua Lien bang Canada la tieng Anh va tieng Phap. Gan 60% dan Canada co tieng me de la tieng Anh, 22% la tieng Phap. Dai da so nguoi noi tieng Phap song tai tinh bang Quebec, sau do la cac tinh bang Ontario, News Brunswick va Manitoba. Mot so ngon ngu cua cac tho dan cung duoc xem la ngon ngu chinh thuc tai cac lanh tho tu tri, dac biet la tieng Inuktitut. Rat nhieu thu tieng cua cac tho dan da bi mai mot hay dang di den tinh trang do. Nhung tieng khac duoc nhieu nguoi noi la: tieng Y, tieng Duc, tieng Quan Thoai, tieng Quang Dong (Trung Quoc), tieng Tay Ban Nha.

Quebec la tinh bang doc nhat ban hanh mot dao luat bao ve tieng Phap, muc dich de bao ve sac thai van hoa dac biet nhat Bac My cua ho. Tuy nhien quyen loi ve ngon ngu va giao duc cua cac cong dong noi tieng Anh va cac tieng tho dan cung duoc bao ve. Ngoai ra, dan chung co quyen dung hoac tieng Anh hoac tieng Phap trong khi giao tiep voi chinh phu.

Kinh te

Canada la mot quoc gia phat trien (thuoc Nhom G8) va co nguon nang luong tu cung tu cap. Nen kinh te chinh cua Canada dua tren cac tai nguyen thien nhien.

Canada giau tai nguyen, khoang san: quang sat, niken, kem, dong, vang, chi, potat, bac, dau mo, than, thuy luc, thuy san... Canada la mot trong nhung nen kinh te lon tren the gioi. Cac nganh cong nghiep chinh gom: khai mo, che bien go, giay, thuc pham, thiet bi van tai, hoa chat, dau khi, dien nang, cong nghe vien thong, sinh hoc va duoc pham... San pham nong nghiep gom: lua my, hat co dau, hoa qua, thit gia suc, do uong, ruou... Ban hang chinh cua nuoc nay la My, Nhat, Anh, Lien minh Chau Au.

Canada la thanh vien Lien Hop quoc, Khoi Lien hiep Anh, Francophonie, WTO, IMF, WB, OECD, NATO, NAFTA, APEC, ACCT, AFDB, FAO, G-8, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURCA, MIPONUH, MONUC, NEA, NSG, OAS, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, ZC; ben doi thoai ARF; khach moi cua NAM ...

Quan he voi Viet Nam:

Ngay thiet lap quan he ngoai giao: 21/8/1973
Cac dieu uoc kinh te - thuong mai:

Hiep dinh hop tac kinh te va ki thuat giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Quebec (16/1/1992)

Hiep dinh chung ve hop tac phat trien giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada (21/6/1994)

Hiep dinh ve hop tac kinh te giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada (21/6/1994)

Ban ghi nho giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada ve mot so san pham det (16/11/1994)

Tuyen bo thoa thuan ve hop tac phat trien giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada (16/11/1994)

Hiep dinh giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada ve thuong mai va mau dich (13/11/1995)

Hiep dinh giua Chinh phu CHXHCN Viet Nam va Chinh phu Canada ve tranh danh thue hai lan va ngan ngua viec tron thue doi voi cac loai thue danh vao thu nhap (14/11/1997)

Ban ghi nho Viet Nam-Canada ve du an dich vu va phat trien ha tang (7/3/2000)

Ban ghi nho Viet Nam-Canada ve du an ho tro chinh sach giai doan II (25/7/2001).

Kim ngach buon ban voi Viet Nam: 192 trieu USD (nam 2001), 230 trieu USD (nam 2002) va 315 trieu USD (nam 2003).
Viet Nam xuat sang Canada chu yeu la hang det may, do da, giay dep, xe dap, nong-hai san va thu cong my nghe.
Viet Nam nhap tu Canada hang tan duoc, thiet bi buu dien- vien thong, chat deo, bot giay, phan bon, may moc...
ODA cua Canada danh cho Viet Nam: 18 trieu USD (nam 2003).
FDI cua Canada dau tu vao Viet Nam: Tinh den thang 3/2004 co 37 du an voi tong so von la 217 trieu USD.
Mot so cong ty chinh cua Canada lam an voi Viet Nam: Tiberon Minerals, Manulife, Telesat of Ottawa, GE Canada va GE Systems, International Enginering, Danon Foods Co. Ltd., Group Coaticook Veterinary Clinic/ADAX...

(Theo Wikipedia, Mofa)

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Tìm hiểu: Viet Nam, CHXHCN Viet Nam, Hoa Ky, Bac My, Chinh Phu Canada, ban ghi nho, kinh te, ngon ngu, tho dan, tieng Phap, dat nuoc, so luoc, nguoi, den, nam

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Sơ lược về đất nước Canada

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Sơ lược về đất nước Canada bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin So luoc ve dat nuoc Canada

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin So luoc ve dat nuoc Canada co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet So luoc ve dat nuoc Canada de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tim hieu trong chuyen muc The gioi.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tim hieu
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