Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky

Tags: Thieu Lam Tu, Trung Hoa, Than Quang, Kim Dung, Tu Dat Ma, Co Long, Bo De Dat Ma, tieu thuyet vo hiep, Chua Thieu Lam, Thieu Lam phai, o trung quoc, Trieu Khuong Dan, vo cong, Tung Son, khong phai, nguoi


Thien ha kungfu xuat Thieu Lam”, co le khong phai cho den nhung tieu thuyet vo hiep cua Kim Dung, Co Long, Thieu Lam Tu moi duoc biet den nhu la mot Thai Son Bac Dau cua vo lam trung nguyen.

Tren thuc te, kungfu Thieu Lam chinh la hinh anh dai dien cua nen vo hoc Trung Hoa, la co so cho vo cong cua nhieu mon phai khac, va do do cung la phan co ban nhat tao nen mon vo Wushu ma nguoi Trung Quoc tu hao dem ra gioi thieu voi the gioi duoi tu cach mot phan tinh tuy nhat trong truyen thong vo hoc cua minh.


Cung voi thoi gian, dac biet duoi anh huong cua cac tieu thuyet, phim anh vo hiep, kungfu Thieu Lam Tu trong mat chung ta ngay cang nhuom mau sac huyen bi va ki ao.

Nhung dieu thu vi la o cho, nhung gi con lai den hom nay cua vo hoc Thieu Lam du de chung ta tin rang nhung dieu truyen tung khong phai khong co co so. Nguoi ham mo han deu hon mot lan tu hoi: Co that la duoi gam troi nay, trong the gioi thuc tai nay van ton tai mot khong gian vo hoc cao minh, bi an cua ngan nam truoc? Va phai chang nhung bi kip Dich can kinh, Tay tuy kinh... van nam yen trong Tang Kinh cac mot ngay nao do se lai tai xuat giang ho va gay con song gio, nhu chung da tung gay ra trong qua khu? TS xin tran trong dang tai loat bai viet thu vi ve huyen thoai cua mon vo lung danh the gioi nay...


KI 1: TU DAT MA SU TO DEN TRUNG NGUYEN THAI SON BAC DAU


O Trung Quoc hien nay co den 10 ngoi chua mang danh Thieu Lam. Tuy nhien, Thieu Lam duoc nhac den trong tieu thuyet Kim Dung, Co Long, cai noi cua thien tong va vo thuat Trung Hoa la Thieu Lam Tung Son, thuoc tinh Ha Nam, Trung Quoc ngay nay, cach thu do Bac Kinh chung 600km ve phia Nam. Chua xay dung trong khu rung tren dinh nui Thieu That thuoc day Tung Son, nen duoc goi la “Thieu Lam”.


Tung
Son thang dia

Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu: Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky
Day nui Tung Son.


Day nui Tung Son la mot trong Ngu Nhac - mot trong 5 day nui lon va danh tieng nhat Trung Hoa, nam o phia Nam song Hoang Ha va phia Bac song Duong Tu (Truong Giang). Nui Thieu That cao chung 860 truong, phong canh tao nha, dia the thuan tien, chung quanh nui duoc bao phu boi rung thiet moc, mot loai cay ran chac nhu sat, ben bi, qui bau hiem co, tuong truyen do Ðat Ma trong o Tung Son, dung lam binh khi va vat dung cho chua Thieu Lam. Ðinh Thieu That bang phang, rong rai tren 5.000 truong vuong, la noi toa lac cua ngoi chua Thieu Lam huyen thoai.

Gan Thieu That Son co Long Nguyet Ho, sau khoang bon truong, nuoc trong suot, vao nhung dem trang sang, dung tren dinh Thieu That nhin xuong mat ho giong nhu mot vang trang lon. Ho la noi tap luyen "thuy cong" cho cac mon do Thieu Lam sau nay.


