Chien thuat lam bai thi SAT moi

Tags: cau tra loi dung, co the loai bo, noi cach khac, su tro lai, quan trong nhat, loai bo duoc, cau hoi, bai thi, dap an, suy doan, lam bai, cai bay, Sat, viec, biet


Chien thuat lam bai thi SAT moi

Ky thi vao dai hoc quan trong nhat nuoc My da thay doi. Ban da san sang cho dai so nang cao, bai luan va… su tro lai cua ngu phap chua? Bai viet sau se cung cap cho ban mot cai nhin day du ve bai thi SAT moi.

Gia su co hai dua tre dang choi trong mot khu rung sau rong: mot cau be thong minh nhanh nhen den tu thanh pho va mot chu nhoc ban dia tuy cham chap hon nhung lai thuoc den tung cho re, ngach nho cua canh rung. Lieu ai se thang?

Van de o day chinh la nhung thuan loi to lon cua ban khi biet ro duoc dia the cua minh. Va neu nhu bai thi SAT cung nhu mot canh rung lon thi viec biet ro “tho dia” cua “khu rung” nay se cho ban nhung ket qua tot nhat.

Doan hay khong doan?

Chung ta co nen doan trong ki thi SAT hay khong? Cau tra loi nam trong chinh cau hoi SAT ma chung toi dung ra sau:

You are taking a test. On a particular question, though, there has been a printing error. The question wasn’t printed at all! But the five answers have been printed. One of the five answers is right, but you don’t know which one. If you randomly guess and pick an answer, what’s the probability you’ll choose the “right” answer?

(Ban dang lam mot bai kiem tra. Bong nhien co mot cau hoi do loi in an ma mat het ca phan de bai. Duy chi co 5 cau hoi van duoc nhin thay ro. Mot trong so do la cau tra loi dung nhung ban ko the nao biet duoc do la cau nao. Ban lay bua mot dap an va tick vao do. Vay ty le dung cua ban trong cau hoi do la bao nhieu?)

Cau hoi tren cung tuong tu nhu hoan canh ban phai doan cau tra loi trong ki thi SAT. Neu ban cu mo mot dap an trong 5 dap an con lai thi ban van co 20% kha nang se chon duoc cau tra loi dung. Noi cach khac, neu ban tham chi khong them liec mot cai vao cac dap an ma cu tick bua mot cau tra loi thi cu 5 lan doan ban van co the co 1 lan chinh xac.

The con 0.25 diem tru tu moi cau tra loi sai thi sao? Ban than chinh con so phat day cung khong phai tu nhien ma co. No duoc dat ra nham han che toi da viec an diem tu doan mo trong ki thi. Neu ban doan 5 cau hoi ma duoc 1 cau hoi dung (truong hop nay thuong xuyen xay ra) thi tong diem goc cho 5 cau tra loi do se nhu sau:

1 cau dung = 1 diem goc

4 cau sai + (-0.25) cho moi cau = -1 diem goc.

Va ket qua la ban van chang duoc diem nao cho 5 cau hoi nay.

Vay viec doan trong bai thi la hoan toan vo nghia va mat thoi gian? Hoan toan SAI.

Nhung nguyen tac co ban khi doan

Viec suy doan se chi tro nen mat thoi gio khi ban chon tu ca 5 dap an cho san. Nhung khong co ai bat ban phai chon tu ca 5 dap an do ca. Noi cach khac, neu ban biet cach suy doan hop li, ban co the loai bo duoc vai kha nang truoc khi hoan toan “dua vao su may man cua ban than”. Chang han nhu trong bai tap hoan thanh cau sau:

In Greek mythology, Hades, the realm of the dead, is guarded by ---- dog.

(A) an anthropomorphic

(B) a sanguinary

(C) a sesquipedalian

(D) a delicious

(E) a sententious

Chung toi chon vi du nay boi nghi rang cac ban co the khong biet nghia cua 4 tu: anthropomorphic, sanguinary, sesquipedalian hay sententious. Ca 4 tu nay deu it xuat hien hon cac tu vung khac trong ki thi SAT. Nhung ban chac chan se biet nghia cua tu delicious va co the loai ngay cau tra loi nay (a delicious dog???).

