Vacxin Quinvaxem co van de van tiem



Vac-xin Quinvaxem do GAVI tai tro, co gia khoang 38,5 trieu USD. Ho vien tro bang vac-xin chu khong phai bang tien, do vay khong the chi them ngan sach de mua vac-xin tot hon.

>> Vac xin 5 trong 1 Quinvaxem: Nuoc san xuat khong dung loai nay!

>> Tam ngung su dung lo vacxin Quinvaxem inj

>> 3 tre phan ung sau tiem vac-xin da xuat vien

Phuong an tim nguon vac-xin thay the da duoc tinh den trong truong hop vac-xin Quinvaxem co van de. Tuy nhien, viec tim mot loai vac-xin co gia tuong duong trong thoi diem nay la vo cung kho khan. Dieu nay dong nghia voi viec cac bac cha me van phai danh cuoc tinh mang cua con em ho truoc nhung rui ro co the gap phai sau tiem vac-xin.

Vac-xin cua cac nuoc ngheo

Theo ong Nguyen Van Binh, Cuc truong Cuc Y te du phong - Bo Y te, vac-xin “5 trong 1” Quinvaxem duoc Lien minh Toan cau ve vac-xin va tiem chung (GAVI) tai tro tu thang 6-2010 den het nam 2015 voi nguon tai chinh khoang 38,5 trieu USD. Hai nam ruoi su dung vac-xin Quinvaxem, Viet Nam nhap ve khoang 15 trieu lieu va da su dung khoang 11 trieu lieu.

Mot chuyen gia y te cho biet day khong phai la lan dau tien GAVI vien tro vac-xin cho Viet Nam, chi co dieu khac voi lan truoc, lan nay GAVI vien tro bang vac- xin Quinvaxem chu khong phai tien mat. “Do vay, khong the bo sung ngan sach Nha nuoc cung voi nguon vien tro de co the mua mot loai vac-xin the he moi co do tinh khiet cao hon” - chuyen gia nay noi.
 
Cung theo vi nay, vac-xin Quinvaxem duoc To chuc Y te The gioi (WHO) khuyen cao su dung va hien dang su dung phong benh cho tre tu 2-4 thang tuoi o 90 quoc gia. Tuy nhien, Han Quoc la nuoc san xuat Quinvaxem da khong su dung vac-xin nay vi cac chuyen gia cho rang no co chua thanh phan ho ga vac-xin toan te bao (dung xac vi khuan ho ga) de gay phan ung cho co dia tre.
Vacxin Quinvaxem co van de van tiem
Khong the ngung tiem vac-xin Quinvaxem vi khong co vac-xin chat luong hon de thay the
 
Ban than nha san xuat vac-xin nay cung canh bao: “Viec tiem lieu tiep theo cua vac-xin co chua thanh phan ho ga toan te bao phai duoc can nhac het suc can than, neu nhu mui tiem vac xin DPT (soi, quai bi, Rubella) co mot hoac nhieu dau hieu trong 48 gio sau nhu sot 40 do C; dot quy hoac soc; khoc thet keo dai hon 3 gio; co giat hoac co hoac khong kem theo phan ung sot trong pham vi 3 ngay sau tiem”.
 
Noi ve cac phan ung lien quan den vac-xin “5 trong 1” Quinvaxem, nha san xuat cung thong bao trong 4 thu nghiem lam sang thuc hien o 2.115 lieu Quinvaxem da duoc chung ngua ban dau o 730 tre so sinh khoe manh sau 6 tuan tuoi cho thay hien tuong nhiem doc tieu hoa, roi loan tai cho tiem, roi loan he thong than kinh, tam than la cac van de thuong gap va rat thuong gap o tre sau tiem. Bieu hien nhu tieu chay, non, phan ung tai cho tiem, sot, roi loan an uong, buon ngu, tre cau kinh, viem day than kinh ngoai bien, co giat…

Tuy vay, nhieu chuyen gia co kinh nghiem trong linh vuc tiem chung cho rang viec tim mot nguon vac-xin khac thay the trong dieu kien hien nay o Viet Nam la vo cung kho khan boi gia Quinvaxem la 77.000 dong/lieu, trong khi cac vac-xin “5 trong 1” tuong tu nhung co thanh phan ho ga vo bao, tinh khiet hon co gia ban le len den 550.000 dong/lieu.