Theo su sach ghi lai, vao doi Han, Minh De mot hom mo thay vi than nguoi toa anh vang bay di bay lai trong cung, co nguoi noi la duc Phat Tay phuong, vua ben cho nguoi sang Tay vuc cau Phat phap, moi ve hai vi cao tang An Do la Nhiep Ma Dang va Truc Phap Lan, lap chua Bach Ma o Lac Duong de hai nguoi giang kinh. Day la ngoi chua Phat giao dau tien trong lich su Trung Quoc. Sau hai nguoi muon tim chon nui cao rung tham de tu luyen, ben xin tim noi thanh tinh lap chua, va dat chan len mien dat phuc Tung Son, xay dung Dong Do Dai Phap Vuong Tu.

Minh De sung Phat, quan lai trong trieu khong ke cao thap deu phai den day nghe giang kinh. Tai day, hai vi cao tang da dich xong bo Tu thap nhi chuong kinh (Bo kinh 42 chuong, duoc Kim Dung mo ta la doi tuong truy tim cua ca vo lam va trieu dinh trong cuon tieu thuyet vo hiep noi tieng Loc dinh ky). Nhu vay, hat giong Phat giao tu Tay phuong bay toi Trung Hoa da nay mam ngay tren dat Tung Son.


Thoi Tam Quoc, cung tren dat Tung Son xuat hien vi tang nhan nguoi Han dau tien trong lich su, do la Chu Si Hanh, nguoi dau tien sang Tay Phuong cau phap, mang ve ban kinh Bat nha bang tieng Phan. Sach xua chep rang, khi ong mat, de tu dem hoa tang, den luc lua chay tan ma than xac van nhu con nguyen; den khi niem chu thi xuong cot moi tan ra.

Nam Khai Hoang thu 20 doi Tuy Van De, cao tang Huyen Trang ra doi o thon Tran Ha duoi chan nui Tung Son. Bay gio cac tong phai Phat giao o Trung Quoc dua nhau noi len, Huyen Trang nhan thay kinh dien cac phai khac nhau, tranh luan khong dut, ma xet cho cung la do khong co kinh dien goc de tra cuu, ben vuot gian kho sang Thien Truc thinh kinh, mang ve dich trong 19 nam, tat ca 1331 quyen.

Truyen thuyet Dat Ma

Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu: Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky

Dat Ma dien bich (bich hoa tren tuong Thieu Lam tu)

Theo ghi chep trong co tich, Thieu Lam la mot trong nhung ngoi chua co xua nhat cua Trung Quoc, duoc Hieu Van de trieu Bac Nguy cho xay dung nam Thai Hoa thu 19 (495) lam noi tu hanh va thuyet giang cho nha su Bat Da, vi than tang nguoi An Ðo dau tien den Trung Hoa truyen ba Phat phap. Tuy nhien, kungfu Thieu Lam lai gan voi ten tuoi cua Dat Ma su to, tuc Bo De Dat Ma, nguoi duoc cho la to khai son cua Thien tong Trung Hoa.

Theo truyen thuyet, Bo De Dat Ma la con trai thu ba cua vua Nam Thien Truc, vuot bien sang Trung Hoa truyen phap. Luong Vu De chuong dao, moi Dat Ma den hoi kien, nhung khong cung chi huong; Dat Ma but mot cong lau nem xuong song, roi dung tren do ma vuot Truong Giang van du len mien Giang Bac.

Nam Hieu Xuong thu ba, doi Bac Nguy (527), Bo De Dat Ma den Thieu Lam. Co nha su o Tung Son ten la Than Quang nghe danh den xin bai yet. Dat Ma van quay mat vao buc tuong, khong noi nang gi. Than Quang khong nan, nhu rang: “Nguoi xua cau dao, deu phai trai qua gian nan thu thach, chiu nhung dieu nguoi thuong khong chiu duoc”.

g
iua dem thang chap tuyet lon day troi, Than Quang dung cho bat dong ben ngoai chua, sang ra tuyet ngap den dau goi. Dat Ma luc ay moi hoi: “Nguoi dung mai trong tuyet de cho gi vay?” Than Quang khoc ma noi: “Chi mong duoc dai su truyen dao”. Biet Dat Ma con e minh chi nhat thoi kich dong, khong the lau dai, Than Quang lien rut dao tu chat dut canh tay trai, dat truoc mat thay. Dat Ma bay gio moi nhan lam de tu, doi phap danh la Hue Kha. Trong chua Thieu Lam hien nay con Lap tuyet dinh, xay dung duoi thoi Duong, nham ghi lai su tich Hue Kha chat tay cau dao.

