Kinh nghiem lai xe ben My

Tags: so tay huong dan, co the su dung, khach du lich, bang lai xe, canh sat, tieu bang, cua ban, cho phep, khong co, o My, ben, luat, den, lam, duong


Hau het cac tieu bang o My deu cho phep moi khach du lich tren 18 tuoi duoc quyen lai xe. Ho co the su dung bang lai noi quoc gia ho cu ngu ma khong can phai doi bang lai (thuong thi 30 ngay tro lai).

Kinh nghiem lai xe ben My
Anh minh hoa faqs.org.

Chao quy doc gia VnExpress. Toi muon chia se cho nhung ai khi di du lich tai My biet them ve luat lai xe tai My, hay lam gi khi minh lo co dung xe hoac bi canh sat hu coi sau xe minh, lap bien ban yeu cau minh ky ten ma minh khong hieu.

Thua cac ban, luat lai xe cua moi tieu bang o My deu khac nhau, vi vay ban nen doc “Driver Handbook” cua tieu bang ma ban se den. Theo tham khao cua toi qua mot so Driver Handbooks (tam dich la “so tay huong dan lai xe”) cua mot so tieu bang tai My, thi xin duoc gop y voi quy vi khi lai xe tai My nhu sau.

Hau het cac tieu bang o My deu cho phep moi nguoi tren 18 tuoi khi di du lich tai My duoc quyen lai xe.

Ho co the su dung bang lai noi quoc gia ho cu ngu ma khong can phai doi bang lai (thuong thi 30 ngay tro lai). Khi ban co cong viec lam an tai My va co giay to chung minh, thi ban co the lai xe tu 6 thang hay hon voi bang lai cua nuoc ban cap (Neu ban muon lai xe voi thoi han lau hon thi nen tim hieu luat tai tieu bang ma ban thuong xuyen lai xe va xin cap bang lai tam thoi).

- Tot nhat la ban dich bang lai cua ban sang tieng Anh va co cong chung. (Khong nhat thiet phai doi qua bang lai quoc te International Drivers License).

- Truoc khi lai xe ra duong, ban kiem tra co dem theo giay to tuy than nhu: Visa du lich, giay cong tac tai My va bang lai xe cua ban.

- Neu duoc, ban nen muon xe va mua bao hiem xe.

- Nen doc “so tay huong dan lai xe” cua tieu bang noi ban se lai xe. Tren Google search, go chu driver handbook voi ten tieu bang, thi ban se co duoc thong tin ve “so tay huong dan lai xe” tai tieu bang do, vi du go chu "California driver handbook" chang han. Dung coi thuong dieu nay, khi ban cho rang luat va bang chi dan tai My khong khac may tai Viet Nam, toi se noi ro hon o phan duoi.

- Nen co nguoi ngoi ben canh ban khi ban chua quen duong va bang chi dan duong xa o ben My.

- Neu ban khong co viec gi can thiet, thi nen lai xe vao khoang thoi gian tu 10h sang den 3h chieu (khoang thoi gian nay tuong doi it xe di chuyen tren duong pho).

- Khong nen uong ruou ma lai xe.

- Troi co tuyet roi hay duong bi dong bang thi tot nhat la o nha.

- That day an toan va khoa cua xe truoc khi ban lai xe di dau.

- Khi ma ban dau xe ngay nga tu cho den xanh de di, neu luc do co xe canh sat, xe cuu thuong, hay xe chua chay hu coi phia sau ban thi ban quan sat can than phia ben phai hoac trai co cho trong thi ban doi xe qua, hoac ban co the vuot den do nhung phai het suc than trong, vi khi xay ra tai nan ban la nguoi co loi.

Canh sat hay phat khi nao?

- Nhung ngay cuoi thang thi canh sat hay dung sung ban toc do hon la nhung ngay khac trong thang (nghe noi rang ho can dat chi tieu bien phat trong mot thang).

- Canh sat thuong hay bat nhung nguoi lai xe qua toc do ngoai xa lo, neu ban chay nhanh tren toc do cho phep 10 mileage (hon 16 cay so tro len).

- Chay xe nhanh hon toc do cho phep o khu vuc truong hoc thi de bi canh sat bat, cho du ban chay nhanh hon chi co 1-5 mileage (hon 2 cay so tro len). Truong hop nay ap dung vao buoi sang luc hoc sinh di hoc va buoi chieu luc hoc sinh tan truong.

- Vao moi buoi sang va chieu, khi xe Shool Bus cho hoc sinh dung lai, co chop den bao hieu va co giuong ra mot ban STOP phia ben tai xe, thi ban phai dung xe cua ban lai, cho du xe cho hoc sinh dau ben kia duong. Day la luat bat di bat dich hang may chuc nam qua. De cho an toan ban nho bat den chop nhay xe cua ban truoc khi ban dung han xe lai, lam nhu vay nguoi lai xe tu phia sau xe cua ban se de y ma cham lai. Cho khi bang STOP duoc xep vao va den bao hieu tat thi ban moi duoc quyen di tiep. Ban se dong tien phat rat cao neu ban pham luat nay, len den $1000 tai bang Cali. Rieng toi da bi phat $250 do cach day 20 nam ve truoc tai bang Maryland, chinh vi toi khong doc quyen “so tay huong dan lai xe” nen khong hieu het luat (vi luc do chi hoc tu nhung cau hoi can thiet de thi lay bang lai ma thoi).

- Khi den do ma ban muon queo phai thi ban phai ngung han xe lai, neu canh sat tinh co thay ban khong ngung han thi ban se bi phat. Co cho ban khong duoc phep queo phai khi den do hoac ban chi duoc phep queo phai khi den mui ten hien len de queo phai.

