Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi

Tags: PAK FA T, An Do, Nhat Ban, Trung Quoc, Lockheed Martin, may bay tiem kich, may bay chien dau, He Thong Dien Tu, nhat the gioi, duoc trang bi, hien dai nhat, tren may bay, the he, co the, F-22 Raptor, thu


– Mac du hien nay moi chi co duy nhat nuoc My la dang so huu may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 trong bien che, song trong mot vai nam toi dong may bay tiem kich loai nay co the se co mat o Nga, An Do, Nhat Ban, Trung Quoc,…

1. May bay tiem kich F-22 Raptor cua My

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
May bay tiem kich the he thu 5 F-22 Raptor.

F-22 Raptor (Manh cam) la dong may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 su dung ky thuat tang hinh the he thu 4. Ban dau no duoc thiet ke, che tao de chiem uu the truoc Khong quan Lien Xo, song cung duoc trang bi cac phuong tien tan cong mat dat, tac chien dien tu va trinh sat vo tuyen.

F-22 Raptor duoc nghien cuu, thiet ke boi hai tap doan hang dau cua My la Lockheed Martin va Boeing, trong do Tap doan Lockheed Martin la nha thau chinh va chiu trach nhiem chinh ve khung may bay, cac he thong vu khi va lap rap hoan thien con Boeing cung cap canh, duoi va cac he thong dien tu tich hop tren khoang.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Hien nay moi chi co duy nhat My so huu may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 trong bien che tac chien.

Hien nay, F-22 Raptor la loai may bay chien dau the he thu 5 dau tien va cung la duy nhat tren the gioi dang duoc bien che, su dung trong quan doi My. Day cung la loai may bay chien dau dat nhat the gioi voi gia tri khoang 120 trieu USD/chiec.

Ban dau, My du dinh se san xuat khoang 750 chien dau co sieu hien dai nay, song sau do da giam xuong con 438 chiec, 381 chiec va hien nay chi con 180 chiec do da so cac trang thiet bi, vu khi trang bi tren may bay tiem kich F-35 Lightning II cung duoc su dung tren F-22 Raptor ma gia ca lai mem hon rat nhieu.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
F-22 Raptor la dong may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 dat tien nhat the gioi hien nay.

May bay tiem kich the he thu 5 F-22 Raptor cua My hien nay duoc trang bi hai dong co phan luc Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 tich hop bo phan dieu chinh huong phut. Huong dieu chinh luong khi chi theo chieu len xuong, voi tam thay doi ±20 do.

Luc day toi da cua dong co van chua duoc tiet lo, song da so cac nguon tin cho rang no roi vao khoang 35,000 lbf (156 kN) cho moi dong co cho phep may bay hoat dong voi toc do toi da 1.72 Mach khi bay o che do sieu toc va khong mang vu khi.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
F-22 Raptor duoc phat trien tu may bay tiem kich YF-22.

Theo thong tin tu Lockheed Martin, F-22 Raptor co the de dang vuot qua cac han che toc do theo thiet ke, dac biet la khi hoat dong o tam thap nho he thong canh bao toc do.


Cac he thong dien tu tren khoang gom: he thong canh bao radar (RWR) AN/ALR-94 cua BAE Systems E&IS (truoc la Sanders Associates), ra-da AN/APG-77 dien tu quet chu dong (AESA) cua Raytheon va Northrop Grumman - loai ra-da quet tich cuc co tinh nang tot nhat hien nay, co the bat duoc cac muc tieu tam xa ma tin hieu it bi phat hien boi may bay dich.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
He thong radar trang bi tren may bay tiem kich F-22 Raptor.

F-22
Raptor duoc trang bi ten lua khong doi khong o khoang trong de tranh gay anh huong toi kha nang tang hinh cua no. Moi khi can su dung hoa luc, phi cong chi can nhan nut mo khoang vu khi va chi can vai giay la ten lua da san sang phong di tieu diet muc tieu.

