Hai sam

Tags: Canh HS, co tac dung, duoc menh danh, Dong Vat Bien, ap luc nuoc, hai sam, bo duong, hinh dang, con dia, bo than, goi la, an, dung, loai, cao


Hai sam

Hai sam la mot loai dong vat bien co hinh dang giong nhu con dia nen con goi la dia bien. Hai sam co the song duoi vung bien sau va chiu ap luc nuoc rat lon. Co tac dung bo duong cao nen con duoc menh danh la "Sam day bien", tham chi co sach goi no la "Vua cua cac loai sam".

Nguoi xua cho rang hai sam co tinh ben bi va kha nang tai sinh. Ðo la nhung tinh chat cua moc va thuy. Co the dai mem la do hap thu thuy khi voi tinh cong deo cua moc khi. Voi hai dac diem nay, hai sam co tinh duoc nhu nhan sam nen duoc goi la sam bien (hai sam).

Theo Ðong y, hai sam tinh on, vi ngot dam, quy vao cac kinh tam, ty, phe (co sach noi vao ca can than), co tac dung bo than trang duong, duong tinh huyet, bo nao, ich tri, ninh tam, tran kinh, tru toan, tieu viem, cam mau, sinh co, giam dau, nhuan tao. Cong dung chua suy nhuoc than kinh va the luc, gay yeu sau benh, sau sinh, chua liet duong, thieu mau, tao bon, ho lao, ho ra mau, chung di tieu luon, tieu khat (tieu duong). Gan day hai sam con duoc dung trong truong hop huyet ap cao (do than am hu) dong mach xo cung, benh mach vanh tim, xuat huyet duoi da, ung thu, ton thuong trong xa tri ung thu...

Hai sam la thuc an bo duong cho ca 4 mua. Ðac biet vao mua he nong buc, nguoi ra nhieu mo hoi, tinh than the luc deu met moi, chan an, neu dung hai sam lam cac mon an hang ngay nhu chao, canh se de dang khac phuc duoc ngay nhung tinh trang tren mot cach hieu qua, ngoai ra lai rat hap dan va ngon mieng.

Cac loai hai sam

Theo tien si Hoang Quoc Truong thi hai sam co nhieu loai. Chi rieng o vung bien Viet Nam da co cac loai sau:

- Stichopus chloronotus co hinh dang giong con dia mau den sam, dai khoang 30cm, tren lung co hai hang gai.

- Cac loai Holothuria H. seabra mau trang, H. vagabonda mau den, H. impatiens mau nau. Cac loai nay deu dai khoang 30cm nhung khong co gai.

Ca 4 loai tren deu an duoc. Rieng loai trang H. scabra thuong duoc dung lam thuoc.

Cac loai khong an duoc gom loai dom den (Stichopus variegatus, Bohadschia temistima), loai dom dop (H. martensu) thuong xuat hien o hon Chong, Nha Trang cung khong an duoc.

Thanh phan hoa hoc

Hai sam duoc ghi nhan la co gia tri dinh duong rat cao. Trong hai sam kho co 55,5% dam. Hai sam (HS) tuoi cu 100g co 16,5g dam, 0,2g chat beo. Cac vitamin B1: 0,03mg, B2: 0,04mg, PP: 0,1mg, E: 3,14mg, cac khoang chat Ca: 13,2mg, Fe: 13,2mg, Zn: 0,63mg, Se: 63,93mg. Cu 1kg HS kho co 6.000mcg iod, 18 loai acid amin. Cholesterol hau nhu khong co.

Tap hop cac mon an va bai thuoc co HS, ta thay chu yeu dung de bo duong, chua suy nhuoc than kinh va the luc, hoat dong tinh duc suy giam. Co tai lieu da ghi chu ro: Khong chi dinh cho nguoi khoe manh, tre trung chua vo, xa vo. Neu dung HS co the bi di tinh vi tinh khi da bi tran day...

Gan day da co tinh trang su dung thuoc Ðong y noi chung va HS noi rieng thieu can nhac loi hai, thieu than trong trong tra cuu sach co, co the gay ra nhung tinh huong bat on (nhu doi hoi sinh hoat tinh duc) dung vao nhung khi rat can tap trung tri luc de hoan thanh nhiem vu hoac khi dang thuc hien phep duong sinh. Ðoi voi van dong vien the duc the thao, can co cac bien phap tang suc ben, do deo dai, chinh xac cao v.v... cang can co su chon loc thuc an va thuoc thich hop keo loi bat cap hai... Trung Quoc da co nhieu kinh nghiem trong linh vuc nay, giup dem lai nhung thanh tich thi dau cao tren truong quoc te, khien co luc nguoi ta nghi sai do dung dopping...

