Tiem phong dai the nao de an toan

Tags: Vien Pasteur TP, BS Chau Hoang Son, y te cong cong, phong benh dai, nhu the nao, Tiem phong, phong dai, an toan, than kinh, san xuat, tai sao, mui, cho, can, den


Anh: Kim Son
Binh quan moi ngay rieng o khu vuc phia Nam co tren 1.000 nguoi bi cho, meo, doi, chuot, khi... can phai di tiem phong. Vay tiem phong benh dai nhu the nao de an toan? Tai sao da tiem 6-8 mui roi ma van co truong hop bi chet?... BS Chau Hoang Son (anh) - khoa y te cong cong Vien Pasteur TP.HCM - cho biet:

- Hien cac co so y te dang su dung hai loai vacxin: Fuenzalida tiem trong da gia 12.000 -15.000 dong/mui x 6-8 mui; vacxin Verorab cua Phap voi hai duong tiem (tiem bap 140.000 - 150.000 dong/mui x 5 mui va tiem trong da de giam gia thanh: 35.000 dong/mui x 8 mui). Khi di tiem phong, nguoi dan duoc tu van de chon lua. Co mot so nguoi du da tiem 6-7 mui nhung khong dat duoc hieu qua bao ve nen cho can, chich ngua ma van chet.

+ Bac si co the noi ro hon ve cac dang tai bien sau khi tiem phong dai. Tai sao thuong den mui thu ba moi boc phat?

- Cac trieu chung than kinh thuong xay ra tu mui tiem thu ba tro di va ngay cang nang hon qua cac mui tiem tiep theo, do co the mot so nguoi nhay cam voi vacxin lam tu protein mo nao chuot. Khi tiem mui 1 - khang the chua co, den mui thu hai, thu ba thi bat dau co khang the - ma khang the nay lai khang voi protein nao dong vat nen neu cang tiem tiep se gay tai bien. Vi vay, khi den tiem cac mui ke tiep, chi can thay met moi, sot, kho chiu... benh nhan can thong bao ro tinh trang suc khoe cua minh. Va tren nguyen tac BS truoc khi tiem mui thu hai phai kham, hoi ky xem benh nhan co sot, nhuc dau, te nhe chan tay hay khong... Neu can phai ngung 1-2 ngay.

+ Neu dang tiem ngua vacxin Fuenzalida, muon thay va tiem cac mui ke tiep bang loai vacxin ngua dai khac duoc khong?

- Khuyen cao cua To chuc Y te the gioi (WHO) la cam tuyet doi, khong duoc quyen hoan chuyen do qui trinh san xuat hai loai vacxin khac nhau hoan toan. Khi tiem vacxin moi phai coi nhu tro lai tu dau (mui 1).

+ Cho da tiem phong dai, nguoi bi no can co phai di tiem phong?

- Khi bi cho, meo... can, cao xuoc khong chay mau hoac chay mau it, o vi tri xa than kinh trung uong nhung cho da duoc chich ngua, cho binh thuong thi theo doi con vat trong vong 15 ngay, khong can tiem. Cung voi vet xuoc do nhung o tren mat, gan than kinh trung uong, neu cho van binh thuong thi chi can tiem vacxin phong dai, chua can thiet tiem huyet thanh khang dai. Con neu vet can nhe, du xa than kinh trung uong ma cho co trieu chung dai thi phai tiem ca huyet thanh khang dai va vacxin phong dai.

Khi bi cho, meo hoac suc vat khac can thi phai rua vet thuong bang nuoc va xa phong nhieu lan.Tuyet doi khong nan mau vi se lam dap mo va di chung ngua ngay tai co so y te nha nuoc. Benh dai chua co thuoc chua, khi len con dai coi nhu chet 100%, vi vay ba con khong nen theo cac bien phap dan gian nhu di thay “phan”, “rut noc”, dap cac loai la cay.

+ Trong thoi gian tiem phong co phai kieng cu an, uong gi?

- Khong phai kieng cu an, chi kieng uong ruou bia. Khong lam viec nang qua suc. Khong dung cac thuoc dang corticoid, cac thuoc lam giam mien dich... trong va sau khi tiem phong dai sau thang.

+ Co the tiem phong dai de phong bi cho can?

- Tiem du phong truoc khi bi suc vat dai can co phac do tiem bap hoac tiem duoi da, gom ba mui vao cac ngay 0, 7, 28. Mot nam sau tiem nhac lai mot mui va tiem nhac lai sau do moi nam nam.

KIM SON

Tren ca nuoc moi nam co hon 600.000 nguoi phai tiem phong dai, trong do khu vuc phia Nam chiem tren 400.000 nguoi. Tuan cuoi thang 5-2007 den nay lai co hai ca phan ung nang tu tiem vacxin ngua dai Rabivax-II (Fuenzalida) do Vien Vacxin va sinh pham II Nha Trang san xuat.

Tu nam 2001, Hoi nghi quoc te ve kiem soat benh dai o chau A lan thu 4 tai Ha Noi do WHO va Hiep hoi Merieux dong to chuc da dua ra nghi quyet keu goi cac nuoc chau A dang san xuat vacxin tu mo nao ngung san xuat den nam 2006. The nhung tai VN den thoi diem nay, Vien Vacxin va sinh pham Nha Trang II con san xuat va can co lo trinh den thang 1-2008 moi ngung su dung!

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Tìm hiểu: Vien Pasteur TP, BS Chau Hoang Son, y te cong cong, phong benh dai, nhu the nao, Tiem phong, phong dai, an toan, than kinh, san xuat, tai sao, mui, cho, can, den

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Tiêm phòng dại thế nào để an toàn?

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Tiêm phòng dại thế nào để an toàn? bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Tiem phong dai the nao de an toan

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Tiem phong dai the nao de an toan co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Tiem phong dai the nao de an toan de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin suc khoe trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

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