Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

Tags: Quach Dong Phuong, Ong Tan, Sai Gon, may quay dia, Nhac co dien, co trong tay, dia nhua, thoi gian, nhung nguoi, khong co, am thanh, the gioi, nghe, choi, den


Bang cat-set, dia CD roi VCD, HCDC... cu noi nhau ra doi nho nhung cong nghe moi va cang ngay cang tien dung nhung voi nhung doi tai sanh nhac thi "chi nghe tu dia than moi cam nhan duoc cai hay, cai dep va sang trong cua am nhac"...

Yeu dia hon... vo!

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Hoa si Vu Dan Tan say me ben dia hat co.

Galary Natasha cua hoa si Vu Dan Tan voi kien truc phang phat mau sac HN xua lot thom trong khu pho du lich va buon ban sam uat tren pho Hang Bong. Chiec Grand Piano dat doi dien voi cua ra vao, can phong be xiu chua day tranh theo truong phai an tuong. Bo ban ghe co xep ngay ngan quanh chiec ban dung mam dong thay cho mat go. Tu dia nhua cua ong Tan duoc dat o vi tri kha khuat, phai duoc chu nhan chi tan noi moi biet tu dia quy the nao. Ben trong chiec tu cu ky bui mo la nhung chiec dia quy tu nhung nam 1950-1970 ma ong Tan can than cat trong tui nilon de tranh bui va hoi am.

Ong Tan la mot trong nhung "dai gia choi dia than va dia nhua" o HN voi "tham nien" nua the ky. Sinh ra trong mot gia dinh tri thuc va kha gia nen ong som duoc tiep xuc voi nhung chiec may quay dia va dia nhac nhua. Chiec may quay dia dau tien hieu Op-phe ong co duoc la do cu than sinh mua tu nhung nam 1950 thuoc dang co nhat o HN hien nay. Ong Tan nho lai: "Nhung nam 1950, ca HN chi co 1 cua hang ban may quay dia (bang tay) va dia nhua la hieu sach ngoai van o gan Bach hoa tong hop truoc day. Do vay, nguoi ta thuong dat mua truc tiep tu Phap. Bo toi mua cho toi chiec may quay dia va mot chiec dia than moi mat co 1 bai hat tieng Phap de toi hoc tieng". Khong biet tu bao gio ong Tan da me chiec may quay dia, nhung tieng lach cach khi chiec kim cham vao mat dia va nhung giai dieu sang trong cua nhac co dien. Bay gio ong Tan co gan 10 cai may quay dia nhung chiec dau tien thi da bi pha hong tu lau boi cau be Tan nghich ngom va thich kham pha. Ong Tan cung la mot trong vai nguoi o Ha Noi co day du phuong tien de nghe dia voi bo suu tap 5 may quay dia cac loai cua Tiep, Nga... va gan 100 chiec kim sat du de nghe tu gio den het doi.

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

Hoa si Quach Dong Phuong va chiec may quay dia Project.

Dai dien cho lop choi dia nhua tre hon va "ton kem" hon o HN la nghe si Quach Dong Phuong. Bat dau choi dia nhua tu nam 1976 khi dang hoc lop 8, den gio dia nhua van la niem say me vo tan cua Quach Dong Phuong. Nguon dia cua anh phong phu: Tu mua o nuoc ngoai, trao doi voi ban be hoac dat mua o Hong Kong, Sai Gon... Hon 500 chiec dia nhua cua Quach Dong Phuong thoi thi du loai nhung chu yeu van la nhac Rock. Thang truoc, anh "vo" duoc mot mo dia nhua hiem va moi tai Hong Kong va bo ra 10 trieu dong de doi lai 100 chiec dia moi. Quach Dong Phuong co nhung bo dia anh rat quy (Beatles, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, bo dia cac bai hat khang chien chong My, Quach Thi Ho hat ca tru tu cuoi nhung nam 1950...).

