Su that ve cuoc gay roi mang mau sac chinh tri o Tay Nguyen

Tags: Tay Nguyen, Y Bham, Viet Nam, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Ksor Kok, mau sac chinh tri, Chinh quyen Sai Gon, trong thoi gian, Tinh Dak Lak, thiet lap lai, dan toc, to chuc, luc luong, gay roi, FULRO


Sau cuoc gay roi thang 2 o cac tinh Dak Lak, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, chi den tung ban lang, gap go ba con dan toc, moi biet duoc am muu tham doc cua nhom tan quan FULRO luu vong. Tu hom nay, chung toi xin gioi thieu dien bien cua cuoc gay roi va cong tac thiet lap lai an ninh trat tu cho ba con dan toc cua 3 tinh Tay Nguyen trong thoi gian qua.

Phan I

Nhung muu do cua nhom tan quan FULRO luu vong

Ngay 22/9/2000, trong mot biet thu nho o Po Box 17064 thanh pho Spartanburg bang Colorado (My) da dien ra cuoc hop “quan trong” cua dam tan quan FULRO. Ngoi nha nay la cua Ksor Kok, nguoi duoc My dua di hoc tham muu tu dau nam 1974 sau do o lai day. Nam 1992, Kok lap ra to chuc “Hoi nhung nguoi mien nui” (MFI) va la Chu tich hoi. Cuoc hop dien ra trong can phong nho, co trung co cua FULRO - la co ba mau den, vang, trang, o giua co hinh con voi. Mo dau cuoc hop, cac thanh vien da “chao co” FULRO va hat “FULRO ca” voi loi le ren ri, bi ai...

Ksor Kok tuyen bo ly do va hung hon noi, tu nay han la tong thong nuoc "cong hoa Dega”. Ga chi tren ban do vach ra mot lanh tho keo dai tu Quang Tri xuong het Binh Thuan. Kok noi rang, “nha nuoc” nay da duoc LHQ cong nhan va co 195 quoc gia tren the gioi dat quan he ngoai giao(?). Kok cung gioi thieu hai tro thu cua minh la Y Buen Buon Dap va Y Mut Mlo roi cao giong noi ve su ung ho cua Tong thong My Bill Clinton doi voi “nha nuoc Dega”. Han phat cho moi nguoi trong cuoc hop mot “chuong trinh hanh dong” dong thoi phan cong nguoi ve Viet Nam de phat trien luc luong. Di nhien, co mot viec quan trong hon ca la moi nguoi du hoi nghi phai dong tien cho cai goi la “vi to quoc, vi dan toc”.

Voi nhieu nguoi da tung tham gia lanh dao, chi huy FULRO qua nhieu thoi ky thi Kok khong co cho trong tri nho ho. Ho chi biet rang, vao cuoi nam 1974, Y Bham la “dai tuong” chu tich FULRO co gui thu gioi thieu Kok, deo ham “thieu tuong” voi chuc danh la “phu ta” va la dai dien cua Y Bham tai My... Den nam 1975, quan Khome Do keo vao Phnom Penh, xong thang vao tru so FULRO bat “ngai” dai tuong FULRO cung 5 vien thu linh than tin khac de hanh quyet. Ke tu do khong ai biet cai ten Ksok Kok.

FULRO: Ra doi va tan lui

Sau Hiep dinh Geneva nam 1954, My thay chan Phap o Viet Nam va dung Ngo Dinh Diem lam Tong thong Viet Nam Cong hoa. Ngay sau khi nam quyen, Diem da thay doi hang loat chinh sach voi Tay Nguyen: xoa bo quy che “hoang trieu cuong tho”, “toa an phong tuc”, sap nhap nhung don vi nguoi Thuong vao quan doi quoc gia va dua di phan tan... Tu do da phat sinh mau thuan trong quan he dan toc va phan ung voi chinh sach cua Diem.

