Anh sang dep cho ngoi nha dep

Tags: he thong chieu sang, chieu sang trang tri, anh sang gian tiep, chieu sang chung, kien truc su, tang gia tri, den chieu sang, nguon sang, co the, tham my, hieu qua, noi that, phu hop, dung, viec


Mot khong gian dung nhieu dang anh sang, trong do thu phap tao tuyen dung de phan dinh khong gian va dinh huong giao thong
Anh sang vua la yeu to ky thuat - cong nang dap ung nhu cau su dung, vua la phuong tien de kien truc su sang tao nen hieu qua tham my, lam tang gia tri cua khong gian kien truc. De ngoi nha co anh sang dep va he thong chieu sang tot khong bao gio la viec de dang

KT&DS he thong lai ve anh sang - chieu sang nhan tao va nhung nguyen tac chung de mua duoc bo den chieu sang phu hop

Nguon sang va anh sang

Nguon sang

Co hai loai nguon sang, do la nguon sang tu nhien va nguon sang nhan tao.

- Nguon sang tu nhien: duoc phat ra tu nhung thuc the phat sang trong tu nhien nhu mat troi, trang, sao... ma chu yeu la nguon sang tu mat troi. Chung ta khong dieu khien duoc nguon sang tu nhien nhung co the thay doi, dieu tiet anh sang tu thien nhien bang cach chon thoi diem, chon khong gian hay nhung dung cu ho tro de dieu chinh tinh chat va cuong do anh sang chieu toi noi can chieu sang.

- Nguon sang nhan tao: la cac loai den do con nguoi tao ra, tu cac loai tho so nhat la nguon sang cua lua dot nhu duoc, nen, den dau... cho toi cac loai den hien dai. Voi nguon sang nhan tao, ta co the chu dong bo tri, dieu chinh duoc. O bai viet nay, chung toi chi de cap toi nguon sang nhan tao va chieu sang nhan tao.

Anh sang

Co hai dang anh sang: truc tiep va gian tiep.

- Anh sang truc tiep (anh sang thang - direct light): la anh sang di thang tu nguon sang (den) den moi truong, chu the can chieu sang. Anh sang truc tiep co cuong do manh, tao nen bong do ro sac net. Trong cong trinh kien truc, anh sang di qua cua kinh trong suot cung duoc coi la anh sang truc tiep.

- Anh sang gian tiep (indirect light) hay con goi la anh sang phan tan (diffuse light): la anh sang duoc khuech tan qua mot moi truong khac nhu dam may, tam rem. Mot loai khac cua anh sang gian tiep la anh sang phan chieu (bounce light): la loai anh sang duoc chieu vao be mat roi phan chieu den chu the. Su phan chieu be mat nay co the xay ra nhieu lan tren cac be mat khac nhau. Anh sang gian tiep deu va diu, thuong khong ro bong do.

Chieu sang trong kien truc - noi that, cac dang chieu sang

Anh sang va chieu sang la mot phan rat quan trong cua cong trinh kien truc. Ben canh viec dap ung cho nhu cau su dung, he thong chieu sang tot se lam tang gia tri tham my cua cong trinh va nguoc lai. Neu duoc nghien cuu ky, mot he thong chieu sang co the dat toi tam nghe thuat, gay duoc hieu qua thi giac va cam xuc - ngay ca doi voi mot cong trinh nho nhu nha o.

Khu bep co he thong chieu sang chung tu tran va cac phan chieu sang tap trung cho bep, bar

Trong thiet ke xay dung nha o hien nay, rat hiem cong trinh co he thong chieu sang dat toi tam nghe thuat, nhung chat luong tot cung khong phai la it. Da qua cai thoi “chieu sang” chi la lap cai bong den. Chieu sang bay gio doi hoi cao hon nhieu ve thiet ke va kinh phi. Chat luong khong gian kien truc va noi that duoc nang cao, cung voi su da dang phong phu cua cac chung loai den la nhung yeu to tac dong lan nhau de chieu sang khong dung lai o yeu to cong nang su dung, ma con mang gia tri tham my.

Chieu sang trong kien truc - noi that co nhieu dang va co nhieu cach phan loai. Co the phan loai theo cac cach sau:

Phan loai theo tinh chat cua anh sang

La hai loai chieu sang truc tiep va chieu sang gian tiep.

- Nguon sang truc tiep thuong duoc tao ra, xuat phat tu cac loai den tran, den tuong. Kieu chieu sang nay pho bien va tuong doi hieu qua ve cong nang. Tuy nhien, chieu sang truc tiep cung co nhuoc diem la deu va gay nham chan, thieu cam xuc.

Phong an co he thong chieu sang chung truc tiep va gian tiep dung den neon/compact va den chieu sang tap trung bong nhiet quang

- Chieu sang gian tiep thuong duoc ket hop de bo sung cho chieu sang truc tiep, lam anh sang trong khong gian sinh dong hon. Anh sang gian tiep co the van duoc tao ra tu cac loai den duoc che nguon phat sang, hay tu cac o, cac khe tran - tuong hat ra va phan xa. Cach lam nay thuong duoc ket hop cung giai phap noi that khac. Anh sang gian tiep diu nhe, tao duoc hieu qua tham my, khong gay choi cho nguoi sinh hoat trong khong gian do.

