Ai ve Gia Dinh Dong Nai thi ve

Tags: Gia Dinh, Viet Nam, Ky Yen, Chau Ro, Hoang Van Bon, Ly Van Sam, Van mieu Tran Bien, Thanh pho Bien Hoa, Mien Dong Nam Bo, duoc xay dung, dat phu sa, Vung Van Hoa, Song Dong Nai, dan toc, le hoi, nam


Dong Nai thuoc mien Dong Nam Bo, mien dat tru phu da co hon 300 nam hinh thanh va phat trien do con song Dong Nai dem dat phu sa mau mo vun boi. Nhieu bien co lich su voi nhung thang tram bien dong da tao ra cho tieu vung van hoa nay mot net doc dao ve ban sac van hoa.

 

Vanmieutranbien.jpg
Van mieu Tran Bien

Nhung di tich mang dau an thoi mo dat


Dong Nai, vung dat co co nhieu di chi cua nen van hoa Phu Nam cach day hon 1.300 nam. Lich su Nam tien cua ong cha ta da de lai nhieu dau an tren vung dat nay. Mien Gia Dinh - Dong Nai hoi ay con rat nhieu dieu bi an, la lung nhung cung khong kem phan hap dan, goi su to mo muon kham pha cua nguoi duong thoi:


“Dong Nai dia the hai hung. Duoi song sau loi tren giong cop um”


Thoi bay gio chi co nguoi dan ban xu gom cac sac dan nhu dan toc Sieng, dan toc Ma, dan toc Ko-ho, dan toc M’nong, dan toc Cho-ro va mot vai buon soc nguoi Kho-me sinh song. Dan cu thua thot, song rai rac chu khong song thanh cong dong, ky thuat san xuat rat tho so, trinh do xa hoi con thap kem.


Cuoc chien tranh giua hai ho Trinh - Nguyen o mien Trung va Bac Viet Nam lam cho dan chung lam than kho so, dieu dung nen da tao ra mot lan song di cu cua nguoi dan mien Thuan An, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai vao Dong Nai tim dat de sinh song.


Nhung cuoc Nam tien da mang theo nhung nen van hoa dang ngoai va tao dung nen mot ban sac van hoa phuong nam khong lan vao dau duoc…


Van mieu Tran Bien la mot minh chung cho su dich chuyen cua van hoa thoi nay - Van mieu Tran Bien la mot cong trinh van hoa duoc xay dung vao the ky 17, doi chua Nguyen Phuc Chu o phuong Buu Long, thanh pho Bien Hoa ngay nay. Cong trinh nay the hien truyen thong khuyen hoc, ton trong ke si cua nguoi Viet ngay ay. Vao thang 12 nam 1861, Van mieu Tran Bien da bi giac Phap pha huy khi nguoi Phap chiem dong Bien Hoa. Ngay nay, Van mieu Tran Bien da duoc tai dung, kien truc theo phong cach Van mieu Ha Noi, dep, mang dam ban sac van hoa phuong Dong.


Tai van mieu nay, hang nam co hai su kien van hoa lon la Xuan Vinh dien ra vao thang 2 am lich va Thu Vinh dien ra vao thang 8 am lich. Hai le hoi truyen thong nay mang y nghia khuyen hoc nham ton vinh nhung hien tai, nhan si tri thuc.


Mo co Hang Gon o xa Xuan Tan, thi xa Long Khanh o phia Tay Tinh lo 2 duong Long Khanh di Ba Ria, cach thanh pho Bien Hoa 80km, cung la mot di tich van hoa tieu bieu cho nen van hoa cach day hon 2.500 nam. Mo co nay do ky su cau duong nguoi Phap la ong Bouchot J. tim ra vao nam 1927 khi mo duong so 2 noi Long Khanh voi Ba Ria. Ngoi mo co kien truc theo phong cach “Dolmen” o Dong Nam A. Co hai hang tru da hoa cuong voi 10 tru, moi tru cao tu 1,5m den 3m bao quanh ham mo. Mo duoc ghep bang nhung tam da hoa cuong nang hang tan, phan nap mo uoc tinh chung 10 tan. Chung quanh mo co nhieu tam da lon xep bang phang, tinh xao va can doi, the hien trinh do van minh cua nguoi xua cach nay da hang may thien nien ky. Nam 1992, ngoi mo co nay da duoc trung tu, xay tuong gach bao ve, chong mua gio xoi mon, chung quanh trong nhieu cay canh dep.


