Chuyen thu vi ve cac doi tong thong My

Tags: TT My, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, TT Andrew Johnson, John Kennedy, Theodor Roosevelt, Trung Quoc va Lien Xo, thuc te chung minh, co the su dung, giu chuc vu, William Henry Harrison, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, tong tu lenh, nhat la, dac cu, nam


Nuoc My da co 44 doi tong thong. Tuy nhien, nhieu chi tiet ve tung vi den nay van la nhung dieu thu vi boi it nguoi biet den Bang co nhieu nguoi lam tong thong (TT) My nhat la Ohio, voi 7 vi, ke tiep la New York (6 vi), Virginia (5), Massachusets (4), Texas, Tennessee va California moi bang 3 vi. Co mot TT My khac cung xuat than tu bang Illinois nhu ong Barack Obama la Abraham Lincoln.

Nhung ky luc

TT dau tien cua My, George Washington (1789-1797), la vi duy nhat nhan duoc 100% phieu bau cua cu tri. Ong cung la vi TT dau tien duoc in hinh tren tem buu chinh.

Nguoi giu chuc vu TT My lau nam nhat la Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945). Ong cung la vi TT duy nhat chien thang trong 4 cuoc bau cu. William Henry Garrison la nguoi co thoi gian lam TT ngan nhat. Ong nham chuc khi dang mang trong nguoi nhieu can benh va da qua doi chi mot thang sau khi nham chuc (tu 4/3 den 4/4/1841).

Vi duy nhat giu chuc vu TT trong 2 nhiem ky khong lien tuc nhau la Grover Cleveland (1885-1889 va 1893-1897).

TT lon tuoi nhat la Ronald Reagan (1981-1989). Khi nham chuc nhiem ky dau, ong da 69 tuoi 11 thang 14 ngay. TT tre nhat la Theodor Roosevelt (1901-1909). Ong tro thanh TT khong qua bau cu khi moi 42 tuoi 10 thang 18 ngay. John Kennedy (1961-1963) la vi TT tre nhat vao thoi diem bau cu (43 tuoi ruoi). Ong cung la huong dao sinh dau tien o My tro thanh TT.

TT My cao nhat la Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865), voi 1,93 m; con vi thap nhat la James Medison (1809-1817) - 1,63 m. TT nang ky nhat la William Taft (1909-1913) - hon 135 kg.

Ngoai ra, Theodor Roosevelt la vi TT dau tien di vong quanh tat ca 48 bang cua My luc do. Ong cung la TT dau tien biet lai may bay, dac biet do la mot trong nhung mau may bay cu nhat. Richard Nixon (1969-1974) la TT My dau tien den tham Trung Quoc va Lien Xo. Tuy nhien, Bill Clinton (1993-2001) moi la TT di cong du nuoc ngoai nhieu nhat. Ong da den 133 quoc gia. Trong khi do, TT dau tien xuat ban cac dau sach tieu thuyet la Jimmy Carter (1977-1981).

John Taylor (1841-1845) co nhieu con nhat trong cac vi TT nuoc My. Ong co 8 con voi nguoi vo thu nhat va 7 con voi nguoi vo thu hai. Nguoi con ut sinh ra khi ong da ngoai 70 tuoi. TT My duy nhat khong lay vo la James Buchanan (1857-1861). Ong da tung dinh hon, nhung vi hon the cua ong huy hon uoc va chang bao lau thi qua doi. Con Grover Cleveland lai la TT duy nhat to chuc dam cuoi ngay tai Nha Trang.

TT My co tai nang ky la nhat la James Garfield (tu thang 3 den thang 9/1881). Ong co the su dung viet nhuan nhuyen ca hai tay va la nguoi biet nhieu ngon ngu. Ong co the cung luc mot tay viet chu Hy Lap co va tay kia viet chu Latinh. Nguoc lai, TT Andrew Johnson (1865-1869) la nguoi khong bao gio... den truong. Chinh vo ong la nguoi xoa mu chu cho ong.

Xet ve mat tai san, TT Andrew Johnson la mot trong nhung vi TT My ngheo nhat. Trong khi do, nhung TT giau nhat la George Washington va John Kennedy. Tai san cua ong Washington uoc tinh tri gia 900 trieu USD (theo gia tri bay gio); con cua ong Kennedy, duoc thua huong tu cha me, khoang 850 trieu USD (theo tap chi Forbes).

“Loi nguyen Tecumseh”

Tecumseh la tu truong bo lac da do hung manh Shawnee dau the ky 19, noi tieng ve long dung cam. Ong tin vao nguyen tac: Tat ca dat dai o My deu la tai san chi cua tho dan nguoi My va vung dat nay khong the duoc mot bo lac nao mua ban hoac sang nhuong.

