Loet niem mac mieng Tri cach gi

Tags: viem loet mieng, gay dau don, lop bao phu, niem mac, vet loet, co the, ton thuong, an uong, thuc an, rang, thuoc, dung, sot, ngay


Loet niem mac mieng Tri cach gi?
An cam, chanh phong chong loet mieng.
Niem mac mieng la lop bao phu khoang mieng va luoi. Ton thuong viem loet niem mac mieng co the co mu hoac khong co mu. Benh gay dau don va kho khan cho benh nhan khi an uong, noi nang.

Vi sao lai bi viem loet niem mac mieng?

Co nhieu nguyen nhan gay ra viem loet niem mac mieng, bao gom:

Chan thuong: bong nhiet do an uong thuc an qua nong, ton thuong hay gap o vom mieng, cho cung rang ham tren; do dung dap, te nga, bi danh; do cac thu thuat nha khoa nhu khoan tram rang, han rang, nho rang, lap rang gia nhung khong vua, rang bi me, gay…; tre em bi que kem, but viet, hoac vat sac nhon dam vao mieng luoi.

Do tac dong cua cac chat hoa hoc nhu axit, nuoc voi, nuoc suc mieng qua dam dac, dung nhieu kem danh rang nhung suc mieng chua ky…

Nhiem khuan: nhieu loai vi khuan gay viem loet loi rang hoai tu cap tinh quanh o rang, thuong gap o nguoi thieu dinh duong, suy giam mien dich, nguoi bi met moi suy nhuoc co the, hut thuoc, ve sinh kem.
An cam, chanh phong chong loet mieng.

Nhiem virut: viem mieng do virut Herpes voi trieu chung la mun nuoc lan rong roi tao thanh vet loet, gap o moi, mep, niem mac mieng, co the co sot, viem hong, noi hach. Varicella zoster virut (VZV): gap trong benh thuy dau, benh gay loet, mun nuoc o niem mac mieng. VZV tiem an trong mo than kinh, gay phat ban da tuong ung voi re than kinh va anh huong nhanh day than kinh so V gay loet mieng, rat dac trung vi cung ben voi dau va di cam. Cac mun nuoc thuong o vom mieng, ma, luoi, hong vo nhanh tao vet loet. Coxsackie virus: la loai virut gay benh tay - chan - mieng o tre em; ton thuong mun nuoc tren nen do tao thanh loet, gap o niem mac mieng, luoi ga, dac biet o khau cai, luoi, niem mac ma. Rubella: gay ra benh soi, dau hieu o mieng chinh la dau Koplik, voi dat hong ban nho o niem mac ma, trung tam hoai tu trang, thuong xuat hien 1-2 ngay truoc trieu chung toan than. Epstein - Barr virus (EBV): gay hoi chung sot, loet mieng vung sau mieng hau.

Ngoai ra con co cac yeu to khac gay viem loet mieng nhu: anh huong cua noi tiet to; do yeu to di truyen; do di ung thuc an, thuoc chua benh; do thieu cac loai vitamin: C, PP, B6, B12; thieu sat; do benh tu mien...

Dau hieu viem loet mieng

Khi bi viem loet niem mac mieng, luoi, co the biet duoc nguyen nhan nhung cung co khi khong biet duoc nguyen nhan ma chi thay tu nhien xuat hien cac vet loet kem theo cac dau hieu: sung nong do dau, co vet lo loet rat kho chiu nhat la khi nhai nuot, an uong; co the la nhung ap-xe o duoi luoi, duoi niem mac; nhe hon la nhung vet loet o luoi va niem mac mieng, khi viem cap thuong tay do va rat dau, tham chi sot cao, noi hach goc ham. Dac biet, cac vet loet cap o niem mac mieng luoi thuong tai phat, gay dau don va lam giam chat luong cuoc song cua nguoi benh. Cac ton thuong viem loet kha da dang: loet dang aphthe nho la hay gap nhat, chiem khoang 80%, dien hinh la co mot vai den nhieu vet loet duong kinh duoi 1cm, nong, nam roi rac hoac thanh dam, tu lanh trong khoang 7 - 14 ngay va khong de lai seo. Loet dang aphthe lon, con goi la benh Sutton hoac hoai tu niem mac mieng tai phat co viem hach ngoai bien, chiem khoang 10%. Vet loet co kich thuoc lon hon 1cm, gom mot hay nhieu vet loet, cham lien co khi keo dai nhieu tuan, de lai seo do hoai tu lan rong. Loet dang Herpes, nhung khong lien quan den virus Herpes, so luong vet loet nhieu tu 10 - 100 vet, ton thuong ket thanh chum, nhieu vet loet nho nhanh chong ket hop lai thanh mang lon, lanh trong khoang 7 - 30 ngay. Dac diem la vet loet co mau do o xung quanh, trung tam co mang muc mau vang, dau nhieu trong 2 - 3 ngay dau, dan dan giam dau khi bat dau lanh.

Loet niem mac mieng - Tri cach gi?, Tin tuc trong ngay, suc khoe, loet niem mac mieng, chan thuong, nhiem khuan, bao

Ton thuong viem loet niem mac mieng.

Luu y trong dieu tri va phong benh

Dieu tri viem loet mieng luoi chu yeu la giam dau vi dau la trieu chung kho chiu nhat. Da so cac truong hop khong can dieu tri ma benh se tu khoi sau 7 - 14 ngay.

Nhung truong hop can thiet, bac si co the su dung cac thuoc dieu tri nhu: dung cac loai thuoc ha sot; cho benh nhan suc mieng bang dung dich hydrogen peroxide 1%; giam dau tai cho bang thuoc te lidocain; su dung thuoc khang viem, sat khuan rang mieng bang cac dung dich nhu: orabase, zilactin...; dung thuoc khang virut nhu: acyclovir, famciclovir, alcyclovir; khi co nhiem khuan dung khang sinh.

Co the ap dung nhung cach tu cham soc khi bi loet mieng nhu: ngung uong ruou bia, bo hut thuoc la. Khong nen an thuc an cay, man, chua, chat, nong. Khi bi dau nhieu, co the dung ong hut de uong nuoc, nhung khong uong nuoc nong. Chi chai rang o nhung cho khong dau, khong chai rang o nhung cho dau do viem loet, tranh gay chan thuong them cho niem mac mieng luoi do chai rang. Di kham benh khi co cac bieu hien sau: vet loet phat trien nhieu, lon hon mot cach bat thuong so voi cac trieu chung da neu o tren; vet loet keo dai tren 3 tuan; khong giam dau mac du da dung cac thuoc giam dau; sot cao hoac sot vua nhung keo dai nhieu ngay.

Phong benh: Can chu y xem loai thuc an nao da gay di ung va gay viem loet mieng thi khong bao gio an loai thuc an do nua. Doi voi cac loai thuoc chua benh gay di ung phai ghi nho de khong dung loai thuoc do moi tranh duoc viem loet mieng do di ung thuoc. Ngoai ra can an uong du chat, nhat la cac loai thuc an chua nhieu cac vitamin C, PP, B6, B12 nhu: rau xanh cac loai, hoa qua chin, cam, chanh, buoi, thit, ca, trung, sua... de phong viem loet mieng do thieu vitamin loai nay.

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TIN Sức Khỏe NỔI BẬT

Tìm hiểu: viem loet mieng, gay dau don, lop bao phu, niem mac, vet loet, co the, ton thuong, an uong, thuc an, rang, thuoc, dung, sot, ngay

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Loét niêm mạc miệng - Trị cách gì?

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Loét niêm mạc miệng - Trị cách gì? bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

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