Con ong Tan thi suu tap duoc rat nhieu bo dia hay va quy, co khi ong Tan co trong tay hon mot ngan chiec dia nhua, than du loai, tu loai 33, 45 den 78 vong/phut. Nhung thoi gian bi chia se cho thu vui ve tranh, choi piano... va cung chang con may ong ban "cung ca" chia se dam me nay nen cung khong danh het thoi gian cho chiec dia nhua. Bo suu tap cua ong Tan chu yeu la nhac co dien. Moi khi co trong tay mot chiec dia moi, ong can than ky ten va ghi ngay thang o mot goc nho ngoai vo. Bay gio da co tuoi, khong du suc khoe va thoi gian di tim mua dia du niem dam me van con nguyen ven, ong Tan khong con mua nhieu dia nhua nhu truoc. Them nua, nghe lai nhung bo dia quy co trong tay da chiem qua nhieu thoi gian cua ong. Vo cua ong Tan la mot phu nu Nga. Co doi chut khac biet ve van hoa va cach song nhung khong khi nao ba can nhan ve ong chong "me dia hon vo". Ong Tan vui ve noi: "Ba nha khong bao gio phan ung ve so thich cua toi ca. Hoi truoc toi co nhieu dia, de bua bon va ton dien tich kha nhieu nen hay bi keu ca, chi con cach han che bot dia thoi. Toi cho di kha nhieu dia, cung chi con vai tram cai".

The gioi hep cua dia than

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

May quay dia co san xuat nam 1906.

Buoc vao phong lam viec cua Quach Dong Phuong, toi da thuc su bi choang ngop voi nhung thiet bi am thanh "xin" va do so len den hang chuc ngan USD. Hien tai anh chi giu lai 2 chiec may quay dia anh cho la xuat sac nhat de dung. Mot chiec la Progect, chiec con lai laf Amiga cua hang AR (My). Anh vua mua bo am-ly cua hang Western Electric san xuat nam 1956 voi gia hon 1.000 USD (khoang 17 trieu dong). Khi moi tung ra thi truong, bo am-ly co lo nay co gia 500.000 USD, luc do bang tien 10 chiec xe hoi Cardilac. "tieu su" cua bo am-ly nay kha dac biet. Ban dau no thuoc so huu cua mot ong gia mu co 2 con trai lam cho nhung hang dia noi tieng the gioi. Cach day 6 nam, khi vao Sai Gon, Quach Dong Phuong da duoc nhin thay bo am-ly "hoanh trang" nhung chi dam xin... chup anh ve ngam vi gia cao qua. Roi gia dinh ong gia mu me dia nhua va nhac co dien vi nhieu ly do nen phai ban di. Luu lac the nao ma lai roi vao tay ong ban buon ban thiet bi am thanh cua Quach Dong Phuong. Ket qua la bay gio anh da lam chu duoc bo am-ly vo gia.

Niem dam me dia nhua cung chiem het thoi gian va tien bac cua cau thanh nien Dan Tan. Nhung nam 1960-70, dia nhua va dia than rat quy hiem, da ve tay minh thi kho co ai muon duoc. "Cung giong nhu sach, nhung nguoi thich co the den nghe nhung toi khong cho mang ve nha". Dia da kho mua lai con dat nua. Hoi do luong cua ong Tan chi co 40dong, an mat 15d roi con bao nhieu chi phi khac. Du me sach nhung neu co dia hay, ong danh ngam ngui dat sach tro lai gia vi tien mua dia va sach tuong duong nhau. Mot chiec dia cua Tiep co gia 7dong, dia Nga thi bang 1 nua tien (3-3,5dong), the la di dut 1/6-1/10 thang luong. Ma dau phai cu co tien la "khuan" dia nhua ve duoc. Moi lan cua hang duy nhat cua Nha nuoc chi nhap ve vai chuc chiec dia nhung qua nua lai duoc giu lai cho nguoi quen. Chua kip quen may chi ban hang, khong co nguoi "xi phan" nen ong Tan cu phai "luon" qua hieu sach lien tuc, bo phi 1 cai dia hay thi qua la sai lam lon. Ong Tan nghe nhac suot ngay. Khong co dieu kien mua het nhung chiec dia gap ngoai cua hang nhung ong van luon duoc nghe nhung ban nhac yeu thich vi thuong xuyen trao doi dia voi ban be, nhung nguoi cung so thich voi dia nhua.