Khi chinh quyen My tu choi cong nhan nguyen tac nay, ong da lien ket voi tho dan My o Old Northwest va o phia Dong thung lung Mississippi thanh mot luc luong quan su de chien dau cho quyen cua tho dan My tren dat cua minh.

The nhung, ke hoach cua Tecumseh da that bai cung voi viec em trai ong, Tenskwatawa, thua trong tran chien lich su Tippecanoe. Tenskwatawa khong chi noi bat la mot chien binh ma quan trong hon, con la thu linh tinh than cua bo lac Shawnee. Tran Tippecanoe duoc xem la hoa, boi vi cuoi cung, quan doi My da rut lui. Tuy nhien, no lam tieu tan suc manh cua nguoi Shawnee va noi tieng trong lich su la danh dau su sup do cua phong trao quan su cua tho dan My. Khi Tecumseh quay lai, ong phong thich cac tu binh ma nguoi Shawnee da bat giu; gui tra ho ve cho tuong William Henry Harrison kem theo mot thong diep huyen thoai ma sau nay duoc nguoi My goi la “loi nguyen Tecumseh”.

Noi dung thong diep nhu sau: Harrison se tro thanh tong tu lenh, nhung ong ta se khong ket thuc nhiem ky cua minh; ong ta se chet khi con dang giu chuc vu... Va sau Harrison, cu 20 nam, bat cu vi tong tu lenh nao duoc chon len vao nam ket thuc bang so 0 cung deu chet truoc khi ket thuc nhiem ky. Tecumseh nhan manh: “Roi khi moi mot vi chet, moi nguoi se nho den cai chet cua dan chung ta”.

Tuy chi la chuyen huyen hoac, song “loi nguyen Tecumseh” da phan nao duoc thuc te chung minh. William Henry Harrison duoc bau lam TT My va chet sau khi nham chuc dung mot thang, vao nam 1841. Nan nhan thu hai cua loi nguyen la Abraham Lincoln. Ong dac cu TT My vao nam 1860 va bi am sat vao nam 1865, sau khi tai dac cu nam 1864. Vi thu ba la TT James Abram Garfield, dac cu nam 1880, bi am sat ngay 2/7/1881. TT thu tu la William McKinley, dac cu nam 1900 va bi am sat ngay 6/9/1901. TT Warren Gamaliel Harding dac cu nam 1920 va chet ngay 2/8/1923 vi bi dau doc thuc an, la nan nhan thu nam. Ke tiep, TT Franklin Delano Roosevelt, dac cu nam 1940, chet ngay 12/4/1945 vi bi dot quy. Vi thu bay la John Fitzgerald Kennedy, dac cu TT nam 1960 va bi am sat ngay 22/11/1963.

Tuy nhien, co mot vi thoat khoi “loi nguyen Tecumseh”- TT Ronald Wilson Reagan. Ong dac cu nam 1980, da may man thoat chet khi bi muu sat ngay 30/3/1981. Ngoai ra, TT George W. Bush, dac cu nam 2000, cung la nhan vat bi loi nguyen huyen thoai do am anh, song ong cung da vo su sau hai nhiem ky TT My nhieu kho khan.

Hinh TT My tren giay bac

TT My dau tien, George Washington, duoc in hinh tren to giay bac 1 USD. Hinh TT thu ba Thomas Jefferson duoc in tren to giay bac 2 USD. TT thu 16 Abraham Lincoln - to 5 USD; TT thu bay Andrew Jackson - to 20 USD; TT thu 18 Ulysses Grant - to 50 USD.

O nhung giay bac menh gia lon, TT My thu 25 William McKinley, duoc in hinh tren to 500 USD; TT thu 22 Grover Cleveland - to 1.000 USD; TT thu tu James Medison - to 5.000 USD va TT thu 28 Woodrow Wilson – to 100.000 USD.


(theo Nguoi Lao dong)

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: TT My, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, TT Andrew Johnson, John Kennedy, Theodor Roosevelt, Trung Quoc va Lien Xo, thuc te chung minh, co the su dung, giu chuc vu, William Henry Harrison, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, tong tu lenh, nhat la, dac cu, nam

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Chuyện thú vị về các đời tổng thống Mỹ

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Chuyện thú vị về các đời tổng thống Mỹ bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Chuyen thu vi ve cac doi tong thong My

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Chuyen thu vi ve cac doi tong thong My co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Chuyen thu vi ve cac doi tong thong My de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tim hieu trong chuyen muc The gioi.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tim hieu
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