Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen

Tags: Dan Mach, Tuong nang tien ca, cac nuoc Bac Au, nen kinh te, loai cao nhat, thanh pho, lau dai, bieu tuong, thu do, xe dap, nguoi dan, Copenhagen, tham, co


Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen

Dan Mach la mot nuoc Bac Au, co dien tich nho (43.000 km2) va dan so it (5,5 trieu nguoi), nhung co nen kinh te rat phat trien va muc song thuoc loai cao nhat the gioi.

Thu do Copenhagen la mot thanh pho thuoc loai trung binh, nhung co nhung toa lau dai va kieu kien truc co kinh co gia tri lich su van hoa lau doi. Cu dan o day co loi song that tha, hieu khach, rat co y thuc bao ve moi truong.

Thanh pho co kinh va yen binh

Roi thu do Paris hoa le va nao nhiet cua nuoc Phap, toi den Copenhagen va chung kien quang canh mot thanh pho khac han. Thanh pho nay sao ma qua im lang, rat it thay bong dang cac o to, khong co canh chen chuc on ao, pho xa vang ve (tru khu trung tam), o dau cung thay nhieu nhat la xe dap va nguoi di bo.

Day la dac diem sinh hoat o hau het thanh pho cac nuoc Bac Au, chu khong rieng gi Dan Mach. Vi the nen nhieu sinh vien nuoc ta, von quen voi canh sinh hoat on ao nao nhiet o que nha nhu Sai Gon, Ha Noi, khi sang du hoc o cac nuoc Bac Au deu than la buon.

Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen
Lau dai Hoang gia Amalienborg

Copenhagen hap dan vi cac kien truc co xua van duoc bao toan nguyen ven, cac lau dai, cac nha tho, cac con duong nho hep lat da, cac con kenh trong vat chay qua thanh pho. Thoi gian khong nhieu, chung toi chi co the di tham vai duong pho chinh, vai toa lau dai va buc tuong Nang tien ca.

Pho Stroget

Day la con duong co nhat o Copenhagen, chay xuyen qua trung tam thanh pho, hai dau la hai quang truong lon: quang truong Kongens o phia Dong va quang truong toa thi chinh o phia Tay. Hai ben duong, tap trung nhieu cua hang, hieu an, co nhieu ngoi nha xay dung tu may the ky truoc. Pho Stroget chi danh cho nguoi di bo. Den toa thi chinh, du khach co the treo len chiec thap cao, tu do co the nhin thay toan bo con duong Stroget o phia sau va phia truoc la cong vien Tivoli.

Tivoli la mot cong vien giai tri va cung la mot vuon hoa ruc ro, ban dem vuon hoa nay duoc chieu sang boi 100.000 chiec den mau duoc xay dung tu nam 1843. Tivoli la niem tu hao cua nguoi dan Copenhagen voi du cac kieu kien truc, cac tro giai tri cho tre em va ca nguoi lon. No chi mo cua 6 thang trong nam (tu trung tuan thang 4 den ha tuan thang 9) voi chuong trinh 7 ngay deu co ca nhac, san khau, phao hoa va dac biet nhat la cuoc trinh dien cua cac nhan vien bao ve Tivoli mac trang phuc cua ngu lam quan hoang gia.

Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen
Trung tam Copenhagen chi toan nguoi di bo

Tham nang tien ca

Chung toi di tham mot so lau dai tieu bieu nhat: Charlottenborg (cung dien mua he cua hoang gia), Amalienborg (cung dien mua dong cua hoang gia), Christianborg (tru so quoc hoi, toa an toi cao, van phong thu tuong). Roi den mot dia diem kha noi tieng la con kenh dao Nyhavn an thong ra bien, noi day la mot ben cang tap nap voi thuyen be duoi nuoc, nha kho, hang quan tren bo.

Sau cung, den diem quan trong nhat ma du khach nao cung khong the bo qua, do la buc tuong Nang tien ca (con goi la My nhan ngu) duoc dat tren mot tang da tren ben cang Langilinic nhin ra bien. Day la tac pham cua nha dieu khac Edward Eriksen (1876-1954), duoc lam theo yeu cau cua ong Carlsberg Jacobsen (nguoi sang lap ra hang bia Carlberg) de lam tang pham cho thanh pho Copenhagen. Tuyet tac nay duoc hoan thanh vao nam 1913 va tro thanh bieu tuong cua thu do Copenhagen, cung la bieu tuong cua nuoc Dan Mach.

Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen
Buc tuong Nang tien ca

Nang tien ca be nho la ten mot cau chuyen co tich rat xuc dong cua dai van hao Dan Mach Christian Andersen (1805-1875). Moi tinh dep de cua nang voi vi hoang tu va tinh than hy sinh cao ca cua nang khien nang thu phuc duoc su cam phuc va yeu men cua hang trieu doc gia khap the gioi. Dieu do cung giai thich vi sao bieu tuong nang tien ca be nho co suc hut manh me doi voi tat ca du khach nhu vay.

The nhung vao dem rang ngay 24/4/1964, mot ten vo lai nao do da dung cua cat dut dau cua nang tien ca, gay nen su bang hoang doi voi nguoi dan Dan Mach. Cuoi cung, nguoi ta phai tac mot chiec dau khac giong nhu nguyen ban de gan vao than nang. Chuyen tuong da yen, nao ngo den toi 6/9/1998 (tuc la 34 nam sau), nang tien ca lai bi cat dau mot lan nua. Nhung may thay, chiec dau nay duoc tim thay va rap lai tren than nang.

Vao toi 11.9.2003, nang tien ca lai bi pha hoai lan nua. Lan nay nang khong bi cat dau nhung bi lat nhao xuong bien. Vai ngay sau, nguoi ta vot nang len va dat tren tang da cu.

So voi bieu tuong cua Paris la thap Eiffel, bieu tuong cua New York la Nu than tu do, thi bieu tuong cua Copenhagen qua u la be nho, chi co 1,25 met chieu cao, the nhung kich thuoc bang do cung da du giup nang tien ca duoc ca the gioi biet den.

Tinh cach Dan Mach

Dan Mach cung nhu cac nuoc Bac Au (gom Na Uy, Thuy Dien, Dan Mach, Phan Lan) da xay dung cho minh mo hinh xa hoi goi la nha nuoc phuc loi (Etat-providence), trong do phuc loi xa hoi duoc chia deu cho moi nguoi dan, khong co khoang cach lon ve muc song giua cac tang lop dan chung, giua nguoi "lam quan" voi dan thuong.

Tham nang tien ca Copenhagen
Lau dai Christiansborg

Dan Mach co nen kinh te rat phat trien, ngan sach hang nam luon luon thang du, khong co nan that nghiep, tham chi nha cam quyen rat lo ve tinh trang thieu nhan cong. Nguoi nhap cu o day (da so la nguoi Pakistan va cac nuoc Nam A) duoc huong che do tro cap rat tot.

Nguoi dan Dan Mach su dung xe dap rat nhieu, tinh trung binh hai nguoi dan co mot chiec xe dap. O thu do Copenhagen, chuyen cac bo truong den cong so bang xe dap la "viec hang ngay xay ra o huyen", cac dan bieu di hop quoc hoi cung bang xe dap. Con nu hoang Margrethe de nhi thuong di bo dao choi o trung tam thu do va vao cac cua hang mua sam nhu nguoi dan thuong.

Dac diem cua hoang gia Dan Mach la chi co mot trieu dai duy nhat cai tri dat nuoc nay tu the ky thu 10 den nay. Nu hoang Margrethe de nhi len ngoi tu nam 1972 va nay duoc 67 tuoi, la nhan vat rat duoc dan chung yeu men va kinh trong. Loi song cua Hoang gia cung la mot hinh anh tieu bieu cua phong cach Dan Mach, tuy giau co nhung khong kieu ky, thanh lich nhung rat hon nhien, gian di, thich hoa hop voi thien nhien hon la go bo trong nhung phuong tien sinh hoat hien dai. Moi truong o Dan Mach duoc bao ve rat tot. Roi thu do Copenhagen co kinh, ta thay nong thon that la yen tinh, dau dau cung dong ruong xen lan voi rung cay, noi lien giua cac thon xom la cac nha tho va lau dai co. Nguoi Dan Mach tu hao noi rang quang canh nong thon ngay nay khong khac gi may the ky truoc, nhu duoc mo ta trong cac truyen co tich cua dai van hao Andersen.

(Theo Sai Gon Tiep Thi)
Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Dan Mach, Tuong nang tien ca, cac nuoc Bac Au, nen kinh te, loai cao nhat, thanh pho, lau dai, bieu tuong, thu do, xe dap, nguoi dan, Copenhagen, tham, co

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