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Dia "Ho Thien Nga" 1972.

Bi va lay tu chiec dia nhua nhung no mang lai cho ong Tan nhieu thu vo cung quy gia, ma quan trong nhat la mot tam hon. Co ai do da tung noi, nhung nguoi khong the song thieu am nhac co mot trai tim giau tinh cam va huong thien. "Cam giac mua duoc mot chiec dia moi rat thu vi va kho ta. Toi nang niu chiec dia nhu mot vat bau. Co nhung chiec kim moi chi de dung cho dia moi tinh, nghe xong lai cat di. Do cung la mot cai thu. Toi bi cai benh la thich la vua nghe nhac, vua nhin cai dia quay nhu bi thoi mien. Luc nghe dia cung la luc dac biet. Chi khi thuc su ranh rang va thu thai moi co tam trang nghe dia. Cai thoi quen cu sang ngu day la ra luc dia cho vao may bat nghe nhu la bi nghien vay. Toi co cam giac nhu co su giao tiep truc tiep giua minh voi may quay. Nghe tieng lach tach khi chiec kim va cham voi mat dia da cu cung vo cung dac biet". May nam tro lai day, sau mot thoi gian "im hoi lang tieng", nhieu nguoi lai tro lai thu choi dia nhua va da hinh thanh phong trao nho. Ho choi lai dia nhua voi nhung thiet bi doc rat dat, dam bo 1.400 USD cho chiec day loa, mot zac loa cung len den 500 USD.

Co nhung nhung nguoi tinh co den voi am nhac nhu Binh tho sua dong ho o Hang Khay duoc menh danh la Binh "Me-tan" (Metalica) nhung lai co tieng voi nhung bo dia nhua vo gia. Nhung nam 1980, moi khi mua duoc mot cai dia moi, Binh sang ra bang coi de nghe "da chien" con dia moi... de danh. Cach lam nay duoc hau het dan me dia nhua o Ha Noi thuc hien. Dia nhua va dia than rat quy va bay gio thi no cung kha hiem. Dia hiem la vay nen may quay dia co moi khi "do chung" thi di tim do thay the met. Kho tim nhat van la kim tet, bo phan doc dia. Trong gioi choi dia, nguoi ta goi ngay Khanh beo o pho Kim Ma de tim gap mot cai kim tet co va hiem. Khanh beo cung la nguoi duoc dan suu tam dia nhua o HN tin tuong moi den "dinh gia" nhieu mon do am thanh.

Ky cong cua dan choi dia than

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

Dia nhac dau tien sau Khang chien chong Phap co tieng hat cua nghe nhan Quach Thi Ho.

Dia nhua co nhieu loai: LX, Ba Lan, AMIGA (Duc), Rumani, nhung theo danh gia cua dan sanh dia nhua HN thi tot nhat van la AMIGA. Dia nhua co 3 loai (chia theo toc do): 33 vong/phut; 45v/p (nhua); 78v/p (dia than, dia co nhat, chi chay cho dia quay tay, mot dia chi co mot bai). Co nhung chiec dia nhua quy khong phai vi no dat tien, co ma gia tri o nguoi hat va dan nhac. Ngoai ban nhac do ra, con phu thuoc vao nguoi bieu dien. Theo nhung nguoi sanh dia hat co, dia nhua ra doi tu nhung nam 1920. Ban dau lam bang than, sau nay lam bang nhua cung nhung de vo, toc do quay kha nhanh nen am thanh rat chan thuc. The he thu ba, dia ra doi tu 1948 la loai dia ghi am lam tu nhua vinyl rat deo va ben. Loai dia nay ben hon nhung kim chuan phai bang kim cuong, rat dat nhung co the dung duoc 1.000 gio, rieng dan choi dia nhua VN dung den 3.000 gio. Dia co nhieu dang cap, cung cua RCA chang han nhung co chiec 15 USD (khoang 200.000 dong), co chiec 80 USD (1,2 trieu dong) nhung chi nghe duoc moi mat 1 bai. Trong cac vu truong, cac DJ thuong dung dia 1 mat 1 bai co chat luong cao. Dia do thuong goi la dia nang va dat hon dia thuong gap 2 lan. Trung binh 1 chiec dia co chat luong co gia tu 15-20 USD (200.000-350.000 dong).

