Dau hieu tre bi chung roi loan ngon ngu

Tags: Roi Loan Ngon Ngu, phat trien binh thuong, lam the nao de, su roi loan, khong phat trien, bi roi loan, kha nang, giao tiep, tiep thu, tuy nhien, bieu hien, phat am, tre, noi, viec


- Trong nhung nam dau, tre phat trien ngon ngu rat nhanh. Nhung tre co ngon ngu tot cung thuong co tri tue phat trien. Tuy nhien, thuc te nhieu tre ngon ngu khong phat trien binh thuong nhu nhung tre khac. Vay lam the nao de doi pho voi su roi loan ngon ngu o tre.

Tre em can hieu ngon ngu truoc khi co the su dung ngon ngu mot cach hieu qua. Phan lon truong hop, tre co kho khan ve tiep thu ngon ngu cung se gap kho khan ve bay to ngon ngu (bay to bang loi).

Moi tre khac nhau co bieu hien ngon ngu khac nhau, nhung noi chung la nhung kho khan hieu ngon ngu thuong bat dau o bon tuoi.
Theo uoc tinh co khoang 3 den 5% tre em co roi loan ve tiep thu ngon ngu, hoac bay to ngon ngu, hoac ca hai.

Roi loan ngon ngu noi chuyen o tre la su roi loan dai dang va dang ke den cau truc ngon ngu noi tren tre co tri tue, kha nang nghe, giao tiep binh thuong cung nhu khong co ton thuong ve than kinh gay can tro viec giao tiep bang mieng.

Roi loan ngon ngu noi anh huong den kha nang giao tiep va kha nang hoc tap cua tre trong moi truong ma tre su dung tieng me de ngay tu bac hoc mam non. Ve sau, cac roi loan nay gay anh huong den viec hoc ngon ngu viet, viec tiep nhan kien thuc o truong va ca doi song xa hoi cua tre. Cac van de roi loan nay thuong duoc giao vien nhan thay khi so sanh voi su phat trien ngon ngu chung cua cac tre cung do tuoi. Viec can thiep, giao duc lai la can thiet trong qua trinh hoc tap cua tre.

Th.S Quach Thuy Minh – BV Nhi Trung uong cho biet, thong thuong tu 2 - 3 thang, tre bat dau phat am hong liu lo, tu 7 - 9 thang, se bap be “ba ba”, “ma ma”… den 12 - 15 thang, tre noi duoc vai tu don gian. Toi 2 tuoi, be co the noi cau ngan it tu va 3 tuoi, noi duoc cau dai. Tre bi roi loan ngon ngu gom hai dang: roi loan tiep nhan ngon ngu (cham hieu loi) va roi loan ve phat am.

Roi loan phat am thuong gap nhu: cham noi, noi ngong, noi lap, noi sai ngu phap, cach noi bat thuong…
Nhung tre cham noi, noi ngong, noi lap neu khong khuyen khich giao tiep se de tro nen thu minh, thu dong, thieu tu tin, kem hoa nhap. Do vay, ben canh day be noi, sua nhung gi be phat am chua dung, chung ta can cho be hoa nhap voi moi truong song lanh manh, vui choi voi ban be va co nhieu co hoi giao tiep. Do chinh la nhung dip tot de be hoc hoi va phat trien ngon ngu. Thong thuong, cac be di hoc mau giao co kha nang ngon ngu tot hon nhung em be khong di hoc.

Mot so bieu hien roi loan ngon ngu khac nhu noi mot minh, phat am vo nghia, noi nhai loi, noi lon xon… thuong do khuyet tat ve phat trien hoac roi loan tam benh ly, can duoc phat hien som va cho be di chua tri kip thoi. Tuy nhien nhung truong hop nay, cha me cung dong vai tro quan trong trong viec hop tac voi cac nha chuyen mon va tich cuc day con theo huong dan thi moi co duoc ket qua nhu mong muon.


Anh minh hoa

Anh minh hoa.


Bieu hien roi loan ngon ngu o tre

Khong co bieu hien ro ret nao chung to tre bi roi loan ngon ngu. Tuy nhien, co mot so bieu hien sau:

- Co ve nhu khong lang nghe khi co ai noi voi minh

- Khong quan tam khi co nguoi doc sach cho minh nghe

- Khong hieu nhung cau noi phuc tap

- Khong lam theo duoc nhung menh lenh bang loi

- Nhac lai chu hay cau cua nguoi noi

- Kha nang ngon ngu noi chung phat trien cham so voi tuoi

Nguyen nhan cua roi loan tiep thu ngon ngu thuong khong ro, nhung duoc cho la cong gop cua nhieu yeu to nhu di truyen, hay muc do duoc lam quen voi ngon ngu, do phat trien chung.... Roi loan kha nang tiep thu ngon ngu thuong di chung voi nhung khuyet tat phat trien nhu tu ky. Trong nhung truong hop khac, roi loan kha nang tiep thu ngon ngu la hau qua cua ton thuong nao bo nhu tai nan, buou, hay vi benh.

Bien phap doi pho voi roi loan ngon ngu

Theo loi khuyen cua cac bac si, de giam thieu roi loan va su cham phat trien ngon ngu o tre em, mot bien phap quan trong, can phai thuc hien cang som cang tot la han che viec tre tiep xuc voi ti vi, man hinh vi tinh, nhat la trong giai doan tu so sinh den 3 tuoi, vi day la thoi ky tre bat dau xay dung nhung co so ban dau ve kha nang ngon ngu cua minh.

Trong do, bien phap quan trong la giao tiep truc tiep de huong dan cho tre lam quen voi cac do vat, hanh dong, cu chi lien quan den cac yeu cau va uoc muon cua chung. Trong thuc te, phuong phap nay duoc cac trung tam nuoi day tre ap dung kha thanh cong. Theo do, nho cac bien phap su pham, trong do nguoi lon cung tham gia vao cac tro choi, cac giao vien da huong dan thanh cong cho hang tram tre phat trien kha nang ngon ngu, giup tre tro nen bao dan hon trong giao tiep va biet su dung cac tu ngu can thiet de bieu dat nhu cau.

Ben canh do, gia dinh can tuy thuoc vao tung truong hop cu the cua moi tre ma co phuong phap phat trien ngon ngu thich hop. Theo do, can khuyen khich kha nang noi, tang cuong cho tre tiep xuc voi moi truong giao tiep hap dan. Khong nen go ep tre phai co tien bo ngay trong viec hoc cac tu va cau moi ma can day tre mot cach dan dan, ben bi, moi ngay mot so tu va cau noi moi, trong do dac biet chu y day tre nhung tu, ngu can thiet trong sinh hoat va goi ten do vat xung quanh.

Ngoai ra, can thanh lap nhung co so chuyen nghien cuu ung dung ve benh ly ngon ngu. Viec nghien cuu mang tinh lien nganh nham khoi phuc, phat trien kha nang ngon ngu cho tre bi roi loan va cham phat trien ngon ngu.


Pham Minh

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Roi Loan Ngon Ngu, phat trien binh thuong, lam the nao de, su roi loan, khong phat trien, bi roi loan, kha nang, giao tiep, tiep thu, tuy nhien, bieu hien, phat am, tre, noi, viec

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Dấu hiệu trẻ bị chứng rối loạn ngôn ngữ

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