Dung la ban van chua the biet duoc cau tra loi cuoi cung boi ban moi chi loai duoc moi tu delicious. Nhung mot khi da xac dinh duoc delicious khong phai la cau tra loi, viec cua ban bay gio se chi la doan 1 trong 4 tu con lai thay vi 5 tu nhu truoc. Va bay gio ty le cua ban se la 1 cau tra loi dung cho moi 3 cau tra loi sai:

1 cau dung = 1 diem goc

3 cau sai + (-0.25) cho moi cau = 0.75 diem goc

Cuoi cung ban se duoc tong cong la 0.25 diem goc. Noi cach khac, chi can biet chac mot dap an la sai thoi, loi the se thuoc ve ban. Va 1 hay chi can 0.25 diem goc thoi se tro nen cuc ki dang gia.

Cuoi cung, tat ca nhung dan chung tren chi de ket luan rang: Neu ban co the loai bo du chi mot lua chon trong cac cau tra loi, luon luon doan.

Suy doan la cach lay diem tung phan

Tuy vay, mot vai nguoi khong ung ho voi viec suy doan nay. Ho cho rang viec do cung tuong tu nhu gian lan trong bai thi va no se thien vi nhung nguoi khong biet gi va chi coi SAT nhu mot tro choi “mo chu”.

Va neu ban la mot trong so nhung nguoi tren thi hay lam quen voi viec suy doan di boi: Thu nhat chinh ban se lam mat di co hoi tang diem cua minh neu nhu khong chiu suy doan truoc nhung cau hoi kho. Thu hai: viec suy doan hop li chi la mot dang cua viec lay diem theo tung phan.

Quay tro lai voi vi du ve hoan thanh cau da cho o tren. Hau het moi nguoi chi loai bo duoc mot kha nang la delicious. Nhung gia su ban con biet them tu sententious co nghia la “given to pompous moralization” (len mat day doi) va hieu rang khong co mot chu cho nao “hay thuyet trinh ve dao duc” lai di canh cong cho the gioi am phu Hy Lap xua ca. Bay gio, ban chi can doan 1 trong 3 kha nang con lai cua cau hoi, giup ban co mot ty le la 1 cau dung cho moi 2 cau tra loi sai.

Nho rang kien thuc cua ban cang nhieu thi loi the va diem ban dat duoc trong viec suy doan cang tang.

Viec suy doan trong cac cau hoi dien so (Grid-ins)

Khong co bat cu mot hinh phat nao trong viec suy doan o nhung cau hoi dien so. Du ban co doan sai di nua thi ban van ko bi tru mot diem nao. Nhung co mot van de cung kha nhuc nhoi khac la phan tram suy doan dung cua ban trong nhung cau hoi kieu nay la rat nho chi 1/14400. Dieu nay co nghia la du khong co bat cu mot diem tru nao de doa thi neu ban khong co mot chut khai niem nao ve cau tra loi thi cung chang co tac dung lam trong viec suy bua mot dap an.

Con trong truong hop ban da tinh toan ky luong va co cau tra loi, hay cu danh dau vao bang so du cho ban co ko chac chan ve ket qua cua minh.

Loai bo dap an sai

SAT bao gom hau het la nhung cau hoi trac nghiem. Ma nhung cau hoi trac nghiem se tro nen rat de dang neu nhu ban co mot “chien thuat” dung dan. Tai sao u? Boi cau tra loi da duoc dat ra ngay truoc mat chung ta. No chi bi giau trong hang dong nhung cau tra loi sai khac va nhiem vu cua chung ta la phai tim ra no.

Lam bai thi SAT cung don gian nhu vay: ban nhin vao cau hoi, nghi ra mot dap an va bingo: ban tick vao cau tra loi cua cau hoi.