Mot chiec dia nhua xin chi nghe qua 20 lan la co tap am. Vi vay, o cac nuoc phuong Tay va nhieu tay choi dia nhua Viet Nam khi mua dia moi ve thuong sao sang bang coi, bang cat-set de nghe. Am thanh cua dia than va dia nhua rat tot. Cac loai CD va moi day nhat la dia chat luong cao HCDC hau het deu thu tu dia than. Co khong it nguoi sau nhieu nam gan bo va bo tien bac vao nhung chiec dia da khong du kien nhan de choi tiep ma chuyen sang CD. Choi dia nhua va dia than khong de. Viec bao quan dia tuong doi cong phu.

La thu choi thi bao gio cung ton kem, mat cong. Tu cach lau dia den dat bai nhu the nao, het bai lai phai chuyen, khong bam dieu khien tu xa duoc. Co nhung dau quay dia chuyen nghiep khong cho bat cu su tu dong nao. Tham chi voi may quay co 33 vong/phut nhung muon nghe dia 45v/p phai lap mo to 45 rieng vao de nghe. Bao quan dia quan trong nhat la phai tranh bui, thuong phai boc ni-long, moi lan nghe phai lau sach. Dan choi dia nhua toi ki dat tay truc tiep vao mat dia vi de gay mon, xuoc, anh huong den chat luong am thanh. Rieng voi ong Tan, ong can than xep tung chiec dia vao cac ngan hep nhu xep sach de tranh lam cong dia. Chinh vi vay, nhieu nguoi co nhu cau muon dia ve nha nghe ong Tan nhat dinh khong cho vi no rat quy va de hu hong.

Nghe si Quach Dong Phuong cung gan nhu khong cho muon dia vi so... hong. "Thoi gian dau toi khong co dia de nghe mot phan vi khong co tien, thuong xuyen phai di muon. Dau nhung nam 80 dia dat lam. Mot bo dia Pink Floyd gom 2 chiec bang tien mot chiec xe dap Mifa (hon 1 chi vang) ma ngay xua no bang chiec xe ga xin bay gio. Phai quy lam moi cho muon, 1-2 ngay phai tra. Tham chi, khi nhin thay mot nguoi cam dia cung khong xong, cham tay vao ranh dia thi nhat dinh toi khong cho muon. Nguoi muon khong co y thuc su dung, lam xuoc 1 vet thoi thi den luc cai dia do hong, nghe den doan dia bi xuoc luc nao cung co tieng kich mot cai, tieng ma chung toi goi la tieng cua thoi gian. Mot nam toi loi dia ra rua nuoc mot lan sau do lau va de kho de mat bot tieng lao sao vi bui. Bao quan may quay cung phai rat can than, mot chut so xay la kim gay. Khi dau can nang ti vao dia se lam sai tieng, chi nhung nguoi hieu ve no moi biet".

Bo vang roi lai tim vang!

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

Dia cai luong "Doi Co Luu" do nghe si Phung Ha the hien.

Dau nhung nam 1970, khi bang tu, roi cat-set, dan den dia CD xuat hien tai Viet Nam cung la giai doan khung hoang cua dia than va dia nhua. Nhieu nguoi da khong ngan ngai quang nhung chiec dia to kho, nang trich va ton dien tich ra duong. "Nhe nhang" hon thi ban dia dong nat va "tang" cho hang ban chim canh de lot long... The la nhung tay me dia nhua duoc mot phen "hot dia" nhieu hon bao gio het. Nghe si Quach Dong Phuong thi ra hang ban chim canh "nan ni" mua lai voi gia 1.000d/chiec sau do anh lam bao giay de dung nhung chiec dia bi chu cu "ruong bo" khong thuong tiec. Con ong Tan thi bong dung duoc mot nguoi ban mang den tang mot "mo" dia. "Dau nhung nam 1990, nguoi ta chuyen sang dung bang cat-set va CD nen toi co dip mua duoc nhieu dia hay va re. Do cung la thoi gian toi mua duoc nhieu dia nhua nhat. Tham chi, co co ban di duong thay nguoi ta vut dia di, co ay nhat mang ve cho toi", ong Tan nho lai.