Ben canh do, F-22 con duoc trang bi cac loai bom nhu: bom tan cong ghep noi truc tiep va bom ban kinh nho. No cung co the mang cac loai vu khi tren bon mau cung ben ngoai, nhung dieu nay khien kha nang thao dien, tang hinh, toc do va tam hoat dong cua no giam dang ke.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Ban dieu khien trong khoang lai cua may bay tiem kich F-22 Raptor.

Ngoai ra, F-22
Raptor con duoc trang bi mot phao xoay M61A2 Vulcan 20 mm voi cua lat o duoi canh phai chi su dung khi that can thiet, khi het ten lua vi no chi co 480 vien dan, du ban trong khoang 5 giay lien tuc.

Ngoai cac loai vu khi, trang thiet bi ky thuat neu tren, hien nay My cung dang tap trung dau tu nghien cuu, thiet ke va che tao loai vu khi laser chien thuat nang luong cao de bo sung them vao kho vu khi cua F-22 Raptor nham tang kha nang cung nhu hieu qua tac chien cua may bay trong qua trinh thuc thi cac nhiem vu tac chien.

May bay tiem kich the he thu 5 F-22 Raptor cua My chung to kha nang co dong va tac chien vuot troi.

2. May bay tiem kich PAK FA T-50

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
May bay tiem kich the he thu 5 PAK FA T-50 cua Nga.

PAK FA T-50 (Perspektivnyi Aviatsionnyi Kompleks Frontovoi Aviatsyi – to hop khong quan tien phuong tien tien) la dong may bay phan luc chien dau the he thu nam cua Nga do nhieu tap doan cung nghien cuu, che tao, trong do dung dau la Sukhoi.


Trong tuong lai gan PAK FA T-50 se duoc su dung de thay the nhung chiec MiG-29 va Su-27 Flanker hien dang co trong bien che cua Khong quan Nga va la nen tang cho du an che tao may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 Sukhoi/HAL FGFA dang duoc phat trien voi An Do.

La dong may bay chien dau the he thu 5, PAK FA T-50 duoc thiet ke, che tao de canh tranh truc tiep voi F-22 Raptor cua My va F-35 Lightning II lien doanh My/Anh. Dong may bay chien dau the he thu 5 dau tien nay cua Nga da thuc hien chuyen bay dau tien vao ngay 29 thang 1 nam 2010.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Mo hinh ket cau may bay tiem kich PAK FA T-50 cua Nga.

Nhung thong tin chinh thuc ve dac tinh ky-chien thuat cua dong may bay the he thu 5 T-50 cua Nga den nay van chua duoc cong bo. Tuy nhien, theo mot so nguon tin dang tin cay tu Bo Quoc phong Nga, Bo Tu lenh khong quan va tu Tap doan Sukhoi cho biet, PAK FA T-50 la chien dau co phan luc the he thu 5, la to hop bay tien tien cua khong quan tien phuong.

Duoc khoi xuong tu nam 2002, T-50 duoc xem la the he may bay tiem kich dau tien cua Nga ke tu khi Lien Xo tan ra (nam 1991). No duoc ung dung nhung cong nghe tien tien hang dau the gioi.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Mot so trang thiet bi ky thuat trang bi tren may bay tiem kich PAK FA T-50.

Dac tinh vuot troi cua dong may bay nay la kha nang tang hinh voi da so cac phuong tien radar hien dai hien nay, co the tac chien trong moi dieu kien thoi tiet, cat ha canh gan nhu thang dung, chi can duong bang dai 300-400 met, co the hoat dong lien tuc trong pham vi 5.500 km o toc do sieu thanh, tiep lieu tren khong, trang bi he thong dien tu tren khoang hien dai, cong nghe cao, voi ten lua khong doi khong (R-73, R-77), khong doi dat (X-31, X-35, X-41), doi ham, bom khong quan dan duong chinh xac cao, phao 30 mm T-50 co the tan cong dong thoi ca muc tieu tren khong lan duoi mat dat.


Sukhoi trang bi cho T-50 loai radar N050 BLRS hoat dong tren bang tan X (8-12GHz), cho phep quet dong thoi 32 muc tieu khac nhau, trong do co the huong ten lua de tieu diet dong thoi 8 muc tieu nguy hiem nhat trong so do.