Dau nam 1955, nhung nguoi cam dau cac dan toc nhu Y Thinh Eban, Y Mot Nie Kdam, Y Say Mlo Buon Du... da du kien lap mot to chuc bi mat. Suot nam 1956, nhom nay tuyen truyen gay anh huong. Nam 1957, Diem phat hien ra am muu va buoc mot so thanh vien cua nhom di noi khac. Cung trong nam nay, Bham, Enuol (nguoi E De), Nay Luett (nguoi Gia Rai) da tiep xuc voi mot so giao si nuoc ngoai trong Hoi Truyen giao phuc am Lien hiep My (CMA), cac nhan vien tinh bao My tai Sai Gon, nhom co van chinh tri thuoc MSU... Voi muc dich phat trien luc luong nay de kiem che Chinh quyen Ngo Dinh Diem, My da cung cap tien bac de 2 nguoi thanh lap to chuc.

Ngay 1/5/1958, bo phan cam dau 11 nguoi da hop tai Pleiku ban dinh ke hoach hanh dong va quyet dinh lay ten cho phong trao la BoJaKaRa (am tiet dau cua 4 toc danh lon o Tay Nguyen: Ba Na, Ja Rai, Ka Ho, Ra De). Thang 9/1958, phong trao nay da to chuc nhieu cuoc bao loan o Tay Nguyen. Truoc tinh hinh do, Diem thang tay trung tri, giai tan bieu tinh, bat giu het nhung nguoi cam dau nhu Y Bham, Y Thing Eban, Y Du Eban... Den dau nam 1959, phong trao nay bi dap tat nhung no cung gop phan hinh thanh mot doi ngu “thu linh”, co “uy tin” chi dao cuoc dau tranh tiep theo. Phong trao BaJaKaRa chinh la tien than cua FULRO va duoc coi la FULRO the he thu nhat.

Sau khi phong trao nay bi tran ap, My tang cuong cac hoat dong gay anh huong de tao dung luc luong chinh tri, quan su cua minh o Tay Nguyen. Ho tuyen lua, huan luyen cac doi biet kich, tham bao nguoi dan toc. Cung trong nhung nam dau thap ky 60, o Campuchia xuat hien cac to chuc mang tinh chat dan toc hep hoi, biet lap, ky thi voi dan toc khac. Do la Mat tran giai phong Mien Ha (FLKK) do Chau Da Ra cam dau, “Mat tran Giai phong xu Cham” do Les Kossen lam thu linh. Den thang 3/1964, do suc ep cua My, chinh quyen moi cua Duong Van Minh da phai tha het cac thu linh cua BaJaKaRa bi bat. Cac thu linh nay thanh lap mot to chuc moi voi ten goi la Mat tran Giai phong dan toc Cao Nguyen (FLHPM) va truc tiep gap go cac co van My de nhan tai tro.

Ngay 20/9/1964, duoc My bat den xanh, FLHPM da to chuc bao loan danh chiem mot so thi tran, don linh, Dai Phat thanh Buon Ma Thuot, rai truyen don, keu goi doan ket nguoi Thuong va nguoi Kinh phai rut khoi Tay Nguyen. Chinh quyen Sai Gon da dung quan doi tran ap, 8 ngay sau cuoc bao loan bi dap tat. Bo phan thu linh cua luc luong noi loan chay sang Campuchia dong trai o tinh Mondolkiri. Tai day, Y Bham dung ra lam thu linh FLHPM. Den thang 6/1965, cac to chuc FLKK, FLC, FLHPM sap nhap thanh Mat tran Doan ket Giai phong cac dan toc bi ap buc (FULRO) va giuong khau hieu doi quyen tu tri cho Tay Nguyen. To chuc moi nay do Y Bham lam chu tich, mot so pho khac nhu Chau Ra Da, Kpa Koi. FULRO co hieu ky rieng, lay ngay 20/9 lam ngay ky niem.

