Phong va tri viem da mu

Tags: nhung dieu kien thuan loi, Viem Da Mu, tu cau khuan, lien cau khuan, lo chan long, co the, ton thuong, co nhieu, khang sinh, tre em, mo hoi, vung, gay, dung, ke


Binh thuong tren da co nhieu tap khuan, phan lon la tu cau khuan va lien cau khuan, tap trung nhieu nhat o vung co nhieu long, vung dong mo hoi nhu cac nep ke, cac lo chan long. Trong nhung dieu kien thuan loi nhu co the suy yeu, giam suc de khang, ve sinh kem, ngua gai lam xay sat da thi cac vi khuan tren tang sinh, tang doc tinh gay nen benh ngoai da goi chung la viem da mu.

Nguoi ta thuong phan chia lam 2 nhom benh viem da mu, mot nhom do tu cau khuan, mot nhom do lien cau khuan gay nen.

Viem da mu do tu cau khuan

Tu cau khuan thuong gay ton thuong o nang long. Co nhung the benh chinh sau...

Viem nang long nong: Viem nong o dau lo chan long. Ban dau lo chan long hoi sung do, dau, sau do thanh mun mu nho, quanh chan long co quang viem hep. Vai ngay sau, mun mu kho, de lai mot vay tiet mau nau sam. Sau cung vay bong di, khong de lai seo.

Vien nang long sau: Quanh nang long sung tay nhieu cum, quanh lo chan long co mun mu. Mun mu co the rai rac hoac tap trung thanh dam do, cung com, go ghe, nan ra mu. Viem nang long sau o vung cam, gay, vung da dau tien trien dai dang, hay tai phat.

Ðieu tri: phai dung khang sinh toan than tung dot, ket hop voi cac vitamin, che do an nhieu dam lam tang suc de khang cua co the.

Nhot: Cung la mot tinh trang viem nang long. Neu nhot to, so luong nhieu co the kem theo sot, hach bach huyet sung dau. Nhot o lo tai rat dau, dan gian con goi la dang dang. Nhot o quanh mieng con goi la "dinh rau" rat nguy hiem vi co the gay tac tinh mach, nhiem khuan huyet de gay tu vong. Hau boi con goi la dinh huong sen la mot cum dinh nhot gap o gay, lung, mong do tu cau vang co doc tinh rat cao, hay gay benh o nguoi gia yeu, nghien ruou, tieu duong, an uong kem. Khi vo mu co nhieu ngoi lo cho nhu to ong, co the co bien chung nhiem khuan huyet va tu vong.

Nhot bay la nhieu dinh nhot moc lien tiep het dot nay den dot khac dai dang hang thang. Thuong gap o nguoi suy nhuoc, giam suc de khang.

Ðieu tri: khang sinh du manh, dung cang som cang tot. Co the cho uong, tiem hoac truyen tinh mach. Dung cac vitamin, dam, gama globulin de nang cao suc de khang cua co the. Tai cho tuyet doi khong chich nan o giai doan dang viem tay, chua hoa mu. Boi vi nan som se de bi bien chung nhiem khuan huyet, rat nguy hiem.

Nhot o ga: la mot viem nang, kem theo viem tuyen mo hoi, tuyen ba o vung nach, tao thanh mot tui mu sau o bi va ha bi. Ton thuong noi thanh cuc o vung nach, ban dau cung sau mem dan, vo mu. Co the co mot hoac nhieu nhot o ga trong mot ho nach. Benh thuong tien trien dai dang, hay tai phat, nhat la ve mua he.

Ðieu tri: dung khang sinh toan than tung dot. Ðoi voi ton thuong tai phat nhieu lan co the phai phau thuat.

Viem da mu do lien cau khuan

Choc lay: do tu cau khuan va lien cau khuan phoi hop gay benh. Tre em hay bi hon nguoi lon. Vi tri hay gap la dau, mat, co, chan tay. Benh rat de lay tu tre nay sang tre khac, nen co the thanh dich o nha tre, truong hoc. o tre em, choc dau tao thanh tung dam vay vang sau dinh bet toc, duoi lop vay, da trot do, rom dich. Hach o vung lan can thuong sung dau. Benh co the gay bien chung viem cau than cap bieu hien bang phu, tieu it, xet nghiem co protein nieu.

Ðieu tri: phai dung khang sinh toan than som tai cho. Dung cac thuoc sat trung boi, dap gac cho bong het vay, sau do boi xanh methylen 1% hoac dung dung dich milian. Khi vay troc bong het co the boi cac loai mo khang sinh

Choc loet: la mot loai choc, nhung ton thuong lan sau den trung bi. Thuong gap choc loet o benh nhan suy dinh duong co benh tieu duong hoac nghien ruou. Vi tri: hay gap o cang chan, co chan, nhat la o chan co gian tinh mach.

Benh bat dau nhu choc lay bang mot phong nuoc hoac phong mu. Da xung quanh vet loet tim tai, tien trien dai dang, lau lien seo.

Ðieu tri: phai dung khang sinh nhieu dot, ket hop voi vitamin, dam, chieu tia cuc tim.

Ham ke: con goi la viem bi thuong bi vi khuan. Thuong gap o tre em, nhat la tre em map map hoac o nguoi lon beo map, ra mo hoi nhieu. Ham ke thuong thay o nep co, ke ben, ke mong, ke sau tai, ron. Ton thuong la cac dam do, trot, rom dich, phia ngoai thuong co vien roc da mong, dau rat.

Ðieu tri: rua sach ton thuong bang nuoc thuoc tim 1/4.000. Cham dung dich yarish.

Choc mep: thuong gap o tre em. Ton thuong don doc hoac kem theo cac ton thuong khac do lien cau khuan. Hai ke mep bi nut trot, rom dich, dong vay vang de chay mau, dau rat lam cho tre kho an, kho uong.

Co the lay do uong chung chen, dung chung khan mat. Thuong kem theo sung dau hach duoi ham.

Ðieu tri: cham dung dich yarish, thuoc mau, thuoc mo khang sinh.

BS. Tran Ðang Quyet (SK&DS) 

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: nhung dieu kien thuan loi, Viem Da Mu, tu cau khuan, lien cau khuan, lo chan long, co the, ton thuong, co nhieu, khang sinh, tre em, mo hoi, vung, gay, dung, ke
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