Loai radar nay co the quet trong pham vi 400km, trong khi do radar AN/APG trang bi tren chien dau co sieu hien dai F-22 cua My chi co the quet trong pham vi 250 km.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
He thong vu khi bien che tren PAK FA T-50.

Tuy chua chac chan hien nay T-50 duoc trang bi loai dong co nao, nhung theo mot so nguon tin, no duoc trang bi dong co phan luc tuoc bin canh quat day Saturn AL-41F cho phep may bay hoat dong o toc do toi da 2.400km/h, toc do khi bay tuan tra khoang 1.300km/h, tran bay 20.000m, tam hoat dong tren 5.000km, tham chi T-50 con co kha nang dat toc do sieu am ma khong can dot nhien lieu lan hai.

Mot dac tinh co the noi la noi troi nhat, doc nhat da duoc ung dung tren T-50, do la cong nghe tang hinh Plasma. Trong khi cong nghe tang hinh truyen thong ma nhieu quoc gia dang su dung tren nhieu chien dau co hien dai nhu F-117, B-2, F-22 la su dung cac ket cau goc canh, dung cac vat lieu hap thu song radar, giam buc xa nhiet do dong co thai ra…thi T-50 lai su dung cong nghe tang hinh hoan toan moi, tang hinh Plasma hay con goi la “cong nghe tang hinh chu dong”.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Dong co co the su dung tren may bay tiem kich PAK FA T-50.

Cong nghe tang hinh Plasma duoc ung dung dua tren quy trinh ion hoa khong khi de lam giam tiet dien phan xa radar, dong thoi hap thu nang luong dien tu cua song radar, qua do gay kho khan cho viec phat hien may bay tu he thong phong khong doi phuong.

May phat Plasma nang khoang 100 kg, co the mang tren cac chien dau co chien thuat. Nam 2002, Nga da tien hanh thu nghiem thiet bi Plasma nay tren mot chiec Su-27, ket qua tiet dien phan xa radar da giam xuong 100 lan. Day thuc su la mot phat kien vi dai da giup cho Nga tiet kiem duoc rat nhieu tien cua.

Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi
Mo hinh ban dieu khien trong khoang lai cua may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 PAK FA T-50.

Ngay sau khi ket thuc lan bay thu nghiem dau tien cua PAK FA T-50 ngay 17-6, Thu tuong Nga Vladimir Putin bay to tin tuong: “Co may nay se hon han doi thu F-22 cua My ve do linh hoat, vu khi va tam hoat dong”. Khong chi co vay, gia cua T-50 con rat re, chi bang 1/3 so voi loai may bay tuong tu cua phuong Tay hien nay, dong thoi no con co the phuc vu tu 30-35 nam neu duoc nang cap.

Dong quan diem nay, cuu Tu lenh khong quan Anatoly Kornukov, nguoi da tung ngoi tren may bay sieu hien dai F-22 cua My khang dinh, sieu may bay phan luc T-50 "khong he kem canh chiec F-22" cua My, tham chi con co mot so dac tinh vuot troi hon.

Tuy nhien, mot so chuyen gia quan su phuong Tay to ra hoai nghi ve kha nang va “nang luc” thuc su cua T-50 voi buoc nhay vot trong cong nghe quan su. Ho cho rang, T-50 van phai mang theo cac dong co cu, cai dang ke nhat o loai may bay nay co le chi la he thong “lam mu” radar.


Hinh anh chuyen bay thu nghiem tren khong dau tien cua dong may bay tiem kich the he thu 5 PAK FA T-50 cua Nga.
Con tiep…

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Tìm hiểu: PAK FA T, An Do, Nhat Ban, Trung Quoc, Lockheed Martin, may bay tiem kich, may bay chien dau, He Thong Dien Tu, nhat the gioi, duoc trang bi, hien dai nhat, tren may bay, the he, co the, F-22 Raptor, thu

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Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Các tiêm kích thế hệ thứ 5 hiện đại nhất thế giới bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Cac tiem kich the he thu 5 hien dai nhat the gioi de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tim hieu trong chuyen muc The gioi.

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