Tuong truyen, trong thoi gian o Thieu Lam, thay nhieu nha su the trang yeu duoi, khong chiu noi khi lanh cua nui rung va thuong hay ngu gat trong luc nghe thuyet giang, Dat Ma bat dau nghi cach tu ren than the va khac che ngoai canh cho nguoi hoc dao. Ket qua sau 9 nam dien bich tham thien (ngoi thien quay mat vao tuong) trong dong Tran Vu tren nui Thieu That, ngai da tim ra tinh yeu va duc ket vao trong hai cuon Dich can kinh ren luyen noi cong va Tay tuy kinh ren luyen khi cong.

Co thuyet con noi rang, hai bo Cuu duong chan kinh va Cuu am chan kinh cung do Dat Ma sang tao ra. Trong khi do, mot so nghien cuu lai nhan dinh, ngai da ket hop cac bai tap luyen tho Yoga va mot so mon vo tay khong cua An Do de tao nen cac bai tap ren luyen tang cuong suc khoe phuc vu cho viec tu hanh.

Theo truyen thuyet dao Phat, so to Thien tong Bo De Dat Ma trong thoi gian o Trung Quoc da dung 4 quyen Lang gia kinh de day de tu, sau truyen lai cho Hue Kha, tu day, Thien Tong Trung Quoc co the he truyen phap dau tien.

Sau khi Bo De Dat Ma vien tich (536), cac Dai su Thieu Lam tiep tuc tap luyen nhung phuong thuc ngai truyen lai. Thieu Lam phai qua nhieu doi da duoc cac su tang xien duong, duc ket va phat trien manh me va dan tro thanh Bac dau cua cac vo phai Trung Hoa. Viec he thong hoa vo thuat Thieu Lam duoc cho la bat dau tu nhung vo quan ve huu tu hanh tai chua.

Nam Kien Duc thu 3 doi Bac Chu, Vu De cam Phat, chua bi pha. Nhung nam Dai Tuong duoc xay dung lai, doi ten thanh chua Bo Co, moi 120 nguoi gom Hue Vien, Hong Tuan… den tu hanh, goi la “Bo tat tang”. Doi Tuy Phat giao hung thinh, sac cho lay lai ten Thieu Lam Tu, ban cap dat dai, thanh ngoi chua lon bac nhat o phuong Bac.


13 vo tang doi Duong

Den doi Duong (618 - 907), Luc to Hue Nang de ra chu truong don ngo, cho rang viec tu hanh khong can phai tach roi doi song thuc, “ganh nuoc chat cui, deu la dieu dao”. Cong phu Thieu Lam bat nguon chinh tu sinh hoat thuong ngay cua tang nhan. Tuong truyen, de tu Hue Quang khi moi 12 tuoi co the dung tren mieng gieng sau da cau 500 qua, chung to cong phu khong phai hang tam thuong. Rat nhieu chieu thuc cua vo cong Thieu Lam deu la su phat trien tu nhung dong tac thuong ngay nhu ganh nuoc, quet san, bo cui… Cong phu cao nhat thuc ra lai co nguon goc het suc binh di.

Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu: Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky

Ly Lien Kiet trong ban Thieu Lam Tu 1982.

Dau doi Duong, Thieu Lam da co mot doi ngu tang lu dung manh, thien chien. Khoang nam Vu Duc, 13 tang nhan Thieu Lam Tu tham gia tro chien giai vay trong cuoc chien thao phat Vuong The Sung cua Tan vuong Ly The Dan, lap cong trang lon.

Lich su vo thuat Trung Quoc con nhac nhieu den ba vi co cong lon nhat tu Thieu Lam Tu la Chi Thao, Hue Duong va Dam Tong. Sau khi len ngoi, Duong Thai Tong Ly The Dan phong cho hoa thuong Dam Tong lam Dai tuong quan, dong thoi dac chi cho phep cac hoa thuong Thieu Lam duoc luyen doi ngu tang binh, lai cho phep dai khai sat gioi. Cac trieu dai sau nay van theo le do.

