B I O L O G Y
The biologist is interested in all life science related subjects: botany, zoology, physiology, medicine,
agronomy, and palaeontology…
In order to work in the field of research, a biologist must possess a very high level of education.
Biologists primarily work in industrial laboratories, research institutes, recycling of waste, medical analysis laboratories agro-food-related areas…
Programs of Study
The courses that are offered are either of a short duration (2 years) or of a long duration (up to 8 years). The short study courses are offered by the "Institut Universitaire de Technologie" (IUT, University Institute of Technology), which enable the participant to work in a laboratory.
Even though these study programs are of excellent quality and are well recognized in France, few foreign students opt for them (except for individual cases).
In reality, study programs of a longer duration exercise a much stronger attraction upon them.
Universities, “Grandes Écoles” and specialized Schools offer these programs.
1. In Universities
It is possible to follow the entire course structure, i.e., firstly, the "premier cycle" (first and second year) and then a Bachelor’s/Master’s Degree program followed by the degrees at the postgraduate or PhD level which would then lead to the "grade de Mastaire" (specialized Master’s Degree).
At the level of the "premier cycle", the first degree that one can obtain is the DEUG (Preliminarily degree courses awarded after the first 2 years of university education) in science and technology with 3 possible options: life sciences, science of the arth and the universe, and inally, science and technology for engineers with the optional subject process engineering.
Foreign students who wish to get admission at this level have to undergo a pre-admission process and must contact the French embassy in their respective countries one year prior to the academic year that is of interest to them.
1.1 Bachelor’s Degree
A Bachelor’s Degree corresponds to three years of higher studies.
A Bachelor’s Degree in biology offers three options, viz, cellular biology & physiology, biology of organisms & general biology and science of the earth & the universe.
A Bachelor’s in biology, just like a Bachelor ’s in biochemistry, can (in 1 year) pave the way for a Master’s program in biology of populations & ecosystems or a Master’s in cellular biology & physiology.
At this level, students also have the possibility of opting for certain highly attractive professional study programs, such as a few Master’s courses in science & techniques (MST) in three sectors: agro-food, biotechnology and biomedical engineering.
The bio-industrial MST offered by the University of Orléans, oriented towards the agro-food, health and cosmetology sectors, is one such example.
1.2 The specialized Master’s Degree
The DESS (university postgraduate professional degree) offers a high quality of professional competence, especially in the fields of biotechnology, agro-food industry and pharmaceuticals.
Amongst the various DESS offered by French Universities, as far as these sectors offering excellent career prospects are concerned, one can mention: analysis and development of natural products at the University of Bretagne–Sud, the DESS in biological and chemical analysis: applications to the environment and to bio-technologies in the University of Strasbourg I or the DESS in immunotechnology offered by the University of Aix-MarseilleII…
As far as the DEA (University Postgraduate Research Degree-M.Phil.) Degrees are concerned, they offer numerous possibilities covering all the fields of biology, i.e., cellular biology, animal biology, biology of organisms & populations, molecular biology, vegetal biology, biophysics, biotechnologies, biological and medical engineering and microbiology.
These degrees obligatorily lead to a thesis and a doctorate. Some DRTs (technological research degree) also enable access to research, especially to industrial research in food and biological engineering, biotechnology, bioengineering of agro-activities.
Apart from these degrees recognized at the national level, a large number of French universities off e r University Diplomas (DU), at the level of the 2nd and 3rd cycles, like for example the DU in international technological studies in biological engineering in the University of Dijon, of Montpellier II and that of Saint- Etienne, or the DU, at the level of the 3rd cycle of Vegetal Biotechnologies in the University of Paris VI and Paris XI.
2. In the “Grandes Écoles”
One can find engineering colleges such as the "Institut National des Sciences Appliquées"(INSA, National Institutes of Applied Sciences) which offer specialisation in life sciences (in Lyon and Toulouse) or University Engineering Institutes which specialise in bio-industries or in biomedical engineering like the "Université Technologique of Compiègne" (UTC- Technological University of Compiègne) or the "Institut des Sciences de l’Ingénieurs’ (CUST- Science Institute of Engineering) of Clermont-Ferrand…
It is possible to reach various levels (2nd, 3rd year) depending upon degrees that have already been obtained or on previous professional experience.
EduFrance more information( www.edufrance.fr )
In addition to the above mentioned courses, it is possible to take up other study courses leading to a certificate or to a qualification, these could have a short or long duration (3 months, 6 months).
Some of these courses are especially tailored for foreign students and may figure in the catalogue EduFrance available for consultation on the web site of the Agency.
The level of proficiency in the French language is subject to the type of course and the curriculum. However it is advisable to learn French before leaving for studies in France (get in touch with the Alliance Française or the French Cultural Institute), and / or undertake a French language course in France itself before taking up the concerned course. Suggestions regarding French classes are given on the website of the Agency.