Cach phong tri viem hong trong mua lanh

Tags: viem hong bach hau, Dieu Tri Tich Cuc, Mat Bach Cau Hat, viem hong loet, Viem Cau Than, viem ket mac, viem te bao, co the, gia mac, bien chung, khang sinh, hau het, nhat la, gap, thay


Cach phong tri viem hong trong mua lanh

Viem hong la benh hay gap o ca tre em va nguoi lon. Trong benh viem hong, hay gap nhat la viem amidan. Nguyen nhan co the do vi khuan hoac virut.

Viem hong thuong bat dau dot ngot voi cac dau hieu nhu dau hong, sot, nuot vuong va doi khi nuot dau len tai, toan trang kho chiu va cam thay moi met. Kham thay hong viem do hoac amidan to len. So goc ham va mang canh phia tren thay hoach co to len va dau. Tuy theo hinh anh lam sang ma phan ra cac loai viem hong do, viem hong bua, viem hong gia mac va viem hong loet.

Viem hong do va viem hong bua la hai loai viem hong thuong gap nhat va thuong ket hop voi nhau. Hinh anh niem mac do dong deu ket hop voi chat bua trang nga khong dinh, nam tren mat cua amidan tao thanh cac mang trang biet lap hoac xen lan voi nhau. Nhung hau het cac mang trang nay dung biet lap, ta con goi la viem amidan cap tinh.

Viem hong loet chi chiem khoang 5% va thuong la mot ben. Kham thuong thay mot vet loet tren mat amidan duoc bao phu bang mot lop bua day, con goi la viem hong vinceut, loai viem hong nay thuong gap o nhung nguoi tre tuoi. Toan trang met moi mac du sot khong cao. So vao amidan thay mem. Neu thay loet hong hoai tu hai ben phai lam tuy do de loai tru benh ung thu mau va benh mat bach cau hat. Truong hop viem loet amidan keo dai o nhung nguoi nghien ruou - thuoc la, can nghi toi ung thu amidan.

Viem hong gia mac (chiem tu 2-3%) nhung can phai chu y toi viem hong bach hau. Viem hong bach hau tien trien nang, nguoi nhot nhat, sot tren 38,5oC. Gia mac co mau trang anh xa cu, day, lan rong va rat dinh vao niem mac cua amidan va hong, co khi gia mac lan xuong thanh khi quan nhat la o tre nho, gay can tro duong tho lam tre kho tho, co khi suy ho hap. Truong hop nay can phai den benh vien de cac bac si chuyen khoa chan doan va dieu tri. Ngoai khang sinh nhom penicilin can phoi hop voi huyet thanh chong bach hau.

Viem hong do lien cau gay nhieu bien chung, nhung hay gap nhat la thap khop cap va viem cau than. Ngoai nhung bien chung xa nhu thap tim, viem hong do lien cau con gay viem tay hoac ap-xe quanh amidan, hoac viem te bao vung co lan rong.

Viem hong do virut cung rat hay gap. Hau het cac truong hop viem hong do virut deu co the tu khoi trong vong 4-5 ngay (neu khong co boi nhiem vi khuan). Viem hong do virut hay ket hop voi viem ket mac mat, rat hay gap o cac nha tre va co the gay thanh dich.

Ve dieu tri

Neu la viem hong do virut thong thuong, khong co boi nhiem thi khong can dung khang sinh. Neu do lien cau khuan, can dieu tri tich cuc bang khang sinh va theo doi bien chung nhu thap tim.

Hau het viem hong do nhiem khuan deu co tien trien tot neu dung khang sinh thich hop, du lieu, du thoi gian. Neu khong dieu tri hoac dieu tri khong dung co the co cac bien chung cap nhu ap-xe quanh amidan, ap xe thanh sau hong... con co the tro thanh viem hong man tinh. Neu cac viem man tinh o amidan co cac dot boc phat gan nhau (tren 4 lan/nam), dieu tri bao ton tai cho va toan than khong ket qua, co the phai tien hanh phau thuat nhu cat bo amidan.

BS. Tran Manh Toan - (Suc khoe doi song)

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Tìm hiểu: viem hong bach hau, Dieu Tri Tich Cuc, Mat Bach Cau Hat, viem hong loet, Viem Cau Than, viem ket mac, viem te bao, co the, gia mac, bien chung, khang sinh, hau het, nhat la, gap, thay

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