Hien nay trong chua con tam bia Duong Thai Tong tu Thieu Lam Tu chu giao ghi lai giai doan lich su nay. Day chinh la su kien lich su duoc dung lam boi canh cho bo phim Thieu Lam Tu ban 1982 do Ly Lien Kiet thu vai chinh Giac Vien,
hoc tro cua Dam Tong.

Cao Tong va Vo Tac Thien cung thuong den vieng chua, phong thuong rat hau. Duoc su ung ho to lon cua trieu dinh, Thieu Lam nhanh chong phat trien thanh Dai phat tu danh tran thien ha. Sau nay cac vi vo quan cua trieu dai nha Duong khi ve huu cung thuong den chua Thieu Lam de trao doi vo thuat, tao nen mot khong khi giao luu vo hoc tro thanh truyen thong cua nha chua cho den cac doi sau.

Nhung cho den luc nay cac bo mon quyen thuat cua Thieu Lam van chua duoc coi trong va phat trien dung tam co, vi luc do cac phuong phap su dung binh khi van con thinh hanh, va vu khi phong than cua cac vi tang nhan trong chua chih la cay con, ma chu yeu la truong con. Chua Thieu Lam luc do van con giu nghiem gioi luat, cam cac tang nhan su dung vu khi bang kim loai sac nhon co the gay sat thuong. Chinh vi vay, de li giai vi sao con phap Thieu Lam lai tien rat nhanh den trinh do dieu luyen va tinh dieu. Cac loai binh khi khac (thap bat ban binh khi vo nghe) chi duoc phat trien o cac dong Nam quyen va Bac quyen Thieu Lam sau nay ma thoi.

Khoang nam Hoi Xuong, Vu Tong cam Phat, chua bi pha den phan nua, suy dan trong nhung nam cuoi doi Duong va duoc khoi phuc duoi doi Tong.


Tong Thai To va truyen thuyet Hong quyen

Lich su chep rang, Tong Thai To Trieu Khuong Dan luc thieu thoi da tung len Thieu Lam hoc tap vo thuat, va tro thanh mot quyen su day vo thuat trong chua Thieu Lam, sang tao ra Tam thap luc the truong quyen (36 the danh cua Thieu Lam Truong Quyen) ma sau nay goi la bai Thieu Lam Thai To Truong Quyen.

Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu: Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky
Thieu Lam Thai to hong quyen.

Su lieu thoi nha Tong cung ghi nhan Trieu Khuong Dan
thuong su dung con phap khi lam tran, nghe thuat con phap cua ong dieu luyen va hieu qua khong kem cac dai tuong cua ong voi cac loai binh khi khac.

Tuy nhien co mot truyen thuyet luu truyen trong dan gian ma Thieu Lam Tu cung cong nhan: bai Thai To Truong Quyen khong phai do Trieu Khuong Dan tu soan ra, ma do ong nam mo duoc tien nhan day cho 36 dong tac can ban cua Hong Quyen, roi tinh day theo do soan lai. Tuy nhien, nhung yeu to nhuom mau truyen thuyet nay khong ngan can Hong quyen tro thanh co so de hinh dung dien mao vo cong Thieu Lam doi Tong.

Thoi ki nay, vo cong Thieu Lam lai tiep tuc duoc nang cao, tang nhan trong chua co den hon 2000 nguoi. Cac nha su bat dau tong hop nhung phuong phap chien dau ca nhan bang tay khong, mot the thuc dang duoc luu truyen trong dan gian luc do. Co the ke ra mot so bai quyen ra doi trong thoi ky nay la Tieu Hong Quyen, Dai Hong Quyen, Thong Ty Quyen, Ngu Hop Quyen va Khan Gia Quyen cua hoa thuong Phuc Cu.