Dang bao che nao cua HS dung cho van dong vien cung can nghien cuu chu dao de dam bao an toan tuyet doi trong qua trinh tap luyen va thi dau. Tranh dung HS dang tinh chat va nen dung co chung muc, dung luc.

Cac bai thuoc co dung hai sam

Ve dang thuc an va duoc thien, chung toi xin gioi thieu mot so cong thuc don gian da duoc cac sach de cap nhieu: Noi chung HS duoc dung tuoi hay kho, don thuan hoac cung cac mon an, vi thuoc duoi dang chao, canh, xao, ham, salad de khoi nham chan va hop khau vi tung nguoi.

1. Chao HS long nhan: Gao 100g, HS 30g, long nhan 20g, duong phen 30g, nuoc 2.000ml. Dung bo duong, chong suy nhuoc, an ngu kem.

2. Canh HS cau ky: HS 300g cau ky 20g, nam dong co 30g, dau Hoa Lan 50g, hanh trang 20, dau an 50g, duong trang 30g. Xao xong cho 1 lit nuoc nau them 40 phut roi moi bo cau ky vao. Tac dung bo than, trang duong.

3. Canh HS quy ban: HS 60g, quy ban (chich don) 15g, bach cap 15g, gia vi. Cong dung chua khi am bat tuc, gay om, tuc nguc, ngan hoi, ho nhieu, an uong kem, do mo hoi trom, viem khi quan, ho lao, ho ra mau.

4. HS, khoi tu: HS 150g, hanh 500g, mo ga 30g, nuoc sup thit 250g, ruou vang chat 30g, khoi tu 15g, nuoc tuong 6g, dau thuc vat 30g, gia vi vua du. Cong dung: Bo than, duong huyet, nhuan trang. Thich hop bo duong ca 4 mua.

5. Hai sam can tay: HS 200g, can tay 100g, cau ky 15g, hanh 10g, gung 4g, dau 50g, muoi 5g, nuoc canh ga 300g. Ðao gung, hanh cho thom roi cho HS, can, cau ky, do canh ga tron deu, nau 25 phut.

6. Canh HS duong phen: HS 20g, duong phen vua ngot. Ninh nhu HS roi cho duong phen ninh tiep, dung nong ngay 1 lan. Chua benh huyet ap cao, benh mach vanh, xo cung mach mau.

7. HS voi tom: HS 150g, tom kho 20g, mang kho 50g, ruou vang chat 10g, hanh 10g, dau vung 5g, dau thuc vat khac 15g; Muoi, bot ngot, moi thu 3g. Ðuong 8g. Cong dung bo than khi, manh tinh duc. La mon bo duong cho lop trung, lao nien suy nhuoc.

8. Salad HS: HS tuoi 700g lam sach tran nuoc soi. Toi 1 cu, rau thom 50g, muoi tinh 2g, duong trang 10g, xi dau 15g, giam vua an (khoang 100g).

9. HS tron dau vung: HS kho (ngam no) 450g, thai dai 3cm, tran nuoc soi. Dau vung 75g, muoi 4g, mi chinh 2g, nuoc soi de nguoi 25g, gia vi lam thom.

10. HS nau sua tuoi: HS da ngam 200g, loi rau xanh 100g, sua tuoi 500g, ruou vang 10g, dau thuc vat 25g, muoi tieu, mi chinh vua an.

11. Cong thuc khac: Ngoai ra co the thay doi cach nau HS voi thit ga, thit cho, trung ga, xuong ga, trung chim bo cau, chim cut, thit xuong heo, than hoac thit de, dau phu voi tom non, dam bong, chan gio lon hun khoi, ca v.v... Thuong dung cho nam gioi than hu, liet duong, di tinh, tieu dem nhieu lan, nu gioi am lanh, chan tay lanh.

(Theo SK&DS)
Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Canh HS, co tac dung, duoc menh danh, Dong Vat Bien, ap luc nuoc, hai sam, bo duong, hinh dang, con dia, bo than, goi la, an, dung, loai, cao

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Hải sâm

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Hải sâm bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Hai sam

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Hai sam co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Hai sam de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Nhung dieu nen biet trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

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