Nhung cung co luc nhung van de se tro nen rac roi hon khi ban khong the nao nghi ra cau tra loi du da “soi” rat ky de bai. No co the do ban khong biet nghia cua mot tu nao do, do bai toan qua kho hay cung co the la do ban ko the tim ra duoc loi ngu phap cua mot cau. Tuy nhien du do co la ly do gi di chang nua, ban cung khong nen bo qua cau hoi do. Thay vao do, truoc tien hay co loai di nhung kha nang khac cho den khi chi con lai 1 dap an cuoi cung. Hay du chi co loai bo duoc 1 kha nang di nua thi ban cung da tao cho minh mot loi the tot hon.

Cach loai bo dap an sai phu thuoc nhieu vao tung dang cau hoi trong bai thi SAT. Nhung phuong phap cu the ma chung toi dua ra trong quyen sach nay se giup ban cung co ky nang loai tru cho tung dang ma ban se gap phai trong ki thi SAT moi. Con bay gio ban chi can nho rang: viec khong the tra loi ngay truoc moi cau hoi khong dong nghia voi viec ban khong the tim ra dap an cuoi cung cho cau hoi do.

Cac cam bay trong ky thi SAT

Cai bay trong ki thi SAT chinh la o nhung cau tra loi tuong la dung ma thuc ra lai sai. SAT biet rang se co nhung nguoi bi cang thang trong luc lam bai thi. Nhung nguoi nhu the thuong co nhung bieu hien nhu sau:

- Ho lam bai thi cho den khi gap phai nhung cau hoi khong the tim ngay ra cau tra loi.

- Ho luon nghi rang: “Hmm, minh se liec xuong nhung cau tra loi xem la minh co dang di dung huong khong”.

- Va BANG, ho sap bay khi tick vao nhung cau tra loi thoang nhin co ve dung nhung thuc chat lai sai.

De phat hien ra nhung cai bay cua SAT, dau tien chung ta phai cong nhan su ton tai cua chung. Dieu thu hai can luu y la chung ta can co mot chien luoc cu the, neu khong se tro thanh nhung “con moi beo bo” cho nhung cai bay “chet nguoi” nay.

Noi cach khac, khong nen nhin vao cac dap an tru khi da phan nao doan duoc cau tra loi can tim. Va neu nhu ban dang dung phuong phap loai tru, co nhan ra nhung cai bay duoc gai san trong nhung cau dap an. Mot khi ban nhan ra chung, ban co the loai bo chung ra khoi nhung kha nang con lai, tao them loi the cho ban than.

Nhung cai bay co rat nhieu dang nhung chac chan mot dieu chung khong phai la nhung cau tra loi dung. Cai gi cua nhung cai bay nay khien chung ta bi lua vay? Dieu do con tuy thuoc vao tung phan cua bai thi ma ban lam.

Bay phan doc hieu: Su lien he gia mao

Nhung cai bay SAT chu yeu tap trung o phan hoan thanh cau va doc hieu. Chung danh lua chung ta hau het o moi lien he gia. Nhung moi lien he nay tao cho nguoi thi co cam giac no phu hop voi hoan canh cau nhung thuc chat chung la nhung dap an sai. Vi du sau se giai thich ro hon ve van de nay:

On Halloween night, five-year old Dilbert was ---- to discover that he had received more candy than ever before.

(A) terrified

(B) delighted

(C) nonplussed

(D) distraught

(E) famished

Cau tra loi la B. Nhung neu chi doc luot qua va nhan thay rang cau hoi ve Halloween, ban se de dang nghi rang cau be 5 tuoi dilbert se phai terrified. Hay neu ban thay su gop mat cua tu candy ban co the lien he den viec doi, dan den cau tra loi famished E. Nhung cau dap an duoc dua ra deu co the cho ta cam giac la cau tra loi dung boi no deu lien quan den mot khia canh nao do cua cau hoi. Doi voi nhung nguoi thi cang thang thi viec mac phai nhung cai bay nay la rat de xay ra.

