Nhung chat kich duc dac biet nguy hiem

Tags: An Do, thuoc kich duc, Cam thao day, chat kich duc, cho muc dich, nguy hiem, co ten, ca noc, ten la, y hoc, dac biet, loai, chua, chi, den


Phai noi ngay rang day la nhung loai thuoc khong duoc y hoc ung ho va khuyen cao su dung boi no hai nhieu hon loi, tham chi co the gay tan tat va de doa toi tinh mang con nguoi.

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Ca noc

Ca noc (Blowfish) duoc xep dau bang “thuoc kich duc” va cung la loai dong vat co xuong song nguy hiem nhat sau nhai vang. Tuy nhien, no lai la mon an dac san cua nguoi Nhat (co ten la mon fugu) boi su ngon mieng, giup “trang duong”. Tuy nhien, muon dam bao an toan thi ca noc phai do nhung dau bep duoc dao tao, co giay phep hanh nghe moi duoc chuan bi mon an nay. Nhung bo phan nguy hiem cua ca noc gom da, noi tang, vi vay, khi an phai loai bo het, neu khong se bi tu vong. Tac dung kich duc cua ca noc mang tinh hai mat “huyen bi va nguy hiem”. Nguoi Nhat cho rang uong ruou sake co chua tinh hoan ca noc se co tac dung chua benh “liet duong”, kich duc. Su that van de nay chua co nghien cuu khoa hoc nao khang dinh nhung so vu tu vong vi an ca noc la co that, da duoc con nguoi tan mat chung kien.

Nhung chat kich duc dac biet nguy hiem
Ca noc

Strychnine

Strychnine hay strychnine sulfate la loai hoa chat rat doc va nguy hiem. Tai My, no duoc dang ky thuong pham la rodenticide (thuoc diet chuot), chi can mot luong nho vao co the co the gay chet nguoi nhung no lai duoc pha che trong thuoc kich duc theo cong thuc: 1 grain, 1/2 grain phot pho, 1/3 grain atropine sulphate va nhua can sa 2 grain (1grain = 64,79891 miligam). Voi cong thuc nay, nguoi ta san xuat khoang 100 vien thuoc kich duc. Tai An Do, nguoi ta con tim thay mot loai cay trong co ten la Nux vomice cung co chua ham luong strychnine rat cao va duoc dung cho muc dich kich duc nhung phai het suc than trong neu khong se nguy hiem den tinh mang.

Arsenic

Arsenic hay con goi la thach tin la mot trong so nhung hoa chat doc nhat trong lich su cua nhan loai, cong cu dac luc cho nhieu vu am sat kinh hoang, tuy nhien, no lai duoc nguoi An Do dung lam chat kich duc duoi dang arsenic trioxide. Bang chung la rat nhieu thuoc kich duc co nguon goc tu An Do hay trong lieu phap chua benh Ayurvedic deu co chua thach tin, chi, thuy ngan, thao duoc va ngay nay, tai nhieu noi o chau A, phuong phap chua benh nay con duoc luu hanh, trong khi do, thach tin da duoc y hoc phuong Tay xep vao dien nguy hiem, tung duoc dung duoi thoi Nu hoang Victory (the ky 19) con y hoc hien dai, nguoi ta da loai bo hoa chat nguy hiem nay ra khoi duoc pham.

Nhung chat kich duc dac biet nguy hiem
 Thach tin.

Datura

Datura (ca doc duoc) hay con goi la duong kim hoa, loai cay trong thuoc ho ca (solanacaae) cao den 2m, la hinh rang cua, thuong dung hoa va la de chua benh, chua nhieu doc to nguy hiem nhung lai co tac dung kich duc duoi dang cao, bot, con thuoc o mot so quoc gia nhu Trung Quoc, Mexico, An Do va cac bo toc du muc o chau Au. Dac biet la hop chat co ten la stramonium, stropane alkaloids, ke ca hyoscyamine va atropine gay tac dong toi he than kinh, kich thich tinh duc, tuy nhien, day cung la loai thuoc nguy hiem den tinh mang, gay pha huy he than kinh, lam tang nhip tim va nhieu di hai khac.

