Dan gop y luat tot hon

Tags: dang trong qua trinh xay dung, Van Phong Quoc Hoi, du an luat, lay y kien, du thao luat, nhung van de, nguoi dan, chinh sach, dong gop, gop y, phap luat, co quan, viec, Website, tinh


Dan gop y luat tot hon

Van phong Quoc hoi da gioi thieu website http://duthaoonline.quochoi.vn - nham cung cap cac du an luat dang trong qua trinh xay dung, dong thoi tiep nhan nhung sang kien, y kien dong gop cua cac tang lop nhan dan ve cac du an luat truoc khi trinh Quoc hoi thong qua.

Xung quanh sang kien hinh thanh website nay, ong Ngo Duc Manh (anh) - giam doc Trung tam Thong tin - thu vien va nghien cuu khoa hoc (Van phong Quoc hoi) - cho biet:

- Y tuong nay xuat phat tu chinh nhu cau thuc te cua Quoc hoi, co quan lap phap duy nhat o nuoc ta, phai lang nghe va nam bat duoc nhung tieng noi cua nguoi dan trong qua trinh xay dung chinh sach. Mat khac, tu truoc toi nay chung ta da co nhieu phuong thuc lay y kien nhan dan dong gop doi voi cac du an luat, tuy nhien hieu qua dat duoc nhieu khi chua nhu mong muon. Vi vay, day la mot cong cu nua ho tro cho viec to chuc lay y kien nhan dan.

Ben canh do, chung ta cung phai tinh den mot nhu cau thuc te nua. Do la viec VN hien la thanh vien cua To chuc Thuong mai the gioi (WTO), ma chung ta cam ket la phai cong bo du thao cac van ban qui pham phap luat it nhat 60 ngay truoc khi ban hanh va phai tao dieu kien de nguoi dan tham gia y kien.

Tat ca nhung yeu to tren doi hoi Quoc hoi, cung nhu Van phong Quoc hoi - co quan tham muu, giup viec - can phai co mot website de lay y kien cua nguoi dan thong qua mang Internet.

+ Nguoi dan quan tam mot dieu: nhung du thao luat, phap lenh nao se duoc dua ra tren website de lay y kien cong chung, boi tung co tinh trang mot so luat tu khi khoi thao cho toi khi thong qua deu nam trong “pham vi hep” nhu Luat an ninh quoc gia, Luat bien gioi quoc gia...?

- Ve co ban, chung toi se co gang dang tai tren website cang nhieu du an luat, phap lenh cang tot va day phai la nhung noi dung khong thuoc danh muc bi mat quoc gia de nguoi dan dong gop y kien. Do cung chinh la muc dich cua website. Tu do, nguoi dan co the nam bat duoc viec chuan bi, xay dung van ban, viec hinh thanh chu truong, chinh sach cua Nha nuoc, va mat khac, qua day nguoi dan - nhat la nhung doi tuong bi tac dong truc tiep hay thu huong chinh sach - co the tham gia dong gop nhung y kien cua minh trong qua trinh hoach dinh chinh sach do.

+ Thuc te xay dung phap luat o VN co tinh trang mot vai bo, nganh duoc giao chuan bi du thao rat e ngai dua ra lay y kien boi so bi cong luan phan doi hoac e ngai du thao ma ho xay dung se “do”. Voi viec hinh thanh website nay, dieu do se duoc giai quyet ra sao?

- Muc dich cua website nay la gop phan giup viec soan thao cac van ban qui pham phap luat ngay cang co chat luong tot hon. Chung toi biet co mot so du thao van ban vua qua chuan bi chua ky, cho nen co nhung van de chua duoc xu ly dung muc, thanh ra cung co the co mot so tam ly e ngai.

Tuy nhien, toi cho rang nguoi trong cuoc can nhan thay tinh huu ich cua website nay. Trong khi chua co du thao cuoi cung (trinh Quoc hoi thong qua), van co the chon loc ra mot so van de thuoc ve noi dung chinh, co ban cua du thao, nhung van de thuoc ve chinh sach trong du thao do de dua ra som nhu mot su tham do du luan xa hoi. Qua do, chinh nhung nguoi xay dung du thao se biet nen chuan bi du thao nhu the nao cho dat hieu qua va co su dong thuan cao.