Diem dac biet cua Dong Nai la co nhieu chua, dinh va den tho duoc xay dung vao thoi ky tien nhan ta tien vao vung dat hoang vu nay cach day tren 300 nam nhu chua Long Thien o phuong Buu Hoa, thanh pho Bien Hoa, duoc xay dung vao nam 1664. Day la mot trong ba ngoi chua co nhat con lai den ngay nay tren dat Bien Hoa. Nam 1662, ngai Nguyen Thieu thien su thuoc phai Lam Te (Bac tong) nguyen tru tri chua Quoc An va Thien Mu (Phu Xuan - Hue) bi chua Minh vuong Nguyen Phuc Chu nghi ngo co dinh liu den mot so nguoi noi day chong chua, nen tron vao Dong Nai an tu tai chua Kim Cang. Thien su Nguyen Thieu vien tich vao nam Mau Than (1728). Cac de tu cua ngai da xay dung nen chua Long Thien va mot so chua lon khac o vung Gia Dinh - Dong Nai nhu chua Buu Long, Dai Giac, Khai Tuong, Tu An, Giac Lam con ton tai den ngay nay. Chua Long Thien kien truc theo hinh chu “tam” mang phong cach va dau an Phat giao dai thua. Trong chanh dien con tho nhieu pho tuong Phat co bang dat nung va bang dong. Chua Long Thien la noi truyen ba Phat giao dau tien o Nam bo .



O xa Hiep Hoa, thanh pho Bien Hoa, co den tho Le Thanh hau Nguyen Huu Canh - vi cong than cua nha Nguyen – da khai pha dat Dong Nai. Ong da duoc chua Nguyen sai di kinh ly, ve ban do va xac lap cuong tho Dang Trong. Nam Gia Long thu nhat, den tho duoc trung tu, den nam 1851 den duoc trung tu lan thu hai, va nam 1960 den duoc trung tu them lan nua.


Mot di tich van hoa lich su khac lien quan den qua trinh khai pha va hinh thanh vung dat Dong Nai la dinh Tan Lan o duong Nguyen Van Tri, phuong Hoa Binh, thanh pho Bien Hoa. Dinh tho Tran Thuong Xuyen, toi than nha Minh chay nan Man Thanh den Viet Nam vao cuoi the ky 17. Ong co cong khai pha dat dai, mo mang Nong Nai dai pho (Cu lao Pho) tro thanh mot trung tam buon ban phon thinh, sam uat cua xu Gia Dinh - Dong Nai luc bay gio. Dinh co kien truc theo phong cach Hoa Nam (Trung Quoc) cuoi doi Minh pha lan kien truc cung dinh dau nha Nguyen. Nhung tac pham dieu khac, phu dieu can xa cu, ghep manh sanh su dac trung cua vung Hoa Nam chua dung nhung triet ly nhan sinh cua Khong, Lao va Phat giao ket hop hai hoa, the hien ban sac van hoa Dong phuong tham tram va doc dao.


Truyen thong van hoa dan gian phong phu


Dong Nai co nhieu dan toc sinh song, phan lon la nguoi Viet. Ngoai ra con co nguoi Hoa, Xieng, Cho Ro, Cham, Ma… Dong Nai co mot truyen thong van hoa dan gian kha phong phu, dac biet la van hoa dan doc cua dong bao it nguoi.

Am Nhac Co Truyen:


Tiep noi qua trinh phat trien lich su, cu dan Mien Nam noi chung, dan Dong Nai noi rieng ho da sang tao nen rat nhieu loai nhac khi va the loai ca nhac de boc lo tam tu tinh cam, va de luu truyen cho con chau, hay de giao tiep voi the gioi than linh trong tam tuong, uoc mo mot cuoc song am no hanh phuc.


Dong Nai, que huong cua cac loai nhac cu dan gian doc dao nhu dan da Binh Da, sao truc, chieng dong, thanh la, khen bau, khen moi. Viec tim ra dan da Binh Da o Dong Nai, duoc biet den nhu mot di chi khao co hoc, cho thay viec che tac dan da da xuat hien tu tren duoi 3.000 nam truoc. Loai nhac khi nay tu than vang, thuoc loai xylophone, metallophone. Moi bo dan gom nhieu thanh da hop thanh.