Phan loai theo muc dich chieu sang

- Chieu sang chung la dang chieu sang deu khap, dam bao cho cac sinh hoat va giao thong. Chieu sang chung co the su dung anh sang truc tiep hay gian tiep song can bo tri du, deu, khong qua choi. Nguon sang chung nen dung mau trang.

Chieu sang trang tri dung den halogen, noi bat chu the, dung anh sang phan xa tu be mat tran

- Chieu sang tap trung (chieu sang cuc bo) de phuc vu cho cac khong gian lam viec hay sinh hoat dac thu. Chieu sang tap trung rat quan trong boi no anh huong truc tiep den hieu qua cong viec va suc khoe, tam ly nguoi su dung. Vi du: chieu sang cho khu vuc nau bep, chieu sang ban an, ban lam viec... Chieu sang tap trung can tinh toan ky ve cuong do sang, mau sac va dac thu anh sang de chon den cho phu hop. Chieu sang tap trung nhat thiet su dung nguon sang truc tiep.

- Chieu sang trang tri nham muc dich tang gia tri tham my cua khong gian kien truc - noi that. Chieu sang trang tri co the dac ta, lam noi bat hinh khoi, chi tiet noi that nhu tran, tuong hay tranh, anh, phu dieu, tuong...; nhung cung co the chi tao nen nhung mang sang, quang sang thuan tuy, ket hop voi bong do de tao hieu qua thi giac. Chieu sang trang tri thuong su dung anh sang vang va co the dung ca anh sang truc tiep va gian tiep.

Tuy nhien, moi phan loai deu chi mang tinh tuong doi. Neu biet ket hop thi mot he thong den co the dam nhan nhieu muc dich. Vi du nhu chieu sang chung dung anh sang gian tiep qua cac he thong khe, mang hat o tran, tuong. Neu ket hop tot voi thiet ke cac thanh phan noi that khac thi cung mang yeu to trang tri, tham my. Can cu vao muc dich va tinh chat chieu sang cung nhu cu the khong gian can chieu sang, nguoi thiet ke co the linh hoat dua ra nhieu giai phap theo nguyen ly va cac thu phap chieu sang nhu chieu sang dien, diem, tuyen...

Thiet ke chieu sang

Thiet ke mot he thong chieu sang co nghia la phan bo, sap xep cac loai den trong khong gian kien truc - noi that de tao nen hieu qua su dung va tham my phu hop. Gan day, viec thiet ke chieu sang phan nao duoc chu y dung muc, khac voi truoc kia, phan chieu sang thuong o noi dung thiet ke dien, tham chi nam chung ban ve mat bang bo tri voi cac thiet bi dien khac, do ky su dien dam nhiem. Khi chua co mot chuyen nganh chieu sang rieng, voi nhung chuyen gia am hieu ve tham my kien truc, vat ly kien truc va ky thuat dien, thi viec phoi hop giua kien truc su va ky su dien la can thiet de dua ra giai phap he thong chieu sang phu hop tren nhieu phuong dien.

Chieu sang chung dung den nhiet quang, ket hop tao diem nhan trang tri tren be mat

Kien truc su phai la nguoi dua ra nhung y tuong co ban nhat cho thiet ke chieu sang: theo nguyen ly chieu sang nao, muc dich chieu sang la gi, dung anh sang loai gi, mau sac, vi tri nguon sang... Tu do moi hinh thanh co so de chon nhung kieu den, loai bong den phu hop. Mot thiet ke chieu sang khong tot co the lam hong khong gian, hay thiet ke qua phuc tap co the gay lang phi va kho khan khi su dung.

Sam den la di mua nguon sang

O goc do tieu dung, mua den la di mua nguon sang. Vi le do den chat luong co nghia la den phai co nguon sang chat luong (chu khong phai hinh thuc cai den). Vai tro cua kien truc su rat quan trong trong thiet ke chieu sang, tu van dung cho khach hang lua chon loai den phu hop. Mot thiet ke chieu sang tot phai dam bao cong nang su dung, tham my, ben vung va kinh te. Kien truc su can lam ro cho khach hang hieu ve viec su dung dung, phu hop voi nhu cau de co nhung chon lua dung.

Den chieu sang trang tri su dung bong nhiet quang

Trong thuc te, viec mua den - mua nguon sang thuong do chu nha tu lam. Va ket qua thuong sai lech nhieu so voi thiet ke (du chi o dang nguyen ly). Khi sang giai doan hoan thien cong trinh, chu nha thuong nhin nhung dau “day cho” ma di mua den, khong hieu ro vi tri den nay su dung voi muc dich gi, can dang anh sang the nao. Mot sai lam khi di mua den la thuong chi can cu vao kieu dang ma it quan tam den yeu to tinh chat anh sang cung nhu cac thong so ky thuat nhu cong suat, nguon dien. Ket qua la den dep nhung anh sang... xau. Co mot tinh huong nua la lam theo quy trinh nguoc: xem den roi chon mua, bao tho di day vao nhung vi tri muon treo...