Dem 17/12/1965, FULRO gay bao loan tai Phu Thien, Phu Bon, tan sat da man nhieu cong chuc, binh linh nguoi Kinh. Sai Gon lai phai dung quan doi dan ap dap tat bao dong. Sau cuoc Tong tan cong va noi day 1968, My thuc ep Sai Gon phai hoa giai de dua toan bo luc luong FULRO tro ve. Ngay 1/2/1969, hau het luc luong FULRO o Campuchia, gom 2.257 si quan, binh linh va hon 3.000 dan da tro ve “hop tac” voi chinh quyen Sai Gon. My cung su dung FULRO vao viec pha hoai, gay ton that khong nho cho cac can cu cua quan Giai phong mien Nam Viet Nam. Day la thoi ky FULRO the he thu 2.

Nam 1972, o Da Lat va Campuchia xuat hien mot luc luong “ao xanh mien nui” gom cac doi tuong FULRO cu va mot so thanh nien nguoi dan toc. Thuc chat day la to chuc chinh tri do Newman - giao si Tin lanh nguoi My o Da Lat chi dao va to chuc. Cuoi nam 1973, cac thu linh FULRO da moc noi voi cac to chuc, ca nhan nguoi My, dac biet la John Paul Van - Co van tinh bao My phu trach cong tac binh dinh. Biet rang vai tro cua My o Viet Nam sap cham dut va chinh quyen Sai Gon kho co the ton tai nen My da quyet tam gay dung luc luong FULRO hong chong pha Viet Nam ve sau nay, phuc vu cho ke hoach hau chien.

My tuyen bo ung ho FULRO dau tranh gianh tu tri, mat khac dao dien cho FULRO bat moi voi can bo ta o dia phuong duoi danh nghia di tim nguoi My mat tich ma thuc chat la de tham nhap nam tinh hinh cach mang va hop thuc hoa vai tro cua FULRO sau nay. Thang 9/1973, Kpa Koi cung mot so doi tuong chay ra rung hoat dong bat hop phap, dat bo chi huy o rung Buon Phan, cach Buon Ma Thuot 20 km do Koi lam chu tich lam thoi, con Y Bham nam tai Campuchia ra chi thi lanh dao. Dau nam 1974, FULRO hoat dong rat manh o Dak Lak va chuyen sang Pleiku. Ngay 20/9/1974, chung gui thu cho Tong Thu ky LHQ keu goi du luan quoc te can thiep de chinh quyen Sai Gon thua nhan FULRO la dai bieu duy nhat cai quan toan bo mien nui Nam Dong Duong.

Cuoc Tong tien cong giai phong hoan toan mien Nam xuan 1975 da pha vo ke hoach cua FULRO va muu do cua cac the luc phan dong quoc te. Luc nay, dich chua kip trien khai cu the y do su dung FULRO trong ke hoach hau chien, trong khi Y Bham va so cam dau FULRO o Campuchia bi Pon Pot giet. Su lien he cua FULRO voi cac the luc ben ngoai bi gian doan... Tuy nhien, loi dung luc chinh quyen nguy tan ra, cac dam FULRO trong nuoc cho la thoi co da den nen noi len hoat dong vu trang cuop vu khi cua quan doi Sai Gon, chiem cu nhieu buon lang, doi chia se quyen luc voi chinh quyen Cach mang va tien hanh bat coc, am sat can bo ta. Chung thu gom phuong tien, vu khi va so nguy quan la nguoi dan toc de phat trien to chuc. Tu thang 6/1975, loi dung luc luong tiep quan vung moi giai phong con mong, FULRO noi len hoat dong manh. Ho rai truyen don kich dong nguoi dan toc, to chuc hang loat cac cuoc tien cong vao cac don vi bo doi, to cong tac, cac thi tran, thi xa, phuc kich, tap kich duong giao thong, bat coc can bo co so. Nhom cam dau FULRO da cau ket chat che va duoc su giup do tich cuc cua mot so nha hanh dao o Tay Nguyen. Da co muc su, chap su Tin lanh nguoi dan toc tro thanh si quan FULRO.