Hon nua, neu chung ta lam ro duoc cac chinh sach phap luat truoc khi bat tay vao soan thao cu the cung gop phan khac phuc duoc hien tuong “vua thiet ke vua thi cong” hay “deo cay giua duong” trong chuan bi phap luat hien nay. Khi xay dung duoc mot chinh sach phap luat dung dan dua tren su tham gia y kien rong rai cua nguoi dan va duoc nguoi dan dong tinh, se tranh duoc nguy co bi do vo cua du thao luat sau nay. Do vay, cang dua ra lay y kien som se cang tot.

Tuy nhien con mot van de nua, do la dua ra lay y kien nhung du thao luat da duoc dinh hinh ve co ban, chang han cac du thao da duoc trinh Uy ban Thuong vu Quoc hoi cho y kien hoac du thao da duoc xin y kien dai bieu Quoc hoi chuyen trach. Khi do viec lay y kien nhan dan rong rai qua website nay se giup viec xay dung du thao luat cang co tinh kha thi hon.

+ Thua ong, nhung y kien phan bien, dong gop cua nguoi dan ve cac du an luat duoi hai hinh thuc (gop y thang vao noi dung hoac tham do theo tung phuong an) tren website se duoc tiep thu, xu ly nhu the nao?

O nhieu nuoc, nguoi ta cung da noi toi cau chuyen “thua qui dinh”. Nhung qui dinh dua ra qua nhieu, troi buoc su nang dong cua doanh nghiep, anh huong toi moi truong kinh doanh. Trong nhung truong hop nhu vay, y kien dong gop cua nguoi dan ve cai tien le loi, thu tuc cung mang lai hieu qua nhu viec gop y xay dung phap luat.

- Muc dich, tac dung cua website duthaoonline.quochoi.vn truoc het la de tim hieu y kien cua nguoi dan ve chinh sach phap luat. Thu hai, qua day se tao thanh dien dan de co su tham gia y kien rong rai cua nhieu nguoi ve nhung van de chung cua dat nuoc. Nhu vay truoc het nguoi dan co the gop y truc tiep vao cac du an luat cu the, nhung dong thoi theo do la nang cao tinh tich cuc cua cong dan trong viec gop phan xay dung, hoan thien chinh sach.

Ben canh do, chung toi cung hi vong se co cac y kien nhu nhung su “mach nuoc”, goi y, de xuat de cac co quan chuc nang co tham quyen tinh den trong viec xay dung va ban hanh chinh sach phap luat, cung nhu giup cho qua trinh dieu hanh, ra quyet dinh.

Doi voi ca hai loai y kien tren, bo phan bien tap noi dung cua Trung tam Thong tin - thu vien va nghien cuu khoa hoc se co trach nhiem tong hop, bien tap va bao cao mot cach kip thoi va thuong xuyen voi co quan nha nuoc co tham quyen: cac co quan cua Quoc hoi, cac ban soan thao cua cac bo, nganh. Nhu vay, y kien dong gop cua nguoi dan se duoc nghien cuu, tiep thu.

Quyet dinh cuoi cung thuoc tham quyen cua co quan ban hanh van ban. Tuy nhien mot khi nhieu nguoi tham gia, co y kien xac dang ve mot van de nao do va co nhan thuc chung nhu vay thi ro rang do cung la doi hoi ma cac co quan co tham quyen khi ban hanh van ban phai tinh den.

O day co ca hai mat cua van de: co the ban hanh mot quyet dinh co tinh kha thi thi se rat hieu qua cho cong tac chi dao, dieu hanh. Tuy nhien, nhieu khi phai tinh den ca nhung giai phap khac nhau, chang han thay cho viec ban hanh moi qui dinh co the xem xet cai tien qui trinh, thu tuc, le loi va thai do lam viec cua cac co quan cong quyen.

+ Xin cam on ong.

N.V.HAI thuc hien

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