HPV rat nguy hiem

Tags: Ung thu co tu cung, benh nguy hiem, trong bieu mo, Gay Ung Thu, phong ngua, am dao, thoi gian, am ho, sinh duc, co the, HPV, tiem, vac-xin, nguoi, nhiem


HPV khong chi gay ung thu co tu cung ma con nhieu benh nguy hiem khac nhung hoan toan co the phong ngua duoc bang viec tiem vac-xin va xet nghiem te bao co tu cung, am dao

Ung thu co tu cung la can benh gay chet nguoi thu hai trong cac loai ung thu o phu nu, do HPV (Human Pappilloma Virus) gay ra, dac biet HPV tuyp 16, 18 “chiu trach nhiem” hon 70% cac truong hop. Hien tren the gioi co 630 trieu nguoi nhiem HPV va moi ngay co 750 phu nu (hon 400 nguoi o chau A) chet vi can benh nay, tai Viet Nam la 9 phu nu moi ngay.


Moi day, Van phong dai dien MSD va Hoi Y hoc du phong Viet Nam da phoi hop to chuc hoi nghi ve vac-xin phong ngua cac benh do HPV gay ra. Hoi nghi da cung cap thong tin bo ich ve nhung can benh do HPV va neu bat tam quan trong cua viec tang do phu vac-xin trong cong dong.

Rat nguy hiem cho thai phu


PGS-TS Tran Thi Loi, nguyen chu nhiem Bo mon San Truong DH Y Duoc TPHCM, cho biet so nguoi nhiem HPV tren thuc te rat nhieu. Trong 1 trieu phu nu thi co 1.600 nguoi bi ung thu co tu cung do HPV. Neu thai phu nhiem HPV co ton thuong nhu sui mun coc… khi sinh con qua duong am dao, be se bi lay nhiem. Nguoi nhiem HPV thuong khong co trieu chung, virus ton tai lau dai va am tham.
HPV rat nguy hiem
Tiem vac-xin la bien phap rat tot de phong ngua cac benh do HPV gay ra. Anh: Hong Thuy

Nhu moi loai virus khac, HPV se bi he mien dich dao thai nhung voi nhung nguoi thuong xuyen bi stress, co the suy yeu hay nhiem sieu vi… thi he mien dich khong du suc “chien dau” va HPV se co co hoi hoanh hanh som hon.

Moi lien he giua HPV va ung thu co tu cung manh hon gap 7 lan moi lien he giua hut thuoc la va ung thu phoi, 5,2% tat ca cac loai ung thu la do HPV gay ra. Co nguoi nhiem HPV se xuat hien u nhu trong thoi gian ngan, cung co nguoi lau sau moi phat hien va khong it truong hop virus cu ton tai am tham. Cac dang lam sang cua benh lien quan HPV o nu gom: mun coc sinh duc, da buou gai ho hap tai dien, tan sinh trong bieu mo va ung thu am ho, tan sinh trong bieu mo, ung thu hau mon, mot vai ung thu hau hong (luoi, amidan, hong va khau cai mem).

Nam gioi cung khong tranh khoi HPV. Dung bao cao su khong the ngan ngua vi chi can tiep xuc voi vung da ton thuong la co kha nang lay nhiem. Cac dang lam sang cua benh lien quan HPV o nam gom: mun coc sinh duc, da buou gai ho hap tai dien, tan sinh trong bieu mo va ung thu duong vat, tan sinh trong bieu mo va ung thu hau mon, mot vai ung thu hau hong (luoi, amidan, hong va khau cai mem).  

Nen tiem ngua

Nguoi truong thanh thuong khong co thoi gian quan tam den viec tiem ngua va gap mot so rao can tu nguoi cung cap dich vu suc khoe, gia dinh, ban than, tac dong kinh te dong thoi cung chua co khuyen cao chinh quy tu Nha nuoc. Tuy nhien, hien chua co tieu chuan vang dieu tri khi nhiem HPV nen phong ngua la quan trong nhat.

Tien si Cao Huu Nghia, Truong Khoa Phong kham cua Vien Pasteur TPHCM, cho biet den nay da co hon 20 loai vac-xin khac nhau, chua ke vac-xin ket hop. Nam 1986, vac-xin ngua virus viem gan sieu vi B ra doi duoc xem la vac-xin ngua ung thu dau tien. Vac-xin ngua HPV (ngua ung thu co tu cung, am ho, am dao va mao ga sinh duc) duoc xem la vac-xin thu hai ngua ung thu.

PGS-TS Tran Thi Loi xac nhan: “Vac-xin ngua HPV ra doi mang lai cho phu nu co hoi phong cac benh nguy hiem do HPV gay ra”. Tai hoi thao, GS Marc Steben (Canada) da gioi thieu mot so ca nhiem HPV voi hau qua khung khiep. Ong phan tich rang thay vi chiu dung noi am anh cua HPV, chung ta chi can tiem 3 mui, nhat la khi vac-xin tu gia ngua 4 tuyp HPV ra doi. Trong tuong lai se co vac-xin 9 gia va viec tiem ngua duoc mo rong, mang lai hieu qua bao ve rong rai cho cong dong.

Khong tiem ngua khi mang thai

Khi tiem ngua HPV nen tiem truoc khi quan he tinh duc thi se tot hon, khong can xet nghiem truoc khi tiem, khong nen rut ngan thoi gian giua cac mui tiem vi hieu qua co the khong chac chan.

Vac-xin chua duoc phep dung khi dang mang thai nen neu da tiem 2 mui dau va chua tiem mui thu ba thi hay cho sinh xong va co the tiem ngay ma khong so anh huong den viec cho con bu. De tranh tiem khi mang thai ma chua biet, ban nen tiem ngay sau ngay hanh kinh.
 
Khong tiem lai, ngay ca khi cac mui cach nhau 6-7 nam. Thoi gian toi thieu giua mui 2 va mui 1 la 4-6 tuan, giua mui 3 va mui 2 la 3 thang (luu y chi co quy dinh ve thoi gian toi thieu chu khong co thoi gian toi da giua cac mui); nguoi da nhiem mot tuyp HPV van nen tiem ngua de ngua cac tuyp khac. So voi phong ngua thu phat (sau tiep xuc) thi phong ngua nguyen phat (truoc khi tiep xuc) luon re, hop ly, tot va hieu qua hon.
Vac-xin tu gia ngua HPV tuyp 6, 11, 16, 18 la mot trong nhung phat minh vuot troi trong linh vuc y khoa vi no bao ve chong lai 4 loai virus HPV: 6, 11, 16, 18, dong thoi duoc chi dinh de ngan ngua ung thu co tu cung, am ho, am dao; mao ga sinh duc va ung thu hau mon o nam gioi. Qua cac thu nghiem lam sang vac-xin tu gia ngua HPV tren toan the gioi, ket qua cho thay vac-xin ngua duoc 99% loan san co tu cung, 99% ton thuong am ho, am dao va sui sinh duc, 100% loan san am ho am dao.
Viet Bao (Theo NLD)

Tìm hiểu: Ung thu co tu cung, benh nguy hiem, trong bieu mo, Gay Ung Thu, phong ngua, am dao, thoi gian, am ho, sinh duc, co the, HPV, tiem, vac-xin, nguoi, nhiem

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: HPV rất nguy hiểm

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet HPV rất nguy hiểm bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin HPV rat nguy hiem

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin HPV rat nguy hiem co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet HPV rat nguy hiem de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin suc khoe trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tin suc khoe
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