Moi thanh da co kich thuoc va hinh dang khac nhau duoc che tac bang phuong phap ghe deo tho so (thoi do da). Vat lieu de lam dan la nhung loai da co san o vung nui Nam Trung Bo va Dong Nam Bo. (Bo dan da dau tien tim duoc tai Viet Nam vao nam 1949 hien duoc bao quan tai vien bao tang "Con nguoi" O Paris)


Nghe thuat truyen thong


Do moi hinh thanh tu su hoi nhap cua nhieu lop dan cu cach day hon ba thap ky, o Dong Nai khong co cac lan dieu dan ca nao dac thu, nhung lai co gan du cac loai dan ca xu Trung, xu Bac, quan ho, ca Hue, vi dam ...


Trong sinh hoat thong thuong, nguoi Dong Nai xua co sinh hoat nghe thuat: ho hat, ly, ke ve, noi tho, noi tuong, dong dao, don ca tai tu. Pho bien o Bien Hoa la ho cay, ho cheo thuyen, ho gia gao, ho do doc, ho roi, ly Dong Nai, ly lu la, ly treo len. Cac bai ve quen thuoc da luu truyen ca nuoc: ve Huong than Can, ve ruou ...


Tho duoc ke o Dong Nai thuong la truyen Nom: Luc Van Tien, Lam Sanh Xuan Nuong, Pham Cong Cuc Hoa ...


Noi tuong thuong duoc dac dien cac trich doan tuong tich Tau hoac tuong tich dan gian.

Trong viec thuc hien nghi le co 2 hinh thuc dien xuong nghe thuat truyen thong dang chu y: xay chau, dai boi o le hoi Ky yen cung dinh va hat mua Dia - Nang, bong roi o le hoi cung mieu.


Con phai ke den loi hat Tam Pot cua dan toc Ma, mot loai hinh hat ke co van dieu duoc luu truyen trong cong dong nguoi Ma o huyen Dinh Quan hien dang duoc khoi phuc lai.


Le hoi truyen thong:


Cung nhu cac dia phuong khac trong ca nuoc, nguoi Dong Nai cung to chuc cac le hoi truyen thong chung cua ca dan toc nhu Tet Nguyen Dan, Ram Thang Bay, Tet Trung thu…Cac le hoi nay duoc to chuc vua mang ban sac van hoa chung cua dan toc, vua co net dac sac rieng cua van hoa Dong Nai


Ngoai ra, Dong Nai con co cac le hoi lon cua rieng dia phuong minh. Tieu bieu la cac le hoi nhu:


Le Ky Yen (cau an) con goi la le via than duoc to chuc tai cac thoi diem khac nhau trong mot nam. Nghi le cua le Ky Yen cung giong nhu nghi thuc cua le cung Dinh than Nam Bo bao gom: le cung Tien hien, Hau hien, le ruoc than, le dang vat cung than va le tong on. Ba nam mot lan co to chuc hat boi, mua. Tai den tho Nguyen Huu Canh, le Ky Yen duoc to chuc vao cac ngay 26/6 va 11/11 am lich. Tai dinh An Hoa, le Ky Yen duoc to chuc vao ngay 15 va 16 thang 8 am lich. Ngoai phan le con co hoi dua thuyen, xo gian thi thuc. Den gio ngo, gian duoc xo ra cho moi nguoi cung tranh lay do cung nhu la su ban phat cua than linh. Den tho danh tuong Nguyen Tri Phuong, le Ky Yen duoc to chuc vao ngay 16 va 17 thang 10 am lich. Dinh Tan Lan tho Tran Bien do doc Tran Thuong Xuyen, to chuc le Ky Yen vao ngay 23 thang 11 am lich.


Cac dan toc Cham, Khmet… song o day hang nam cung thuong to chuc cac le hoi dac trung cua dan toc minh: le Roja Haji (nguoi Cham), le hoi Choi Chanam Thmay (Khmer).


Van hoc dan gian


Kho tang van hoc luu truyen trong dan gian chu yeu bang cach truyen khau, gom nhieu cach: tu su tru tinh duoi cac hinh thuc, truyen ke, tho ca ho ve ...


