Benh viem khop dang thap

Tags: viem khop dang thap, viem mang hoat dich, tinh dong thoi, dieu tri, giai doan, ton thuong, dien bien, sun khop, toan than, benh, thuoc, gay


Day la benh khop man tinh dong thoi la mot benh ly tu mien dien hinh voi cac bieu hien tai khop, ngoai khop va toan than o nhieu muc do khac nhau, dien bien phuc tap, gay hau qua nang ne

Trieu chung va dien bien

Trieu chung dac trung cua benh viem khop dang thap (VKDT) bieu hien: Sung, nong, do, dau do viem mang hoat dich cua khop, bat dau tu cac khop nho o ngoai bien nhu: Cac khop o ban tay, co tay, ban - ngon tay, cac ban - ngon tay, ban - ngon chan, khop goi, doi xung hai ben.

Cung khop buoi sang (gay kho cu dong cac khop vao buoi sang luc moi ngu day, keo dai hang gio). Kem theo cac trieu chung tai khop la trieu chung toan than nhu sot, met moi, nguoi xanh xao, gay sut.

Giai doan dau: Thuong keo dai 1 - 3 nam. Giai doan nay do viem mang hoat dich cua khop nen bieu hien lam sang la: Sung, nong, do, dau va han che van dong cua khop. Benh dien bien tung dot, o giai doan nay chua co dau hieu ton thuong “bao mon” o sun khop va dau xuong. Neu duoc phat hien som o giai doan nay va chua tri tich cuc dung cach, benh co the dien bien tot.

Giai doan sau (giai doan muon): Do hau qua cua viem mang hoat dich, nen da bat dau xuat hien ton thuong “bao mon” o sun khop va dau xuong, can chu y la cac ton thuong nay khi da xuat hien thi khong the mat di duoc. Neu khong duoc chua tri dung, cac ton thuong o sun khop va dau xuong ngay cang nang, lam khe khop dan dan hep lai, cac dau xuong dinh voi nhau gay bien dang khop, dinh khop, cung khop va mat kha nang van dong cua khop. Luc nay benh da anh huong toan than nhu sot, xanh xao, suy nhuoc, chan an, gay sut...

Dieu tri benh VKDT

Quan niem hien nay ve dieu tri benh VKDT la dieu tri toan dien gom muc tieu:

Dieu tri trieu chung: Sung, nong, do, dau va cai thien kha nang van dong cua khop bang cac thuoc khang viem giam dau loai corticoid hoac loai khong co steroid. Loai thuoc nay khong duoc dung dai ngay vi co nhieu tac dung phu, do vay viec su dung thuoc phai do bac si chi dinh.

Dieu tri co ban: La su dung thuoc chong thap khop co the lam ngung benh hoac lam giam su tien trien cua benh.

Cac thuoc dieu tri co ban VKDT gom:

Thuoc co dien: Methotrexate, sulfasalazine, hydroxychlorquin...

Thuoc moi: Cyclosporine A, Leflunomid, Mycophenolate Mofetil, uc che TNF...

Viec dung thuoc de dieu tri co ban la sau khi benh VKDT duoc chan doan xac dinh thi viec dung thuoc cang som cang tot, nhat la truoc khi xuat hien ton thuong sun khop va dau xuong, boi thuoc co the lam ngung su tien trien cua benh, chu khong the cai tao duoc cac ton thuong thuc the da co tai sun khop va dau xuong.

- Dieu tri ho tro nhu tap luyen nhe, vat ly tri lieu, phuc hoi chuc nang, cham cuu, xoa bop, thuoc dong y... co the gop phan trong qua trinh dieu tri VKDT.

- Dieu tri cac bien chung do thuoc dieu tri gay ra nhu viem loet da day, hanh ta trang, loang xuong, nhiem trung... va cac di chung: Dinh khop, bien dang khop (bang phau thuat chinh hinh).

Noi tom lai, viec dieu tri benh VKDT phai duoc phat hien som, dieu tri som ngay tu giai doan dau, khi nguoi benh chua bi anh huong nang ne den suc khoe, chua co tac dung phu cua thuoc gay ra.

Theo Suc khoe & doi song

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Tìm hiểu: viem khop dang thap, viem mang hoat dich, tinh dong thoi, dieu tri, giai doan, ton thuong, dien bien, sun khop, toan than, benh, thuoc, gay

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Bệnh viêm khớp dạng thấp

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Bệnh viêm khớp dạng thấp bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Benh viem khop dang thap

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Benh viem khop dang thap co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Benh viem khop dang thap de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Tin suc khoe trong chuyen muc Suc khoe.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Tin suc khoe
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