Van de cot loi cho ca nguoi thiet ke va chu nha la phai hieu nguyen tac chieu sang co ban de “mua nguon sang” phu hop. Tat nhien chu nha cung co quyen tham gia vao viec lua chon boi ho la nguoi su dung va hieu ro minh co nhu cau chieu sang nhu the nao. Nhung cuoi cung thi cung phai dat duoc tieu chi chieu sang dung cach, dung cho.

Mot chiec den rat dat tien nhung neu dat sai cho, sai muc dich chieu sang se khong hieu qua va lang phi. Mot bo den chum co the rat dep nhung neu dung bong den compact se lam mat di ve lung linh huyen ao. Mot buc tranh/anh dat duoi anh den neon trang se cho mau sac nhot nhat khong trung thuc... Khi da hieu duoc muc dich chieu sang va nam ro tinh chat cac loai den/bong den thi ro rang viec di “mua nguon sang” se de dang hon nhieu.

“Choi” sang dung cach

“Choi sang” o day duoc hieu o ca hai goc do: thiet ke - lap dat va su dung he thong chieu sang. Va dieu mau chot la anh sang dep chu khong phai den dep!

Chieu sang trang tri bang den nhiet quang va halogen, dac ta cac chi tiet ket cau trong noi that

“Choi sang” dung cach nghia la co mot he thong chieu sang hop ly, tham my, kinh te. Neu qua tiet kiem thi co the se thieu sang. Giai phap thong thuong la tang cong suat bong song khong huu hieu vi nguon sang se phan bo khong deu. Nguoc lai, neu qua nhieu den se gay ton kem khong can thiet va tham chi qua sang, loan sang gay kho chiu. Day duoc goi la tinh trang “o nhiem anh sang”. Trong thuc te, co nhung thiet ke thieu va thua nhu vay. Viec phoi hop cac nguon sang voi nhau de tao ra cac dang chieu sang dan xen trong moi tinh huong, trong tung truong hop sinh hoat cu the la mot cach “choi” day khoa hoc.

Chieu sang trang tri cho tranh, dung den halogen

“Choi sang” o phia nguoi su dung la biet van dung he thong chieu sang trong nhung tinh huong sinh hoat, lam viec cu the de dat duoc hieu qua cong nang va tham my, dong thoi tiet kiem dien va giu cho cac bong den ben lau. Nhieu nguoi vi tiet kiem dien nen hay bat den neon thay vi bat den soi dot. Nhung neu chi bat trong mot thoi gian ngan roi tat thi se lam giam tuoi tho den.

Chieu sang trang tri dung den halogen theo thu phap chieu dien

Co nguoi luon bat qua nhieu den de lam sang nhung de gay tinh trang “o nhiem anh sang” nhu da noi o tren. Co truong hop co he thong chieu sang rat tot, rat tham my nhung lai “luoi” khong “choi”, chi bat nhung den sang toi thieu. Do la su lang phi o goc do dau tu. Nguoi biet “choi sang” la biet bat den gi vao luc nao. Vi du nhu tiep khach xa giao nen bat den chieu sang chung de nhin ro mat, sang deu hai phia; nhung neu khach than mat, noi chuyen tam tinh co the chi su dung chieu sang trang tri. Khi nghe nhac khong nen bat qua nhieu den vi se bi phan tam voi cam nhan thi giac hon la thinh giac; khi an nhat thiet phai bat den ban an (den tha) de nhin ro va tang su hap dan cua mon an; khi soi guong, trang diem phai bat den guong de nhin mau cho chuan...

Mot van de khac lien quan den viec “choi sang” la bo tri he thong cong tac phai hop ly, de tim, de nhan biet va de nho. Cac cong tac nen phan tan theo dung cac khu vuc va theo tuyen giao thong de tranh nham lan. Viec bat nham den thuong xuyen se gay tam ly rat kho chiu va lam giam tuoi tho bong den. Da co rat nhieu cac truong hop mat do bo tri cong tac qua day tren mot vi tri (do qua nhieu den, hoac do khi thi cong ngai di day sang tuyen khac...) nen gia chu cung khong nho noi va phai lay but ghi len mat hat la cong tac gi cho den nao. Day la mot dieu nen tranh trong ca qua trinh thiet ke va thi cong.

Nhung du “choi sang” kieu gi, thi khi ra khoi phong, ra khoi nha, ban nho kiem tra da tat den hay chua.

Theo SGTT

Viet Bao

Tìm hiểu: he thong chieu sang, chieu sang trang tri, anh sang gian tiep, chieu sang chung, kien truc su, tang gia tri, den chieu sang, nguon sang, co the, tham my, hieu qua, noi that, phu hop, dung, viec

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Ánh sáng đẹp cho ngôi nhà đẹp

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Ánh sáng đẹp cho ngôi nhà đẹp bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Anh sang dep cho ngoi nha dep

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Anh sang dep cho ngoi nha dep co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Anh sang dep cho ngoi nha dep de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Khong gian song trong chuyen muc Doi song Gia dinh.

Cac tin khac:

Xem tiep ... Khong gian song
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