Truyen ke :


O dong bao cac dan toc it nguoi, truyen ke la tai san tinh than quan trong. Do la "lich su" la luat tuc, la hinh mau nep song co truyen cua cha ong, dong toi cung la cach de thu gian tinh than. Truyen ke cua nguoi Chau Ma, Chau Ro, Stieng thuong tu su duoi hinh thuc van van ma Gia lang thuong ke trong khong khi sinh hoat cong dong o nha dai, o cac le hoi gia dinh hoac cong dong. Nguoi Chau Ma, Chau Ro, Stieng con luu truyen mang than thoai, truyen thuyet nham giai thich cac hien tuong tu nhien va su hinh thanh cong dong.


Con truyen ke cua nguoi Viet khong nhieu, do phat trien tu nhan thuc, kinh nghiem von song da truong thanh nhieu tram nam qua o nguyen quan nen nguoi Viet o Dong Nai khong co than thoai nguyen mau, vang bong truyen thuyet, truyen ke it hu cau hoang duong. Truyen loai nay thuong mang dau an than thoai tich hop vao vung dat moi giai thich ve nguon goc dia danh, ten nui, ten song hoac nhung hien tuong la cua tu nhien chua giai thich.


Ngoai ra con co the loai truyen cuoi duoc nguoi Bien Hoa - Dong Nai ua thich, tiep nhan tu tu xu.


Ca dao - dan ca :


Tieng Chau Ma, Stieng, Chau Ro giau chat tho. Nhung loi hat doi dap giao duyen trong lao dong va nhung bai ca nghi le thuong dong lai trong ca dao tru tinh.


Tho ca dan gian cua nguoi Viet kha phong phu. Phong phu nhat la mang ca dao tru tinh mang theo trong hanh trang cua nguoi Viet den xu so Bien Hoa - Dong Nai.


Ngoai ra con co nhieu ca dao, dan ca mien Trung, mien Bac duoc bien the doi chut gan voi hoan canh, dia ly dia phuong phu hop tam tu cu dan vung dat moi ...


Tuc ngu phuong ngon :


Tuc ngu phuong ngon cua dong bao dan toc Chau Ma, Chau Ro, Stieng chu yeu truyen khau qua loi noi, do cac dan toc it nguoi tren dia ban Bien Hoa - Dong Nai chua co chu viet.


Nguoi Viet o Dong Nai ke tuc von tri thuc va tieng noi cua cha ong o nguyen quan nen kho tang tuc ngu, phuong ngon ve kinh nghiem san xuat, quy tac ung xu it co su khac la so voi xu Bac, xu Trung.


Van hoc viet


Van hoc viet Dong Nai cung nhu ca vung Nam bo noi chung, chi thuc su xuat hien khi vung nay co nhung tri thuc Nho hoc the ky XVII, khi dat Dong Nai - Gia Dinh co ten tren ban do Dai Viet.


Nhung nam 70 - 80 cua the ky XVIII, doi ngu nho si, cung cac tac gia van hoc ra doi nhu: Vo Truong Toan, Dang Duc Thuat, Trinh Hoai Duc, Le Quang Dinh, Ngo Nhon Tinh. Tac gia van hoc, nha van hoa lon nhat cua Bien Hoa - Dong Nai va ca xu Nam bo chinh la Trinh Hoai Duc.


Khi thuc dan Phap bat dau no sung tan cong xam luoc Viet Nam nam 1858, van hoc viet o Dong Nai phat trien giao tinh chien dau va tinh nhan van sau sac voi cac tac gia Nguyen Dinh Chieu, Nguyen Thong, Bui Huu Nghia ...


Khi Dang Cong San Viet Nam ra doi nam 1930, nhung nguoi cam but (di nhien khong phai la tat ca) cung da tim cho minh anh sang o moi trang viet dau tranh cho doc lap tu do cua dat nuoc. Do la nhung cay but: Huynh Van Nghe, Ly Van Sam, Hoang Van Bon.


Ly Van Sam la nha van xuat sac nhat cua van hoc mien Nam thoi ky 1945 - 1954. Hoang Van Bon la nha van co nhung tac pham phan anh sau rong va toan dien ve con nguoi va cuoc song khang chien o Dong Nai.


20 nam sau ngay mien Nam giai phong, Dong Nai da hinh thanh mot doi ngu gom nhieu the he sang tac, tu nha van ten tuoi nhu Ly Van Sam, Hoang Van Bon den cac cay but tre, nhieu cay but da truong thanh nhanh chong va duoc dung trong hang ngu cua Hoi nha van Viet Nam nhu: Khoi Vu, Nguyen Duc Tho, Cao Xuan Son, Truong Nam Huong, ...


