Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa

Tags: Windows Server, VMware Server, he dieu hanh, giam chi phi, bo chuyen mach, may chu, ao hoa, chu ao, luu tru, co the, phan mem, ban, mang, chon, chay


Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa
Thiet lap may chu ao hoa
Ao hoa giup viec quan tri don gian cung nhu giam chi phi. Bai viet se huong dan ban cach chon may chu va phan mem dung cho ao hoa.

Bang cach dung mot may chu vat ly de chay nhieu may chu ao hoa, ban co the giam nhieu chi phi hoat dong cung nhu chi phi dau tu.

Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa, Tin tuc trong ngay, Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa, thiet lap may chu ao hoa, may chu, vi tinh, thiet bi mang, internet,

Thiet lap may chu ao hoa

Hien nay, gan nhu khong the mua may chu ma khong phai la loai da nhan nhung nhieu doanh nghiep nho (duoi 100 nhan vien) lai yeu cau may chu khong can qua manh nhu vay. Tuy nhien, neu tuan theo yeu cau tren thi kha nang la doanh nghiep nho se trang bi may chu vat ly vua dat tien, it hieu qua vua tieu ton nhieu nang luong, toa nhieu nhiet. Do la ly do vi sao nen mua may chu da nhan – co 4, 6 hay tham chi 12 nhan tren mot bo xu ly – de luu tru may chu ao hoa, phu hop cho moi quy mo hoat dong cua doanh nghiep.

Chon may chu luu tru

Quyet dinh su thanh cong may chu ao hoa trong moi truong co quy mo nho hon bat dau bang may chu luu tru vat ly (host). Mac du no se chiu trach nhiem cho viec luu tru hang ta may chu ao, nhung lai yeu cau tai nguyen tren bo xu ly (CPU) it hon ban nghi.

Tuy theo phan mem ao hoa (chang han hypervisor), ban se co the chay may chu ao hoa tren CPU 4 hoac 6 nhan. Ly do la hau het may chu ao hoa duoc van hanh gan nhu o trang thai duy tri (idle) trong phan lon thoi gian. Khi may chu ao hoa bat dau chay, tai nguyen cua chung co khuynh huong chia ra cho CPU, RAM, dia cung va truy xuat mang vao/ra, trong do chi mot so may chu ao yeu cau tai nguyen CPU dang ke. Bang cach tan dung uu diem nay, ban co the phoi hop chat che nhieu may chu vat ly tren cung mot may chu luu tru duy nhat.

Tuy nhien, doi voi cac may chu co so du lieu, tai du lieu nhieu khong thich hop cai dat tren may chu ao hoa. Tat ca tuy thuoc vao tai nguyen phan cung tren may chu luu tru, tinh nang phan mem ao hoa, va cung tuy thuoc vao nhung quy dinh cua may chu ao hoa. Viec thiet lap va kiem tra cac yeu cau nay truoc khi thuc hien la dieu khong qua kho.

Chon phan cung, mot nguyen tac can nho la chon CPU da nhan va co toc do xung nhip lon danh cho may chu luu tru; neu ban chon giua CPU 4 nhan toc do 2,93GHz va CPU 6 hoac 12 nhan toc do 2,4GHz, ban nen chon CPU 6 hoac 12 nhan. Boi vi kha nang chia tai may chu ao tren CPU da nhan nhanh hon, hieu suat hoat dong dong bo hon tren tat ca may chu ao.

RAM va dia cung

May chu luu tru ao hoa co the luon dung nhieu bo nho he thong (RAM), vi vay hay trang bi cang nhieu RAM cang tot, va lua chon loai RAM nhanh nhat co the. Mat khac, viec phan bo RAM cung bi khong che khat khe hon nhieu so voi CPU. Cang nhieu RAM, ban cang co the co nhieu may chu ao hoa.