Nhung chat kich duc dac biet nguy hiem
 Ca doc duoc.

Cam thao day

Cam thao day (Abrus Precatorius) con goi la cam thao An Do, co chua nhieu doc to, nhat la hat, nhung lai co tac dung kich duc va duoc nguoi An Do su dung nhieu cho muc dich lam tang hung phan. Cam thao day thuoc nhom ho dau, la hinh long chim moc so le, qua co 3-7 hat mau do dom den. Chat doc chinh co trong cam thao day co ten la abrin, chi can 3 microgam cung co the gay chet nguoi nhung no lai duoc dung trong y hoc co truyen siddha medicine cua nguoi An Do tu thoi xa xua, duoc nguoi ta luoc trong sua va phoi kho de giam doc to abrin. Dac biet, hat cam thao day mau trang dung chiet xuat dau cho muc dich san xuat thuoc kich duc, tuy nhien, loi ich cua hat cam thao day hien van chua duoc khang dinh ve mat khoa hoc.

Nhung chat kich duc dac biet nguy hiem
 Cam thao day.

Chi

Chi la loai hop chat da tung duoc con nguoi co dai dung cho muc dich lam thuoc kich thich sinh ly. Theo nghien cuu khoa hoc thi chi can phoi nhiem chi o ham luong cuc nho cung rat nguy hiem den tinh mang, song trong y hoc co truyen  Trung Quoc va ca mot so nuoc phuong Tay, chi van duoc dung cho muc dich kich duc. Bang chung la nhung nguoi mac benh than la nhom tung dung thuoc kich duc co ten rustneg, trong than cua ho co chua ham luong chi rat cao. Gan day, tai An Do, khi kham va dieu tri nhung nguoi nay (thuong xuyen dung thuoc kich duc) cho thay co the ho co ham luong chi cao. Hoa chat doc co trong chi co ten la Lead actate co vi ngot de chiu.

Atropine

Atropine la doc duoc bang A co nhieu trong la cay Belladon (Atropa belladone) ca doc duoc, thien tien tu (hyoscyamus niger)..., duoc su dung trong viec san xuat duoc pham thuoc giam dau, tuy nhien, tu the ky thu 4 truoc CN da duoc nguoi ta dung de san xuat thuoc kich duc. Tac dung kich duc cua atropine den nay van chua duoc khang dinh, nhung hau qua mac chung uc che va tu vong da duoc ghi nhan khi dung thuoc kich duc co chua atropine.

Cac san pham kich duc pha tron khong dam bao chat luong

Trong boi canh thi truong duoc pham “tram hoa dua no” nhu hien nay thi san pham kich thich, kich duc cung khong phai la hiem. Nao la thuoc nam, thuoc bac, bo phan dong vat, tham chi ca nhung loai ca phe, che kich duc “ong uong ba khen” khong ro nguon goc, nhan mac, phe duyet cua cac co quan chuc nang, tham chi co ca nhung san pham rom, chua nhieu doc to, gay nguy hiem chet nguoi. Vi du moi day, Co quan quan ly thuc - duoc pham My (FDA) da phai canh bao mot loai thuoc kich duc co ten la ca phe van nang (Magic power coffee) duoc quang cao la chua benh bat luc nhung tren do khong ghi thanh phan, khi kiem chung FDA phat hien thay hoa chat nguy hiem co ten la hydroxythiohomosildenafil co the gay chet nguoi hoac mot loai duoc pham co ten la Tongkat ali nhap tu Hungary co chua nhung hoa chat rat doc sau khi xet nghiem ai cung so, thu pham gay benh ung thu nguy hiem.



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Tìm hiểu: An Do, thuoc kich duc, Cam thao day, chat kich duc, cho muc dich, nguy hiem, co ten, ca noc, ten la, y hoc, dac biet, loai, chua, chi, den

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