Trang Phuc:

Trang phuc cua Mien Dong Nai co mot it thay doi theo thoi gian. Hien nay bo do truyen thong cua dan ong la khan dong ao dai thi da duoc thay the bang bo au phuc.


Trong khi do nhung phu nu thi van mac ao dai va dau doi non la. Mac ao dai la trang phuc doc dao cua Viet Nam thi phu nu Dong Nai cung rap theo ne nep do, nhat la vao cac ngay le hoi thi ho cang dua nhau trung dien, khoe chiec ao dai du mau muon sac.


Am thuc:


Cung rat la dac biet vi do thoi tiet hai mua mua nang nen cac san vat cua bien, rung, song nuoc, vuon ruong phong phu, cach an uong cua nguoi Dong Nai vua the hien net chung cua van hoa Viet Nam, vua co net dac biet cua nguoi mien Nam.


Nguoi Bien Hoa - Dong Nai thuong an mot ngay ba bua sang thi chao dau an voi ca loc kho tieu, hay chao dau nuoc cot dua, trua va chieu toi thi com canh bau nau voi ca tre vang, hoac ca loc kho thom, canh chua ca loc, hay mam kho ghem rau song, mam dong chung trung, canh kho qua don thit.


Nguoi Dong Nai lam thuc an cung lam cong phu va nhieu kieu cach. Nhu mon ham la phai nau that nhu thit heo thit bo voi mot it nuoc, tuong tu nhu mon tiem cua nguoi Trung Hoa. Canh la mon co nhieu nuoc, thuong nau hon hop thit ca voi cac loai rau co vi mat ma pho bien va dac trung nhat la canh chua ca loc voi me lam chua va cac loai bac ha. giam, dau bap, bap chuoi, rau om, ot sung.


Hay mon nuong thi luon phai that tuoi va thuong co uop mot it gia vi. Nguoi Dong Nai thich an ga tron goi (ga xe phay) voi vi chua cua chanh, cay cua tieu ot, nong cua rau ram gion tuoi cua bap chuoi, vi ngot cua ga to. Goi buoi la mot dac san noi tieng cua Dong Nai. Goi buoi gom buoi Bien hoa, loai vua chin toi, con hoi chua, xe nho tron voi du du, tep kho va rau thom. Cac loai goi song, thuong la ca song, tom song, voi ky thuat cua dong bang Bac Bo luu truyen vao Dong Nai cung dang la thu dac san thu hut nhieu thuc khach.

Theo: Nguoi vien xu

Thích và chia sẻ bài viết này trên facebook Theo dõi vietbao.vn trên facebook

TIN Khám Phá Việt Nam NỔI BẬT

Nghịch lý "dính" tham nhũng, "bỗng dưng" bị tâm thần

"Dư luận đặt ra có phải ông đó tâm thần không? Vấn đề là tại sao tham nhũng lại bị tâm thần nhiều thế?". Người ta bảo khi giám định là tâm thần, nhưng giải quyết việc gia đình lại rất bình thường.

Tìm hiểu: Gia Dinh, Viet Nam, Ky Yen, Chau Ro, Hoang Van Bon, Ly Van Sam, Van mieu Tran Bien, Thanh pho Bien Hoa, Mien Dong Nam Bo, duoc xay dung, dat phu sa, Vung Van Hoa, Song Dong Nai, dan toc, le hoi, nam

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: "Ai về Gia Định, Đồng Nai thì về..."

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet "Ai về Gia Định, Đồng Nai thì về..." bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Ai ve Gia Dinh Dong Nai thi ve

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Ai ve Gia Dinh Dong Nai thi ve co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Ai ve Gia Dinh Dong Nai thi ve de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Ve dep Viet Nam trong chuyen muc Kham pha Viet Nam.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Ve dep Viet Nam
Kenh Tin RSS Kenh Tin RSS | Du Bao Thoi Tiet | Lich Xem TV | Lien He - Contact | Quang Cao | Viec Lam | Dieu Kien Su Dung | Bao Ve Tinh Rieng Tu | Sitemap

Copyright©2008 VietBao.vn, Thu Vien Thong Tin Tong Hop Viet Nam va The Gioi, phien ban thu nghiem phan mem Viet Bao Viet Nam, beta 1.0