Va ban co the nhan ra rang neu nhu trong phan toan cac cau tra loi sai deu la nhung cai bay khong loai nay thi loai khac thi trong phan doc hieu chi 1 den 2 su lua chon la bay ma thoi.

Khong co bay trong phan viet

Va bay gio la tin tot lanh: khong co mot cai bay nao trong phan thi viet (writing) SAT ca. Nhung cau hoi trac nghiem va phan viet luan khong chua bat ki mot loai bay nao cho nguoi thi. Vi du nhu trong de bai sau duoc lay tu cau hoi Phat trien doan cua phan viet SAT:

Which of the following is the best way to revise the underlined portion of sentence 2, reprinted below?

Sixty-one percent of adults suffer from obesity, but around 3,000 people die every year from diseases directly related to it.

(A) suffer from obesity, but around

(B) suffer, from obesity but around

(C) suffer from obesity, and

(D) suffer from obesity, although

(E) suffer from obesity since

Phan viet SAT chi kiem tra kien thuc ngu phap cua ban ma ve ngu phap thi chi co dung hoac sai. Noi cach khac, khong co bat ki mot bay nao trong phan viet ca.

Diem muc tieu va chien thuat lam bai

Diem muc tieu anh huong rat lon den chien thuat lam bai cua ban trong viec thi ki thi SAT moi. Mot hoc sinh mong muon duoc diem tren 700 se phai co mot lich hoc khac han mot nguoi chi can khoang 500 diem.

Ban hoc sinh mong muon duoc tren 700 se phai tra loi duoc hau het tat ca cac cau hoi cua bai thi, phai lam nhanh ma van khong duoc mac cac loi nho khong dang co. Nhung hoc sinh chi can 500 khong can thiet phai lam het tat ca cac cau hoi cua bai.

Tren thuc te, hoc sinh can 500 tham chi khong can phai co gang tra loi het boi ho co the bo trong rat nhieu cau hoi. Ho co the chon nhung cau hoi nao ho co the tra loi duoc va co gang chac chan tra loi dung nhung cau hoi day.

Bang sau se chi ro hon phan nao so cau ban co the bo trong trong moi phan cua bai thi - Writing, Critical Reading va Math, tuy thuoc vao muc tieu diem cua ban.

Diem muc tieu/So cau bo trong

750-800 /0

700--750/0-1

650--700 1-3

600-650/2-5

550-600/4-8

500-550/7-12

450-500/10-16

400-450/14-20

Bang tren chi la mot ban mang tinh chat huong dan khach quan. Tai sao u? Boi vi chung toi khong the biet het duoc ban se the nao khi lam mot bai thi that, ban co tro nen cang thang khong, ban co so suat khongo, hay toc do lam bai cua ban the nao… Nhung dieu quan trong la ban da biet duoc nhung cam bay co the co va ban co the tim ra cach de tranh duoc chung.

Chung toi khong muon ban chi co the noi: “Toi khong nghi toi lam tot lam trong viec hoan thanh cau” hay “Toi nghi la thinh thoang toi con nham lan trong hinh hoc” ma chung toi muon ban co the chi cu the ra nhung diem minh con yeu nhu: “Toi thay minh con yeu trong phan hoan thanh cau voi 2 tu vung” hay “nhung duong tron va hinh tam giac that khien toi dau dau”.

Va mot khi ban da tim ra duoc diem yeu cua minh, hay ap dung cho minh phuong phap chuan bi SAT co hieu qua nhat: bien nhung bai thi luyen tap thanh nhung nguoi huan luyen vien SAT dac luc nhat.

Theo Sinh Vien Du Hoc

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Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Chiến thuật làm bài thi SAT mới bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Chien thuat lam bai thi SAT moi

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Chien thuat lam bai thi SAT moi co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Chien thuat lam bai thi SAT moi de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Du hoc trong chuyen muc Giao duc.

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