Nguyen nhan va cach phong thieu mau

Tags: gay thieu mau, ky sinh trung, huyet cau to, hien tuong giam, hong cau, nguyen nhan, co the, da day, ung thu, so luong, phong, gap, sac, chat, lam


Nguyen nhan va cach phong thieu mau
Thieu vitamin B12 gay thieu mau hong cau uu sac.
Thieu mau la hien tuong giam so luong hong cau hoac giam nong do huyet cau to (hemoglobin) trong mau ngoai bien. Thieu mau la mot hoi chung gap trong rat nhieu benh co the de nhan thay, nhung nhieu khi cung rat kho xac dinh nguyen nhan.

Nhan biet thieu mau bang cach nao?

Bat ky thieu mau do nguyen nhan nao thi cung co nhung trieu chung giong nhau nhu da, niem mac xanh xao, nhot nhat, nhat la niem mac mat, mieng, long ban tay. Hay bi ngat, hoa mat, chong mat, u tai khi dang ngoi ma dung day. Lam viec chong met, hay ngu ga ngu gat. Khi gang suc thay trong nguc dap manh. Tieu hoa bi roi loan nhu tieu chay hoac tao bon.

Neu thieu mau keo dai thi co phu hai chan, phu nu bi be kinh, nam gioi bi bat luc. Thieu mau do tan mau co the thay vang da; co bien doi o gan, lach, than. Mot so xet nghiem can lam la cong thuc mau, ty le huyet sac to, co khi can phai lam huyet do, tuy do, sinh thiet tuy xuong, xet nghiem phan tim ky sinh trung duong ruot, dac biet la giun moc.

Nguyen nhan nao gay thieu mau?

Co rat nhieu nguyen nhan gay thieu mau. Ngoai cac benh thuoc chuyen khoa sau ve huyet hoc, o day chi de cap den mot so nguyen nhan thuong gap. Trong y van co nhieu cach sap xep phan loai thieu mau, cach thong dung nhat la dua vao so luong hong cau va ty le huyet sac to (goi la gia tri hong cau). Nguoi ta chia ra thieu mau uu sac, thieu mau nhuoc sac va thieu mau dang sac.

Thieu mau hong cau to, uu sac: Do thieu vitamin B12 hoac axit folic, goi la benh thieu mau ac tinh Biermer, ngoai cac trieu chung chung con thay tim co tieng thoi tam thu, tim to. Luoi nhan, sang bong. Mieng, luoi va hong rat nhu phai bong. Co hien tuong te cong, kien bo o cac chi, phan xa gan xuong mat. Nguoi cat da day mat yeu to noi sinh o vung day da day tiet ra, nen khong hap thu duoc vitamin B12 cung bi thieu mau dang Biermer.

Thieu mau hong cau nho, nhuoc sac: Bao gio cung la hau phat. Thuong gap trong cac benh mat mau kinh dien: nhu bi tri, loet da day - ta trang, ung thu da day, u xo tu cung, gian tinh mach thuc quan, ho ra mau trong lao, ung thu phe quan, gian phe quan, gian dong mach phe quan. Benh nhan bi giun moc, giun hut mau, con gay viem ta trang, lam giam hap thu chat sat. Tinh trang thieu chat sat nhu cac benh ve da day, ruot dua den hap thu chat sat kem. Nhung nguoi co nhu cau ve sat cao nhu phu nu co thai, tre em dang phat trien nhung dinh duong kem, gay thieu chat sat.

Thieu mau hong cau nho, dang sac: Thieu mau do co quan tao huyet goi la suy tuy (aplasie medullaire) co nguyen nhan tu lao, viem gan do virut, ngo doc nghe nghiep, do thuoc dieu tri (khang sinh, thuoc dieu tri ung thu, tia xa, thuoc tru sau...). Thieu mau do huy hoai hong cau o ngoai bien, do la cac benh thieu mau do tan huyet bam sinh hay mac phai (Thalascemie, Minkowski Chauffard), benh sot ret, ky sinh trung sot ret lam vo hong cau; benh Banti, Kala-aza, lam cho lach to ra, cuong tinh, nen cac hong cau, bach cau, tieu cau qua do bi huy diet nhieu cung gay tinh trang thieu mau, cat lach thi khoi; benh sot vang da co dai ra huyet sac to.

Cac benh nhiem khuan, dac biet la lien cau tan huyet; nhiem doc gay tan mau nhu doc to cua noc ran, cac chat doc khac. Thieu mau do mat mau cap: Gap trong cac thuong tich dut mach mau, vo phu tang, vo chua ngoai da con, vo tu cung, phong huyet tu cung rau, ho ra mau “set danh”, xuat huyet tieu hoa cap...

Ngoai ra thieu mau con gap trong truong hop nguoi co benh phu niem, xo gan, viem than man tinh, ung thu, cac benh mau ac tinh nhu Leucose, benh tang nguyen hong cau; benh sot xuat huyet. Cac loai thieu mau tren co the la dang sac, uu sac hoac nhuoc sac.

Phong benh thieu mau nhu the nao?

Nguy co cua thieu mau keo dai se dua den suy tim va suy cac phu tang khac, co the dan den tu vong. Cho nen phai tim duoc nguyen nhan cua thieu mau de dieu tri moi co hieu qua. Van de quan trong la phong ngua yeu to nguy co gay thieu mau nhu:

Nguoi ta da tim moi cach chong o nhiem moi truong de giam bot chat doc hai hang ngay dang thai ra trong khong khi, trong dat va nuoc. Cai thien moi truong o nong thon de giam bot nhiem ky sinh trung duong ruot. Kiem soat viec su dung thuoc tru sau, cac chat doc hai trong san xuat chan nuoi va trong trot. Bao dam cong tac an toan ve sinh thuc pham trong linh vuc che bien thuc pham, nong san, hai san, viec cung cap nuoc an v.v... Tranh dung thuoc chua benh mot cach lan tran va tuy tien trong nhan dan

Theo TS.BS. Dao Ky Hung -Bao Suc khoe & doi song

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Tìm hiểu: gay thieu mau, ky sinh trung, huyet cau to, hien tuong giam, hong cau, nguyen nhan, co the, da day, ung thu, so luong, phong, gap, sac, chat, lam

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Nguyên nhân và cách phòng thiếu máu

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Nguyên nhân và cách phòng thiếu máu bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Nguyen nhan va cach phong thieu mau

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Nguyen nhan va cach phong thieu mau co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Nguyen nhan va cach phong thieu mau de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin suc khoe trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tin suc khoe
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