Chu tich Ho Chi Minh voi quan diem lay dan lam goc

Tags: Viet Nam, Theo Chu, Chu tich Ho Chi Minh, nha nuoc, dan chung, cua dan, quan diem, chinh phu, nhan dan, goc, viec, thuc, quyen, dang

Phai hoc hoi dan chung, nhung “khong phai dan chung noi gi, ta cung cu nham mat theo”; phai “tim ra mau thuan trong nhung y kien khac nhau, xem cai nao dung, cai nao sai” de van dung.

Sinh thoi, Chu tich Ho Chi Minh da noi: “Nuoc lay dan lam goc; Goc co vung, cay moi ben. Xay lau thang loi tren nen nhan dan. Nguoi rat tam dac voi cau noi dan gian: “De muoi lan khong dan cung chiu. Kho van lan dan lieu cung xong”.

Theo Chu tich Ho Chi Minh, bieu hien truoc het cua dan la goc la phai tin o dan, gan gui dan, va biet dua vao dan; Phai co y thuc ro “dan chung rat khon kheo, rat hang hai, rat anh hung”. Muon hoan thanh nhiem vu, muon bien duong loi chu truong cua Dang thanh phong trao quan chung, thanh suc manh cach mang thi Dang phai co duong loi dung dan; can bo dang vien “phai lien lac mat thiet voi dan chung, xa roi dan chung la co doc. Co doc thi nhat dinh that bai”. Can bo dang vien con phai hoc hoi dan, “neu khong hoc hoi dan thi khong lanh dao duoc dan”, ma “muon hieu biet, hoc hoi dan thi at phai co nhiet thanh, co quyet tam”.

Theo Ho Chi Minh phai thuc hien dan chu voi dan de phat huy tinh than lam chu cua dan la cot loi cua van de dan la goc. Nguoi thuong noi: “Che do ta la che do dan chu, tuc la nhan dan lam chu”. Vay quyen han, nghia vu cua nguoi lam chu phai the nao? Cau tra loi cua Nguoi la: “Neu Chinh phu sai thi phai phe binh, phe binh nhung khong phai la chui”. Va nguoi yeu cau: nguoi lam chu truoc het phai lam tron bon phan cong dan, tuc la phai tuan theo phap luat Nha nuoc; tuan theo ky luat lao dong; giu gin trat tu chung; nop thue dung ky, bao ve tai san cong cong; bao ve To Quoc. “Phai cham lo viec nuoc nhu viec nha”, “phai biet tu minh lo toan ganh vac, khong y lai, khong ngoi cho”; “lam chu sao cho ra lam chu, khong phai lam chu la muon an bao nhieu thi an, lam bao nhieu thi lam”.

Theo Ho Chi Minh, thiet thuc nhat cua viec boi duong “cai goc” la phai thuong xuyen cham lo doi song cho dan, cham lo loi ich chinh dang cua dan. Nguoi thuong nhac toi nhung cau cua nguoi xua “co thuc voi vuc duoc dao”, “dan di thuc vi thien”. Nguoi nhac nho can bo, dang vien: “Doi voi nhan dan khong the ly luan suong”. Chinh sach cua Dang va Chinh phu la phai het suc cham lo doi song cua dan: “Neu dan doi, Dang va Chinh phu co loi. Neu dan ret la Dang va Chinh phu co loi. Neu dan dot la Dang va Chinh phu co loi. Neu dan om la Dang va Chinh phu co loi”.

Trong tu tuong Ho Chi Minh, quan diem dan la goc la quan diem khoa hoc, toan dien. Do la su ke thua nhung tinh hoa dan toc, la su van dung sang tao quan diem cua chu nghia Mac – Lenin vao thuc tien cach mang Viet Nam. Tu thuc tien cuoc song, Ho Chi Minh luu y: “Bat ky noi nao co quan chung, thi nhat dinh co ba hang nguoi: hang hang hai, hang vua vua va hang kem… Nguoi lanh dao phai dung hang hang hai lam trung kien cho su lanh dao, do hang hang hai do ma nang cao hang vua vua va keo hang kem len. Phai hoc hoi dan chung, nhung “khong phai dan chung noi gi, ta cung cu nham mat theo”; phai “tim ra mau thuan trong nhung y kien khac nhau, xem cai nao dung, cai nao sai” de van dung.