Trong moi truong nho hon, ban co the khong can mang luu tru hay thiet bi luu tru qua mang de luu anh may chu ao hoa, vi may chu luu tru se chiu trach nhiem cho cong viec nay. Trong truong hop do, cang nhieu dia cung cang tot. Yeu cau chung, o dia SATA chay RAID 5 hay RAID 6 thi du dap ung, mac du o dia cung SAS (Serial Attached SCSI) cung cap hieu suat hoat dong hieu qua hon.

Phan mem ao hoa

Ban co nhieu lua chon phan mem mien phi. VMware Server mien phi chay tren Windows hay Linux. Phan mem ao hoa can he dieu hanh de cung cap cac yeu cau chinh cho hoat dong va chung de cai dat va su dung. Neu ban muon mien phi hoan toan, hay cai dat Linux tren may chu va chay ban VMware Server tren Linux. Neu khong, hay cai dat ban Windows Server 2003 hay 2008 va chay ban VMware Server tren Windows.

VMware co ban mien phi la VMware ESXi. Phien ban nay duoc xay dung tren co so cua ban VMware tra phi, on dinh, nhung VMware ESXi co mot so van de tuong thich phan cung, kiem tra tuong thich phan cung tai find.pcworld.com/70448.

Hyper-V cua Microsoft co le tot cho he thong mang chay Windows. Ve mat ky thuat, Hyper-V khong mien phi, vi no yeu cau mua Windows Server 2008 R2, tuy nhien Hyper-V co giao dien don gian va tich hop tot vao he dieu hanh. Neu may chu ao hoa chay tren may chu luu tru Windows Server 2008, ban co the nghi den viec mua ban quyen. Mua Windows Server 2008 R2 cho phep chay 4 may chu Windows Server 2008 ao, chi voi 1 ban quyen.

Ban cung co the chon lua tuy chon khac, chang han nhu XenServer cua Citrix. Phien ban mien phi nay co tinh nang co the khong bang ban mien phi cua VMware, chang han quan ly nhieu may chu. XenServer khong theo trao luu nhu cac phan mem khac, nhung no co the tai ve va cai dat mien phi, va khong can dua vao he dieu hanh hay ban quyen he dieu hanh nao.

Card mang

Trong nhieu truong hop, may chu vat ly chi dung 1 hay 2 card mang de ho tro toan bo moi truong ao hoa, nhung neu bo chuyen mach mang (switch) cho phep ban gop duong ket noi de tang bang thong cho may chu ao thi rat tot. Viec gop 2 hay nhieu card mang toc do gigabit, giup ban tao mot card mang ao lon hon, ho tro nhieu bang thong hon cho nguoi dung va cho cac may chu vat ly khac tren mang. Nhieu bo chuyen mach tam trung ho tro tinh nang nay.

Neu bo chuyen mach mang thieu tinh nang gop duong ket noi, ban co the danh mot card mang cho mot may chu co tai nhieu nhat. Card mang gigabit gio cung kha re, vi vay hay trang bi it nhat 4 card mang gigabit cho may chu vat ly.

Nguon dien

Ban thuong thay mot so may chu chi co mot nguon cung cap dien duy nhat, nhung neu ban chay nhieu may chu ao hoa tren mot may chu luu tru, ban nen dau tu them bo nguon chay che do du phong. Tat ca may chu ao hoa cua ban deu phu thuoc hoan toan vao nguon dien cung cap cua may chu vat ly. Viec trang bi nguon dien du phong kha dang gia neu ban du gia.

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Tìm hiểu: Windows Server, VMware Server, he dieu hanh, giam chi phi, bo chuyen mach, may chu, ao hoa, chu ao, luu tru, co the, phan mem, ban, mang, chon, chay

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Hướng dẫn thiết lập máy chủ ảo hóa

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Hướng dẫn thiết lập máy chủ ảo hóa bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Huong dan thiet lap may chu ao hoa de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Mua sam trong chuyen muc Doi song Gia dinh.

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