Yen sao Mon an vua chua

Tags: Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam, Nguyen Quang Phach, Ho The An, Van hoa Trung Quoc, giam doc cong ty, da lam sach, Nguoi Ha Noi, chiu anh huong, mon an, yen sao, To yen, vua chua, an yen, bat


Yen sao Mon an vua chua
To yen da qua che bien

Theo ky su Ho The An, nguyen giam doc Cong ty Yen sao Khanh Hoa, con nguoi biet su dung yen sao de an va lam thuoc tu rat som, co the cach day tren 2.000 nam. Vua chua Trung Quoc, Viet Nam va cac nuoc chiu anh huong van hoa Trung Quoc khi chieu dai cac cong than, quoc khach deu lay yen sao lam mon an dau so. Co le tu “yen tiec” co nguon goc tu day (?)…

“Vang trang”

Theo ket qua nghien cuu, chim yen co 84 loai. O Viet Nam co hai loai yen long xam thuong gap la yen nui va yen hang. To yen nui duoc lam bang nuoc bot va long chim, khong an duoc.To yen hang duoc lam hoan toan bang nuoc bot, an duoc. Chim yen hang di kiem an tu mo sang cho den toi mit moi ve to. Thuc an cua chung la kien, ruoi, muoi, bo ray, bo rua, bo xit, buom, chuon chuon kim, nhen va mot so con trung khac. To yen hay yen sao (goi theo am Han) la thuc pham bo duong co gia tri cao. Gia to yen loai tot co the len toi 2.000- 3.000 USD/kg. Vi the nguoi ta con goi to yen la “vang trang”. Ket qua phan tich cho thay to yen co ham luong dam cao (40-50%), luong mo lai rat thap (0 - 0,13%) va co du cac loai axit amin can thiet cho co the con nguoi. Trong to yen co 10-15 nguyen to da vi luong rat can thiet cho su tao mau, on dinh than kinh, kich thich tao tinh trung va trung. To yen con co hon 8% axit sialic, rat can cho su kich thich phan bao de doi moi co the. Nguoi ta con phat hien o to yen mot so chat hoat tinh sinh hoc kich thich phan chia, sinh truong te bao bach cau ngoai bien, va tin tuong rang sau khi duoc dieu che, chat nay co the giup chua benh ung thu vu va HIV/AIDS co hieu qua hon.

Theo Cong ty Yen sao Khanh Hoa, dung to yen co tac dung bo phoi, bo huyet, thanh nhiet, on dinh than kinh tri nho, kich thich tang truong te bao, tang suc de khang co the; dung thuong xuyen se dep da, chong lao hoa, tang tuoi tho. Tien si Nguyen Quang Phach (Cong ty Yen sao Khanh Hoa) cho biet to yen con duoc dung trong mot so bai thuoc chua benh ve da day, hen, lao, tieu dem.

Nguoi Ha Noi an yen

Hon muoi nam truoc, giao su Tran Quoc Vuong sai “hien de” cua minh la Tran Hong Kien Trung di tim hieu cach che bien va thuong thuc yen cua nguoi Ha Noi “ba muoi sau pho phuong”, “ngan nam van vat”. Ong Trung da gap cac cu ba Bich Tan, Phat Dat, Duc Loi (tuoi tu 70-83), nguoi Ha Noi goc, thuoc tang lop “thuong luu” ngay truoc, nha co “bat an, bat de”. Cac cu cho biet co 3 cach an yen. Truoc tien, ngam to yen vao nuoc la chung nua gio den mot gio, cho to toi ra; roi nhat sach long chim, tap chat dinh vao to; rut tung soi yen ra dat vao dia hay bat. Sau do, cac bac “be tren” thich mon yen gi thi che bien theo mon ay.

Thu nhat la mon “yen tha” hay mon “yen tha ga”, day la mon an man hay mon khai vi truoc khi an co. Phai chon ga gio hay ga mai to, cat tiet, lam long, mo bung, lay sach long, gan… roi cho vao noi nuoc dun “sui tam”; de lua to qua thit ga chin quat, mat ngon. Khi thit ga chin toi, vot ra, xe tung mieng nho. Dem soi yen da lam sach (chung nua to), hap cach thuy cho vua chin toi (chung 20-30 phut), roi tha vao bat nho (loai bat an che), dat ga xe phay len tren, chan nuoc dung that trong, that nong… Dat bat “yen tha” tren dia, roi bung len dang cac cu xoi khai vi.

Thu hai la mon che yen. Dun nuoc duong kinh, do long trang trung va vo trung bop vun vao cho quyen lay tap chat trong nuoc duong, roi dung moi vot ra. Nhu the nuoc duong moi that trong. Muc nuoc duong dun soi ra bat nho, tha yen da hap chin vao la duoc bat che yen.

Thu ba la mon yen hap duong phen. Chon loai duong phen trong vat, bo vao bat nho, tha yen da lam sach len tren (co khi cho them lat sam) roi hap cach thuy cho chin.

Mon dang vua

Tien si Nguyen Quang Phach cho biet mot so cach an yen kha cau ky. Che yen: Cho yen da lam sach, hat sen, dau xanh vao noi; do nuoc vua phai, dun soi 30 phut. Sau do cho duong phen vao, dun soi 15 phut nua. Muc che yen ra chen cho nguoi. An truoc khi di ngu. Sup yen (mon an cua nguoi Trung Hoa): Yen da che bien nau lan voi cuoc ca map, hat sen, tao Tau, tom boc vo, nam meo, nam huong, gia vi du dung. Mon nay thuong thay ban o mot so tiem, va theo tien si Nguyen Quang Phach, chi co khoang 1% yen, con 99% la bun Tau gia yen va cuoc ca map. Yen nhoi bo cau (mon an cho vua): Bo cau duoc lam sach, bo noi tang. To yen da che bien, cuoc ca map, nam meo, nam huong duoc nhoi vao bung bo cau, chung cach thuy cho nhu. Rut xuong bo cau, vo tron khoi “thit-yen” nay va cho len chao ran vang. Day la mon an “han”, nen phai giu cho am bung. Sach xua ghi lai cach an yen nhu sau: Vao luc 19h00, len giuong nam, tinh tam den khoang 20-21h00. Co nguoi mang yen da nau ky de nguoi, bon cho an trong tu the nam. An xong trang mieng bang nuoc soi de nguoi roi ngu.

Xua kia, yen sao la mon an cua vua chua. Ngay nay, nguoi binh thuong cung co the thuong thuc mon nay. Yen sao la mon an cao cap, cau ky cua kho tang van hoa am thuc Viet Nam. Viec che bien, thuong thuc mon an nay doi hoi mot nghe thuat tinh te. The nhung ngay nay, viec an yen cua mot so nguoi rat “loan xa”: vua an yen vua uong ruou, la het, dan hat... Co mon an “dau so” ma khong biet thuong thuc cho dung cach thi coi nhu chi “tieu hoa” mot nua!

Xuan Hoa

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam, Nguyen Quang Phach, Ho The An, Van hoa Trung Quoc, giam doc cong ty, da lam sach, Nguoi Ha Noi, chiu anh huong, mon an, yen sao, To yen, vua chua, an yen, bat

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Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Yến sào: Món ăn vua chúa bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

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