Rui ro nhung kho bo

GS-TS Nguyen Tran Hien, Vien truong Vien Ve sinh Dich te Trung uong, tung thua nhan khong co vac-xin nao an toan tuyet doi va ti le phan ung sau tiem vac-xin Quinvaxem thong ke o Viet Nam la 0,69/1 trieu lieu (ti le nang) va 0,17/1 trieu lieu (ti le tu vong).

Trong vong hon 2 thang qua, co 7 tre tu vong, gioi chuyen mon van khang dinh “ti le tai bien nam trong nguong cho phep la 1/1 trieu mui tiem”. Tuy nhien, co y kien cho rang neu can cu vao ti le nay voi tong so 4,5 trieu lieu vac-xin/nam chi duoc phep co toi da 1 be tu vong va toi da la 4 ca nang. Trong khi do, moi trong 1 thang, so phan ung nang sau tiem vac- xin da tang bat thuong!

Theo PGS-TS Trinh Quan Huan, nguyen thu truong Bo Y te, trong cuoc hop moi day ban ve cac yeu to lien quan den tai bien sau tiem vac-xin Quinvaxem, hoi dong chuyen mon xu ly tai bien sau tiem (Bo Y te) da quyet dinh ngung su dung cac lo vac-xin co phan ung nhieu. Dong thoi de nghi gui mau doc lap cho WHO va gui 1 mau cho cac nuoc co nang luc ve xet nghiem de xem tinh chat cac loai vac-xin nay co van de gi khac thuong hay khong. “Chung toi cung de nghi mot doan chuyen gia do Cuc Quan ly duoc phu trach den nha san xuat tim hieu quy trinh san xuat vac-xin nay” - ong Huan noi.

Truoc cau hoi “neu do chat luong vac-xin thi trach nhiem se thuoc ve ai”, mot chuyen gia y te cung thua nhan: “Chua tung co tien le ve chuyen nay nhung neu co xay ra cung rat kho de quy trach nhiem. Viec ngung tiem vac-xin nay cung rat kho khan vi co the  lam “vo” he thong tiem chung mo rong da on dinh. Con viec tu choi nhan vien tro bang vac-xin thi trong tuong lai co the se kho khan trong viec tiep tuc nhan nguon vien tro tu to chuc nay. Du kien, thoi gian toi co the GAVI se vien tro Viet Nam vac-xin ngua benh Rubella va tieu chay do Rotavirus” - vi nay phan tran.

Sang loc chat che truoc khi tiem

De han che cac phan ung sau tiem vac-xin, PGS-TS Trinh Quan Huan cho rang van de hien nay la sang loc chat che truoc tiem va dac biet la theo doi phan ung sau tiem, luu y voi cac phan ung cham vi co tre tu vong 96 gio sau tiem vac-xin. Sap toi, Bo Y te se tiep tuc yeu cau kiem dinh lai chat luong cac lo vac-xin Quinvaxem lien quan den cac ca tai bien. Voi cac lo chua ghi nhan cac ca phan ung nang cung se duoc kiem dinh them ve chat luong.

Tin Suc khoe  noi bat

Ky la nguoi tich dien nau chin ca thuc an Suyt mat mang voi chieu du nang nguc cua bac sy dao Vay te te co bo than trang duong nhu tin don
Ky la nguoi tich dien nau chin ca thuc an Suyt mat mang voi chieu “du” nang nguc cua “bac sy” dao Vay te te co bo than trang duong nhu tin don?

 



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Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Vắc-xin Quinvaxem có vấn đề, vẫn tiêm!

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Vắc-xin Quinvaxem có vấn đề, vẫn tiêm! bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Vacxin Quinvaxem co van de van tiem

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Vacxin Quinvaxem co van de van tiem co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Vacxin Quinvaxem co van de van tiem de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin suc khoe trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tin suc khoe
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