Duoc su ho tro cua luc luong tinh bao, cac luc luong vu trang o Khu 5 da to chuc tan cong, truy quet FULRO, van dong quan chung thiet lap cung co chinh quyen Cach mang. Dau nam 1977, FULRO van tiep tuc tuyen truyen, kich dong gay han thu dan toc va tien hanh tap kich vu trang. Y Djao Nie to chuc lai FULRO dong thoi keu goi cac nuoc Anh, Phap, My va LHQ vien tro. Tu nam 1982-1985, FULRO duoc cac the luc quoc te va tan quan Pon Pot tiep suc, cung co can cu o Mondolkiri va dua duoc cac toan dac biet ve vung nga ba bien gioi Viet Nam - Lao - Campuchia lap “mat cu” don gian diep, biet kich, luc luong luu vong tro ve nhu Vo Dai Ton, Hoang Co Minh...

Trong thoi gian tu nam 1979-1985, hoat dong FULRO da pha hoai cuoc song binh yen cua cac thon ap, buon lang, giet hai nhieu can bo, cong an, dan quan va quan chung tot. Nhung luc luong CAND duoc nhan dan cac dong bao dan toc ung ho da day manh cong tac nghiep vu, dau tranh thang loi trong hang chuc chuyen an, lam tan ra nhieu nhom FULRO va dua ho tro ve voi cong dong.

Do nhan thuc duoc ban chat phan dong cua FULRO nen nhieu nguoi lanh dao luc luong nay da tro ve va duoc chinh quyen tao dieu kien cho ho xay dung lai cuoc song. Ho cung gop phan dac luc vao viec van dong, loi keo nhung nguoi lam duong khac quay ve voi chinh quyen moi. Cho den nay, nhieu nguoi van con nho den ong Ya Duck, nguyen la dai ta, De nhat Pho Thu tuong FULRO, nay la Pho Chu tich MTTQ tinh Lam Dong, hay ong Nay Guh, nguyen chuan tuong Tong Tham muu truong FULRO van dang o Dak Lak va duoc moi nguoi kinh trong... Ben canh do viec xay dung cuoc song moi o Tay Nguyen cung dat duoc nhieu ket qua tot dep.

Khi LHQ dua luc luong quoc te UNTAC vao thuc hien giai phap chinh tri o Campuchia, FULRO hau nhu khong con cho dua. Voi su chap thuan cua My, thang 12/1992, toan bo so FULRO con lai gom 407 ten ca phu nu va tre em do Y Penh A Yun cam dau da ra hang UNTAC, tuyen bo cham dut hoat dong chinh tri va vu trang, nop vu khi va duoc nguoi My dua di dinh cu o bang Colorado.

Sau buoi le thanh lap “nha nuoc Dega” ma thuc chat la ke hoach vo vong phuc hoi lai FULRO cu, tu My, Ksor Kok da chi dao tay chan chuyen tai lieu ve nuoc, tuyen truyen, mo rong mang luoi va gay dung to chuc.

Nguyen Nhu Phong,An Ninh The Gioi.

(Con tiep).

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Tìm hiểu: Tay Nguyen, Y Bham, Viet Nam, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Ksor Kok, mau sac chinh tri, Chinh quyen Sai Gon, trong thoi gian, Tinh Dak Lak, thiet lap lai, dan toc, to chuc, luc luong, gay roi, FULRO

Xem Bản Tiếng Việt Có Dấu: Sự thật về cuộc “gây rối mang màu sắc chính trị” ở Tây Nguyên

Ban co the doc ban tieng Viet co dau cua bai viet Sự thật về cuộc “gây rối mang màu sắc chính trị” ở Tây Nguyên bang cach nhan chuot vao duong dan tren.

Lien he ve tin Su that ve cuoc gay roi mang mau sac chinh tri o Tay Nguyen

Nhan xet, hay lien he ve tin Su that ve cuoc gay roi mang mau sac chinh tri o Tay Nguyen co the gui bang duong dan o duoi. Ban nen gui kem tieu de bai viet Su that ve cuoc gay roi mang mau sac chinh tri o Tay Nguyen de lam tham khao. Bai viet nay thuoc chuyen de Hinh su trong chuyen muc An ninh Phap luat.

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