Mot su kien duoc nhieu nguoi nhac toi la thang 10/1949 khi cuoc khang chien chong thuc dan Phap dang o giai doan quyet liet, Chu tich Ho Chi Minh viet bai bao Dan van. Nguoi dien dat rat khai quat: “Bao nhieu loi ich deu vi dan. Bao nhieu quyen han deu cua dan. Chinh quyen tu xa den Chinh phu Trung uong do dan cu ra. Cong viec doi moi, xay dung la trach nhiem cua dan. Su nghiep khang chien kien quoc la cong viec cua dan. Doan the tu Trung uong den xa do dan to chuc nen. Noi tom lai, quyen hanh va luc luong deu o noi dan. Quan diem cua Nguoi that ro rang: Nha nuoc ta la Nha nuoc cua dan, do dan, vi dan.

Dieu ma ca cuoc doi Chu tich Ho Chi Minh nung nau tran tro la van de thuc hien dan chu voi dan; lam the nao de nhan dan “biet dung quyen dan chu” va “huong quyen dan chu”. Ngay 6/1/1946, chi bon thang sau khi khai sinh nen Dan chu Cong hoa, Chinh phu lam thoi do Nguoi dung dau da to chuc cuoc tong tuyen cu pho thong, truc tiep, binh dang lan dau tien trong lich su Viet Nam. Thang 11/1946, Quoc hoi khoa I, ky hop thu 2 da thong qua ban Hien phap do Nguoi chi dao soan thao. Nha nuoc dan chu, phap quyen tu y tuong cua Nguoi da dan dan tro thanh hien thuc tren dat nuoc Viet Nam. Quan diem cua Nguoi trong nhung su kien lich su nay rat mau muc, ro rang: “Tong tuyen cu la mot dip cho toan the quoc dan tu do lua chon nhung nguoi co tai, co duc de ganh vac cong viec nuoc nha”, “He la nhung nguoi muon lo viec nuoc thi deu co quyen ra ung cu; he la cong dan thi deu co quyen di bau cu”.

Theo Chu tich Ho Chi Minh, nha nuoc cua dan con bao ham viec dan co quyen bai mien Chinh phu va nhan vien chinh quyen Nha nuoc cac cap, neu ho co tu tuong hoac viec lam co hai den nha nuoc, hai den dan.

Nha nuoc Viet Nam do Chu tich Ho Chi Minh sang lap la Nha nuoc kieu moi: Nha nuoc cua dan. Suc manh va su truong ton cua nha nuoc bat nguon tu luc luong toan dan doan ket, voi tinh than lam chu tu chu. Boi the nha nuoc ta con la nha nuoc do dan. Bac viet: “Trong the gioi khong gi manh bang luc luong doan ket cua nhan dan”, “Khong co luc luong nhan dan thi viec nho may, de may lam cung khong xong”; “Vay nen Chinh phu voi nhan dan phai doan ket thanh mot khoi”.

Theo Chu tich Ho Chi Minh, Nha nuoc cua dan, do dan phai duoc the hien o cac chu truong, chinh sach cua nha nuoc trong moi mat doi song xa hoi la vi dan. Ngay sau khi nuoc nha danh duoc doc lap, Nguoi noi ro: “… neu nuoc doc lap ma dan khong huong hanh phuc thi doc lap cung chang co nghia ly gi”.

Cach mang la su nghiep cua quan chung nhan dan. Nhan dan da va se mai mai la nguoi lam nen lich su. Thuc hien tot Di huan cua Bac ve lay dan lam goc, chac chan bo may Nha nuoc ta se “chay” deu, hieu qua quan ly dieu hanh chac chan co hieu luc cao. Do la viec lam co y nghia ly luan va thuc tien to lon.
(Theo VOV)

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