Ngoai choi dia nhua, Quach Dong Phuong con choi tuong va do co... Voi anh "choi cai gi cung co 1 cai thu va mot chut kien thuc va hieu biet. Chua khi nao toi giam niem dam me choi dia nhua vi khong co am nhac toi khong chiu duoc. Nghe dia than co mot am thanh rat dac biet, bat to den may van co the noi chuyen voi nhau duoc, am thanh tu nhien va nghe khong met nhu bat CD. Choi dia nhua tao mot phong thai rat hay, khong the an xoi duoc". Tuy nhien, anh van co cam tinh voi CD va da suu tam CD voi hon 1.000 chiec du loai tu co dien, pop, rock... Voi nhung nguoi me dia nhua thi CD khong dong vai tro gi trong kho dia cua ho. Co nhieu ong ban chi vi chiec CD ma bo dia nhua nhung voi ong Tan thi khac. "Thinh thoang toi mua CD co nhung ban nhac ma trong dia nhua khong co de bo sung cho nhau. That ra, khi nghe CD, toi khong co cam giac thich thu nhu dia nhua va chat luong khong cao lam".

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than

Viec quet bui tren dia cung can den... choi tu chuyen dung.

Cong phu va ton kem la vay nhung o HN co khong it dan "nghien" choi dia nhua nhu nghe si: Le Thiet Cuong, Hoang The Phuong... rieng nhac si Ngoc Dai voi gan 1.000 dia co. De co cai nhin toan dien hon ve nhung nguoi suu tam dia nhua, chung toi da tim den anh Nguyen Anh Tuan, chu cua hang Audiophile chuyen ban dia goc va dia nhua vinyl tren duong Dinh Tien Hoang, Q.1, TP.HCM. Anh Tuan mo cua hang Audiophile cach day tron 4 nam. Ban dau chi ban dia CD, nhung do nhu cau mua dia nhua va dia than cua mot luong nho dan nghe nhac va suu tam dia Sai Gon nen anh Tuan quyet dinh danh mot goc cho dia nhua.

Cua hang Audiophile luc nao cung co khoang gan 2.000 CD cac loai va mot phan muoi trong so do la do la dia nhua. Nhung dia da xai roi va luan chuyen trong thi truong co gia chung 150.000 dong/chiec, con nhung dia moi san xuat thi len den 500.000 dong/chiec. Anh Tuan cho biet: "Co nhieu khach den tim dia nhua vi am thanh cua no rat chat luong. Tuy nhien, toi khong thay may nguoi thuc su thich suu tam dia nhua vi choi loai dia nay rat mat cong bao quan, nghe nhieu lan lam giam chat luong dia trong khi CD dung rat tien loi va do ben lon hon. Nhung nguoi choi dia nhua ngoai su du gia ve kinh te, con co nhieu thoi gian va su hieu biet. Nhieu nguoi sau mot thoi gian choi dia nhua khong kham noi, chuyen tu dia nhua sang CD". Ai noi chi co niem dam me la du?

Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Dia 33 vong/phut.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Kim dia.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Tem dia cua hang EMI thuong duoc goi la "Cho ngui ken".
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Kim lien loa cua dau quay dia co.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Tem Victrola cua dau dia hat san xuat nam 1906.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Tem dia EMI.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Kim sat.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Dau dia hat cua Duc chuyen de doc dia nhua.
Lac vao the gioi cua dan ghien dia than
Tem dia cua Hang Columbia.
  • Bich Hanh
    Anh: Minh Nguyen

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Tìm hiểu: Quach Dong Phuong, Ong Tan, Sai Gon, may quay dia, Nhac co dien, co trong tay, dia nhua, thoi gian, nhung nguoi, khong co, am thanh, the gioi, nghe, choi, den
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