Lam gi khi ban lai xe tai My ma bi canh sat bat?

Khi ban thay xe canh sat hu coi va chop den phia sau xe cua ban, thi ban nen chay xe cham lai, tim cho an toan ben le phai ma dung lai. Neu ban dang chay ngoai xa lo luc ban dem thi phai can than khi dung lai, vi cung co ke cuop chop den pha, bat ban dung lai chu khong han la canh sat. Vi vay ban nen tim cay xang gan do, hoac cho co nguoi qua lai ma dau xe cho an toan, roi giai thich voi canh sat tai sao ban lam nhu vay.

1. Khi dung xe lai, ban phai gat can so tro ve vi tri dau (P) va gai thang phu (parking brake).

2. Ngoi yen hoac de hai tay tren vo lang xe va cho canh sat lai, khi canh sat ra hieu thi ban moi quay kinh xe xuong mot chung mot gang tay vua du cho de noi chuyen. Canh sat se yeu cau ban dua bang lai xe va giay chu quyen xe, ban nen dua bang lai xe va giay chu quyen xe de cho canh sat kiem tra, mac dau giay chu quyen xe do thuoc ve nguoi khac (giay chu quyen xe thuong de trong hoc truoc cua nguoi ngoi ben canh tai xe). Neu co dung xe thi phai dua them giay bao hiem. Ho chi bien giay phat khi ban pham loi, neu gap canh sat hien thi ho chi canh cao thoi.

3. Ban nen ky ten vao giay to mac dau ban khong hieu. Vi day chi la bien lai canh cao hay nop phat ma thoi, boi vi canh sat My lam viec dung luat va khong bao gio viet gi bay ba ma bat ban ky dau nen ban an tam. Neu ban muon phan doi gi thi ban co the ra toa, ra toa giao thong o My la chuyen binh thuong. Ban co the yeu cau ngay ra toa hoac ban khong dong tien phat theo ky han, thi sau do co quan giao thong se goi giay moi ban ra toa. Neu nhu ra toa ma ngay hom do hen, khong co nguoi canh sat bien giay phat cho ban o do, thi khi quan toa hoi ban co pham luat khong, thi ban tra loi rang khong va quan toa cung khong dinh toi ban dau. Ban cung khong phai dong mot xu nao, mac du giay phat co ghi nop phat len den $200. Nhung buon thay, neu canh sat bien giay phat cho ban co o do thi ban phai noi voi quan toa la ban pham luat, sau do ban trinh bay su viec nhu the nao, neu quan toa thay ban noi co ly, se giam tien phat xuong.

Den My duoc may thang va lay bang lai moi 12 ngay ma toi da bi phat $250, vi khong co dung xe lai khi xe School Bus hoc sinh da STOP. Toi ra toa ma khong can luat su, chi co nguoi ban theo lam thong dich (vi luc do tieng Anh cua toi chua gioi) toi co chup hinh khuc duong toi bi canh sat phat, dua cho quan toa xem va toi tu bien ho rang duong qua lon, moi ben co hai lan xe chay roi chinh giua co them lan xe de queo trai hay phai. Sau khi nghe toi trinh bay, quan toa noi toi phai can than khi co xe hoc sinh dung lai, roi giam tien phat con $40, cong them phi toa la $10, ca thay toi nop phat co $50 thay vi dong phat nhu bien lai ghi den $250.

Canh sat giao thong ben My khong co bao gio nhan hoi lo (boi vi khong co ai dua). Canh sat cung khong bao gio cau luu xe cua ban, khi ban lo bo quen bang lai o nha trong luc ban lai xe. Nhung xe cua ban se bi cau luu neu ban uong ruou qua muc cho phep hoac bi phat hien co thuoc phien tren do, tat nhien la ban cung bi cong tay va dan ve don. Ban lam theo yeu cau cua canh sat thi se khong co van de gi.

Khi ban bi dung xe thi ban phai lam gi?

- Dieu dau tien la ban phai binh tinh, lay giay va viet ghi so xe cua doi phuong, xe mau gi, hieu gi, xe My hay xe Nhat... phong khi ho bo chay thi canh sat de tim. Phan ban lo co dung xe thi khong duoc bo chay ma phai dung xe lai, neu ban bo chay thi canh sat co quyen bat ban bo tu khi ma ho dieu tra ra ban.

* Toi dung xe ma bo chay nang hon la toi ban lo dung xe lam chet mot nguoi ma ban dung lai de cho canh sat den lap bien ban.

- Neu ban co dung xe o cho dau xe (parking) mac dau khong co ai tren xe ban cung khong duoc quyen bo di. Ban phai de ten hay so dien thoai cua ban lai bang cach viet len giay, sau do ghim manh giay duoi can quat nuoc phia truoc. Chuyen gi xay ra khi ban bo di ma khong de ten hay la so dien thoai lai? Tat nhien la canh sat se tim den ban, do ai do da nhin thay ban dung xe ma bo di bao cho canh sat. Toi ban se nang hon, ban se ra hau toa khong chung, va nen nho cho parking ben My co camera nhieu lam. Da co nguoi danh con ngoai xe cho dau parking, da bi camera thu hinh, tat nhien nguoi nay da bi bat ngoi tu.

Noi chung ban phai that can than khi lai xe o mot noi chua quen biet duong xa va luat le.

Hong Phuong

Viet Bao
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Tìm hiểu: so tay huong dan, co the su dung, khach du lich, bang lai xe, canh sat, tieu bang, cua ban, cho phep, khong co, o My, ben, luat, den, lam, duong

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