Thieu Lam dai hoi va 72 tuyet ki

Nam Hoang Khanh thu nhat (1312), Nguyen The To Hot Tat Liet menh cho hoa thuong Phuc Du tru tri chua Thieu Lam, phong cho lam Tan Quoc Cong, thong linh cac chua quan o Tung Son. Tu do cac cao tang trong ngoai Trung nguyen tu hoi ve day, thi trien vo cong, dam dao Phat phap, tang chung thuong tren duoi 2000 nguoi.

Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu: Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky
Ti thi vo nghe (Bich hoa tren tuong Thieu Lam tu)
Tuy nhien, su suc tich cua cac pho sach to su de lai da khien tang chung khong dat duoc su thong nhat trong cach hieu, tu do nay sinh nhieu vo cong moi la, co luc roi xa nhung nguyen ly can ban. Tu cuoi doi Tong, Thieu Lam phai noi len phong trao sang tao manh me chua tung thay, nguoi nguoi, nha nha deu tu nhan minh la mon do Thieu Lam chinh tong. Hien tuong nay chac chan khong dua vo cong Thieu Lam den dinh thinh, ma dan den tap nhiem va suy thoai. Do khong phai dieu cac truong trang Thieu Lam trong doi.


Mua thu nam 1333, vao doi vua Hue Tong nha Nguyen, de chinh ly noi bo Thieu
Lam phai da phat trien vuot ngoai tam kiem soat, Dai hoi vo thuat Thieu Lam duoc mo tai Tang Kinh Cac. Dai hoi trieu tap 700 truong trang cac chi nhanh, cac tan mon, cuu mon, cac quan nhan nguyen la mon do Thieu Lam ra xuat chanh, chu tri dai hoi la thien su phuong truong doi thu 12 Nguyen Hanh va 4 vi truong lao tien boi truoc do da an cu tren 20 nam trong nui sau.

Nguyen Nhien, bay gio la mot mon do so dang cua Thieu Lam, dua ra y kien khoi dau cac mon do phai tap nhung vo cong can ban, sau do tuy so truong cua tung nguoi thi luyen tap cac mon minh thay phu hop. Y kien duoc cac su truong va toan the Dai hoi nhat tri thong qua.


Sau khi tong ket, xem xet hang ngan phuong phap, cach thuc, bi quyet tu luyen vo cong, gom khinh cong, thuy cong, nhuyen cong, nganh cong, noi cong, ngoai cong… duoc cac truong trang, cac chi nhanh va cac cao thu phat trien tren nen tang vo hoc Thieu Lam phai, Dai hoi da tien hanh sap xep, phan loai, va tong hop thanh Thieu Lam that thap nhi huyen cong - 72 tuyet ky vo hoc Thieu Lam Tu, bao quat toan dien nhung he thong vo cong tu nguyen khoi den ca nhung thoi diem hoang kim nhat cua vo phai, va du sau nay co mot thien tai vo hoc tim them duoc cac cong phu nao do va tuyen bo rang do la mot he thong chua tung co, thi cung van co the xep vao mot trong 72 mon loai da duoc Dai hoi an dinh.

Cuoi doi Nguyen, thien ha dai loan, quan Khan do keo den Thieu Lam, tang chung tan di khap noi. Nhu moi lan Trung nguyen roi vao vong binh hoa, kungfu Thieu Lam lai co dip xuat the lap cong, va do cung la tien de cho thoi ki cuc thinh cua vo cong Thieu Lam duoi doi Minh.

Con tiep...

Minh Tu

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Thieu Lam Tu, Trung Hoa, Than Quang, Kim Dung, Tu Dat Ma, Co Long, Bo De Dat Ma, tieu thuyet vo hiep, Chua Thieu Lam, Thieu Lam phai, o trung quoc, Trieu Khuong Dan, vo cong, Tung Son, khong phai, nguoi

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Huyền thoại Thiếu Lâm Tự: Từ Đạt Ma đến 72 tuyệt kỹ

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Lien he ve tin Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Huyen thoai Thieu Lam Tu Tu Dat Ma den 72 tuyet ky de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Phong su tong hop trong chuyen muc Phong su.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Phong su tong hop
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